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Healthy Lifestyle or Pro-health Obsession During the Pandemic

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04432038
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University Hospital of Split
University of Gondar
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Universitas Padjadjaran
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science
DPFA Academy of Work and Health, Leipzig
Instituto Piaget
University of Peradeniya
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
University of Évora
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
Klaipėda University
Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Institut Catholique de Paris
University of Gdansk
Jagiellonian University
International University of Business Agriculture and Technology
Beijing Sport Uninversity
University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus
University of Sargodha
University of Brasilia
Wright State University
Vietnam National University
National University of Kyiv
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport

Brief Summary:
Citizens of many countries are in the high peak period of the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus. People are currently struggling with the total cessation of certain aspects of normal life. The situation associated with the pandemic can lead to the development of many problems connected both with mental and physical health. The investigators, as psychologists, would like to better understand this difficult situation and identify mechanisms which can lead to health problems. Therefore, group of researchers and practitioners created this study to investigate how people in general cope with this critical situation. The researchers would like to estimate the following variables which participants will evaluate before and during the pandemic period: levels of physical activity, attitudes towards one's body, attitudes towards eating, and psychological well-being. The investigators would like to involve experts and scientists from all around the world. Through this research and by investigating how people cope with this critical situation the solutions for psychological care and interventions for global crisis situations like the COVID-19 pandemic might be identified.

Condition or disease
Adult Global Health

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 50000 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Healthy Lifestyle or Pro-health Obsession During the Pandemic - a Multinational Study
Actual Study Start Date : June 19, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 19, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Healthy Living

Group/Cohort
General population of adults from about 30 countries
Data will be collected in general population of adults from about 30 countries. Questionnaires contain also questions about the occurrence of chronic illnesses, being a professional athlete, etc. to control all such aspects.
General population of adults from Poland
General population of adults from Germany
General population of adults from China
General population of adults from Vietnam
General population of adults from Spain
General population of adults from Brazil
General population of adults from Croatia
General population of adults from Ethiopia
General population of adults from France
General population of adults from Indonesia
General population of adults from Iran
General population of adults from Sri Lanka
General population of adults from USA
General population of adults from Italy
General population of adults from South Africa
General population of adults from Portugal
General population of adults from Norway
General population of adults from Lithuania
General population of adults from Romania
General population of adults from Pakistan
General population of adults from Canada
General population of adults from India
General population of adults from Japan
General population of adults from Russia
General population of adults from Bangladesh
General population of adults from Nigeria



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Levels of Physical Activity [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Inventory of Physical Activity Objectives (IPAO) by Lipowski & Zaleski is used to examine the motivating function of objectives determining one to undertake physical activity. The respondent answers questions regarding his/her involvement in competitive sports (both present and previous), and forms and intensity of his/her physical activity. The survey allows analyzing objectives in terms of their dimensions (importance, expectations, conflict), as well as dimensions of action (exercise, endurance, satisfaction). The respondent is given a (multiple) choice of objectives behind his/her physical activity. Four scales of goal-oriented behaviours associated with PA are distinguished in the test: motivational value, time management, persistence in action, motivational conflict. The higher the results of these scales - the higher the motivation to physical activity. IPAO is characterized by good psychometric properties, the Cronbach's α for IPAO reached 0,78.

  2. Eating Attitudes [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) by Garner, Olmsted, Bohr & Garfinkel (1982). It's a self-report measure of symptoms and concerns characteristic of eating disorders. The EAT-26 can be used in a non-clinical as well as a clinical setting not specifically focused on eating disorders. Questionnaire is rated on a six-point scale based on how often the individual engages in specific behaviors. Scores greater than 20 indicate a need for further investigation by a qualified professional. Research using different EAT-26 language versions has a satisfactory Crombach's alpha 0,78-0,92.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psychological wellbeing [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Psychological Well-Being Scales (PWBS) by Ryff (2004). The PWB scales incorporate six dimensions: autonomy, positive relations with others, environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life and self-acceptance. Respondents rate how strongly they agree or disagree with 18 statements using a 7-point scale, higher scores indicate greater wellbeing.

  2. Physical wellbeing [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by SF-12v2 Health Survey, the SF-12v2 is a practical, reliable and valid measure of physical and mental health, it uses just 12 questions. Higher scores indicate a higher level of physical wellbeing

  3. Obligatory Exercise [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire (OEQ) by Pasman & Thompson (1988). OEQ allows to measure excessive exercise activity, especially as it relates to eating disorders. The OEQ contains three factors: Emotional Element of Exercise; Exercise Frequency and Intensity; and Exercise Preoccupation. All items indicate higher endorsement of and engaging in obligatory exercise behaviors.

  4. Attitudes Towards Body [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance (SATAQ 3) by Thompson et al (2014) - widely used measure of societal influences on body image and eating disturbances. SATAQ 3 has subscales that assess internalization (general, athlete), pressures, and information. Items are rated on a five point response scale, with higher scores indicating greater media endorsement.

  5. Body Image Disturbance [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    measured by Fear of Negative Appearance Evaluation Scale (FNAES) developed by Lundgren, Anderson &Thompson (2004) - an eight-item self-report measure that assesses apprehension about appearance evaluation. The higher the FNEAS score the more fear of negative appearance evaluation by others is experienced.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The investigators will approach individuals from Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Croatia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Lithuania, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, USA, Vietnam
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age: min 18 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

- no


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04432038


Contacts
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Contact: Mariusz Lipowski, Prof. 0048 501 128 554 mariusz.lipowski@awf.gda.pl

Locations
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Poland
Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport Recruiting
Gdańsk, Poland, 80-336
Contact: Mariusz Lipowski, prof.       mariusz.lipowski@awf.gda.pl   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
University Hospital of Split
University of Gondar
Universidad Pablo de Olavide
Universitas Padjadjaran
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science
DPFA Academy of Work and Health, Leipzig
Instituto Piaget
University of Peradeniya
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
University of Évora
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
Klaipėda University
Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Institut Catholique de Paris
University of Gdansk
Jagiellonian University
International University of Business Agriculture and Technology
Beijing Sport Uninversity
University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus
University of Sargodha
University of Brasilia
Wright State University
Vietnam National University
National University of Kyiv
Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04432038    
Other Study ID Numbers: GdanskUPES
First Posted: June 16, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport:
COVID-19
well-being
physical activity
nutrition
body image
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obsessive Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms