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Pembrolizumab and LENvatinib in Participants With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Before Liver Transplant (PLENTY202001)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04425226
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RenJi Hospital

Brief Summary:

Objectives of Study:This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with lenvatinib as neoadjuvant therapy in participants with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) exceeding Milan criteria before liver transplant.

The primary hypothesis of this study are that neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib is superior to regularly waiting in the list with respect to: 1) recurrence-free survival (RFS) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR); and 2) Objective Response Rate (ORR).The investigators design a clinical study to explore whether the combination above as a neoadjuvant treatment in patients with advanced HCC before liver transplant could reduce postoperative recurrence and to analyze potential immune biomarker of therapeutic response.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liver Transplant; Complications Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrent Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection [Keytruda] Drug: Lenvatinib Oral Product Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Participates would be randomly assigned (1:1) to experimental or Comparator/Control by computer-generated allocation based on the envelope method and the hierarchical block randomization method(hierarchy: BCLC stage and AFP level). The envelopes are sealed opaque, and sequentially numbered.Randomization is performed by the trial coordinator.The random number table and the block assignment number table will be kept confidential by the full-time secretary of this project.Center-stratified block-permuted randomization is used in this trial. Then permuted block randomization is used for each stratum with a block size of 4.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 192 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy Study of Pembrolizumab in Combination With LENvatinib in Participants With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Before Liver Transplant as Neoadjuvant TherapY--PLENTY Randomized Clinical Trial
Actual Study Start Date : August 6, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab plus Lenvatinib
Participants receive intravenous (IV) pembrolizumab at 200 mg on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Number of cycles: until >42 days before liver transplantation or unacceptable toxicity develops. Patients receive Lenvatinib 8-12mg(basing on weight), once a day, oral at least 38 days of each 6 weeks cycle until >7 days before liver transplantation.
Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection [Keytruda]
Pembrolizumab (Keytruda, MSD China) is a recombinant anti-human PD-1 monoclonal antibody.
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • MK-3475
  • Pembrolizumab

Drug: Lenvatinib Oral Product
Lenvatinib (Lenvima, Eisai China) is a novel angiogenesis inhibitor which targets vascular endothelial growth factor 1-3, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1-4, platelet-derived growth factor receptor β, RET and KIT
Other Names:
  • Lenvatinib

No Intervention: Comparator
Participants are advised to stay as healthy as possible and wait regularly

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recurrence-Free Survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: Up to ~4 years ]
    RFS is defined as the time from randomization to first documentation of disease recurrence (local, regional, or distant) as assessed by BICR or by pathology consistent with HCC if required per the site's standard of care, or death due to any cause (both cancer and non-cancer causes of death)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Proportion of patients whose tumor volume control (reduced or enlarged) reaches a predetermined value and can maintain a minimum time limit.

  2. Percentage of Participants who Experience an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease (new or worsening) temporally associated with the use of study therapy, regardless of whether or not a causal relationship with the study therapy can be determined.

  3. Percentage of Participants who Discontinue Study Treatment due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to ~1 year ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease (new or worsening) temporally associated with the use of study therapy, regardless of whether or not a causal relationship with the study therapy can be determined.

  4. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Proportion of patients whose tumor volume has reached a predetermined value and can maintain a minimum time limit, including complete response and partial response patients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have pathologically or cytologically or by radiological criteria proven hepatocellular carcinoma(exceeding Milan criteria); known mixed histology (e.g. hepatocellular carcinoma plus cholangiocarcinoma) or fibrolamellar variant is not allowed
  • Has an eligibility scan (CT of the chest, triphasic CT scan or MRI of the abdomen, and CT or MRI of the pelvis) <1 week before the treatment of pembrolizumab in combination with lenvatinib. Randomization needs to occur within 1 weeks after recruitment in the waiting list.
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 7 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Has a Child-Pugh A-B7 liver score (5 to 7 points) within 7 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Has controlled hepatitis B (Hep B)
  • The estimate time length between enrollment and liver transplantation should be at least 3 months
  • No prior systemic therapy, local therapy (TACE etc.)>6w
  • If female, is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies: 1) Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP); or 2) Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (a WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test within 72 hours before the first dose of study treatment).
  • Has adequate organ function.
  • Granulocytes >= 1,500/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL; patients with recent or ongoing gastrointestinal bleed may not be transfused to reach the entry hemoglobin of 8.5 g/dL; physicians should ensure patients requiring transfusion prior to registration do not have an occult or clinically apparent gastrointestinal bleed
  • Platelets >= 75,000/uL
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (or creatinine clearance calculated >= 60 cc/minute)
  • Bilirubin =< 3 mg/dL
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 5 x ULN
  • Prothrombin time (PT)-international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.7 (not required for patients on anticoagulation agents; patients who are being therapeutically anticoagulated with an agent such as Coumadin or heparin will be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in these parameters exists)
  • Patients with a history of hypertension should be well controlled (< 140/90 mmHg) on a regimen of anti-hypertensive therapy
  • Significant history of cardiac disease is not allowed:
  • Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA) Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration Serious myocardial dysfunction, defined as scintigraphically (multigated acquisition scan [MUGA], myocardial scintigram) determined absolute left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below 45% or an LVEF on echocardiogram (ECHO) below the normal limit at the individual institution

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Surgery within the past 3 years.
  • Has had esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding within the last 6 months.
  • Has clinically apparent ascites on physical examination.
  • Has had clinically diagnosed hepatic encephalopathy in the last 6 months.
  • Has received liver ablation, radiofrequency or microwave ablation, radiotherapy in the last 6 months.
  • Has a history of (noninfectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has dual active Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection at study entry.
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Has known active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis).
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137).
  • Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy for HCC including investigational agents.
  • Is receiving any of the following prohibited concomitant therapies:1) Antineoplastic systemic chemotherapy or biological therapy; 2) Immunotherapy not specified in this protocol; 3) Investigational agents other than pembrolizumab; 4) Radiation therapy; 5) Oncological surgical therapy; or systemic glucocorticoids for any purpose other than to modulate symptoms from an AE that is suspected to have an immunologic etiology.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1.
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04425226

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Contact: Hao Feng, MD., Ph.D. 008615000901110

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Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Recruiting
Shanghai, China, 200127
Contact: Hao Feng, MD, PhD   
Sponsors and Collaborators
RenJi Hospital
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Study Chair: Qiang Xia, MD., Ph.D. Dept. Liver Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, SJTU
Principal Investigator: Hao Feng, MD., Ph.D. Dept. Liver Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, SJTU
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Responsible Party: RenJi Hospital Identifier: NCT04425226    
Other Study ID Numbers: Renji-IIT-2020-0005
First Posted: June 11, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 13, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action