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Safety and Efficacy of ASN-002 Combined With a Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04416516
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ascend Biopharmaceuticals Ltd

Brief Summary:

The primary objectives are to:

  1. Evaluate the safety and tolerability of intralesional ASN-002 when administered in combination with oral vismodegib in patients with Basal Cell Carcinomas (BCC)s;
  2. Evaluate the efficacy of intralesional ASN-002 in target tumours when administered in combination with oral vismodegib in patients with BCCs.

The secondary objective is to:

1) Evaluate the efficacy of intralesional ASN-002 in non-target tumours when administered in combination with oral vismodegib in patients with BCCs.

The exploratory objective is to:

1) Evaluate immunological biomarkers during the course of treatment.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome Biological: ASN-002 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Methodology:

This study will evaluate ASN-002 (in the dose range 0.5 to 1.5x10(11) vp/mL) with the Hh inhibitor vismodegib (Erivedge®). The study will initially evaluate two Arms receiving 1.0 x 10(11) vp/injection, and following a safety review, may implement further arms in an adaptive study design.

Following screening and baseline biopsies for target and non-target tumours, eligible subjects will be enrolled in the study.

Cycle 1: Treatment with vismodegib (daily dose of 150 mg) for 4 weeks and ASN-002 for 3 weeks (i.e., three ASN-002 injections in total):

  • Day 1 to Day 14 - vismodegib alone
  • Day 15 - vismodegib and ASN-002
  • Day 16 to Day 21 - vismodegib alone
  • Day 22 - vismodegib and ASN-002
  • Day 23 to Day 28 - vismodegib alone
  • Day 29 - ASN-002 alone

Clinical response will be assessed at Week 17, following which, the investigator may where clinically indicated, initiate Cycle 2.

Cycle 2: Treatment with vismodegib (daily dose of 150 mg) for 4 weeks, and one further injection with ASN-002:

  • Day 1 to Day 7 - vismodegib alone
  • Day 8 - vismodegib and ASN-002
  • Day 9 to Day 28 - vismodegib alone

Surgical excision for all patients will occur between Week 25 and Week 33 at the investigators discretion, and dependent on when patient completed study treatment (1 or 2 treatment cycles). Up to 10 BCCs to be excised including 3 target tumours. Excisions can be conducted over 2 visits as per Investigator's discretion.

The Investigator may enrol eligible patients parallel into either Arm 1 or Arm 2, based on the number of tumours present. Up to 10 study BCC tumours (up to 3 target and up to 7 non-target) will be selected per patient.

Following review of at least Week 5 data for N=6 patients in Arm 1 and Arm 2, further Arms with varying doses of ASN-002 (in the dose range 0.5x10(11) vp or 1.5x10(11) vp) may be explored at the discretion of the Safety Review Committee (SRC). Vismodegib or ASN-002 may be evaluated as monotherapies to provide control groups to allow comparison of treatment Arms.

Safety and clinical assessments will be performed at Weeks 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 17, 25 to 33.

Histological response will be evaluated in all study tumours via excision between Week 25 and Week 33 (as per investigator's discretion).

Six patients will be recruited to each Arm of the study, each Arm may be expanded to 12 patients at the discretion of the SRC.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2A Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of ASN-002 Combined With a Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor in the Treatment of Multiple Low Risk Basal Cell Carcinomas in Sporadic or Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome Patients
Actual Study Start Date : July 16, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1, Patients with 1 Tumour

Participants with 1 Target Tumour will receive 3 x ASN-002 1.0x10(11) Injections

+ VISMODEGIB (150 mg) daily for 4 weeks.

Biological: ASN-002
ASN-002 has been designed for clinical applications, especially for intratumoral administration in the treatment of various cancers. This rAd vector delivers the gene of interest, in the case of ASN-002 the human IFNγ gene, into target cells. The rAd vector in ASN-002 is replication deficient and although it infects cells, it is not able to replicate in the tumor or in normal human cells. The infected cells are able to transcribe and translate the IFNγ DNA leading to a sustained local concentration of IFNγ in the tumor mass that is designed to avoid high levels of systemic IFNγ that may be lead to unacceptable toxicity.

Experimental: Arm 2, Patients with 3 or more Tumours
Participants with 3 or more Target Tumours will receive 3 x ASN-002 1.0x10(11) Injections (per tumour) + VISMODEGIB (150 mg) daily for 4 weeks.
Biological: ASN-002
ASN-002 has been designed for clinical applications, especially for intratumoral administration in the treatment of various cancers. This rAd vector delivers the gene of interest, in the case of ASN-002 the human IFNγ gene, into target cells. The rAd vector in ASN-002 is replication deficient and although it infects cells, it is not able to replicate in the tumor or in normal human cells. The infected cells are able to transcribe and translate the IFNγ DNA leading to a sustained local concentration of IFNγ in the tumor mass that is designed to avoid high levels of systemic IFNγ that may be lead to unacceptable toxicity.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of ASN-002 related Adverse Events in patients with previously untreated nBCC [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed up to 6 months ]
    Incidence of Adverse Adverse events will be monitored

  2. Microscopic clearance of the injected Target basal cell carcinoma. [ Time Frame: Microscopic examinations of sample collected at weeks 25-33 after the first dose. ]
    Histological clearance (HC) will be defined as the absence of detectable evidence of BCC tumor cell nests in serial histological samples as determined by central pathology review.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Microscopic clearance of the injected Non-Target basal cell carcinoma. [ Time Frame: Microscopic examinations of sample collected at weeks 25-33 after the first dose. ]
    Histological clearance (HC) will be defined as the absence of detectable evidence of BCC tumor cell nests in serial histological samples as determined by central pathology review.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed previously untreated, BCC (nodular and superficial), 5-20 mm in maximum diameter, per the selection criteria for study BCC tumours. A punch biopsy (refer to study procedure manual for biopsy size selection) from the thickest part of all the target tumours is required for histological confirmation of BCC and to exclude BCC non-eligible subtypes.

    Note: If a patient has mix of nodular and superficial BCC tumours, at least one target tumour should be a nodular BCC.

  2. Removal of < 25% of the area of each biopsied tumour by initial biopsy performed 1-12 weeks before Day 1. If the initial biopsy was performed >8 weeks prior to screening, the investigator may re-biopsy the tumour, provided not > 25% of the area of the original tumour is removed. Non-study tumours may be resected or treated at the discretion of the Investigator prior to study entry or if they develop during the study.
  3. Hedgehog pathway inhibitor treatment naïve.
  4. Acceptable general health as determined by the investigator, i.e. no serious or active medical or psychiatric illness or recreational or therapeutic drug or alcohol use that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with treatment, assessment or compliance with the protocol, ability to provide informed consent, or patient safety.
  5. 18 years of age or older.
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1 or 2.
  7. Screening laboratory values as follows:

    1. Neutrophil count > 1500/mm3
    2. Haemoglobin > 9 g/dL
    3. Platelet count >100,000/mm3
    4. Prothrombin INR < 1.5
    5. Total bilirubin < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN), except in the case of known Gilbert's syndrome
    6. Aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) or alkaline phosphatase (ALP) < 2X ULN
    7. Creatinine < 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)
  8. Female patients who are documented infertile, postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile or using acceptable and highly effective birth control for the duration of the study and for at least 3 months after last administration of the study treatments.
  9. Male patients with female partners of child bearing potential, agreement to use two adequate contraception methods while being on vismodegib and for 3 months of completion. agreement not to donate semen for 3 months after completion of vismodegib.
  10. Written informed consent prior to initiation of study-specified procedures.
  11. Able and willing to comply with all study requirements, including surgical removal of tumour/tumour site at completion of study.
  12. Baseline tissue sample adequate for determination of histological or other biomarkers.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Known or suspected metastatic disease or other active, invasive malignancy.
  2. Female patients of childbearing potential who are lactating or pregnant (negative serum pregnancy test needed prior to dosing).
  3. Clinically active or uncontrolled skin disease or tattoos that would interfere with evaluation of the area surrounding the target tumour (e.g. eczema, unstable psoriasis, xeroderma pigmentosa).
  4. Known history of sensitivity to any of the ingredients in ASN-002 and any Hh pathway inhibitors.
  5. Immunocompromised (e.g. known Hepatitis B or C infection, HIV infection) or receiving or expected to receive an immunomodulating agent (including immunosuppressive agents, cytotoxic drugs, biological agents, immunoglobulins, interferon or other immune or cytokine-based therapies. Use of inhaled or oral corticosteroids at doses higher than physiological replacement doses is an exclusion criterion).
  6. Has received or is expected to receive treatment with psoralen plus UVA or UVB therapy within 6 months of the Screening visit.
  7. Any prior systemic anti-tumour therapy or local treatment for target tumours prior to first dose.
  8. History of immunological disorder, severe allergic reaction, moderate or severe asthma or known history of anaphylaxis or any other serious adverse reactions to any medication.
  9. Any experimental or investigational agents within one month of first ASN-002 injection.
  10. Any prior exposure to TG1041, TG1042 (ASN-002), any other adenoviral-based experimental agent, or any form of gene therapy within 6 months of first dose of vismodegib in the study.
  11. Any prior exposure to vismodegib or any other Hh inhibitor within 6 months of first dose in the study.
  12. Current therapy with any medications recognized to cause rhabdomyolysis or a prior history of rhabdomyolysis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04416516


Contacts
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Contact: Clement Leong, Ph.D +61 421 837 218 clementleong@ascendbiopharma.com
Contact: Cleo Moore +64 488 942 145 cleomoore@ascendbiopharma.com

Locations
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Australia, Queensland
Central Brisbane Dermatology Recruiting
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4000
Contact: Gregory M Siller, MBBS, ECFMG, FACD    (07) 3831 4382    research@cbdermatology.com.au   
Contact: Thomas M Pitney, MBBS    (07) 3831 4382    research@cbdermatology.com.au   
Veracity Clinical Research Completed
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 4102
Sunshine Coast University Hospital Completed
Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia
Australia, Victoria
Sinclair Dermatology Completed
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3000
Royal Melbourne Hospital Recruiting
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3050
Contact: Sonia Maleki    + 61 3 9342 4542    sonia.maleki@mh.org.au   
Australia, Western Australia
Burswood Dermatology Recruiting
Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 6100
Contact: Pamela Clements    +6189470 3064    pamyclements@hotmail.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ascend Biopharmaceuticals Ltd
Investigators
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Study Chair: Clement Leong, Ph.D Ascend Biopharmaceuticals Ltd
Principal Investigator: Gregory Siller Central Brisbane Dermatology
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Responsible Party: Ascend Biopharmaceuticals Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04416516    
Other Study ID Numbers: ASN-002-003
First Posted: June 4, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ascend Biopharmaceuticals Ltd:
high frequency basal cell carcinoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Basal Cell
Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Basal Cell
Odontogenic Cysts
Jaw Cysts
Bone Cysts
Cysts
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Jaw Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Abnormalities, Multiple
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, Inborn