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Bevacizumab In Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04404881
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hanny Al-Samkari, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is studying to see whether bevacizumab may treat chronic bleeding and iron deficiency anemia in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT).

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a disorder that causes abnormal blood vessel formation. In HHT, there is a mutation in the TGF-β pathway, which results in an increase of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels. An increase in VEGF levels can result in poorly formed blood vessels that have a higher rate of bleeding than normal blood vessels. Bevacizumab is designed to block VEGF activity. It is believed that targeting increased VEGF levels may be able to treat HHT.

This research study involves the following study drug:

- Bevacizumab


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

In this research study, the investigators are studying the study drug, bevacizumab. Researchers would like to see whether bevacizumab effectively treats Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) and what side effects occur.

- The research study procedures include: screening for eligibility, pretreatment period, study treatment, end-of-study visit, and follow-up visit.

  • Participants will be observed for 12 weeks and then receive study treatment for 24 weeks and will be followed for 30 days after ending study treatment.
  • This research study involves the following study drug: Bevacizumab
  • It is expected that about 20 people will take part in this research study.

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT). "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved bevacizumab for Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), but it has been approved for other uses.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Bevacizumab for Chronic Bleeding and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Actual Study Start Date : November 23, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 1, 2026


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bevacizumab
  • The research study procedures include: screening for eligibility, pretreatment period, study treatment, end-of-study visit, and follow-up visit. Each period consists of 12 weeks, for a total of 36 weeks.
  • Pretreatment Period:Hematologic Support: iron transfusions and red cell transfusions as determined by study doctor.
  • Induction Period (first 3 months of bevacizumab treatment):

    • Hematologic Support: iron transfusions and red cell transfusions as determined by study doctor.
    • Bevacizumab: once every 2 weeks via intravenous infusion for up to 12 weeks.
  • Maintenance Period (second 3 months of bevacizumab treatment):

    • Hematologic Support: Iron transfusions and red cell transfusions as determined by study doctor.
    • Bevacizumab: once every 4 weeks via intravenous infusion for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: Bevacizumab
  • Induction Period (first 3 months of bevacizumab treatment):

    -- Bevacizumab: once every 2 weeks via intravenous infusion for up to 12 weeks.

  • Maintenance Period (second 3 months of bevacizumab treatment):

    • Bevacizumab: once every 4 weeks via intravenous infusion for up to 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Avastin®
  • Mvasi®
  • Zirabev®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in hematologic support score from pretreatment to maintenance [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    The change in Hematologic Support Score (HSS) from pretreatment to maintenance will be evaluated with a paired t-test or a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, whichever is most appropriate for the distribution of the data. Presence of a statistically-significant difference (P<0.05) will determine if the study achieves its primary outcome measure.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in the individual patient mean hemoglobin [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    Hemoglobin concentration (g/dL) is the primary clinical measure of red cell mass and blood oxygen-carrying capacity. Hemoglobin thresholds will dictate transfusion on study according to the HSP (Section 5.8). Following study completion, for each participant, hemoglobin measurements drawn on day 1 and weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 will be averaged together to form an average pretreatment hemoglobin and hemoglobin measurements drawn on weeks 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, and 36 will be averaged together to form an average maintenance hemoglobin. Individual patient average pretreatment hemoglobin will be compared to individual patient average maintenance hemoglobin with a paired means comparison test, either a paired ttest or a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, whichever is most appropriate for the distribution of the data.

  2. Difference in the individual patient pRBC transfusion requirement [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    Number of red cell units transfused will be analyzed separately from iron infusions as a secondary endpoint. The change in number of units of red cells transfused from pretreatment to maintenance will be evaluated with a paired t-test or a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, whichever is most appropriate for the distribution of the data

  3. Difference in the individual patient intravenous iron infusion requirement [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    Total milligrams of elemental iron infused will be analyzed separately from red cell transfusions as a secondary endpoint. The change in total milligrams of elemental iron infused from pretreatment to maintenance will be evaluated with a paired t-test or a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, whichever is most appropriate for the distribution of the data

  4. Average Maintenance Epistaxis Severity Score [ Time Frame: 36 Weeks ]
    The epistaxis severity score (ESS, not to be confused with the hematologic support score or HSS) is a well-validated, longitudinal, 6-question, 10- point score used specifically to evaluate epistaxis severity in HHT. Individual patient average pretreatment ESS will be compared to individual patient average maintenance ESS with a paired means comparison test, either a paired t-test or a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, whichever is most appropriate for the distribution of the data.

  5. Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE v5.0. [ Time Frame: All patients will be evaluable for toxicity from the time of their first treatment with bevacizumab up to 36 weeks ]
    Number of subjects experiencing grade 3 or higher adverse events (as defined by CTCAE v. 50) and adverse events requiring bevacizumab discontinuation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • All laboratory test criteria for study inclusion may be obtained at any point in the 30-day screening period.
  • A clinical diagnosis of "possible/suspected" or "definite" hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, as defined by presence of 2 or more of the Curacao criteria (spontaneous and recurrent epistaxis, telangiectasias at characteristic sites, visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), first degree relative with HHT).
  • Age ≥18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of bevacizumab for HHT in participants <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials.
  • Red blood cell transfusion and/or iron infusion dependence, as defined by a hematologic support score (HSS) of ≥3 in the 3 months prior to consent. HSS is calculated by dividing the total milligrams of elemental iron infused by 250 and adding to this the number of red cell units transfused.
  • ECOG performance status ≤2 (see Appendix B).
  • Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥2,500/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥75,000/mcL
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤3 × institutional ULN*
    • creatinine ≤ 2.5 mg/dL OR
    • glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Except AST and/or ALT elevation related to HHT-associated hemolytic anemia or liver AVMs, in the opinion of the investigator. Bilirubin thresholds are not included as mild chronic hyperbilirubinemia is common in HHT, likely related to subclinical hemolysis in AVMs. Patients with clinically advanced liver disease should be excluded from participation per 3.2.16.
  • The effects of bevacizumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because anti-angiogenic agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Women should additionally use adequate contraception for the 6 months after discontinuation of bevacizumab. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of bevacizumab administration.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Exclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria

Exclusion Criteria

  • Participants who have received intranasal or systemic bevacizumab, systemic ramucirumab, or systemic ziv-aflibercept in the 6 weeks prior to consent.
  • Participants who have received oral anti-angiogenic agents, including pazopanib, axitinib, sorafenib, thalidomide, lenalidomide, or pomalidomide in the 6 weeks prior to consent.
  • Participants receiving oral tranexamic acid, epsilon-aminocaproic acid, or doxycycline unless they are on a stable dose for at least 2 weeks prior to consent to be continued at that same dose over the entire duration of the study.
  • Participants receiving erythropoiesis-stimulating agents unless they are on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to consent to be continued at that same dose over the entire duration of the study.
  • Participants receiving oral iron preparations must discontinue these preparations within 2 weeks prior to the initiation of the study. Multivitamins or other pharmaceuticals containing iron are allowed if the daily dose of elemental iron does not exceed 25 mg per day.
  • Participants receiving systemic estrogen or testosterone preparations unless they are on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to consent to be continued over the entire duration of the study. Use of non-prescription testosterone preparations (e.g. illicit anabolic steroids) in the 4 weeks prior to consent is exclusionary.
  • Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • History of allergic reactions to bevacizumab.
  • Participants with uncontrolled intercurrent illness, in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Participants with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because bevacizumab is an anti-angiogenic agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with bevacizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with bevacizumab. Pregnancy status will be assessed with a serum B-HCG pregnancy test (see Section 10 for timing). Women who are menopausal or perimenopausal will have follicle-stimulating hormone levels drawn to confirm menopausal status.
  • Known diagnosis of a hypoproliferative anemia (e.g. myelodysplastic syndrome). Nonimmune hemolytic anemia associated with HHT is not exclusionary.
  • Significant proteinuria, as defined by a urine protein of >2.0 grams per day (on 24-hour urine protein collection or spot urine protein:creatinine ratio). 24-hour urine protein collection or spot urine protein:creatinine ratio is necessary during screening to quantify urine protein only in patients with screening urine dipstick/urinalysis demonstrates 3+ protein or higher.
  • Poorly-controlled hypertension, as defined by a systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mm Hg refractory to medical management.
  • Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture.
  • Unwillingness to receive red blood cell transfusions and/or intravenous iron infusions according to the hematologic support protocol (HSP) while on study (see Section 5.8).
  • Any other medical condition or factor that, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to interfere with completion of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04404881


Contacts
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Contact: Hanny Al-Samkari, MD 617-643-6214 hal-samkari@mgh.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Hanny Al-Samkari, MD    617-643-6214    hal-samkari@mgh.harvard.edu   
Principal Investigator: Hanny Al-Samkari, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hanny Al-Samkari, MD
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Hanny Al-Samkari, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Hanny Al-Samkari, MD, Sponsor Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04404881    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-833
First Posted: May 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to Sponsor Investigator or designee. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hanny Al-Samkari, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Telangiectasis
Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Vascular Malformations
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities
Bevacizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors