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Avelumab and Methotrexate in in Low-risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasias as First Line Treatment (TROPHAMET)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04396223
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2020
Merck Healthcare KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, an affiliate of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:

Gestational trophoblastic neoplasias (GTN) are characterized by the persistence of elevated hCG titers after complete uterine evacuation of a partial hydatidiform mole (PHM) or a complete hydatidiform mole.

Low-risk GTN patients (FIGO score ≤ 6) are commonly treated with single agent treatment (methotrexate or actinomycin-D) The cure rate, assessed by hCG normalization, is obtained in 65 to 75% of patients with these agents GTN patients with resistance to these treatments are treated with another single agent drug or polychemotherapy regimens, such as EMA-CO or BEP regimen.

Chemotherapy standard regimens are old and toxic for these young lady patients, with potential long term effects detrimental for further maternity and quality of life

There is a strong rational for investigating the anti-PDL1 monoclonal antibody avelumab in chemoresistant GTN patients. Several elements suggest that the normal pregnancy immune tolerance is "hijacked" by GTN cell for proliferating :

  • Spontaneous regressions of metastastic GTN are regularly observed, thereby the role of immune system for rejecting GTN cells.
  • Strong and constant overexpression of PDL1 and NK cells has been found in all subtypes and settings of GTN tumors from French reference gestational trophoblastic center.
  • Complete and durable responses to pembrolizumab were reported in 3 patients with multi-chemoresistant GTN in United Kingdom.
  • Three cases of hCG normalization with avelumab in 6 patients with chemo-resistant GTN enrolled in TROPHIMMUN cohort A (resistant to a mono-chemotherapy).
  • Cytotoxicity of avelumab is mediated through antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) by NK cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasias (GTN) Drug: Avelumab Injection Drug: Methotrexate 1 GM Injection Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: TROPHAMET, a Phase I/II Trial of Avelumab and METhotrexate in Low-risk Gestational TROPHoblastic Neoplasias as First Line Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : February 12, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 12, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 12, 2026

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Avelumab combined with methotrexate and folinic acid
Avelumab administration at 800 mg every 2 weeks and methotrexate administration at 1mg/kg/day during 4 months ½ (median)
Drug: Avelumab Injection
Avelumab administration at 800mg a 1 hour IV infusion once every 14 days during 4 months ½ (median)

Drug: Methotrexate 1 GM Injection
methotrexate administration at 1mg/kg/day during 4 months ½ (median)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Dose limiting toxicities of methotrexate and avelumab combination in low-risk GTN patients as first line. [ Time Frame: treatment duration 3 months (median estimation) ]
    Safety run-in: dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) will be determined during the first 3 months after the start of treatment

  2. Rate of patients with successful normalization of hCG [ Time Frame: treatment duration 3 months (median estimation) ]
    The main endpoint of this study is the rate of patients with successful normalization of hCG allowing for treatment discontinuation (hCG normalization). Patients will continue on treatment until the weekly hCG assays reach the institutional normal threshold, and then for 3 additional cycles, or otherwise will be stopped in the case of resistance, defined as a rise (a > 20% rise between two assays, observed twice on three consecutive weekly assays) or a plateau (a < 10% decrease between two assays observed three times on four consecutive weekly assays) in the hCG level, or unacceptable toxicity and/or death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the safety of methotrexate and avelumab combination administration [ Time Frame: during treatment duration (3 months), 1 month after end of treatment and 36 months after end of treatment (median : 8 months 1/2). ]
    To assess the rate of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and treatment-related adverse events (AEs), treatment-related Grade ≥ 3 AEs, and immune-related AEs, according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 5.0 (CTCAE v5.0)

  2. To assess the efficacy of avelumab and methotrexate in terms of resistance-free survival in low-risk GTN patients as first line setting [ Time Frame: during treatment (3 months median), 1 month after the end of treatment and 36 months after the end of treatment ]
    Resistance rate will be evaluated according to hCG level.

  3. To assess the efficacy of avelumab and methotrexate in terms of resistance-free survival in low-risk GTN patients as first line setting [ Time Frame: during treatment (3 months median), 1 month after the end of treatment and 36 months after the end of treatment ]
    Resistance-free survival will be evaluated according to hCG level.

  4. To assess the efficacy of avelumab and methotrexate in terms of relapse free survival in low-risk GTN patients as first line setting after an initial hCG normalization that enabled study treatment discontinuation [ Time Frame: during treatment (3 months median), 1 month after the end of treatment and 36 months after the end of treatment ]
    Relapse-free survival will be evaluated in the case of relapse requiring treatment resumption after a hCG normalization that enabled study treatment discontinuation

  5. To assess the efficacy of avelumab and methotrexate in terms of overall survival in low-risk GTN patients as first line setting [ Time Frame: during treatment (3 months median), 1 month after end of treatment and 36 months after end of treatment ]
    Overall survival

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Woman older than 18 years
  • Low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia according to FIGO score (FIGO score ≤ 6) with indication of methotrexate as first line treatment
  • Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
  • Patients with adequate bone marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment as defined below

    • Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1.5 x 10 9 /L
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10 9 /L
    • Haemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL (may have been blood transfused)
  • Patients with adequate renal function:

    * Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 ml/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula (or local institutional standard method)

  • Patients with adequate hepatic function

    *Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x UNL and AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 X UNL (≤ 5 X UNL for patients with liver metastases)

  • Patients must have a life expectancy ≥ 16 weeks
  • Confirmation of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential.

An evolutive pregnancy can be ruled out in the following cases:

  • in case of a previous hysterectomy
  • if serum hCG level ≥ 2 000 IU/L and no intra or extra-uterine gestational sac is detected on pelvic ultrasound
  • if serum hCG level < 2 000 IU/L on a first measurement and serum hCG increases <100% on a second measurement performed 3 days later.

    • Highly effective contraception if the risk of conception exists. (Note: The effects of the trial drug on the developing human fetus are unknown; thus, women of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 highly effective contraceptions, defined as methods with a failure rate of less than 1 % per year. Highly effective contraception is required at least 28 days prior, throughout and for at least 12 months after avelumab treatment.
    • Patients who gave its written informed consent to participate to the study
    • Patients affiliated to a social insurance regime
    • Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti- CTLA 4 antibody (including ipilimumab, tremelimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways).
  • Illness, incompatible with avelumab, such as congestive heart failure; respiratory distress; liver failure; uncontrolled epilepsy; allergy.
  • Patients with a known allergic hypersensitivity to methotrexate or any of the other ingredients (sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and hydrochloric acid if excipient)
  • Patients with second primary cancer, except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in-situ cancer of the cervix, or other solid tumours curatively treated with no evidence of disease for ≥ 5 years.
  • All subjects with brain metastases, except those meeting the following criteria:

    • Brain metastases that have been treated locally and are clinically stable for at least 2 weeks prior to enrolment, No ongoing neurological symptoms that are related to the brain localization of the disease (sequelae that are a consequence of the treatment of the brain metastases are acceptable).
    • Subjects with brain metastases must be either off steroids except a stable or decreasing dose of <10mg daily prednisone (or equivalent).
  • Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons), within 2 weeks from the last dose prior to study treatment (or a longer period depending on the defined characteristics of the agents used). The patient can receive a stable dose of bisphosphonates for bone metastases, before and during the study as long as these were started at least 4 weeks prior to treatment with study drug.
  • Persistent toxicities (>=CTCAE grade 2) with the exception of alopecia and sensory neuropathy, caused by previous cancer therapy.
  • Treatment with other investigational agents.
  • Bowel occlusive syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, immune colitis, or other gastro-intestinal disorder that does not allow oral medication such as malabsorption.
  • Stomatitis, ulcers of the oral cavity and known active gastrointestinal ulcer disease
  • Clinically significant (i.e., active) and severe cardiovascular disease according to investigator opinion such as myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment)
  • Patients with immune pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis
  • Known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies, any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma (ie, 3 or more features of partially controlled asthma Global Initiative for Asthma 2011).
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related illness.
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Positive test for HBV surface antigen and / or confirmatory HCV RNA (if anti-HCV antibody tested positive)
  • Administration of a live vaccine within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 7 days prior to start of study treatment.

The following are exceptions to this exclusion criterion:

  • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (eg, intra-articular injection);
  • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent;
  • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (eg, CT scan premedication).

    • Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immunostimulatory agents.

Patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible.

  • Female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or are of childbearing potential and not practicing a medically acceptable method of birth control.
  • Treatment with oral anticoagulant such Coumadin.
  • Alcoholism (patient interview, investigator judgment)
  • Resting ECG with QTc > 470msec on 2 or more time points within a 24 hour period or family history of long QT syndrome. Torsades de Pointes, arrhythmias (including sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia and ventricular fibrillation, bradycardia defined as <50 bpm), right bundle branch block and left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block), unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF New York Heart Association Class III or IV), cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack or symptomatic pulmonary embolism.
  • Prior organ transplantation, including allogeneic stem cell transplantation (excluding autologous bone marrow transplant)
  • Patients under guardianship.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04396223

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Contact: Benoit YOU, MD 33 4 78 864 318 benoit.you@chu-lyon.fr
Contact: Laurent VILLENEUVE 33 4 78 864 536 laurent.villeneuve@chu-lyon.fr

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Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud Recruiting
Pierre-Bénite, Pierre Bénite, France, 69495
Contact: Benoit YOU, MD       benoit.you@chu-lyon.fr   
Institut Bergonié Not yet recruiting
Bordeaux, France, 33000
Contact: Anne FLOQUET, MD         
Centre François Baclesse Not yet recruiting
Caen, France, 14000
Contact: Florence JOLY, MD         
Centre Oscar Lambret Not yet recruiting
Lille, France, 59000
Contact: Cyril ABDEDDAIM         
Institut Paoli-Calmettes Not yet recruiting
Marseille, France, 13000
Contact: Magali PROVANSAL, MD         
Centre Antoine Lacassagne Not yet recruiting
Nice, France, 06000
Contact: Philippe FOLLANA, MD         
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris Not yet recruiting
Paris, France
Contact: Jean-Pierre LOTZ, MD         
Centre Eugène Marquis Not yet recruiting
Rennes, France, 35000
Contact: Thibault DE LA MOTTE ROUGE         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Merck Healthcare KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, an affiliate of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
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Responsible Party: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04396223    
Other Study ID Numbers: 69HCL18 0857
First Posted: May 20, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
gestational trophoblastic neoplasias, GTN
hydatiform mole
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gestational Trophoblastic Disease
Trophoblastic Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic
Pregnancy Complications
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological