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Early Care Program for the Management of Post-ICU Syndrome and Chronic Pain After COVID-19 Infection. (PAIN-COVID)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04394169
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
TOMAS MIGUEL CUÑAT LOPEZ, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona

Brief Summary:

COVID-19 (coronavirus 2019) disease has led to a large number of hospital admissions, many of which require admission to intensive care (ICU).

Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) is defined as deterioration or worsening of previous deterioration in the mental, physical or cognitive status that appears as a consequence of a critical illness and which persists after acute hospital care. Also, there is evidence that patients who survive a critical illness have a high prevalence of moderate to extreme chronic pain.

Patients with COVID-19 disease are an especially susceptible population to develop PICS due to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors have significant long-term deterioration in mental, cognitive, and functional health.

This study hypothesis is that a specific care program based on early therapeutic education and psychological intervention improves the quality of life of patients at risk of developing PICS and chronic pain after COVID-19 disease.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Post ICU Syndrome Chronic Pain Covid-19 Behavioral: Intervention program Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

A randomized, controlled, and single-blind trial will be performed. Patients over 18 years who have been admitted to intensive care units with the diagnosis of COVID-19 disease at risk of presenting PICS will be recruited.

The study subjects will be divided into two arms, and the intervention program will be compared to the standard care clinical practice.

The program will consist of early care (first visit at one month of hospital discharge), therapeutic education on prevention and management of PICS and chronic pain during three medical visits in six months, and psychological treatment in patients at risk for emotional distress.

The main objective is to evaluate the impact of the program on health-related life quality at six months after hospital discharge.

The secondary objectives are:

  1. To assess the health-related life quality at three months after hospital discharge.
  2. To quantify the incidence of chronic pain, its characteristics, and the degree of functional limitation at three and six months after hospital discharge.
  3. To quantify the incidence of anxiety and depression at three and six months after hospital discharge.
  4. Quantify the incidence of post-traumatic stress syndrome at 3 and 6 months after hospital discharge.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized, controlled, single-blind, and single-center clinical trial that will include patients who have been admitted to intensive care of our hospital due to COVID-19 disease.
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Masking Description:

Visits 1,2, and 3 will be carried out by an investigator with sufficient training in questionnaires. This investigator will not participate on the intervention or the evaluation of the results.

The intervention will be performed by two researchers (Pain Physician and psychologist). This researcher will not participate in the questionnaire and basal data collection visits or results analysis.

Researchers who analyze the results will not participate in the questionnaire and basal data collection or program intervention.

Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Early Care, Therapeutic Education, and Psychological Intervention for the Management of Post-intensive Care Syndrome and Chronic Pain After Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection. Simple-blind, Controlled, Randomized Trial.
Actual Study Start Date : May 25, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 25, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 25, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Chronic Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention arm
The intervention is a program that includes early patient care, therapeutic education, and psychological intervention. It will be performed through three medical visits and a psychological intervention that requires seven face-to-face sessions.
Behavioral: Intervention program

Medical visits:

There will be three medical visits stipulated as follows:

  • Visit 1 Intervention Group, four weeks after hospital discharge.
  • Visit 2 Intervention Group, eight weeks after hospital discharge.
  • Visit 3 Intervention Group, 18 weeks after hospital discharge.

Components of visits:

  • Interview and physical examination.
  • Therapeutic education about the intensive care syndrome orally and with a specific document that will be delivered at the end of the visit.
  • Therapeutic education around pain. If the patient reports pain, a specific document will be prepared that will be delivered at the end of the visit.

Psychological intervention:

Inclusion criteria for psychological intervention: Patients with a score higher than 8 on the HAD (hospital anxiety and depression) test depression subscale.

Description :

The intervention protocol consists of 7 weekly sessions lasting one hour and a half. The intervention in depression is based on Rehm's model of self-control.


No Intervention: Standard care arm
Standard medical practice: patient follow-up is carried out by their referring physicians (primary care physicians or specialists) who are outside the study.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Impact of intervention program on health-related quality of life (VAS) [ Time Frame: Six months after discharge ]

    Health-related quality of life reported by the patient assessed through the visual analogue scale of the EQoL 5D/5L questionnaire at six months after discharge.

    [European quality of life 5 dimensions/5 levels ; from 0 (the worst imaginable health) to 100 (the best imaginable health) ]



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Impact of intervention program on health-related quality of life (VAS) [ Time Frame: Three months after discharge. ]

    Health-related quality of life reported by the patient assessed through the visual analogue scale of the EQoL 5D / 5L questionnaire at three months after discharge.

    [European quality of life 5 dimensions/5 levels ; from 0 (the worst imaginable health) to 100 (the best imaginable health)]


  2. Impact of intervention program on health-related quality of life (Index) [ Time Frame: Three months after discharge ]

    Health-related quality of life reported by the patient assessed through health index of the EQoL 5D/5L questionnaire at three months after discharge.

    [European quality of life 5 dimensions/5 levels ; the questionnaire assesses quality of life in study participants according to 5 domains (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression) each scored according to a scale of 1 (no problems) to 5 (indicating extreme problems) and generating a 5-digit code corresponding to quality of life]


  3. Impact of intervention program on health-related quality of life (Index) [ Time Frame: Six months after discharge ]

    Health-related quality of life reported by the patient assessed through health index of the EQoL 5D/5L questionnaire at six months after discharge.

    [European quality of life 5 dimensions/5 levels ; the questionnaire assesses quality of life in study participants according to 5 domains (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression) each scored according to a scale of 1 (no problems) to 5 (indicating extreme problems) and generating a 5-digit code corresponding to quality of life]


  4. Impact of intervention program on chronic pain (intensity) [ Time Frame: Three and six months after discharge. ]

    Chronic pain intensity defined by BPI questionnaire (short version), at three and six months after discharge.

    [Brief pain inventory; A multidimensional questionnaire that evaluates pain intensity in the last 24 hours (worst, lowest, average) and current (right now). The questions are rated on a scale of 0 to 10, with 10 being the worst possible value. Subsequently, the average intensity score (BPI intensity score) is calculated.]


  5. Impact of intervention program on chronic pain (limitation of daily activities) [ Time Frame: Three and six months after discharge. ]

    Limitation of daily activities due to chronic pain, defined by BPI (short version), at three and six months after discharge.

    [Brief pain inventory; Multidimensional questionnaire that assesses the impact of pain on daily activities (general activity, encouragement, work, relationships with other people, sleep, enjoying life and the ability to walk). The questions are rated on a scale of 0 to 10, with 10 being the worst possible value. Subsequently, the mean score of the responses related to pain interference in activities (BPI interference score) is calculated.]


  6. Impact of intervention program on chronic pain (Pain catastrophization) [ Time Frame: Three and six months after discharge. ]

    Pain catastrophization assessed by Pain Catastrophizing Scale at three and six months after hospital discharge.

    [Pain Catastrophizing Scale; Consisting of 13 questions that explore the frequency of thoughts and feelings that the interviewees have in the presence of current or anticipated pain, which are grouped into three scoring subscales (magnification, rumination and defenselessness). Each question is rated on a 5-point scale (0: not at all; 4: all the time). Being the maximum total score of 52 points.]


  7. Impact of intervention program on anxiety or depression incidence [ Time Frame: Three and six months after discharge. ]

    Clinically significant anxiety or depression symptoms prevalence at three and six months, assessed by the HAD test.

    [hospital anxiety and depression test; 14 questions, with two subscales, one for anxiety and the other for depression, with seven items each, the maximum score is 21 for each subscale. The cut-off points from zero to seven imply the absence of clinically relevant anxiety and depression, from eight to ten symptoms that require consideration and from 11 to 21 reports the presence of relevant symptoms, with a very probable diagnosis of anxiety or depression.]


  8. Impact of intervention on probable post-traumatic stress syndrome incidence [ Time Frame: Three and six months after discharge. ]

    Probable post-traumatic stress syndrome prevalence at three and six months after discharge assessed by the DSM ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) V PTSD Checklist questionnaire (PCL-5)

    [PTSD Checklist questionnaire; It contains 20 questions that correspond to the DSM V PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) criteria. Participants rated their symptoms on a scale of 0 (not at all), 1 (slightly), 2 (moderately), 3 (quite) to 4 (extremely), with a score ranging from 0 to 80. A total of the severity of the symptoms can be made, adding the score of each question (interval 0-80). The severity of each symptom can be evaluated, adding the score of the questions. The cut-off point to use for a provisional diagnosis of PTSD is 31 points.]




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Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Admitted to the ICU due to COVID infection19.
  • APACHE II score> 14 or ICU stay> 10 days or Duration of mechanical ventilation> 7 days or Acquired weakness in ICU or Delirium during ICU admission.
  • Accept to participate in the study and sign informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Central Nervous System degenerative diseases. Examples: Alzheimer's disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lewy body dementia, Parkinson's disease, among others.
  • Terminal illness: Definition according to the palliative care guide, Spanish Society for Palliative Care. "Advanced, progressive, and incurable disease with a lack of reasonable possibilities of specific treatment, with a life prognosis of less than 6 months.
  • Insufficient understanding of the Spanish language.
  • Patients in whom it would be difficult to complete follow-up.
  • Not having informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04394169


Contacts
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Contact: Antonio José Ojeda Niño, MD 93 227 54 00 ext 5532 ojeda@clinic.cat
Contact: Tomás Cuñat López, MD 93 227 54 00 ext 2427 cunat@clinic.cat

Locations
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Spain
Tomás Cuñat Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
Contact: Tomás Cuñat, MD    645152055    cunat@clinic.cat   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Antonio José Ojeda Niño, MD Pain unit physician
Publications:

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Responsible Party: TOMAS MIGUEL CUÑAT LOPEZ, Collaborator Investigator, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04394169    
Other Study ID Numbers: HCB/2020/0549
First Posted: May 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 14, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by TOMAS MIGUEL CUÑAT LOPEZ, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona:
Covid-19
SARS-COV2
Critical Care
Post ICU Syndrome
Chronic Pain
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Quality of Life
Depressive Disorders
Anxiety disorders
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Syndrome
Chronic Pain
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations