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Communication Memory of Cancer Diagnosis Within the Pediatric Triangle

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04392908
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Florence
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rosanna Martin, Meyer Children's Hospital

Brief Summary:
Present project aims to investigate memories related to a cancer communication diagnosis in pediatric oncology. It evaluates possible common elements and specificity between family and healthcare staff.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Memory Other: Communication memory

Detailed Description:

Lots of scientific evidences have shown that autobiographical episodes' narrative has a beneficial effect on the elaboration of memories. Indeed, narrating is a way to order thoughts and moods, which are connected to particular episodes of one's life, in order to rework and relive them. Since the diagnosis, a relationship and an open and sincere dialogue between the various parts of the pediatric triangle can promote a process of adaptation to the experience of illness and an integrated biopsychosocial healing. The first aim of this study is to explore and analyze autobiographical memories of pediatric patients, parents and healthcare staff. Also, it aims to investigate possible common and discordant element between deposition.

Phases of the present study:

  1. Sample recruitment and informed consent collection.
  2. Diagnosis communication audio recording.
  3. Communication of the autobiographical memory of the diagnosis audio recording of patients, parents, oncologist, nurse and psychologists involved, the day after the communication.
  4. Questionnaire APAM administration for adult participants.
  5. Audio Transcription and data coded. Data will be registered and operated by means of statistical software as SPSS (IBM) and T-Lab (Lancia, 2004).
  6. Statistical processing: ANOVA and t of Student tests will be implemented in order to compare collected questionnaires. Narrative analysis will be implemented by means of textual analysis software.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Communication Memory of Cancer Diagnosis Within Pediatric Triangle: a Cross-sectional Observational Study
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Memory

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Patients
Pediatric patients from 12 to 17 with cancer diagnosis only taken by Meyer Children's Hospital prior consent. Knowledge of fluent Italian language is required
Other: Communication memory
All groups will undergo audio-recorder interviews. Only adults will complete a self-report questionnaire on phenomenological aspects of autobiographical memories.

Parents
Parents of pediatric patients prior consent. Knowledge of fluent Italian language is required
Other: Communication memory
All groups will undergo audio-recorder interviews. Only adults will complete a self-report questionnaire on phenomenological aspects of autobiographical memories.

Medical Staff
Medical staff including doctor, psychologist and nurse
Other: Communication memory
All groups will undergo audio-recorder interviews. Only adults will complete a self-report questionnaire on phenomenological aspects of autobiographical memories.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phenomenological characteristics of autobiographical memory [ Time Frame: One day after diagnosis ]
    Self report questionnaire "Assessment of the Phenomenology of Autobiographical Memory - APAM"

  2. Emotional characteristics of autobiographical memory [ Time Frame: One day after diagnosis ]
    linguistic analysis by Linguistic Inquiry Word Count - LIWC; cluster analysis by T-Lab; Content analysis; coherence and narrative structure by High Point Anaysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
patients with cancer diagnosis; their parents and healthcare staff
Criteria

Inclusion criteria for pediatric patients:

  • age from 12 to 17 with cancer diagnosis only taken by Meyer Children's Hospital prior consent.
  • Italian speaking

Exclusion criteria for pediatric patients:

  • under 12 years old and above 17;
  • followed by other hospital;
  • cognitive disability

Inclusion criteria for parents:

- Italian speaking and signature informed consent.

Exclusion criteria for parents:

- cognitive disability


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04392908


Contacts
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Contact: Rosanna Martin, MSc 055 5662475 ext 0039 rosanna.martin@meyer.it
Contact: Laura Vagnoli, MSc 055 5662719 ext 0039 laura.vagnoli@meyer.it

Locations
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Italy
Meyer Children's Hospital Recruiting
Firenze, Italy, 50139
Contact: Rosanna Martin, MSc    347-6852475 ext 0039    rosanna.martin@meyer.it   
Contact: Laura Vagnoli, MSc    055-5662719 ext 0039    laura.vagnoli@meyer.it   
Sub-Investigator: Laura Vagnoli, MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Elena Amore, MSc         
Sub-Investigator: Chiara Fioretti, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Meyer Children's Hospital
University of Florence
Investigators
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Study Chair: Chiara Fioretti, PhD Laboratorio di Metodi e Tecniche di Analisi delle Esperienze di Malattia Dipartimento di Scienze della Formazione e Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze
Publications:
Fioretti, C., & Smorti, A. (2015). How emotional content of memories changes in narrative. Narrative Inquire, 25(1), 37-56.
Jankovic, M. & Puricelli, E. (2008). La comunicazione della diagnosi al bambino. In S. M. G. Adamo (A cura di), La cura della relazione in oncologia pediatrica. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
Lancia, F. (2004). Strumenti per l'analisi dei testi: introduzione all'uso di T-Lab. Milano: Franco Angeli
McAdams, D. P. (2008). Personal narratives and the life story. In R. John, W. Robins & L. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and Research (3rd edn, pp. 241-261). New York: Guilford Press.
Papini, M., Tringali, D., & Lauro-Grotto, R. (2011). La nostra era una vita normale. Ancona: Sorbello Editore.
Pennebaker, J., Fracis, M.E., & Booth, R.J. (2001). Linquistic Inquiry Word Count: LIWC 2001. Mahway: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Smorti, A. (2007). Narrazioni. Cultura, memorie, formazione del sé. Firenze: Giunti.
Smorti, A. & Donzelli, G.P. (2015). La medicina narrativa in pediatria. Come le storie ci aiutano a capire la malattia. Firenze: SEID.
Vannucci, M., Marchetti, I., Manili, A., Chiorri, C. (2010). "Come" ricordiamo il passato: Un nuovo strumento sulla fenomenologia della memoria autobiografica. Congresso Nazionale AIP; Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale, Bologna, 2-4 Settembre 2010.

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Responsible Party: Rosanna Martin, Principal Investigator, Meyer Children's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04392908    
Other Study ID Numbers: Communication in oncology
First Posted: May 19, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rosanna Martin, Meyer Children's Hospital:
memory
pediatric cancer
oncology
communication
diagnosis