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Phase II RCT to Assess Efficacy of Intravenous Administration of Oxytocin in Patients Affected by COVID-19 (OsCOVID19)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04386447
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Parma
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tiziana Meschi, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma

Brief Summary:

Introduction There are currently no treatments with demonstrated efficacy for COVID-19 infection. Epidemiological evidence points to the existence of intrinsic protection factors which make young persons and women more resistant to the infection, whereas older patients with multiple illnesses, above all with heart disease, are at greatest risk. This trial proposes treatment initiated in the early stages of the disease, when clinical worsening is most likely, with intravenous Oxytocin (OT), an endogenous hormone currently safely used in clinical practice. The selection of this molecule is based on numerous experimental and clinical observations, which show its activity in modulating resistance to pathogens, in mitigating overall cardiovascular risk, and in acting on the production of Nitric Oxide (ON) in the lungs, which is emerging as a key therapeutic factor for the improvement of respiratory function in patients with SARS-COVID 19. Finally, OT is physiologically produced by the human body, especially in the female sex and in the age ranges that coincide with most resistant patients. In routine clinical practice, OT exhibits an excellent therapeutic index, in absence of significant adverse effects.

Primary aim To assess the effects of Oxytocin in addition to standard therapy, with respect to Standard of Care (SoC), in reducing the number of patients who enter a critical stage Secondary aim

To describe:

  • Mortality 28 days after randomization
  • Time to mechanical ventilation during the study
  • Duration of dependency on oxygen supply
  • Length of stay
  • Temporal trend of clinical improvement (7-category ordinal scale)
  • Safety analysis

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid-19 Corona Virus Infection SARS-CoV 2 Drug: Oxytocin Drug: Standard of Care Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Intervention In addition to standard treatment, patients in the experimental arm will receive intravenous OT with dilution of 25 UI or 40 UI OT in 500cc physiological solution NaCl 9%. OT will be administered with continuous pump infusion with 62,5 ml/h. The clinician will have the option to decrease infusion speed based on significant variations in arterial pressure, otherwise, the total 25 UI or 40 UI amount will be infused in 8 hours. Treatment duration will be 10 days

Standard of Care (SoC). Standard of Care will comply with the indications of the Emilia-Romagna Region for the treatment of covid-19, and will include the following:

  • Oxygen supply or non-invasive ventilation to target peripheral blood saturation > 94%
  • Hydroxychloroquine 200mg b.i.d w/o an initial 1-2 days loading dose of 400 mg bid for 1-2 days (the dose may be reduced in patients with advanced CKD according to local protocols) or remdesivir 200 mg in.v on day 1, followed by a 100 mg q.d.
  • Antiretroviral therapy (usually for 5 days) with lopinavir / ritonavir or darunavir / cobicistat is permitted
  • Azithromycin 500 mg q.d., usually for 5 days, is permitted in patients with suspected bacterial superinfection, paying particular attention to safety, considering reports of risk of adverse events in association with hydroxychloroquine
  • Prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis
  • Steroids are not routinely recommended but may be considered in selected patients.

Study design Phase II, multicenter, open-label, experimental randomized controlled trial with an adaptive design, aiming to assess superiority of Oxytocin administration vs SoC.

The adaptive design includes Stage 1, which aims to define the more active of the two considered OT doses, verify endpoints, the target population and the necessary sample size for the following Stage. Selection between the two considered doses (25 UI e 40 UI) will be based on the proportion of patients for which one of the conditions that make up the endpoint is recorded (see below). To this end, for each of the 2 dosages of the experimental agent, a single arm, single stage Fleming design will be applied. Patients enrolled in this Stage will be assigned by balanced randomization (1:1) to one of the two OT doses. The decisional algorithm requires that in a sample of 25 patients, at least 20 (80%) do not worsen to a critical stage (main endpoint) with respect to an expected 17 (68%) with only SOC.

In Stage 2, patients in the experimental arm will receive the dose selected in Stage 1. The study, on two parallel groups, will use unbalanced randomization, because patients who received the selected dose in Stage 1 will be included in the experimental arm to achieve equal sample size between the two arms (60+60) for the analysis of final endpoints Sample size Stage 1 - sample is determined according to the single arm single stage Fleming design applied to each of the 2 investigated OT doses (25 and 40 UI). 25 patients for each dose are estimated necessary to demonstrate a statistically significant difference considering the one-tail test with an alpha probability of 10% and a statistical power of 80%.

Stage 2 - determined using as comparison the test for proportions. From available data, it is assumed that during 14 days of hospitalization the proportion of patients in the SoC group who enters a critical stage (primary endpoint) is 30%, versus 12% in the experimental arm. Using a two-tail test, an alpha probability of 10% and a statistical power of 80%, was estimated that 60 patients per arm are necessary to demonstrate a statistically significant difference

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 145 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II, Multicenter, Open-label, Rct With an Adaptive Design, to Assess Efficacy of Intravenous Administration of Oxytocin in Hospitalized Patients Affected by COVID-19
Estimated Study Start Date : June 3, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxytocin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Oxytocin 40 UI + SOC
In addition to standard treatment, patients in the experimental arm will receive intravenous OT with dilution of 40 UI OT in 500cc physiological solution NaCl 9%. OT will be administered with continuous pump infusion with 62,5 ml/h. The clinician will have the option to decrease infusion speed based on significant variations in arterial pressure, otherwise, the total 25 UI or 40 UI amount will be infused in 8 hours. Treatment duration will be 10 days
Drug: Oxytocin
In addition to standard treatment, patients in the experimental arm will receive intravenous OT with dilution of 25 UI or 40 UI OT in 500cc physiological solution NaCl 9%. OT will be administered with continuous pump infusion with 62,5 ml/h. The clinician will have the option to decrease infusion speed based on significant variations in arterial pressure, otherwise, the total 25 UI or 40 UI amount will be infused in 8 hours. Treatment duration will be 10 days
Other Name: Oxytocin OT

Experimental: Oxytocin 25 UI + SOC
In addition to standard treatment, patients in the experimental arm will receive intravenous OT with dilution of 25 UI OT in 500cc physiological solution NaCl 9%. OT will be administered with continuous pump infusion with 62,5 ml/h. The clinician will have the option to decrease infusion speed based on significant variations in arterial pressure, otherwise, the total 25 UI or 40 UI amount will be infused in 8 hours. Treatment duration will be 10 days
Drug: Oxytocin
In addition to standard treatment, patients in the experimental arm will receive intravenous OT with dilution of 25 UI or 40 UI OT in 500cc physiological solution NaCl 9%. OT will be administered with continuous pump infusion with 62,5 ml/h. The clinician will have the option to decrease infusion speed based on significant variations in arterial pressure, otherwise, the total 25 UI or 40 UI amount will be infused in 8 hours. Treatment duration will be 10 days
Other Name: Oxytocin OT

Standard of Care

Standard of Care (SoC). Standard of Care will comply with the indications of the Emilia-Romagna Region for the treatment of covid-19, and will include the following:

  • Oxygen supply or non-invasive ventilation to target peripheral blood saturation > 94%
  • Hydroxychloroquine 200mg b.i.d w/o an initial 1-2 days loading dose of 400 mg bid for 1-2 days (the dose may be reduced in patients with advanced CKD according to local protocols) or remdesivir 200 mg in.v on day 1, followed by a 100 mg q.d.
  • Antiretroviral therapy (usually for 5 days) with lopinavir / ritonavir or darunavir / cobicistat is permitted
  • Azithromycin 500 mg q.d., usually for 5 days, is permitted in patients with suspected bacterial superinfection, paying particular attention to safety, considering reports of risk of adverse events in association with hydroxychloroquine
  • Prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis
  • Steroids are not routinely recommended but may be considered in selected patients.
Drug: Standard of Care

Standard of Care (SoC). Standard of Care will comply with the indications of the Emilia-Romagna Region for the treatment of covid-19, and will include the following:

  • Oxygen supply or non-invasive ventilation to target peripheral blood saturation > 94%
  • Hydroxychloroquine 200mg b.i.d w/o an initial 1-2 days loading dose of 400 mg bid for 1-2 days (the dose may be reduced in patients with advanced CKD according to local protocols) or remdesivir 200 mg in.v on day 1, followed by a 100 mg q.d.
  • Antiretroviral therapy (usually for 5 days) with lopinavir / ritonavir or darunavir / cobicistat is permitted
  • Azithromycin 500 mg q.d., usually for 5 days, is permitted in patients with suspected bacterial superinfection, paying particular attention to safety, considering reports of risk of adverse events in association with hydroxychloroquine
  • Prophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis
  • Steroids are not routinely recommended but may be considered in selected patients.
Other Name: SOC




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of cases who during 14 exhibit one of the following conditions [ Time Frame: 14 days ]

    Proportion of cases who during 14 days exhibit one of the following conditions (the most severe):

    • respiratory failure that requires mechanical ventilation
    • organ failure that requires intensive care monitoring and treatment
    • death


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mortality 28 days after randomization [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Mortality 28 days after randomization



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years
  • Diagnosis of pneumonia caused by COVID-19
  • Respiratory and/or systemic symptoms and initial mild respiratory failure and with objective signs of lung involvement
  • Respiratory frequency ≥25/min, blood oxygen saturation (SaO2) < 95% in A-A, PaO2/FiO2 ratio < 300
  • Hospital admission since less than 48 hours
  • Signature of informed consent for study participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • MEWS score > 4
  • Severe multiple organ failure
  • Recent cardiomyopathy, unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction
  • Severe kidney failure with glomerular filtration rate less than 30 ml/min or renal replacement therapy or peritoneal dialysis
  • History of diabetes insipidus or severe hyponatremia (<128 mEq/L) or hypernatremia (>155 mEq/L)
  • QT interval which in the opinion of the patient's treating physician contraindicates therapy with OT
  • State of shock
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing
  • Known intolerance or hypersensitivity to the drug or its excipients
  • Treatment with antirejection agents
  • Individuals with severe liver failure
  • Patients enrolled in other clinical trials

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04386447


Contacts
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Contact: Tiziana Meschi, MD,PhD 0521702083 tiziana.meschi@unipr.it

Locations
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France
CNRS
Lyon, France
Contact: Pier Francesco Ferrari, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Angela Sirigu, PhD         
Italy
Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Parma
Parma, PR, Italy, 43100
Contact: Tiziana Meschi, MD, PhD    0521702083    tiziana.meschi@unipr.it   
Contact: Antonio Nouvenne, MD,PhD    0521702083    anuovenne@ao.pr.it   
Sub-Investigator: Giuseppe Maglietta, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Caterina Caminiti, PhD         
Principal Investigator: Riccardo Volpi, MD,PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Carlo Ferrari, MD,Phd         
Sub-Investigator: Antonio Nouvenne, MD,Phd         
Sub-Investigator: Lorenzo Finardi, MD,Phd         
Ospedale San Francesco
Nuoro, Italy
Contact: Gianluca Deiana, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Antonina Carai, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Licia Abbruzzese, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Peppino Paffi, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma
University of Parma
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tiziana Meschi, MD,PhD Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma
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Responsible Party: Tiziana Meschi, Director of the Geriatric Rehabilitation Medical Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04386447    
Other Study ID Numbers: OsCOVID19
First Posted: May 13, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Tiziana Meschi, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma:
Covid-19
Oxytocin
Corona Virus Infection
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronavirus Infections
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Virus Diseases
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Oxytocin
Oxytocics
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs