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Cardiovascular Effects of COVID-19

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04365699
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 28, 2020
Results First Posted : September 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:

Cardiometabolic disease may confer increased risk of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients by activation of the aldose reductase pathway, a trigger of the inflammatory cascade. The study team hypothesizes that aldose reductase inhibition with AT-001 (caficrestat) might represent a novel therapeutic approach to reduce inflammation and risk of adverse outcomes in diabetic patients with COVID-19.

An open-label pilot study to assess safety, tolerability and efficacy of AT-001 in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with history of diabetes mellitus and heart disease will be conducted. Eligible participants will be treated with AT-001 1500 mg twice daily for up to 14 days. Safety, tolerability, survival and length of hospital stay data were compared with matched controls from a contemporaneous registry of COVID-19 patients.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID-19 Drug: AT-001 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 81 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: All subjects hospitalized with COVID-19 infection hospitalized will be enrolled in the registry; a subgroup meeting specific entry criteria listed below will be enrolled in the open-label interventional trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-center Registry and Embedded Interventional Study of the Effects of COVID-19 With and Without Treatment With AT-001 on Cardiac Structure and Function in Patients Hospitalized for Management of COVID-19 Infection
Actual Study Start Date : April 8, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : January 31, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Interventional Patients: AT-001
AT-001 1500 mg (3 capsules) were administered by mouth twice daily for up to 14 days
Drug: AT-001
Investigational novel Aldose Reductase Inhibitor (ARI) Product: AT-001 500mg capsule for oral administration Dosage: 1,500mg (3X500mg capsules) twice daily Mode of Administration: Oral Up to 14 days per discretion of the investigators and treatment team

No Intervention: Control Match Group 1
Matched control from a contemporaneous de-identified registry of hospitalized patients with clinical COVID-19 diagnosis at the same institution was selected. The first matching approach selected all subjects with diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and available data to match participants who received AT-001 for gender, age group (in bins of 5 years), weight, and C-reactive protein (CRP) value at the time of hospital admission.
No Intervention: Control Match Group 2
Matched control from a contemporaneous de-identified registry of hospitalized patients with clinical COVID-19 diagnosis at the same institution was selected. The second matching approach selected all subjects in the registry with diabetes mellitus and available data to match participants who received AT-001 for gender, age group (in bings of 5 years), and weight (+/- 0.5 kgs).



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hospital Length of Stay (LOS) [ Time Frame: Day 45 ]
    Data collection from medical chart review

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Died [ Time Frame: Day 45 ]
    Data collection from medical chart review



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Registry Study: In order to be eligible to participate in the registry study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Age ≥18 years of age
  2. Hospitalized at one of the participating NYULH locations
  3. Confirmed COVID-19 infection

Interventional Study: In order to be eligible to participate in the registry study, and individual must meet all of the inclusion criteria of the registry study plus the following criteria:

  1. Hospitalized at NYU Tisch
  2. History of diabetes mellitus or blood glucose measurement >126 mg/dl AND EITHER
  3. History of hypertension and/or ischemic heart disease and/or heart failure OR
  4. Other co-morbid condition that in the opinion of the PI increases risk of heart or lung injury related to the aldose reductase pathway

Exclusion Criteria

Registry Study: An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in the registry study:

  1. Persons who have opted out of research participation at NYU
  2. Pregnancy

Interventional study: An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in the interventional study:

  1. Persons who have opted out of research participation at NYU
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Women of childbearing potential
  4. Breast-feeding women
  5. Participation in another investigational drug protocol within previous 30 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04365699


Locations
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United States, New York
NYU Langone Health
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stuart Katz, MD NYU Langone Health
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by NYU Langone Health:
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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04365699    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-00416
First Posted: April 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 16, 2021
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The de-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript will be shared upon reasonable request beginning 9 months and ending 36 months following article publication or as required by a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research provided the investigator who proposes to use the data executes a data use agreement with NYU Langone Health. Requests may be directed to Stuart.Katz@nyulangone.org. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: Beginning 9 months and ending 36 months following article publication
Access Criteria: Requests may be directed to Stuart.Katz@nyulangone.org.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases