Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

suPAR-guided Anakinra Treatment for Validation of the Risk and Management of Respiratory Failure by COVID-19 (SAVE) (SAVE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04357366
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hellenic Institute for the Study of Sepsis

Brief Summary:
In the SAVE study patients with lower respiratory tract infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at high risk for progression to serious respiratory failure will be detected using the suPAR biomarker. They will begin early treatment with anakinra in the effort to prevent progression in serious respiratory failure.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID-19 Virus Diseases Corona Virus Infection Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Viral Drug: Anakinra Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The major hurdle of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the early recognition of the patients at high risk for the development of severe respiratory failure (SRF). If this can be achieved early, then appropriate immunomodulatory treatment may be administered to prevent development of SRF. This scenario is extremely visionary since it prevents the development of the major fatal consequence of COVID-19 but also alleviates the heavy medical and financial burden of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission.

Current evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2 activates endothelial function which leads to over-production of D-dimers. Urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is anchored to the cell membranes of the lung endothelial cells. As result of the activation of kallikrein, uPAR is cleaved and enters the systemic circulation as the soluble counterpart suPAR. Preliminary unpublished data from 57 Greek patients hospitalized after March 1st, 2020 in Greek hospitals due to pneumonia by confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection showed that those with suPAR admission levels ≥ 6 ng/ml had greater risk for the development of SRF within 14 days than patients with suPAR less than 6ng/ml. The sensitivity of suPAR to detect these patients was 85.9% and the positive predictive value 85.9%. It needs to be underlined that all 21 Greek patients with suPAR≥ 6ng/ml were under treatment with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin. These data were confirmed in 15 patients hospitalized for pneumonia by SARS-CoV-2 in Rush Medical Center at Chicago.

This prognostic ability of suPAR for unfavourable outcome is not presented for the first time; in the TRIAGE III trial that was conducted among 4,420 admissions in the emergency department in Denmark the interquartile range of suPAR was between 2.6 and 4.7 ng/ml in 30-day survivors and between 6.7 and 11.8 ng/ml in 30-day non-survivors. Previous data from the Hellenic Sepsis Study Group on 1,914 patients clearly shows a high prognostic utility of admission suPAR for 28-day mortality.

It is obvious that suPAR can early identify the start of such a type of inflammatory process in the lung parenchyma that has will soon be intensified. A recent publication has shown that this is due to the early release of interleukin-1α (IL-1α) from lung epithelial cells that are infected by the virus. This IL-1α acts as a promoting factor that stimulates the production of IL-1β and of a further cytokine storm from alveolar macrophages.

Anakinra is the only marketed product that inhibits both IL-1β and IL-1α and hence it is able to block an inflammatory response early on and to prevent the downstream inflammatory cascade. suPAR can be used as the biomarker tool to indicate patients with COVID-19 pneumonia in risk of SRF and for whom early start of anakinra may prevent development of SRF.

Anakinra is a safe drug that has been licensed for chronic subcutaneous administration in rheumatoid arthritis, refractory gout and chronic auto-inflammatory disorders. The safety profile was further proven when it was administered in two randomized clinical trials where more than 1,500 critically ill patients with severe sepsis were intravenously treated.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Treatment with anakinra
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: suPAR-guided Anakinra Treatment for Validation of the Risk and Early Management of Severe Respiratory Failure by COVID-19: The SAVE Open-label, Non-randomized Single-arm Trial
Actual Study Start Date : April 15, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 15, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 15, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Anakinra

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anakinra
Patients will receive 100mg of anakinra subcutaneously once daily for ten days. The drugs should be administered on the same time ± 2 hours every day. All other administered drugs are allowed. In case the patient is discharged home before the completion of 10 days of treatment, it is at the discretion of the investigator to suggest treatment continuation at home. In case such a decision is taken, the patient will be provided the required number of pre-filled syringes for daily self-injection. In this case, the patient should return the empty used syringes within 30 days.
Drug: Anakinra
Treatment with 100mg Anakinra subcutaneously (sc) once daily for ten days
Other Name: Kineret




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The ratio of patients who will develop serious respiratory failure (SRF) [ Time Frame: Visit study day 14 ]
    The primary study endpoint is the ratio of patients who will develop serious respiratory failure SRF until day 14. Patients dying before study visit of day 14 are considered achieving the primary endpoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of the rate of patients who will develop serious respiratory failure (SRF) until day 14 with comparators from Hellenic Sepsis Study Group Database receiving standard-of-care treatment [ Time Frame: Visit study day 14 ]
    Evaluation of clinical data (pO2/FiO2 and need of mechanical ventilation) between baseline and study visit day 14 will be compared with comparators from Hellenic Sepsis Study Group Database

  2. Change of scoring for respiratory symptoms in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 7 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 7 ]
    Change of scoring for respiratory symptoms (evaluation of cough, chest pain, shortness of breath and sputum) in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 7

  3. Change of scoring for respiratory symptoms in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 14 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 14 ]
    Change of scoring for respiratory symptoms (evaluation of cough, chest pain, shortness of breath and sputum) in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 14

  4. Change of SOFA score in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 7 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 7 ]
    Change of Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score of enrolled subjects between days 1 and 7 (Sequential organ failure assessment range 0-24, high score associated with worst outcome)

  5. Change of Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score in enrolled subjects between days 1 and 14 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 14 ]
    Change of Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score of enrolled subjects between days 1 and 14 (Sequential organ failure assessment range 0-24, high score associated with worst outcome)

  6. Change of peripheral mononuclear blood cells' (PBMCs) functionality between days 1 and 7 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 7 ]
    Change of peripheral mononuclear blood cells' (PBMCs) functionality of enrolled subjects will be compared between days 1 and 7

  7. Change of plasma inflammatory mediators levels between days 1 and 7 [ Time Frame: Visit study day 1, visit study day 7 ]
    Change of plasma inflammatory mediators measured levels will be compared between days 1 and 7

  8. Rate of Mortality [ Time Frame: Visit study day 30 ]
    Mortality on day 30

  9. Rate of Mortality [ Time Frame: Visit study day 90 ]
    Mortality on day 90

  10. Change of gene expression between days 1 nad 7 [ Time Frame: days 1 and 7 ]
    Transcriptional, proteomic and metabolomic change will be compared between days 1 and 7



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age equal to or above 18 years
  • Male or female gender
  • In case of women, unwillingness to remain pregnant during the study period.
  • Written informed consent provided by the patient or by one first-degree relative/spouse in case of patients unable to consent
  • Confirmed infection by SARS-CoV-2 virus using molecular techniques as defined by the World Health Organization
  • Findings in chest-X-ray or in chest computed tomography compatible with lower respiratory tract infection
  • Plasma suPAR ≥6ng/ml

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age below 18 years
  • Denial for written informed consent
  • Any stage IV malignancy
  • Any do not resuscitate decision
  • Any primary immunodeficiency
  • Less than 1,500 neutrophils/mm3
  • Known hypersensitivity to anakinra
  • Oral or IV intake of corticosteroids at a daily dose equal or greater than 0.4 mg prednisone for a greater period than the last 15 days.
  • Any anti-cytokine biological treatment the last one month
  • Pregnancy or lactation. Women of child-bearing potential will be screened by a urine pregnancy test before inclusion in the study
  • Severe hepatic failure
  • Severe renal failure
  • Any need for CPAP or mechanical ventilation
  • Any pO2/FiO2 ratio less than 150

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04357366


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Evangelos Giamarellos-Bourboulis, MD, PhD +302107480662 egiamarel@med.uoa.gr
Contact: Antigoni Kotsaki, MD, PhD +306946637164 antigonebut@yahoo.com

Locations
Show Show 27 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hellenic Institute for the Study of Sepsis
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Simeon Metallidis, MD, PhD Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Medical School
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Hellenic Institute for the Study of Sepsis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04357366    
Other Study ID Numbers: SAVE
2020-001466-11 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hellenic Institute for the Study of Sepsis:
COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2
Anakinra
suPAR
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Respiratory Insufficiency
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents