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A Study Evaluating the Endovascular Treatment of Subjects With Stenotic or Restenotic Lesions of the Common Femoral Artery With the Supera Vascular Mimetic Implant Compared to Surgical Common Femoral Artery Endarterectomy (SUPERSURG-RCT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04349657
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ID3 Medical

Brief Summary:

The SUPERSURG RCT trial investigates the efficacy and safety of the endovascular treatment of stenosis or restenosis in the common femoral artery (CFA) of patients presenting with Rutherford classification 2,3 or 4 with a Supera Vascular Mimetic Implant of Abbott, compared to classic surgical common femoral artery endarterectomy. The Supera Vascular Mimetic Implant has an interwoven design and has a high crush resistance and is, when correctly implanted, an ideal stent to treat eccentric calcified plaques in the CFA.

An expected total of 143 patients will be treated with the Vascular Mimetic Implant of Abbott and compared to a control group of another 143 patients that will be treated with classic surgical endarterectomy of the common femoral artery. Assignment to the treatment groups will be at random.

Patients will be invited for a follow-up visit at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-procedure.

The primary efficacy endpoint is defined as follows: freedom from clinically-driven target lesion revascularization and binary restenosis at 12 months. The primary safety endpoint is defined as follows: a composite of overall death, cardiac, pulmonary, renal complications, sepsis, target lesion revascularisation and wound related complications through 30 days post-index procedure.

The secondary endpoints are defined as technical success, primary patency in the deep femoral artery, primary patency in the target lesion, target lesion revascularisation, target vessel revascularisation, binary restenosis, duration of initial hospital stay, sustained clinical improvement, change of walking impairment questionnaire score from baseline, change in target limb Rutherford classification, change in target limb ABI/TBI from baseline, all cause death, thrombosis at the target lesion through 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-procedure.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Peripheral Arterial Disease Device: Supera Peripheral Stent System treatment group Procedure: Endarterectomy treatment group Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The objective of this clinical investigation is to assess the safety and efficacy of the Supera Vascular Mimetic Implant for the treatment of stenotic or restenotic lesions of the common femoral artery. Furthermore, a non-inferiority hypothesis in terms of efficacy and a superiority in terms of safety will be tested with the endovascular treatment with Supera compared to surgical endarterectomy of the common femoral artery.

The patients will be selected based on the investigator's assessment, evaluation of the underlying disease and the eligibility criteria. The patient's medical condition should be stable, with no underlying medical condition which would prevent them from performing the required testing or from completing the study. Patients should be geographically stable, willing and able to cooperate in this clinical study, and remain available for long term follow-up. The patient is considered enrolled in the study after obtaining the patients informed consent, if there is full compliance with the study eligibility criteria and after successful guidewire passage through the study target lesion.

Prior to the index procedure the following will be collected: an informed consent for data collection, demographics, medical history, medication record, physical examination, clinical category of acute limb ischemia (Rutherford category), the resting ankle-brachial index (ABI) or toe-brachial index (TBI), blood sample test (complete blood count, comprehensive metabolic panel and if applicable pregnancy test) and a walking impairment questionnaire. Randomization will also occur prior to the procedure.

During the procedure patients that are randomized within the endarterectomy group will be treated according to the institutions standard of care. For patients that are randomized within the Supera arm, the guidewire will cross the entire study lesion after which the lesion will be assessed through angiography. Pre-dilatation of the target lesion with an uncoated PTA-balloon is mandatory and will be followed by stenting with the Supera stent according to the instructions for use. Postdilatation of the stent is allowed but not mandatory.

The regular follow-up is necessary to monitor the condition of the patient and the results of the procedure. The patients will be invited for the following required follow-up visits at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. During these visit the following data will be collected: medication record, physical exam, target limb ABI/TBI and Rutherford classification, duplex ultrasound of target vessel, walking impairment questionnaire and possible adverse events.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 286 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The subjects will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 manner to treatment with either the Supera stent or endarterectomy.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: All parties will know in what arm the study subject is randomized before the study procedure
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An RCT Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of the Endovascular Treatment of Subjects With Stenotic or Restenotic Lesions of the Common Femoral Artery With the Supera Vascular Mimetic Implant Compared to Surgical Common Femoral Artery Endarterectomy
Estimated Study Start Date : April 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Supera Peripheral Stent System treatment group
These patients will be treated endovascularly with the Supera Peripheral Stent System (Abbott).
Device: Supera Peripheral Stent System treatment group
Percutaneous endovascular stenting with the Supera Peripheral Stent System

Active Comparator: Endarterectomy treatment group
These patients will be treated surgically with endarterectomy
Procedure: Endarterectomy treatment group
Surgical treatment through endarterectomy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Primary efficacy endpoint at 12 months: Primary patency [ Time Frame: 12 months post-index-procedure ]
    To demonstrate the non-inferior efficacy in the group treated with the Supera stent compared to the group treated with endarterectomy for the treatment of atherosclerosis in the common femoral artery (CFA). Efficacy is defined as primary patency: freedom from restenosis defined as duplex ultrasound (DUS) peak systolic velocity ratio (PSVR) ≥2.4 or ≥50% stenosis as assessed by an independent DUS core lab in CFA without a previous target lesion revascularization through 12 months post-index procedure.

  2. Primary safety endpoint at 30 days post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 30 days post-index-procedure ]
    To demonstrate superior safety in the group treated with the Supera stent compared to the endarterectomy group for the treatment of atherosclerosis in the CFA. Safety is defined as a composite of overall death, cardiac, pulmonary, renal complications, sepsis, target lesion revascularization (TLR) and wound-related complications (haematoma, seroma, lymphocele, lymphatic leaks with lymphatic fistula, surgical site infections (SSIs) (Szilagyi grade I, II and III)).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Technical success: post-procedure residual stenosis <30% [ Time Frame: Index procedure ]

    Supera group: Defined as the ability to cross and stent the lesion to achieve residual angiographic stenosis no greater than 30%.

    Endarterectomy group: defined as the ability to remove the atherosclerotic plaque with or without patch (interposition grafts are not allowed). In the imaging subcohort the endarterectomy is considered successful when a residual stenosis no greater than 30% per visual estimation is confirmed.


  2. Primary patency in the deep femoral artery (DFA), post-index procedure and at 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-months post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Primary patency in the DFA is defined as freedom from an occlusion in the DFA as assessed by PSV-values. This PSV-value will be assessed pre-procedure, post-procedure, 6 months and 12 months post-index procedure. At 12 months, the PSV-value will be core-lab controlled.

  3. Primary patency at 6, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Primary patency is a composite of freedom from clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) and binary restenosis (restenosis defined as duplex ultrasound (DUS) peak systolic velocity ratio (PSVR) ≥2.4 or ≥50% stenosis as assessed by DUS in CFA) through 6 months post-index procedure

  4. TLR at 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-months post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    TLR is defined as a reintervention to maintain or restore the patency in the target lesion. TLR is clinically-driven (CD) when the TLR was needed due to symptoms or drop of ankle brachial index (ABI) of ≥20% or >0.15 when compared to post-procedure

  5. TVR at 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-months post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Target vessel revascularization (TVR) is defined as a reintervention to maintain or restore the patency in the target vessel. TVR is clinically-driven (CD) when the TVR was needed due to symptoms or drop of ankle brachial index (ABI) of ≥20% or >0.15 when compared to post-procedure

  6. Binary restenosis at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Binary restenosis is defined as restenosis confirmed by DUS PSVR ≥2.4 or ≥50% stenosis as assessed by angiographic and DUS images. At 12 months, the images will be core lab controlled

  7. Duration of initial hospitalisation stay [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    Number of hours/days of the initial hospitalisation stay.

  8. Sustained clinical improvement at 6-, 12-, 24- and 36-months post-index procedure [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Clinical improvement is defined as freedom from major target limb amputation, TVR, worsening target limb Rutherford class (compared to baseline) and decrease in target limb ankle brachial index (ABI) or toe brachial index (TBI) ≥0.15 (compared to baseline)

  9. Change in Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) score from baseline to 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]

    change in walking impairment questionnaire (WIQ) score from baseline to 6 and 12 months.

    The WIQ consists of 6 sections each consisting of multiple questions. Each question is scored from 0 to 4 (0 meaning a lot of problems and 4 no problems at all). The scores per section are summed up and recalculated to percentages (100% meaning very good and 0% meaning very bad). All the sections are averaged to give the final WIQ-score.


  10. Change in target limb Rutherford class from baseline to 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Change in target limb Rutherford class from baseline to 6, 12, 24 and 36 months

  11. Change in target limb resting ABI or TBI from baseline to 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Change in target limb resting ABI or TBI from baseline to 6, 12, 24 and 36 months

  12. All cause death at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    All cause death at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months

  13. Thrombosis at the target lesion at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24 and 36 months post-index-procedure ]
    Thrombosis at the target lesion at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is ≥18 years old
  • Patient presenting a score from 2 to 4 following Rutherford classification
  • Patient is willing to comply with specified follow-up evaluations at the specified times
  • Patient understands the nature of the procedure and provides written informed consent, prior to enrolment in the study
  • Patient has a life expectancy of at least 12 months
  • Prior to enrolment, the guidewire has crossed the target lesion in the endovascular arm. In the surgical arm, the endarterectomy needs to be performed with primary suture or patch implantation
  • De novo stenotic or restenotic (post-PTA) lesions (<100%) located in the common femoral artery, suitable for both endovascular therapy and endarterectomy
  • Target lesion is located within the native CFA: localized between 1cm proximal to the origin of the circumflex iliac artery and the proximal (2cm) superficial femoral artery and deep femoral artery (2cm) (Azéma type 2 and 3 lesions)
  • There is angiographic evidence of a patent deep femoral artery and/or superficial femoral artery
  • The target lesion has angiographic evidence of >50% stenosis. Occlusions are not allowed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of another stent in the target vessel that was placed during a previous procedure
  • Previous open surgery in the ipsilateral groin
  • Patients contraindicated for antiplatelet therapy, anticoagulants or thrombolytics
  • Patients who exhibit persistent acute intraluminal thrombus at the target lesion site
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to nickel-titanium and heparin, including those patients who have had a previous incidence of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) type II
  • Known allergy to contrast media that cannot be adequately pre-medicated prior to study procedure
  • Patients with uncorrected bleeding disorders
  • Female patients with child bearing potential not taking adequate contraceptives or currently breastfeeding
  • Ipsilateral inflow (aorto-iliac) artery treatment before target lesion treatment with a residual stenosis >30%
  • Use of thrombectomy, atherectomy or laser device during procedure
  • Any patient considered to be hemodynamically unstable at onset of procedure
  • Severe medical comorbidities (untreated coronary artery disease/congestive heart failure, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, metastatic malignancy, dementia, etc.) or other medical condition that would prelude compliance with the study protocol or 1-year life expectancy
  • Major distal amputation (above the ankle) in the study limb or non-study limb
  • Target lesion involves an (pseudo-)aneurysm or is adjacent to an (pseudo-)aneurysm (within 5mm)
  • Iliac inflow disease requiring treatment, unless the iliac artery disease is successfully treated first during the index procedure. Success is defined as ≤30% residual diameter stenosis without death or major complications
  • Presence of an aortic, iliac or femoral artificial graft
  • Occlusion in the target lesion
  • Presence of an interposition graft with/without profunda reimplantation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04349657


Contacts
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Contact: Merel Verschueren, MSc +32 (0)52 25 27 45 ext +32 office@id3medical.com

Locations
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Belgium
O.L.V. Hospital
Aalst, Belgium, 9300
Imelda Hospital
Bonheiden, Belgium, 2820
A.Z. Sint-Blasius
Dendermonde, Belgium, 9200
Z.O.L.
Genk, Belgium, 3600
Az Groeninge
Kortrijk, Belgium, 8500
A.Z. Jan Portaels
Vilvoorde, Belgium, 1800
Contact: Jorn Robijn, MD         
Principal Investigator: Jorn Robijn, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Kim Taeymans, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
ID3 Medical
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Koen Deloose, MD A.Z. Sint-Blasius
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Responsible Party: ID3 Medical
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04349657    
Other Study ID Numbers: SUPERSURG RCT-v1.0-05MAR2020
First Posted: April 16, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases