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Safety and Efficacy Study of Prefilled Liquid Etanercept(Yisaipu) for Active Ankylosing Spondylitis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04345458
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

Brief Summary:
This randomized, double-blind, phase III parallel-group non-inferiority study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of prefilled liquid etanercept (Yisaipu) versus lyophilized etanercept powder (Yisaipu) in active ankylosing spondylitis patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ankylosing Spondylitis Drug: prefilled liquid etanercept(Yisaipu) Drug: lyophilized etanercept powder(Yisaipu) Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The study carried out between March 6, 2014 and July 13, 2015 across multiple medical centers in China enrolled adult active ankylosing spondylitis patients aged between 18 and 65 years. Patients were randomized in a 3:1:1 ratio to receive twice weekly 25 mg prefilled liquid etanercept for totally 24 injections (group I) or once weekly 50 mg prefilled liquid etanercept for totally 48 injections (group II), or 25 mg twice weekly lyophilized etanercept powder for totally 48 injections (group III). The primary efficacy outcome was the proportion of patients who achieved ASAS20 at week 24.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 640 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Prefilled Liquid Etanercept(Yisaipu) for Active Ankylosing Spondylitis on the Basis of NSAID Therapy: A Multicenter Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel Group Phase III Trial
Actual Study Start Date : March 6, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 13, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 20, 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Etanercept

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: group I
twice weekly 25 mg prefilled liquid etanercept
Drug: prefilled liquid etanercept(Yisaipu)
Experimental: group II
once weekly 50 mg prefilled liquid etanercept
Drug: prefilled liquid etanercept(Yisaipu)
Active Comparator: group III
25 mg twice weekly lyophilized etanercept powder
Drug: lyophilized etanercept powder(Yisaipu)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. the proportion of patients who achieved ASAS20 [ Time Frame: at week 24 ]
    Axial SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) ASAS20 was defined as an improvement of at least 20% in at least three of the following four domains: 1) patient global assessment VAS, 2) nocturnal back pain and total back pain VAS, 3) Bath AS Function Index (BASFI) VAS, and 4) inflammation (mean of intensity and duration of morning stiffness components from the an improvement at least one unit relative to baseline VAS score; no worsening in the remaining fourth domain.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. the proportion of patients who achieved ASAS40, ASAS partial remission [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Axial SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) ASAS40 was defined as improvement of at least 40% in at least three of the four abovementioned domains and an absolute improvement of at least two versus baseline VAS scores and no worsening versus the baseline in the remaining fourth domain. ASAS partial remission was defined as VAS scores ≤2 in each of the four abovementioned domains.

  2. the proportion of patients who achieved ASAS 5/6 [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Axial SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) ASAS 5/6 was defined as an improvement of at least 20% in at least five of the following six domains: 1) C-reactive protein (CRP), and 2) spinalmobility (scoliosis) in addition to the four above mentioned domains

  3. the proportion of patients who achieved the ASDAS clinically important and major improvement and inactive disease [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
  4. the proportion of patients who achieved BASDAI50 [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) BASDAI50 was defined as a 50% or greater improvement versus the baseline BASDAI.

  5. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in BASDAI [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    It was evaluated with a 6-question questionnaire,including: 1) fatigue; 2)spinal pain; 3) pain and swelling of peripheral joints; 4) pain at entheseal sites; 5) severity of morning stiffness and 6) duration of morning stiffness by using a single-item visual analog scale (VAS), with scores ranging from 0-10 cm. After taking the answer of each question out of 10 , the BASDAI score was calculated by formula 0.2 [1+2+3+4+0.5(5+6)].

  6. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in BASFI [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Bath AS Function Index (BASFI)

  7. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in BASMI scores [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) is a combined measure of spinal mobility and hip function.Cervical rotation, tragus-wall distance, lateral lumbar flexion( the distance of the middle fingertip moves on the side of the thigh), anterior lumbar flexion(modified schober) , intermalleolar distance were measured. And according to the measurement result, each score with 0, 1, 2 points was recorded.

  8. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES) [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    The (MASES) index based on 13 entheses. Enthesial sites assessed include the bilateral 1st costochondral joints(L and R), 7th costochondral joints(L and R), posterior superior iliac spines(L and R), anterior superior iliac spines(L and R), iliac crests(L and R), proximal insertion of Achilles tendons(L and R), and the 5th lumbar spinous process.The score of each part with 0 or 1 points was recorded.

  9. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in nocturnal back pain and total back pain VAS [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Nocturnal back pain and total back pain in the past week was assessed using a single-item visual analog scale (VAS), with scores ranging from 0-10 cm, where 0 represented no pain and 10 represented worst possible pain.

  10. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in patient global assessment and physician global assessment [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
    Patient global assessment (PGA,disease activity rated by the patient) was recorded on a VAS from 0 to 10 cm, where 0 represented very good and 10 represented very worse. Physician global assessment (PhGA,disease activity rated by the physician) was recorded on a VAS from 0 to 10 cm, where 0 defined as no disease activity state and 10 defined as most serious disease activity state .

  11. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in number of swollen joints and number of tender joints [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]
  12. the proportion of patients who achieved improvement in ESR and CRP [ Time Frame: at weeks 12 and 24 ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. AEs [ Time Frame: at weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    To assesse the safety



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 18-65,male or female
  • Sign the informed consent
  • Fulfill the 1966 AS New York criteria for axial spondyloarthritis(SpA)
  • Active disease phase of SpA, defined as BASDAI≥4 or night back pain≥4 at screening
  • Inadequate response to NSAID≥4 week
  • Application of NSAID with stable dose for no less than 2 weeks at screening
  • Stable dose of prenisone for at least four weeks at ≤10mg per day if used at screening, or stop oral use for at least 4 weeks or stop local injection at least 12 weeks
  • Stable dose of any DMARD for at least four weeks if used at screening, or stop use for at least 4 weeks
  • Stop and receiving washing out for at least 4 week if receiving Chinese traditional drug for AS, physical treatment, vaccication or IVIG
  • Stop and receiving washing out for at least 12 week if receiving other biologics or other drug trials
  • The lab exam should achieve the criteria as below
  • Hb≥85g/L, 3.5×109/L≤WBC count≤10×109/L, PLT≥ lower limit of normal range, ALT≤2 fold of upper limit of normal range, serum creatine ≤upper limit of normal range. Negative pregnacy test for female patients. And promise to carry out contraception during the trial and 6 weeks after the trial is ended

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergic condition or Allergic to IgG or any element of Yisaipu®
  • Clinical or radiographic evidence of Complete ankylosis of spine
  • Previous receiving TNF-a blockers therapy ≥3 months with poor response
  • Achieve any following tuberculosis criteria

    1. History of active tubercolosis, or radiographic evidence of present or previous history of pulmonary tubercolosis
    2. close contact with patients with tubercolosis, or with high risk of infection of tubercolosis such as immune suppression status
    3. Strong positive of PPD skin test with diameter ≥10mm. at screen or within 3 weeks prior to screen
  • Presence of acute infection or acute onset of chronic infection at screen
  • Invasive fungal infection or conditional infection within 6 months prior to screen
  • HBS-Ag or HBC-Ab positive at screen or history of HBS/HBC infection
  • History of infection on artifitial joints
  • Organ transplantation surgery within 6 months prior to screen
  • Presence of other autoimmune diseases, including IBD, psoriasis, uveitis, SLE, multiple sclerosis, etc.
  • History of congestive heart failure
  • History of malignancies within 5 years prior to screen, excluding complete resection of squamous cell carcinoma, or basal cell carcinoma or cervical carcinoma in situ.
  • AIDS or HIV infection
  • History of lymphoma or lymphoproliferative disorders
  • Presence of serious disorder of important organs or system
  • Presence of factors which may influence the compliance

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04345458


Locations
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China, Beijing
Chinese PLA General Hospital clinical trial center
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100853
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04345458    
Other Study ID Numbers: C301S-AS III
First Posted: April 14, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.:
prefilled liquid etanercept
lyophilized etanercept powder
ankylosing spondylitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spondylitis
Spondylitis, Ankylosing
Bone Diseases, Infectious
Infection
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spinal Diseases
Spondylarthropathies
Spondylarthritis
Ankylosis
Joint Diseases
Arthritis
Etanercept
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors