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Durvalumab and Olaparib for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer in Men Predicted to Have a High Neoantigen Load

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04336943
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well durvalumab and olaparib work in treating prostate cancer in men predicted to have specific genetic mutations (a high neoantigen load). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing. Giving durvalumab and olaparib may kill more tumor cells in patients with prostate cancer predicted to have a high neoantigen load.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma Prostate Adenocarcinoma Biological: Durvalumab Drug: Olaparib Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OUTLINE:

All patients receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour on day 1 of each cycle, total 6 cycles. Starting cycle 4, patients with CDK12 mutations and mismatch repair deficiency (MMRd)/microsatellite instability (MSI)-high will also receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1- 28 of cycles 4-6. Patients with homologous recombination mutation will also receive olaparib PO BID on days 1-28 of cycles 1-6. Cycles repeat every 28 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 2 weeks, and then every 12 weeks to complete 24 months (at 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Durvalumab (MEDI4736) and Olaparib (AZD2281) for Treatment of Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer in Men Predicted to Have a High Neoantigen Load: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : April 13, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (durvalumab, olaparib)
All patients receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour on day 1 of each cycle. Patients with CDK12 mutation and MMRd/MSI-high also receive olaparib PO BID on days 1- 28 of cycles 3-6. Patients with homologous recombination mutation also receive olaparib PO BID on days 1-28 of cycles 1-6. Cycles repeat every 28 days for 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Imfinzi
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Drug: Olaparib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AZD 2281
  • AZD-2281
  • AZD2281
  • KU-0059436
  • Lynparza
  • PARP Inhibitor AZD2281

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Undetectable prostate specific antigen (PSA) [ Time Frame: At 12 months after initiation of therapy ]
    Will assess if patients achieve undetectable PSA for post-prostatectomy patients (including those that also received salvage radiation) or PSA < 0.5 ng/ml for post-definitive radiation patients.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) during durvalumab monotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
    Will be assessed per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events CTCAE version (v) 5.0 guidelines.

  2. Incidence of AEs during durvalumab and olaparib combination therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Will be assessed per CTCAE v5.0 guidelines.

  3. PSA50 response [ Time Frame: At 3 and 6 months ]
    A descriptive summary (including the percentage and 90% confidence interval [CI]) of PSA50 response rate (proportion of patients with a decline in PSA > 50% from baseline) will be provided at 3- and 6-month timepoints. The response rate will be reported with exact binomial two-sided 90% CI.

  4. Change in quality of life: RANDSF-36 [ Time Frame: At the time of enrollment and then every three months for 24 months ]
    Will be assessed using the RANDSF-36 score calculation

  5. Change in quality of life: IIEF [ Time Frame: At the time of enrollment and then every three months for 24 months ]
    Will be assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score calculation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • The patient must have received definitive local therapy for prostate cancer, consisting of either radiation therapy and/or prostatectomy (salvage or adjuvant radiation post-prostatectomy is not exclusionary)
  • PSA must be >= 2 ng/ml if received only prior definitive radiation (no PSA threshold required if prior prostatectomy was performed) with a PSA doubling time (PSADT) =< 10 months:

    • PSADT calculation must include all recorded PSA values > 0.2 ng/ml over the past 6 months prior to randomization, with a minimum of 3 values spaced at least 2 weeks apart, with each included value preferably measured at the same laboratory. PSA values obtained prior to localized therapy will be excluded
    • The calculation of PSADT is based on the natural log of PSA
  • Prior salvage radiation or not a candidate for localized salvage radiation due to subject preference or clinical assessment based upon disease characteristics and/or subject co-morbidities
  • Prior hormonal therapy (i.e. androgen deprivation therapy) when given as neoadjuvant/concurrent/adjuvant therapy along with definitive radiation is allowed, provided this was stopped >= 6 months prior to starting treatment per protocol AND testosterone is >= 150 ng/dl
  • No evidence of metastatic disease on imaging by whole body bone scan and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest/abdomen/pelvis within 6 weeks before study therapy start day. PSMA positron emission tomography (PET) or fluciclovine scan within 6 weeks of start day may substitute other imaging studies.

    • Patients with oligometastatic disease (i.e. =< 3 sites) detectable on advanced imaging only (e.g. PSMA or fluciclovine PET) are eligible
    • Abdominal or pelvic lymph nodes measuring =< 2 cm in short axis are allowed
  • Biomarker positive:

    • Biallelic CDK12 inactivating mutations as documented using a clinical grade sequencing assay performed in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) certified laboratory or
    • MMRd/MSI-high as documented using a clinical grade assay performed in a CLIA/CAP certified laboratory or
    • Loss of function mutations in homologous recombination genes (i.e. homologous recombination deficiency; HRD) as documented using a clinical grade sequencing assay performed in a CLIA/CAP certified laboratory. Homologous recombination genes include, but not limited to BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, CHEK2, PALB2, RAD51D, NBN, GEN1, RAD51C, MRE11A, BRIP11A, FAM175A.
  • Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol. Written informed consent and any locally required authorization (e.g., Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) obtained from the patient/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 1
  • Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) be >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
  • Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment). This will not apply to patients with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be =< 5 x ULN (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
  • Patient must have creatinine clearance (CL) >= 51 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up
  • Patients must have a life expectancy >= 16 weeks
  • Body weight > 30 kg
  • Male patients must use a condom during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of olaparib when having sexual intercourse with a pregnant woman or with a woman of childbearing potential. Female partners of male patients should also use a highly effective form of contraception if they are of childbearing potential

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy for prostate cancer, unless done in the neoadjuvant setting, and if the last dose was > 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Any prior treatment with a PD1 or PD-L1 inhibitor, including durvalumab
  • Any prior treatment with a PARP inhibitor, including olaparib
  • History of another primary malignancy except for

    • Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease >= 3 years before the first dose of durvalumab and of low potential risk for recurrence
    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  • History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  • Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the treating physician (e.g., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, corrected QT interval by Fridericia [QTcF] prolongation > 470 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.), or patients with congenital long QT syndrome
  • Any unresolved toxicity National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade >= 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria

    • Patients with grade >= 2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the study physician
    • Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab or olaparib may be included only after consultation with the study physician
  • Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of MDS/AML
  • Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, extensive bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent
  • Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication
  • Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients with uncontrolled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV+ patients will be allowed on the study if on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and disease is controlled: CD4 >= 350 cell/mcl, undetectable viral load, and no prophylactic (PPX) antibiotics

    • Note: HIV screening is not required to be eligible for this study
  • Active infection including tuberculosis (TB testing only performed if deemed necessary per standard clinical practice), hepatitis B (known positive hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen [HBsAg] result), hepatitis C. Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    • Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the sponsor investigator
    • Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection)
    • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
    • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication)
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of durvalumab. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving durvalumab and up to 30 days after the last dose of durvalumab
  • Patients receiving any chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic, radiotherapy or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment concurrently or within 3 weeks of study treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable
  • Radiotherapy treatment to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug
  • Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 2 weeks
  • Concomitant use of known strong (e.g. phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting study treatment is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents
  • Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery
  • Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT)
  • Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product administered in the last 3 months
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) or supportive care, while on the clinical study or during the follow-up period of this interventional study
  • Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or durvalumab or any of the excipients of the product
  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04336943


Contacts
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Contact: Michael Schweizer 206-606-6252 schweize@uw.edu

Locations
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United States, Washington
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: Michael Schweizer    206-606-6252    schweize@uw.edu   
Principal Investigator: Michael Schweizer         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael Schweizer Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
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Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04336943    
Other Study ID Numbers: RG1007001
NCI-2020-01860 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
10509 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 7, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Durvalumab
Olaparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoglobulin G
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action