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Study of RP2 Monotherapy and RP2 in Combination With Nivolumab in Patients With Solid Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04336241
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Replimune Inc.

Brief Summary:
RP2-001-18 is a Phase 1, multicenter, open label, single agent dose escalation and combination treatment study of RP2 in adult subjects with advanced solid tumors, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D), as well as to evaluate preliminary efficacy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Biological: RP2 Biological: nivolumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

RP2 is a genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus (HSV-1) that expresses an anti-CTLA-4 antibody and is designed to directly destroy tumors and to generate an anti-tumor immune response. This is a Phase 1, multicenter, open label, dose escalation and expansion, first-in-human (FIH) clinical study to evaluate the safety and tolerability, biodistribution, shedding, and preliminary efficacy of RP2 alone and in combination with nivolumab in adult subjects with advanced solid tumors.

The study will be conducted in two parts. The first part of the study is an open-label, dose escalation FIH Phase 1 study to assess the safety and tolerability of RP2 and to determine the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) to be used in the second part of the study. The second part of the study is an open label design to further investigate safety of RP2 in combination with nivolumab. It will also assess the biological activity of multiple doses of RP2 in combination with nivolumab. An expansion to the second part of the study will include enrolment of a further 30 patients on RP2 in combination with nivolumab.

Following completion of the expansion in part 2, part 3 will enroll a further 15 patients on RP3 monotherapy.

The expansion to part 2 and part 3 will focus on patients with advanced or metastatic uveal melanoma, lung cancer, breast cancer or GI cancers and patients with liver metastasis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Part 1 - Dose Escalation - Patients will be enrolled into three sequential dose level cohorts.

Part 2 - Dose expansion - Patients will receive a fixed dose of RP2 in combination with Nivolumab.

Part 3 - Patients will receive four doses of RP2 monotherapy

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Multicenter, Phase 1 Study of RP2 as a Single Agent and in Combination With PD1 Blockade in Patients With Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : October 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose escalation of RP2 - superficial tumors
Dose escalation of RP2 alone in 3 cohorts with IT injections in superficial tumors.
Biological: RP2
Genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus for tumor lysis and immune stimulation

Experimental: Dose escalation of RP2 - deep/visceral tumors
Dose escalation of RP2 alone in 3 cohorts with imaging guided IT injections in deep/visceral tumors.
Biological: RP2
Genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus for tumor lysis and immune stimulation

Experimental: Dose expansion of RP2 and nivolumab - superficial tumors
Doses of RP2 (IT) in superficial tumors with nivolumab (IV).
Biological: RP2
Genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus for tumor lysis and immune stimulation

Biological: nivolumab
Programmed death receptor (PD-1) blocking antibody
Other Name: Opdivo

Experimental: Dose expansion of RP2 and nivolumab - deep/visceral tumors
Imaging guided doses of RP2 (IT) in deep/visceral tumors.
Biological: RP2
Genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus for tumor lysis and immune stimulation

Biological: nivolumab
Programmed death receptor (PD-1) blocking antibody
Other Name: Opdivo

Experimental: Seronegative cohort
Doses of RP2 (IT) in HSV seronegative participants.
Biological: RP2
Genetically modified herpes simplex type 1 virus for tumor lysis and immune stimulation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 60 days after last dose ]
    Percentage of subjects with AEs

  2. Percentage of serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 60 days after last dose ]
    Percentage of subjects with SAEs

  3. Percentage of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 30 days after last dose. ]
    Percentage of subjects with DLTs

  4. Percentage of treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 60 days after last dose. ]
    Percentage of subjects with TEAEs

  5. Percentage of TEAEs ≥ Grade 3 [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 60 days after last dose. ]
    Percentage of subjects with TEAEs ≥ Grade 3

  6. Percentage of events requiring withdrawal [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to last dose (up to 8 weeks for dose escalation phase and up to 2 years for expansion phase)). ]
    Percentage of subjects experiencing events requiring withdrawal from treatment.

  7. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of RP2 [ Time Frame: 7 months ]
    MTD on the safety and response data collected during the dose escalation phase (Part 1).

  8. Recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of RP2 [ Time Frame: 7 months ]
    RP2D of RP2 based on the safety and response data collected during the dose escalation phase (Part 1).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of biologic activity [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    Percentage of subjects with biological activity determined by tumor biopsies and biomarker data

  2. Percentage of subjects with detectable RP2 [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    Data gathered from blood, urine, swabs of injection site, dressings, and oral mucosa to determine the shedding and biodistribution of RP2.

  3. Change in HSV-1 antibody levels [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to last dose (up to 4 months for dose escalation phase and up to 5.5 months for expansion phase)). ]
    Change in HSV-1 antibody levels during treatment compared to baseline

  4. Percentage of overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Percentage of ORR.

  5. Median duration of response [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Median duration of response of subjects

  6. Median progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Median duration of progression-free survival of subjects

  7. Median overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Median overall survival rate of subjects

  8. Percentage of complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to last dose (up to 8 weeks for escalation phase and up to 2 years for expansion phase). ]
    Percentage of subjects with a CR

  9. Percentage of partial response (PR) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to last dose (up to 8 weeks for escalation phase and up to 2 years for expansion phase). ]
    Percentage of subjects with a PR

  10. Percentage of stable disease (SD) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to last dose (up to 8 weeks for escalation phase and up to 2 years for expansion phase). ]
    Percentage of subjects with SD



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to participate and comply with all trial requirements and able to provide signed and dated informed consent prior to initiation of any trial procedures
  • Male or Female ≥ 18 years of age
  • Patients with advanced or metastatic non-neurological solid tumors, who have progressed on standard therapy or cannot tolerate standard therapy, or for which there is no standard therapy preferred to enrolment in a clinical trial
  • Consent to provide archival tumour biopsy samples within 6 months, or a fresh tumour biopsy is needed. Patients must also consent to provide on-treatment biopsies as per protocol
  • At least one measurable and injectable tumor of ≥ 1 cm in longest diameter (or shorter diameter for lymph nodes).
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test prior to administration of each dose of RP2 or nivolumab
  • WOCBP must agree to use adequate birth control throughout their participation and for 3 months after RP2 alone and 5 months after nivolumab last study treatment
  • Males with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate birth control throughout their participation and for 3 months for RP2 alone and 7 months after nivolumab last study treatment
  • Have laboratory values (obtained ≤ 28 days prior to first infusion day) in accordance with the study protocol
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-1

Cohort 2a only:

  • Baseline ECG that does not show abnormalities according to the protocol
  • Baseline troponin < 0.06 ng/mL
  • Baseline oxygen saturation levels that do not show abnormalities according to the protocol

Cohort 2b and Part 3 only:

  • Patients in Cohort 2b should have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced or metastatic uveal melanoma, lung cancer, breast cancer, or gastrointestinal cancers (including but not limited to colorectal cancer [CRC] [microsatellite stable], gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and oesophageal cancer) (n=30)
  • Patients with HCC and a diagnosis of hepatitis B must be off antiviral therapy for at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Patients with acute or chronic hepatitis B or C must be expected to not require antiviral therapy during the RP2 treatment period.
  • Patients with HCC who have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis C infection must have completed treatment for hepatitis C at least 1 month prior to study enrollment
  • Patients in Part 3 should have solid tumours (excluding skin cancers) that the investigator deems suitable for RP2 monotherapy, including at least 10 patients with liver metastases from prevalent tumour types (e.g. lung, breast [including recurrent chest wall], and gastrointestinal cancers [colorectal, gastric, and oesophageal cancers]) (n=15)
  • Patient has progressed during or after one to three prior systemic anticancer therapies for advanced or metastatic disease or during or within six months of receiving adjuvant therapy. Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are deemed not appropriate candidates for standard-of-care systemic anticancer therapy for advanced or metastatic disease, or who, after documented consultation with their treating physician, refuse standard-of-care systemic anticancer therapy may be eligible after discussion with the medical monitor

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with an oncolytic virus therapy
  • History of viral infections according to the protocol
  • Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotics within 14 days prior to dosing
  • Prior complications with herpes infections
  • Chronic use of anti-virals
  • Systemic therapies for cancer within five half-lives or 4 weeks of first dose; whichever is shorter
  • Conditions that require certain doses of steroids (some doses and types will be permitted)
  • Known active brain metastases - previously treated brain metastases may be permitted
  • Major surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug
  • Prior malignancy active with the previous 3 years; except for locally curable cancers that have apparently been cured
  • Female who has a positive urine pregnancy test or is breast-feeding or planning to become pregnant during study treatment and 90 days for RP2 alone or 5 months for RP2 and nivolumab after the last dose of treatment
  • Participation in another clinical study within 4 weeks prior to the first dose
  • History of myocarditis or congestive heart failure (as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification III or IV), or unstable angina, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled infection, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of randomization

    • History of allergy or sensitivity to study drug components
    • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperating with the requirements of the study

Part 2 patients only:

  • Participants with history of life-threatening toxicity related to prior immune therapy except those that are likely to re-occur with standard countermeasures
  • Treatment with botanical preparations within 2 weeks prior to treatment
  • Certain autoimmune diseases, some types will be permitted
  • History of interstitial lung disease
  • Severe hypersensitivity to another monoclonal antibody
  • Has received radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment
  • Has received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to first dose of study drug
  • History of non-infectious pneumonitis
  • History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study
  • Other serious or uncontrolled medical disorders

Cohort 2b and Part 3 (only for the subset of patients with liver metastases suitable and intended for injection)

  • Presence of liver metastases that are estimated to invade more than one-third of the liver
  • Macroscopic intravascular invasion into the main portal vein, hepatic vein or vena cava
  • Significant bleeding event within the last 12 months that places the patient at risk for intrahepatic intratumoral injection procedure based on investigator assessment
  • Prior chemoembolization, radioembolization, or other locoregional liver-directed procedures to the lesion selected for intratumoral injection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04336241


Contacts
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Contact: Clinical Trials at Replimune +1 44 1235 242 488 Clinicaltrials@replimune.com

Locations
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Spain
Hospital Universitario d'Hebron Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain, 119 08035
Contact: Elena Garralda         
Hospital Universitario HM Sanchinarro Recruiting
Madrid, Spain, 10 28050
Contact: Maria De Miguel         
United Kingdom
The Clatterbridge Cancer Centre NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting
Bebington, Merseyside, United Kingdom, CH63 4JY
Contact: Joseph Sacco         
The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, SW3 6JJ
Contact: Kevin Harrington         
Churchill Hospital Recruiting
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 9DU
Contact: Mark Middleton         
Royal Marsden Hospital Recruiting
Sutton, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT
Contact: Kevin Harrington, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Replimune Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Johannes Wolff, MD Replimune Inc.
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Responsible Party: Replimune Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04336241    
Other Study ID Numbers: RP2-001-18
First Posted: April 7, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Replimune Inc.:
Uveal Melanoma
Gastrointestinal Cancers
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action