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Identification of Predictive Biomarkers (BioPoP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04324983
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 27, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Erich und Gertrud Roggenbuck-Stiftung zur Förderung der Krebsforschung
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH

Brief Summary:
Molecular nuclear imaging in prostate cancer has made significant progress in the last few years. The introduction of tracers that target the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has profoundly influenced imaging diagnostics in prostate cancer. In case of relapse after curative treatment (especially after radical prostatectomy), PSMA positron emission tomography (PET) has the ability to detect lesions already at very low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. The improved detection of relapses increases the interest of individualized targeted therapies in patients with prostate cancer recurrence. Thus, this development led to the acceptance of PSMA PET for diagnostics in prostate cancer patients with biochemical relapses in national and international guidelines.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Recurrent Other: Blood sample Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

As mentioned before, current data on salvage lymphadenectomy in prostate cancer is very limited and stems mainly from retrospective series. Prospective studies are not available. Furthermore, most of these analyses are based on choline-based positron emission tomography, which by now has been progressively replaced with the significantly more sensitive and specific PSMA-based PET. Diagnostic advantages are especially obvious in early biochemical recurrence with low PSA levels . The high specificity of a PSMA Tracer in diagnosing prostate cancer tissue is further demonstrated by the introduction of PSMA-radioguided surgery. Here, patients are injected intravenously before surgery with 111In- or 99mTc-labeled PSMA ligands in order to enhance intraoperative detection of affected lymph nodes that show radiotracer accumulation.

Regarding biomarkers used in prostate cancer, besides PSA and PSA-associated variations, there also exists a multiple number of different biomarkers. However, most of these biomarkers are used in the primary diagnostic setting or in advanced metastatic tumor stages with a castration-resistant stage. However, especially in early biochemical recurrences there is a need for biomarkers to help determine whether or not local salvage treatment can or should be considered. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are promising candidates as a biomarker, that could support the decision-making process. While the prognostic relevance of CTCs for patients with a metastatic castration-resistant stage prostate cancer has been shown in many studies, far less data exists for patients with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer. Regardless of the fact, survival is associated with the number of CTCs measured in peripheral blood. Recently, we were able to show that CTCs in patients with limited metastatic prostate cancer exhibited higher prognostic relevance, before and after cytoreductive radical prostatectomy, than conventional biomarkers (PSA, LDH =lactate Dehydrogenase and BAP). Even when the conventional biomarkers were combined with routine markers and CTCs, the prognostic relevance did not increase. Although the case numbers were very small, in the future, CTCs could still help identify patients that would most profit from a cytoreductive radical prostatectomy.

Therefore, this project will investigate whether or not CTCs can preoperatively provide prognostic information on the postoperative oncological response, as described in the study protocol. The plan is to withdraw blood (7,5 ml) before surgery from 150 limited metastatic prostate cancer patients. These patients have to qualify for salvage surgery according to the PSMA-PET. The blood will be examined with the Cell-Search-Systems for CTCs and their PSMA Expression.

Plasma samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from peripheral blood will also be stored. These samples will be used later for a further project on prostate cancer-specific exosomes where PSMA positivity and cell-free circulating nucleic acids will be examined. The expertise for such analyses, standard operating procedures (SOPs) and necessary equipment are available.

Furthermore, the Institute for Tumor Biology has recently established a new blood test for detecting breast cancer. This test will also be used on prostate cancer patients within the scope of this project. This test measures the serum concentration of Cyr61-Proteins. The Institute has established an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), which has already been successfully implemented for the analysis of blood plasma in 527 breast cancer patients. Consequently, this newly developed blood test presents an important improvement in the diagnosis of breast cancer (International patent System 2018/054052). It would also like to test this method for its adequacy and improvement in the diagnosis of prostate cancer within the context of this project.

Furthermore, in a subset of patients additionally tissue from metastatic lymph nodes will be collected for molecularpathologic analysis if tissue sampling does not affect routine pathological examination.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

In this single-arm prospective clinical study, various blood- and serum-based biomarkers, from patients with early PSMA PET positive limited metastatic prostate cancer relapse after radical prostatectomy, will be examined according to their potential predictive significance for a successful salvage surgery. Results from the various biomarker values, after salvage surgery, with following clinical endpoints will be assessed:

  1. postoperative complete biochemical response (cBR: PSA <0,2ng/ml)
  2. biochemical relapse-free without further prostate cancer specific treatment (time from salvage surgery to first PSA level >0,2ng/ml)
  3. prostate cancer specific treatment-free interval (time from salvage surgery to initiation of a prostate cancer specific treatment)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Identification of Predictive Biomarkers for Successful Salvage Surgeries on PSMA-PET-positive Limited Metastatic Prostate Cancer Relapses
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Biomarker
This single-arm study is a Phase I study to exploratively identify potential biomarkers in patients with early prostate cancer relapse and limited metastases in PSMA-PET, who need further assistance in treatment decisions (for or against local treatment options).
Other: Blood sample

Additional blood sample of about 30 ml that will be drawn for biomarker analyses (2 EDTA = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and 1 Cell-search-tubes).The drawn blood for CTC-Analysis and biomarker identification will be promptly processed ac-cording to the established standards at the Institute for Tumor Biology (see below).

The histological analysis of the resected tissue during salvage surgery is carried out according to clinical routine (conventional haematoxylin and eosin stained and PSMA-Immunohistochemistry). Additionally, tissue samples will undergo molecularpathological analysis if this does not affect routine pathological examination.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of complete biochemical response (cBR: PSA <0,2ng/ml) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    PSA Level after salvage lymphadenectomy without adjuvant prostate cancer-specific treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Prostate cancer-specific treatment-free survival after salvage surgery [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12 and 24 months ]
    PSA-Level after salvage lymphadenectomy

  2. Questionnaire Quality of life [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12 and 24 months ]
    Expanded prostate cancer index Composite (EPIC 26)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in good general health and an expected life expectancy of > 10 years
  • Diagnosis of prostate cancer relapse
  • Evidence of positive lymph nodes or soft tissue metastases as seen in PSMA PET

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contraindication for a surgical procedure
  • Clinical suspicion of systemic disease as determined by PSMA PET
  • PSMA PET examination older than 4 months at time of surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04324983


Contacts
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Contact: Tobias Maurer, Prof. +49(0)40741053115 t.maurer@uke.de
Contact: Anke Renter +49(0)40741053115 a.renter@uke.de

Locations
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Germany
Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH Recruiting
Hamburg, Germany, 20246
Contact: Markus Graefen, Professor    +4904741051300    graefen@uke.de   
Contact: Anke Renter    +4904741053115    a.renter@uke.de   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH
Erich und Gertrud Roggenbuck-Stiftung zur Förderung der Krebsforschung
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tobias Maurer, Prof. Head Doctor
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Responsible Party: Martini-Klinik am UKE GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04324983    
Other Study ID Numbers: BioPoP-MK-2020-2
First Posted: March 27, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Prostatic Diseases