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Testing the Addition of an Anti-cancer Drug, Copanlisib, to the Usual Immunotherapy (Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab) in Patients With Advanced Solid Cancers That Have Changes in the Following Genes: PIK3CA and PTEN

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04317105
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of copanlisib when given together with nivolumab and ipilimumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with solid cancers that have spread to other places in the body (advanced) and have changes in PIK3CA and PTEN genes. Copanlisib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. The addition of copanlisib to usual chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with solid cancers compared to usual chemotherapy alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm Unresectable Malignant Solid Neoplasm Drug: Copanlisib Hydrochloride Biological: Ipilimumab Biological: Nivolumab Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Biomarker Driven Combination Trial of Copanlisib and Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : April 15, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Trial I (copanlisib, nivolumab)
Patients receive copanlisib hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 1. Beginning in cycle 2, patients also receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Copanlisib Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Pyrimidinecarboxamide, 2-Amino-N-(2,3-dihydro-7-methoxy-8-(3-(4-morpholinyl)propoxy)imidazo(1,2-C)quinazolin-5-yl)-, Hydrochloride (1:2)
  • Aliqopa
  • BAY 80-6946 Dihydrochloride
  • BAY-80-6946 Dihydrochloride
  • Copanlisib Dihydrochloride

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Experimental: Trial II (copanlisib, nivolumab, ipilimumab)
Patients receive copanlisib hydrochloride IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 1. Beginning in cycle 2, patients also receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes every 8 weeks for 4 doses. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Copanlisib Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Pyrimidinecarboxamide, 2-Amino-N-(2,3-dihydro-7-methoxy-8-(3-(4-morpholinyl)propoxy)imidazo(1,2-C)quinazolin-5-yl)-, Hydrochloride (1:2)
  • Aliqopa
  • BAY 80-6946 Dihydrochloride
  • BAY-80-6946 Dihydrochloride
  • Copanlisib Dihydrochloride

Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: At 30 days after last dose of study drug and every 3-6 months for up to 2 years ]
    Adverse events and serious adverse events will be graded using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.

  2. Incidence of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Up to first 2 cycles (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Toxicities will be graded using NCI CTCAE version 5.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response (OR) rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
    Will estimate OR rate with 95% confidence intervals. Inferences and estimation are based on the exact binomial test.

  2. Clinical benefit rate (OR + stable disease [SD] > 6 months) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
  3. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Until disease progression, start of a new cancer therapy, or up to 2 years after the last dose of study drugs, whichever comes first ]
    Will use the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate PFS.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Until disease progression, start of a new cancer therapy, or up to 2 years after the last dose of study drugs, whichever comes first ]
    Will use the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate OS.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in tumor immune microenvironment with copanlisib alone and with combination of copanlisib, nivolumab and ipilimumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years post-treatment ]
  2. Change in circulating cytokines with copanlisib alone and with combination of copanlisib, nivolumab and ipilimumab [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2 years post-treatment ]
  3. Correlation of immuno-modulatory changes with presence or absence of OR to the triplet combination [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
    Will assess immuno-modulatory changes (e.g., change in proportion of cytotoxic T cells, regulatory T cells and memory T cells) associated with copanlisib monotherapy as well as with triplet combination using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Will also determine correlation between treatment induced immunomodulatory changes with presence or absence of OR using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed rank tests.

  4. Correlation of molecular alterations in the PI3K-AKT pathway (PIK3CA mutation and PTEN loss) with presence or absence of OR to the combination of copanlisib with nivolumab and ipilimumab [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
    Will further correlate the presence or absence of molecular alterations in the PI3K-AKT pathway as well as other mutations with presence or absence of OR using Chi-square test.

  5. Correlation of change in expression of pharmacodynamics markers downstream of PI3K inhibition and change in expression of genes involved in alternate signaling pathways with OR to treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
    Changes in expression of pharmacodynamics markers downstream of PI3K inhibition and genes involved in alternate signaling pathways will be correlated with presence or absence of OR using paired t-tests or Wilcoxon signed rank tests.

  6. Correlation of mutations not associated with PI3K-AKT pathway with presence and absence of OR to treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-treatment ]
    Will further correlate the presence or absence of molecular alterations not associated with the PI3K-AKT pathway with presence or absence of OR using Chi-square test.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Patients must be >= 4 weeks beyond treatment with any chemotherapy or other investigational therapy to include hormonal, biological, or targeted agents; or at least 5 half-lives from hormonal, biological, or targeted agents, whichever is shorter at the time of treatment initiation
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000 / mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN (creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard)
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN OR =< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Patients must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1
  • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) =< 8.5% at screening
  • Women of child-bearing potential MUST have a negative serum or urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test within 24 hours of study enrollment unless prior tubal ligation (>= 1 year before screening), total hysterectomy or menopause (defined as 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea). Patients should not become pregnant or breastfeed while on this study. Sexually active patients must agree to use dual contraception for the duration of study participation and for 7 months after the last dose of study treatment for women of childbearing potential and 5 months for men with partners that are women of childbearing potential
  • Patients need to have biopsiable disease to enroll on Trial 1 (copanlisib + nivolumab)
  • Patients in dose escalation and expansion of all arms must have actionable mutations in either PIK3CA hotspot (E542, E545, or H1047 are accepted) or PTEN. Local testing in Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory will be accepted. Only mutations that have been recognized as actionable by the MD Anderson Precision Oncology Decision Support (PODS) team will be accepted
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients who have previously received PD-1/PD-L1/PI3K inhibitors will be eligible for this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women will be excluded from participation in this trial, as there is no significant clinical information regarding the effects of copanlisib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab on a fetus or newborn infant
  • Known active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection. All patients must be screened for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) up to 28 days prior to study drug start using the routine hepatitis virus lab panel. Patients positive for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) and/or hepatitis B virus core antibody (HBcAb) will be eligible if they are negative for HBV DNA, these patients should receive prophylactic antiviral therapy. Patients positive for anti-HCV antibody will be eligible if they are negative for HCV RNA
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected (HIV1/2 antibody-positive) patients may participate IF they meet all the following eligibility requirements:

    • They must be on an anti-retroviral regimen with evidence of at least two undetectable viral loads within the past 6 months on this same regimen; the most recent undetectable viral load must be within the past 12 weeks
    • They must have a CD4 count >= 250 cells/mcL over the past 6 months on this same anti-retroviral regimen and must not have had a CD4 count < 200 cells/ mcL over the past 2 years, unless it was deemed related to the cancer and/or chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression

      • For patients who have received chemotherapy in the past 6 months, a CD4 count < 250 cells/mcL during chemotherapy is permitted as long as viral loads were undetectable during this same chemotherapy
    • They must have an undetectable viral load and a CD4 count >= 250 cells/mcL within 7 days of enrollment
    • They must not be currently receiving prophylactic therapy for an opportunistic infection and must not have had an opportunistic infection within the past 6 months
  • Active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics or other uncontrolled intercurrent illness requiring hospitalization
  • Active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids. Exceptions include vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids, Sjogren's syndrome
  • Inability to comply with the study and follow-up procedures
  • History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA), myocardial infarction, or unstable angina within the previous 6 months before starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone curative therapy, or in situ cervical cancer
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
  • Patients with HbA1c > 8.5%

    • Note: For patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus that cannot meet protocol requirements, a single re-screening (which includes all screening procedures) should be performed when the patient's diabetes is controlled and can meet protocol eligibility requirement for HbA1c
  • History of any clinically significant drug allergy or hypersensitivity to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to copanlisib, PI3K inhibitors, nivolumab, and ipilimumab (such as anaphylaxis or hepatotoxicity)
  • Has known history of psoriasis even if not active at the time given may pose additional risks of immune activation with the combination regimen
  • Patients with live vaccines and live, attenuated vaccines (prohibited for 30 days prior to study agents, during the study, and for 100 days after the last dose of study drug). Patients with inactivated vaccines are permitted
  • Copanlisib is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4. Therefore, the concomitant use of strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, and saquinavir) and strong inducers of CYP3A4 (e.g. rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, St. John's wort) is not permitted from 14 days prior to enrollment until the end of the study. Other medications that are prohibited while on copanlisib treatment include:

    • Herbal medications/preparations (except vitamins)
    • Anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or digoxin
  • Patients will be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption). A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted. The use of corticosteroids as antiemetics prior to copanlisib administration will not be allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04317105


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Site Public Contact    877-632-6789    askmdanderson@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Timothy A. Yap         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Timothy A Yap University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center LAO
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04317105    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2020-01917
NCI-2020-01917 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NCI10221
10221 ( Other Identifier: University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center LAO )
10221 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186688 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 23, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 21, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents