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Association of Mood With Risk for Atherosclerosis (AuRA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04298944
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 6, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins University

Brief Summary:

The investigators will aim to determine the association of mood disorders (MDO) with preclinical and clinical cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors among children.

The investigators will also aim to identify traditional and non traditional predictors of CVD risk among children with MDO.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Mood Disorders Hypertension Overweight and Obesity Vascular Stiffness Sleep Elevated Blood Pressure Diagnostic Test: Cardiovascular Assessments Diagnostic Test: Actigraphy Diagnostic Test: Laboratory assessments Behavioral: Emotional/ Behavioural assessments

Detailed Description:
This research is being done to determine if mood disorders in children have an impact on stiffness of arteries and/or cause the arteries to not work as well and if MDOs impact blood pressure over a 24 hour period of time.The investigators also want to determine if children with mood disorders have any risk factors or blood tests that can predict how stiff arteries are or how well arteries function and if these are associated with cardiovascular disease risk. The investigators also want to determine if children with mood disorders have greater adverse childhood experiences, worse emotional regulation and poorer quality of sleep. The investigators hope that information from this study could help in earlier detection of cardiovascular disease risk in children.

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Study Type : Observational [Patient Registry]
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Target Follow-Up Duration: 7 Days
Official Title: AuRA Study: Association of Mood With Risk for Atherosclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : March 11, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Atherosclerosis

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
BeHealthY Cohort
Children from BeHealthY cohort who are obese/overweight but do not have mood disorders are eligible for this study. The children will be given additional questionnaires to assess emotional/behavioral well being.
Diagnostic Test: Cardiovascular Assessments
Participants will undergo the following cardiovascular assessments: 24-hour blood pressure monitoring, arterial stiffness measurements, endothelial function measurements.

Diagnostic Test: Actigraphy
Participants will wear an actigraph device for 7 days to measure participant's activity and sleep

Diagnostic Test: Laboratory assessments
Participants will provide blood and urine samples for laboratory assessments.

Behavioral: Emotional/ Behavioural assessments
Emotional /Behavioral well being will be determined by questionnaires: Pediatrics Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (ACEs Q), Childrens Emotion Management Scale Questionnaire (CEMS) and Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC)

CHAMPION trial Cohort

Children who are overweight/obese and have severe mental illness, and who have agreed to be contacted for future research.

Tests will be done on all participants which includes cardiovascular assessments, actigraphy, laboratory assessments and emotional/behavioral assessments.

Diagnostic Test: Cardiovascular Assessments
Participants will undergo the following cardiovascular assessments: 24-hour blood pressure monitoring, arterial stiffness measurements, endothelial function measurements.

Diagnostic Test: Actigraphy
Participants will wear an actigraph device for 7 days to measure participant's activity and sleep

Diagnostic Test: Laboratory assessments
Participants will provide blood and urine samples for laboratory assessments.

Behavioral: Emotional/ Behavioural assessments
Emotional /Behavioral well being will be determined by questionnaires: Pediatrics Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (ACEs Q), Childrens Emotion Management Scale Questionnaire (CEMS) and Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC)

Pediatric Medical Psychiatric (PMP) Clinic Cohort
Children from the PMP Clinic who have severe mental illness but healthy weight. Tests will be done on all participants which includes cardiovascular assessments, actigraphy, laboratory assessments and emotional/behavioral assessments.
Diagnostic Test: Cardiovascular Assessments
Participants will undergo the following cardiovascular assessments: 24-hour blood pressure monitoring, arterial stiffness measurements, endothelial function measurements.

Diagnostic Test: Actigraphy
Participants will wear an actigraph device for 7 days to measure participant's activity and sleep

Diagnostic Test: Laboratory assessments
Participants will provide blood and urine samples for laboratory assessments.

Behavioral: Emotional/ Behavioural assessments
Emotional /Behavioral well being will be determined by questionnaires: Pediatrics Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (ACEs Q), Childrens Emotion Management Scale Questionnaire (CEMS) and Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Arterial stiffness as assessed by Pulse wave velocity [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    This will be determined from Pulse wave velocity (m/sec) done at the study visit

  2. Arterial stiffness as assessed by Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index (AASI) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index will be determined from data obtained from vascular measures and during 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Arterial stiffness increases as the regression slope approaches 0 and the AASI approaches 1.

  3. Arterial stiffness as assessed by Augmentation Index [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The Augmentation Index (measured as a percentage) will be determined from a vascular assessment and data obtained during 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. A greater Augmentation Index represents a stiffer, less compliant vessel.

  4. Endothelial function as assessed by Laser Doppler flow perfusion [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The percent change in mean blood flow will be determined from Laser Doppler flow perfusion measurements obtained using a heating protocol.

  5. Mean Blood pressure (mmHg) [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    Mean daytime systolic blood pressure in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) will be determined from 24-hour blood pressure monitoring.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pediatric Adverse Childhood Events (ACEs) score [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The Pediatric ACEs questionnaire contains 17 yes or no questions about stressful or traumatic life events. Greater exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is associated with poorer physical and mental health. Some researchers have suggested that an ACEs score of greater than or equal to 3 or 4 significantly increases the risk for health problems, however, there is no widely accepted threshold for how many ACEs endorsed is clinically significant or more predictive of these problems.

  2. Children's Emotion Management Scale (CEMS) score [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The Children's Emotional management scale is a questionnaire that consists of 33 questions (3 point Likert scale) examining youth's ability to regulate appropriately the youth's negative emotions (i.e. anger, sadness, and worry). Generally, poorer emotion regulation capabilities are associated with poorer health outcomes, with most research looking at CV outcomes in adults.

  3. Behavior Assessment for Children (BASC) score [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
    The Behavior Assessment for Children is a questionnaire that consists of 189 questions (True/False and 4 point Likert scale). It is a broad behavioral screening measure commonly used in child and adolescent psychology and psychiatric settings.It has three primary scales: internalizing (e.g., depression, anxiety), externalizing (e.g., aggression, hyperactivity), and total problems (combination of internalizing and externalizing plus attention problems and withdrawal subscales). Scores between 60-69 are considered "at risk" for clinical problems and scores of 70+ are considered clinically significant presence of those symptoms. Any scores that are not in this range are considered to be within normal limits and not indicative of difficulties.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 22 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Children and young adults up to 22 years of age who belong to either of the following groups:

  1. overweight/obese and no history of mood disorders
  2. overweight/obese with a mood disorder
  3. not overweight/obese with a mood disorder
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children Ages ≤ 22 years old
  • Enrolled in the CHAMPION Trial and have agreed to be contacted for future studies or children who visit PMP clinic and have MDO and a healthy weight or participants in the Be-HealthY Cohort whose data indicate no history of MDO.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not able to speak English
  • Unable to lie supine
  • Significant Arrhythmia
  • If participant has used vaso-active drugs the morning of the test (tobacco, caffeine decongestants, or asthma medications).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04298944


Contacts
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Contact: Tammy M Brady, M.D, PhD 4109552467 tbrady8@jhmi.edu
Contact: Gilbert A Horst, B.A, B.S ghorst1@jhmi.edu

Locations
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United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine Division of Pediatric Nephrology Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
Contact: Tammy M Brady, M.D, PhD    410-955-2467    tbrady8@jhmi.edu   
Principal Investigator: Tammy M Brady, M.D, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tammy M Brady, M.D, PhD Johns Hopkins University
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Responsible Party: Johns Hopkins University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04298944    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00226838
P50MH115842-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 6, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 14, 2020
Last Verified: August 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypertension
Atherosclerosis
Overweight
Mood Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Body Weight
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Mental Disorders