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Study to Evaluate the Safety and Antiviral Activity of Remdesivir (GS-5734™) in Participants With Severe Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04292899
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 3, 2020
Results First Posted : December 31, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 31, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of 2 remdesivir (RDV) regimens with respect to clinical status assessed by a 7-point ordinal scale on Day 14.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID-19 Drug: Remdesivir Drug: Standard of Care Phase 3

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study has been approved for sale to the public.   More info ...

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4891 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Randomized Study to Evaluate the Safety and Antiviral Activity of Remdesivir (GS-5734™) in Participants With Severe COVID-19
Actual Study Start Date : March 6, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 9, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part A: Remdesivir (RDV), 5 Days
Participants will receive continued standard of care therapy together with RDV 200 mg on Day 1 followed by RDV 100 mg on Days 2, 3, 4, and 5.
Drug: Remdesivir
Administered as an intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • GS-5734™
  • Veklury®

Drug: Standard of Care
Standard of Care Treatment for COVID-19 Infection

Experimental: Part A: Remdesivir, 10 Days
Participants will receive continued standard of care therapy together with RDV 200 mg on Day 1 followed by RDV 100 mg on Days 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Drug: Remdesivir
Administered as an intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • GS-5734™
  • Veklury®

Drug: Standard of Care
Standard of Care Treatment for COVID-19 Infection

Experimental: Part B: Remdesivir, 10 Days (Extension)
Part B (Extension) will enroll participants after enrollment to Part A is complete. Participants will receive continued standard of care therapy together with RDV 200 mg on Day 1 followed by RDV 100 mg on Days 2-10.
Drug: Remdesivir
Administered as an intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • GS-5734™
  • Veklury®

Drug: Standard of Care
Standard of Care Treatment for COVID-19 Infection

Experimental: Part B: Remdesivir 10 days (Mechanically Ventilated)
Participants on mechanical ventilation will receive continued standard of care therapy together with RDV 200 mg on Day 1 followed by RDV 100 mg on Days 2-10
Drug: Remdesivir
Administered as an intravenous infusion
Other Names:
  • GS-5734™
  • Veklury®

Drug: Standard of Care
Standard of Care Treatment for COVID-19 Infection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Percentage of Participants in Each Clinical Status Category as Assessed by a 7-Point Ordinal Scale on Day 14 [ Time Frame: Day 14 ]
    Clinical status was derived from death, hospital discharge, and the ordinal scale as follows: score of "1" was used for all days on or after the date of death; score of "7" was used for all days on or after discharged alive date; last assessment carried forward for any missing values.The scale is as follows: 1. Death; 2. Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or ECMO; 3. Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow oxygen devices; 4. Hospitalized, requiring low flow supplemental oxygen; 5. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - requiring ongoing medical care (COVID-19 related or otherwise); 6. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer required ongoing medical care (other than per protocol remdesivir administration); 7. Not hospitalized. The odds ratio represents the odds of improvement in the ordinal scale for the Remdesivir for 10 days group vs the Remdesivir for 5 days group.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Percentage of Participants Who Experienced Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: First dose date up to last dose date (maximum: 10 days) plus 30 days ]
    Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAE) were defined as AEs with onset dates on or after the study treatment start date and no later than 30 days after the permanent discontinuation of the study treatment and/or the AEs that led to premature discontinuation of study treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent, or with a legal representative who can provide informed consent, or enrolled under International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) E6(R2) 4.8.15 emergency use provisions as deemed necessary by the investigator (age ≥ 18), or willing and able to provide assent (age ≥ 12 to < 18, where locally and nationally approved) prior to performing study procedures
  • Aged ≥ 18 years (at all sites), or aged ≥ 12 and < 18 years of age weighing ≥ 40 kg (where permitted according to local law and approved nationally and by the relevant institutional review board (IRB) or independent ethics committee (IEC))
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 infection confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test ≤ 4 days before randomization
  • Currently hospitalized
  • Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≤ 94% or requiring supplemental oxygen at screening

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in any other clinical trial of an experimental treatment for COVID-19
  • Concurrent treatment with other agents with actual or possible direct acting antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2 is prohibited < 24 hours prior to study drug dosing
  • Evidence of multiorgan failure
  • Mechanically ventilated [including veno-venous (V-V) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)] ≥ 5 days, or any duration of veno-arterial (V-A) ECMO.
  • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula for participants ≥ 18 years of age {Cockcroft 1976} and Schwartz Formula for participants < 18 years of age

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04292899


Locations
Show Show 183 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Study Director: Gilead Study Director Gilead Sciences
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Gilead Sciences:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 12, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan: Part A  [PDF] May 18, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan: Part B  [PDF] September 23, 2020

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04292899    
Other Study ID Numbers: GS-US-540-5773
2020-000841-15 ( EudraCT Number )
ISRCTN15874265 ( Other Identifier: ISRCTN )
First Posted: March 3, 2020    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 31, 2020
Last Update Posted: December 31, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified external researchers may request IPD for this study after study completion. For more information, please visit our website at https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: 18 months after study completion
Access Criteria: A secured external environment with username, password, and RSA code.
URL: https://www.gilead.com/science-and-medicine/research/clinical-trials-transparency-and-data-sharing-policy

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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COVID-19
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Pneumonia
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Remdesivir
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents