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Lorlatinib Combinations in Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04292119
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 2, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Array BioPharma
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is evaluating Lorlatinib in combination with Crizotinib or Binimetinib as a possible treatment for either anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung cancer or ROS1-positive lung cancer.

  • This research study involves three study drugs.
  • Lorlatinib
  • Binimetinib
  • Crizotinib

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Gene Translocation ROS1 Rearrangement Relapsed Cancer MET Amplification Resistant Cancer NSCLC Drug: Lorlatinib Drug: Crizotinib Drug: Binimetinib Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase I/II clinical trial of two investigational combinations for treatment of either anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive or ROS1-positive lung cancer. The two drug combinations being tested are (1) Lorlatinib combined with Crizotinib and (2) Lorlatinib combined with Binimetinib.

  • Lorlatinib is an oral ALK and ROS1 inhibitor. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Lorlatinib for treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer. The FDA has not approved Lorlatinib for treatment of ROS1-positive lung cancer.
  • Crizotinib is an oral ALK and MET inhibitor. The FDA has approved Crizotinib for treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer. Crizotinib is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of MET-positive lung cancer. This study will test crizotinib's ability to block MET signaling. Crizotinib is not approved by the FDA for treatment of ROS1-positive lung cancer.
  • Binimetinib is an oral MEK inhibitor. The FDA has not approved binimetinib for treatment of ALK-positive or ROS1-positive lung cancer but it has been approved for other uses.
  • The FDA has not approved the combination of Lorlatinib with Binimetinib or Crizotinib as a treatment for any disease.

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment which will include evaluations and follow up visits.

  • Patients will undergo screening and those who fulfill the eligibility criteria will be assigned to receive either the combination Lorlatinib and Crizotinib or the combination of Lorlatinib and Binimetinib. Patients with ALK-positive or ROS1-positive lung cancer who have extra copies of the MET growth signal (MET amplification) will be assigned to receive the Lorlatinib and Crizotinib combination. All other patients will be randomly assigned to receive one of the combinations.
  • This study consists of 2 parts:

    • Phase I:

      • The investigators are looking to determine whether combining Lorlatinib with either Binimetinib or Crizotinib is well tolerated and to understand how treatment with the two drugs affects cancer cells and impacts growth signals.
      • Not everyone who participates in this research study will receive the same dose of the study drug. The dose given will depend on the number of participants who have been enrolled in the study prior and how well the dose was tolerated.
    • Phase II:

      • The Phase II study will test the safest doses of the combinations (as established in the Phase I study) in a larger group of patients.
      • It is expected that about 96 people will take part in this research study

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 96 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IB/II Study of Lorlatinib Combinations in Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Rearranged Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : May 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Crizotinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lorlatinib and Crizotinib
  • The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment. Study treatment will include evaluations, biopsies, and follow up visits.
  • Phase 1 (the dose-finding portion of the study) will follow a standard 3+3 design. Enrollment to the two different study arms will occur in parallel.

    • Lorlatinib will be administered orally once daily at a predetermined dose for 28 days
    • Crizotinib will be administered orally twice daily at a predetermined dose for 28 days
  • Phase II patients will be treated with Lorlatinib and Crizotinib at a dose recommended based on the phase I study.
Drug: Lorlatinib

Lorlatinib will be taken orally once daily for 28 days.

Crizotinib taken orally twice daily for 28 days.

Other Name: Lorbrena

Drug: Crizotinib

Crizotinib will be taken orally twice daily for 28 days.

Binimetnib taken orally twice daily for 28 days.

Other Name: Xalkori

Experimental: Lorlatinib and Binimetinib
  • The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment. Study treatment will include evaluations, biopsies, and follow up visits.
  • The phase I part of the study will follow a standard 3+3 design. Enrollment to the two different study arms will occur in parallel.

    • Lorlatinib will be administered orally once daily at a predetermined dose for 28 days
    • Binimetinib will be administered orally twice daily at a predetermined dose for 28 days.
  • Phase II patients will be treated with Lorlatinib + Binimetinib at a dose recommended based on the phase I study.
Drug: Lorlatinib

Lorlatinib will be taken orally once daily for 28 days.

Crizotinib taken orally twice daily for 28 days.

Other Name: Lorbrena

Drug: Binimetinib
Binimetinib will be taken orally twice daily for 28 days.
Other Name: Mektovi




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose as assessed by CTCAE v5.0. Phase I. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The highest dose of the combinations that does not cause unacceptable side effects. The maximum tolerated dose is determined in clinical trials by testing increasing doses in different groups of patients until the highest dose with acceptable side effects is found.

  2. The objective response rate, including partial and complete responses, as evaluated by RECIST v1.1. Phase II [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Objective response rate (partial and complete responses) will be evaluated according to RECIST v1.1 criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Treatment Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE V5.0 [ Time Frame: From first dose to end of study. Time frame is anticipated to be 24 months. ]
    Number of patients with treatment-related side effects, according to CTCAE v5.0

  2. Progression-Free Survival as assessed by RECIST v1.1 and the Kaplan-Meier Method [ Time Frame: Time from the start of study drug treatment to the date of the first documented progression or death due to disease, likely average of 12 months ]
    PFS will defined as the time from the start of treatment to the date of the first documented progression or death due to disease. The distribution of PFS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Duration of Response to Treatment as Assessed by RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Measured from the time measurement criteria are met for complete or partial response until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or the date of death due to any cause, likely average of 12 months ]
    Duration of response to treatment is measured from the time that measurement criteria (RECIST v1.1) are met for complete response or partial response (whichever is recorded first) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started), or death due to any cause.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Stage IV, AJCC v7.0) that carries an ALK or ROS1 rearrangement (ROS1-positive patients will only be allowed in dose escalation) as determined using a local diagnostic test or a commercial test or by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved FISH test, using Vysis® ALK Break apart FISH Probe, or the Ventana® immunohistochemistry (IHC) test.
  • Disease progression or intolerance to at least one tyrosine kinase inhibitor
  • At least one measurable lesion as defined by RECIST version 1.1. Previously irradiated lesions are not measurable unless the lesion has demonstrated clear progression after radiation.
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • Patients must be willing to undergo serial biopsies and have disease accessible to pretreatment biopsy. A cell block from a pleural effusion or ascites may be substituted for a core biopsy. In select cases, patients may be allowed to enroll without a pre-treatment biopsy and/or continue treatment without an on-treatment biopsy after speaking with the Overall Principal Investigator if performing the biopsy is technically challenging, poses significant risk to the patient, or may result in significant discomfort. If a pre-treatment biopsy is not performed, archival tissue will be used for correlative studies, specifically plasma-tissue comparisons.
  • Able to swallow and retain orally administered medication. Does not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities, such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or small bowel that may alter absorption of the medication.
  • A minimum washout period of 5 days or 5 half-lives between the last dose of tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy and the first dose of study treatment is required (whichever is shorter). A shorter washout period may be considered in the event of disease flare, after discussion with the Overall Principal Investigator. No washout is required if the most recent anti-neoplastic therapy is lorlatinib.
  • Patients must have recovered from treatment toxicities to ≤ Grade 1 or to their pretreatment levels except for adverse events that in the investigator's judgment do not constitute a safety risk for the patient.
  • Patients can either be chemotherapy-naive or have received chemotherapy for locally-advanced or metastatic disease. Acute effects of therapy must have resolved to baseline severity or to CTCAE grade ≤1 except for adverse events that in the investigator's judgment do not constitute a safety risk for the patient.
  • Recovery from effects of any major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 28 days before the first dose of study treatment.
  • For all women of childbearing potential, a negative pregnancy test must be obtained at the baseline visit before starting study treatment. For women who are not postmenopausal (≥ 12 months of non-therapy-induced amenorrhea) or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus): agreement to remain abstinent or use two adequate methods of contraception, including at least one method with a failure rate of < 1% per year, during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of study drug.

    • Abstinence is only acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
    • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established, proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. Alternatively, two methods (e.g., two barrier methods such as a condom and a cervical cap) may be combined to achieve a failure rate of <1% per year. Barrier methods must always be supplemented with the use of a spermicide.
  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent or use a barrier method of contraception (e.g., condom) during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of study drug and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during this same period
  • Men with a pregnant partner must agree to remain abstinent or use a condom for the duration of the pregnancy.
  • Abstinence is only acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Patients with untreated, controlled asymptomatic CNS lesions are permitted to enroll aslong as the CNS was not a site of progressive disease on lorlatinib monotherapy. If the CNS was a site of progressive disease on lorlatinib monotherapy, treatment of CNS lesions is required for enrollment. If CNS lesions are resected, a washout period of at least 28 days is required. This period may be shortened to 14 days with Overall PI approval.
  • The use of seizure prophylaxis is allowed as long as patients are taking non-enzyme inducing anti-epileptic drugs (non-EIAED). If patients were previously on EIAEDs and these have been discontinued, they must have been discontinued for at least 7 days prior to treatment start. If patients require an anti-epileptic medication, then a CYP3A4 non-EIAED can be used such as levetiracetam, valproic acid, gabapentin, topiramate or lacosamide.
  • Patients requiring steroids for control of CNS metastases must be at a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to enrollment
  • Patients with asymptomatic leptomeningeal disease are eligible for participation in this trial. However, patients who had progression of leptomeningeal disease on lorlatinib will be required to undergo CNS radiation to meet eligibility.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have had chemotherapy or immunotherapy within 3 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 3 weeks earlier.
  • Participation in other studies involving investigational drug(s) within 1 week prior to study entry and/or during study participation. If the half-life of the investigational drug is known, then a period of 5 half-lives is required (or 1 week whichever is shorter) is required between discontinuing the investigational drug and starting study treatment.
  • Radiation therapy (except palliative to relieve bone pain) within 7 days of study entry. Palliative radiation (≤ 10 fractions) must have been completed at least 48 hours prior to study entry. Stereotactic or small field brain irradiation must have been completed at least 48 hours prior to study entry. Whole brain radiation and radiation for leptomeningeal metastasis must have been completed at least 7 days prior to study entry. Acute effects of radiation must have resolved to baseline severity or to CTCAE grade ≤1 except for adverse events that in the investigator's judgment do not constitute a safety risk for the patient.
  • Pregnant or lactating women.
  • Patients with predisposing characteristics for acute pancreatitis per the investigator's judgment (e.g. uncontrolled hyperglycemia, current symptomatic gallstone disease) in the 2 weeks prior to randomization
  • History of hypersensitivity to lorlatinib or any of its excipients. In addition, subjects who are unable to tolerate the 50 mg dose of lorlatinib will not be permitted to enroll unless doses of lorlatinib below the entry level are being investigated (e.g. dose level -1) and they have previously tolerated lorlatinib monotherapy at the dose being investigated.
  • History of extensive, disseminated, bilateral or presence of Grade 3 or 4 interstitial fibrosis or interstitial lung disease including pneumonitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, interstitial pneumonia, interstitial lung disease, obliterative bronchiolitis or pulmonary fibrosis. Patients with history of prior radiation pneumonitis are not excluded.
  • Serum albumin ≤ 2.5 g/dL
  • History of HIV or history of active tuberculosis
  • Current use or anticipated need for food or drugs that are known strong CYP3A4 inhibitors, including their administration within 2 weeks prior to the first study treatment (i.e., strong CYP3A4 inhibitors: grapefruit juice or grapefruit/grapefruit related citrus fruits [e.g., Seville oranges, pomelos], ketoconazole, miconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, clarithromycin, telithromycin, indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, amprenavir, fosamprenavir nefazodone, lopinavir, troleandomycin, mibefradil, and conivaptan; Moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors: erythromycin, verapamil,atazanavir, delavirdine, fluconazole, darunavir, diltiazem, aprepitant, imatinib, tofisopam,ciprofloxacin, cimetidine).
  • Current use or anticipated need for drugs that are known strong CYP3A4 inducers including their administration within 2 weeks prior to the first study treatment (i.e., phenobarbital, rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifabutin, rifapentin, clevidipine, St. John's Wort).
  • Current symptomatic congestive heart failure or history of symptomatic congestive heart failure in the preceding 3 months, defined as NY Heart Association Classification 2- 4
  • Binimetinib group only: Left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% or institutional lower limit of normal, whichever is lower
  • Current diagnosis of symptomatic bradycardia
  • Abnormal hematologic and end organ function, defined by the following laboratory results:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≤ 1500 cells/µL (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support should not be used within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1).
    • Platelet count ≤100,000/µL
    • Hemoglobin ≤ 9.0 g/dL (patients may be transfused above this threshold)
    • INR and aPTT ≥ 1.5 x ULN. Patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation may exceed these parameters provided they are on a stable dose.
    • Serum creatinine ≥1.5x the ULN or an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation of < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • Serum lipase ≥ 1.5x ULN
  • Liver disease characterized by:

    • ALT or AST ≥ 3x ULN (or > 5x ULN for patients with concurrent liver metastasis)
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN; NOTE: Patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome or hyperbilirubinemia due to nonhepatic cause (e.g., hemolysis, hematoma) may be enrolled following discussion and agreement with the Overall Principal Investigator.
    • Impaired synthetic function or other conditions of decompensated liver disease, such ascoagulopathy, hepatic encephalopathy, ascites, and bleeding from esophageal varices
    • Acute viral or active autoimmune, alcoholic, or other types of acute hepatitis
  • Binimetinib group only: History of or evidence of retinal pathology on ophthalmologic examination that is considered a risk factor for neurosensory retinal detachment, central serous chorioretinopathy, retinal vein occlusion (RVO), or neovascular macular degeneration.
  • Major surgical procedure (including brain surgery) within 28 days prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study.
  • Evidence of active malignancy (other than current NSCLC, non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, localized/stable renal masses, DCIS/LCIS of the breast, or localized and presumed cured prostate cancer) within the last 3 years.
  • Active inflammatory gastrointestinal disease or previous gastric resection or lap band.
  • Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills
  • Concurrent use of other tyrosine kinase inhibitors
  • Prior treatment with a MAP-kinase pathway inhibitor (RAS, RAF, ERK, MEK).
  • Allergy or hypersensitivity to components of the lorlatinib, binimetinib, or crizotinibformulations
  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that would preclude the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the participant at high risk from treatment complications.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04292119


Contacts
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Contact: Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, MD 617-724-1134 idagogo-jack@partners.org
Contact: Elizabeth Kennedy 617-724-1223 eakennedy@mgh.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, MD    617-724-1134    Idagogo-jack@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack         
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Daniel Costa, MD    617-667-9138    dbcosta@bidmc.harvard.edu   
Principal Investigator: Daniel Costa, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Array BioPharma
Pfizer
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, M.D., Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04292119    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-629
First Posted: March 2, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Partners Innovations team
URL: http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Ibiayi Dagogo-Jack, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital:
Lung Cancer
Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Rearrangement
ROS1 Rearrangement
Relapsed Cancer
Resistant Cancer
MET Amplification
NSCLC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Crizotinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action