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The Kaia Back Pain Intervention for Self-management of Low Back Pain (BACKSPIN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04290078
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : February 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kaia Health Software

Brief Summary:
The study aims to evaluate outcomes of the use of Kaia Study app (software program application for self-management of low-back pain) on back pain among adults with non-specific subacute and chronic low back pain based on change in pain intensity, physical functioning, quality of life (PROMIS-10) based on self-reported information from baseline to study end as compared to a control group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Low Back Pain Device: Kaia Back Pain Study App Other: Usual Care Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a two-arm, parallel assignment, open-label, randomized control trial comparing back pain outcomes in an intervention group (MPT using the Kaia app) to those of a control group (usual care without restrictions on treatment). It is designed to enroll up to 184 participants. The treatment period will last for 90 days. This includes the randomization assignment and follow-up evaluations at 30 days, 60 days, and 90 days post-randomization. After pre-screening and informed consent activities are completed, the study will be conducted using electronic patient reported outcomes (ePROs); participants can complete all study tasks at home by means of internet-enabled devices. Participants assigned to the intervention group will implement Kaia's exercise regimen using their personal mobile devices. The control group will receive usual care without restrictions and will be provided with internet-based information about treatment of non-specific back pain, including handouts depicting typical home-based exercises as recommended by American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 184 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Kaia Back Pain Intervention for Self-management of Low Back Pain - a Randomized Controlled Study
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Back Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Kaia Back Pain Study Intervention

The study intervention consists of training sessions conducted daily by the participant via Kaia back pain program. This content combines several approaches that may be effective when used together such as physical exercises, relaxation practices and learning modules. Additionally, there is availability of an electronic motion coach on a set of exercises.

Users also receive behavioural health coaching provided by Kaia's coaching staff based on a coaching curriculum.

Device: Kaia Back Pain Study App
Kaia Back Pain is an integrated solution for self-management of low-back pain that digitizes multidisciplinary rehabilitation into a smartphone application.

Active Comparator: Control Group
Participants in the control arm will be provided with online links to educational materials about home exercises and pain management and asked to continue their usual care. On-line resources will include links to Web MD, the National Library of Medicine (Medline), and OnHealth.
Other: Usual Care
Participants in the control arm will be provided with online links to educational materials about home exercises and pain management and asked to continue their usual care. On-line resources will include links to Web MD, the National Library of Medicine (Medline), and OnHealth




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Numerical Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline NRS at 90 days ]
    Pain Intensity (NRS-11, 0 no pain to 10 Severe pain)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Oswestry Disability Index [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 30, day 60 and day 90 ]
    Measure of Disability in Low Back Pain ( Scale from "0%" no disability no to "100% worst possible disability" )

  2. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10-Question Short Form (PROMIS-10) [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 30, day 60 and day 90 ]
    Quality of Life and overall Health Status (scores are transformed to t score distributions with a mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10. A higher score indicates better health)

  3. Perceived Treatment Helpfulness [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 30, day 60 and day 90 ]
    Feedback on the mobile medical application (5-Point Likert Scales ranging from 1 "lowest satisfaction" to 5 "highest satisfaction")

  4. Pain Catastrophizing Scale [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0) and at day 90 ]
    Quantify individual's pain catastrophizing (scored from 0 "no catastrophizing" to 52 "worst possible catastrophizing")

  5. Satisfaction and perceived treatment helpfulness [ Time Frame: Study End at day 90 ]
    Feedback on the mobile medical application (5-Point Likert Scales ranging from 1 "lowest satisfaction" to 5 "highest satisfaction")

  6. Health care utilisation [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 30, day 60 and day 90 ]
    Use of services by persons for the purpose of preventing and curing health problems (type and number of times utilized)

  7. Change in concomitant medication use [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 15, day 30, day 45, day 60, day 75 and day 90 ]
    Record of intaken concomitant analgetic medication (number of uses)

  8. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 15, day 30, day 45, day 60, day 75 and day 90 ]
    Absolute number of untoward medical occurrences

  9. Number of Device Deficiencies [ Time Frame: baseline (day 0), day 15, day 30, day 45, day 60, day 75 and day 90 ]
    Absolute number of untoward technical occurrences



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Between 22 and 75 years old
  2. Able to speak, read, and understand English
  3. Smartphone user with a compatible device, built-in camera, and internet access at home
  4. Pain intensity ≥4/10 on Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for low back pain, on average, in the week prior to screening
  5. Low back pain diagnosis with duration ≥1 month and <12 months (i.e., non-specific subacute or chronic back pain)
  6. Willingness and capable of providing Informed Consent to use the Kaia Study app and participate in all assessments associated with this clinical study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Referral or plans for surgery, chiropractic care, acupuncture, injections or other treatment for low back pain in the next 1 month following screening
  2. Self-reported prior subscription to Kaia app or plans to participate in any other investigational trials or protocols for low back pain within 90 days
  3. Known pregnancy at screening or plans to become pregnant during study.
  4. Prior back surgery or current workers compensation case or litigation related to back pain
  5. Self-reported ongoing use of opioids for conditions other than back pain within 30 days prior to screening
  6. If taking opioid or NSAID medication for back pain, changes in dosing or type of medications used for analgesic regimen within 30 days prior to screening
  7. Use of opioids greater than the following daily doses: oxycodone >20 mg per day, morphine > 30 mg per day, hydrocodone > 30 mg per day, or tramadol > 300 mg per day within 30 days prior to screening
  8. Self-reported history of substance abuse within 1 year
  9. Diagnosis of specific underlying cause of back pain (e.g., known spinal fracture, spinal tumor, spinal infection, disc herniation, spinal stenosis)
  10. Severe or unstable medical condition (e.g., unstable cardiac disease, active infection, stroke with residual neuromuscular effects, paralysis, gait imbalance, or history of recent recurrent falls)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04290078


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital /Physiatry, Spine & Pain Management
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kaia Health Software
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Assoc. Prof. Srdjan Nedeljkovic, MD Physiatry, Spine & Pain Management
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Responsible Party: Kaia Health Software
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04290078    
Other Study ID Numbers: KaiaBP001
First Posted: February 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 8, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations