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Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Nivolumab in Combination With Paclitaxel in Subjects With Head and Neck Cancer Unable for Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy (NIVOTAX) (NIVOTAX)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04282109
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 24, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Apices Soluciones S.L.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Grupo Español de Tratamiento de Tumores de Cabeza y Cuello

Brief Summary:

Chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is palliative and usually platinum based, and the patients often present with poor physical condition. Consequently, many of them are not able to withstand a platinum-based chemotherapy. The addition of taxanes to the armamentarium of drugs improve the outcome in this group of patients. An alternative and better tolerated regimen for these patients is paclitaxel in combination with cetuximab, included the in guidelines of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology.

Recently, new treatments such as immune-checkpoint inhibitors have shown promising activity and good tolerability in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and has been included in the recently published guidelines from the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer. Nivolumab (anti-PD1) has been approved for patients progressing on or after platinum-based therapy, as it clearly impacts on overall survival.

This randomized phase II study will evaluate the efficacy of nivolumab plus paclitaxel for first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic HNSCC in the platinum ineligible and platinum refractory settings. Control arm will be paclitaxel in combination with cetuximab, treatment included in the guidelines of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Head and Neck Cancer Stage IV Drug: Nivolumab + Paclitaxel Drug: Cetuximab + Paclitaxel Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 141 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Multicenter Randomized Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of First Line Nivolumab in Combination With Paclitaxel in Subjects With R/M HNSCC Unable for Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy (NIVOTAX)
Actual Study Start Date : June 3, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
NIVOTAX (nivolumab + paclitaxel, follow by maintenance with nivolumab)
Drug: Nivolumab + Paclitaxel

Combination treatment: Nivolumab 240 mg will be administered via IV infusion every 2 weeks. Paclitaxel 80mg/m2 will be administered via IV infusion weekly. After 12 weeks from the start of the combined treatment paclitaxel will be stopped.

Maintenance treatment with nivolumab 480 mg every 4 weeks will start two weeks after the last administration of nivolumab 240 mg. Once nivolumab is administered at 480 mg, paclitaxel can no longer be administered.

Nivolumab will be continued alone until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent up to a maximum of 24 months.


Active Comparator: Arm 2
ERBITAX (cetuximab + paclitaxel, follow by maintenance with cetuximab)
Drug: Cetuximab + Paclitaxel

Combination treatment: Cetuximab 250 mg/m2 (first dose of 400 mg/m2) administered via IV infusion weekly plus weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) administered via IV infusion.

After 12 weeks from the start of the combined treatment paclitaxel will be stopped and weekly cetuximab will be continued alone until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent up to a maximum of 24 months.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Two years overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death. For subjects without documentation of death, OS will be censored on the last date the subject was known to be alive.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  2. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  3. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Disease control rate (DCR) is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  4. Duration of response (DoR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Duration of Response (DoR) is defined as the time between the date of first confirmed response to the date of the first documented tumor progression (per RECIST 1.1), or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  5. Rate of progressive disease (PD) at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Rate of PD is defined as the number of subjects with PD at 6 months divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  6. Five years overall survival (5y-OS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  7. Overall survival in patients ≥ 70 years. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  8. Progression free survival in patients ≥ 70 years. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  9. Overall response rate in patients ≥ 70 years. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  10. Overall survival based on PDL1 expression (CPS). [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  11. Progression free survival based on PDL1 expression (CPS). [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  12. Overall response rate based on PDL1 expression (CPS). [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  13. Overall survival based on HPV (OPC). [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  14. Progression free survival based on HPV (OPC). [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  15. Overall response rate based on HPV (OPC). [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  16. Overall survival based on cisplatin refractory. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  17. Progression free survival based on cisplatin refractory. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  18. Overall response rate based on cisplatin refractory. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  19. Overall survival based on cisplatin ineligibility. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  20. Progression free survival based on cisplatin ineligibility. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  21. Overall response rate based on cisplatin ineligibility. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  22. Overall survival based on Karnofsky. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death.

  23. Progression free survival based on Karnofsky. [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documented disease progression, as assessed by the investigator using RECIST 1.1 criteria, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.

  24. Overall response rate based on Karnofsky. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR is defined as the number of subjects with a best overall response (BOR) of a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) divided by the number of randomized subjects for each treatment group.

  25. Percentage of patients with AEs [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Percentage of patients with AEs in relation with total number of treated patients

  26. Percentage of patients with Grade 3 and Grade 4 AEs [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Percentage of patients with Grade 3 and Grade 4 AEs in relation with total number of treated patients

  27. Percentage of patients with SAEs [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Percentage of patients with SAEs in relation with total number of treated patients

  28. Percentage of patients who discontinued due to AEs [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Percentage of patients who discontinued due to AEs in relation with total number of treated patients

  29. Percentage of patients with each AE by grade [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Percentage of patients with each AE by grade in relation with total number of treated patients



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study-related procedure not part of standard medical care.
  2. Histologically confirmed HNSCC (oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx) not amenable to therapy with curative intent (surgery or radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy).
  3. Patients not previously treated for recurrent/metastatic disease.
  4. Radiographically measurable disease as defined by RECIST version 1.1. Previously irradiated lesions can only be considered as measurable disease if disease progression according to RECIST version 1.1.
  5. Patients unable for cisplatin-based chemotherapy, defined "unable" by:

    1. Karnofsky 70% or
    2. Karnofsky 80-100% and amenable to chemotherapy, but:

    i. Impaired renal function, creatinine clearance >30 mL/min and <80 mL/min GFR could be assessed by direct measurement (EDTA or creatinine clearance) if available or by calculation from serum or plasma creatinine (see annex 5), or

    ii. grade ≥2 hearing loss, according to the NCI CTCAE v 5.0, or

    iii. Class III heart failure according to the New York Heart Association (annex 9), or

    iv. History of allergic reactions to cisplatin, carboplatin, or other platinum-containing compounds or

    v. Prior dose of cisplatin ≥225 mg/m² for locally advanced disease (a patient who received prior RT + 3 cycles of cisplatin 100 mg/m2 or 3 cycles induction TPF (with cisplatin ≥75/m2) for locally advanced primary HN cancer can be included), or

    vi. Disease progression or relapse during or within 6 months of receiving platinum-based therapy administered as neoadjuvant, adjuvant therapy or as concomitant chemotherapy with radiotherapy and have received at least 200 mg/m2 of cisplatin.

  6. Male or female patients aged ≥18 years. Patients aged ≥70 years old can only be included with a G8 (Geriatric 8) health status screening score ≥ 14.
  7. Clinical laboratory values as specified below within 28 days before the first dose of study drug:

    1. Total bilirubin must be ≤2 × the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    2. Magnesium ≥ lower limit of normal.
    3. Calcium ≥ lower limit of normal.
    4. ALT and AST must be ≤3 × ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case they must be ≤5x ULN.
    5. Hemoglobin must be ≥9 g/dL, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be ≥1.500/µL, WBC must be ≥2.000/µL and platelet count must be ≥100.000/µL.
  8. Subjects who have received radiation as primary therapy are eligible if radiation therapy treatment was completed > 4 weeks prior to inclusion.
  9. Documentation of PD-L1 status by IHC performed by the central lab at randomization. A pre-treatment tumor tissue sample should be sent. A newly obtained biopsy (within 6 months prior to start of study treatment) is preferred but an archival sample is acceptable, if several tumor samples are available, testing should be performed on the most recently obtained tumor sample.
  10. Documentation of HPV p16 status (OPC) is required for HNSCC tumor of the oropharynx. For subjects with oropharyngeal cancer, sites are defined in annex 8. HPV status of tumor tissue has to be locally determined at screening by any of the following methods: p16 IHC, in situ hybridization, or polymerase chain reaction based assay. If HPV status by p16 IHC is positive result confirmation by PCR is mandatory.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients aged <18 years. Patients aged ≥ 70 years old should not be included with a G8 (Geriatric 8) health status screening score < 14.
  2. Karnofsky <70%.
  3. Patients that meets more than one of the following criteria:

    1. Karnofsky 70%,
    2. Impaired renal function, creatinine clearance >30 mL/min and <80 mL/min GFR could be assessed by direct measurement (EDTA or creatinine clearance) if available or by calculation from serum or plasma creatinine (see annex 5),
    3. Class III heart failure according to the New York Heart Association (annex 9).
  4. Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥2 from previous anticancer therapy except for alopecia, vitiligo, hear loss and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria.
  5. Histologically confirmed recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary, of the nasopharynx or non-squamous histologies (eg, mucosal melanoma).
  6. Active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases.
  7. Carcinomatous meningitis.
  8. Active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune thyroiditis only requiring hormone replacement, or unexpected conditions of recurrence in the absence of an external trigger are allowed to be included.
  9. Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or any condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of treatment.
  10. History of pneumonitis requiring treatment with steroids; history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan; history of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted.
  11. Patients with a history of interstitial lung disease cannot be included if they have symptomatic ILD (Grade 3-4) and/or poor lung function.
  12. Prior therapy with experimental antitumor vaccines; any T-cell co-stimulation agents or inhibitors of checkpoint pathways, such as anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody; or other agents specifically targeting T cells are prohibited.
  13. Any serious medical or psychiatric illness, including drug or alcohol abuse, that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol.
  14. Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer.
  15. Female patients who are lactating and breast-feeding or a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  16. Systemic anticancer treatment or radiotherapy less than 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, before the first dose of study treatment or not recovered from acute toxic effects from prior chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
  17. Prior treatment with investigational agents ≤21 days (≤4 weeks for monoclonal antibodies with evidence of PD) or ≤5 their half-lives (whichever is shorter) before the first dose of study treatment. A minimum of 10 days should elapse from prior therapy to initiating protocol therapy.
  18. Major surgery within 14 days before the first dose of study drug and not recovered fully from any complications from surgery.
  19. Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days before the first dose of study drug.
  20. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (testing not required), or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  21. Patients with positive test for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating presence of virus, eg, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive, or Hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if HCV-RNA negative).
  22. Active secondary malignancy that requires treatment. Patients with previous malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers, and the following in situ cancers: bladder, gastric, colon, endometrial, cervical/dysplasia, melanoma, or breast) are excluded unless a complete remission was achieved at least 2 years prior to study entry and no additional therapy is required during the study period
  23. Any clinically significant co-morbidities, such as uncontrolled pulmonary disease, known impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac disease, active central nervous system disease, active infection, or any other condition that could compromise the patient's participation in the study.
  24. Patients with history of hypersensitivity reactions to study drugs (nivolumab, cetuximab or paclitaxel) or any of their excipients.
  25. Symptomatic peripheral neuropathy of Grade ≥ 2 based on the CTCAE v5.0
  26. Pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, or other significant thromboembolic event ≤ 8 weeks prior to starting the study treatment.
  27. History of severe skin disorder that in the opinion of the investigator may interfere with study conduct.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04282109


Contacts
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Contact: Carmen Montalbán +34 676 154 172 cmontalban@ttccgrupo.com

Locations
Show Show 20 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Grupo Español de Tratamiento de Tumores de Cabeza y Cuello
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Apices Soluciones S.L.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ricard Mesia, MD Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol de Badalona
Principal Investigator: Lara Iglesias, MD Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre
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Responsible Party: Grupo Español de Tratamiento de Tumores de Cabeza y Cuello
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04282109    
Other Study ID Numbers: TTCC-2019-01/CA209-7HE
2019-002922-60 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 24, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Grupo Español de Tratamiento de Tumores de Cabeza y Cuello:
Head and neck cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Nivolumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Nivolumab
Cetuximab
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological