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Study of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Severe Pneumonia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04273646
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 18, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Wuhan Hamilton Bio-technology Co., Ltd, China.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yang Jin, Wuhan Union Hospital, China

Brief Summary:
The novel coronavirus pneumonia is a kind of new emerging respiratory infectious disease, characterized by fever, dry cough, and chest tightness, and caused by the infection of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). In severe cases, there will be rapid respiratory system failure. The novel coronavirus pneumonia is extremely contagious and the disease progresses rapidly. It has become a urgent and serious public health event that threatens human life and health globally. Among them, severe pneumonia caused by novel coronavirus is characterized by extensive acute inflammation of the lungs and the patient is critically ill. At present, there is no effective treatment in clinical practice.Most of them should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions. This clinical trial is to inspect the safety and efficiency of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells (UC-MSCs) therapy for severe pneumonia patients infected with 2019-nCoV.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
2019 Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia COVID-19 Biological: UC-MSCs Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Since December 2019, Wuhan has successively found multiple cases of patients with pneumonia infected by a novel coronavirus. With the spread of the epidemic, other cases in China and abroad have also found such cases. As of 24:00 on February 1, 2020, a total of 14,380 confirmed cases were reported in China, of which there were 2110 severe cases and 304 death cases. At present, there is no effective treatment for pneumonia in the clinic against new coronavirus infection, especially severe and critical cases. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore more active and effective therapeutic approach to severe pneumonia patients infected with 2019-nCoV.

Human and animal studies have shown that after infection with coronavirus, the rapid replication of the virus in the body and the subsequent inflammatory response cause damage to alveolar epithelial cells and capillary endothelial cells, causing diffuse interstitial and alveolar edema, and pulmonary function. Impaired, leading to acute hypoxic respiratory insufficiency. The National Health and Medical Commission recently released the "New Coronavirus Infected Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment Plan (Trial Version 5)", which pointed out that the new type of coronavirus severe pneumonia usually has difficulty breathing after one week, and the severe cases quickly progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome, Septic shock and metabolic acidosis that is difficult to correct. It can be seen that the key to the treatment of new coronavirus severe pneumonia is to inhibit the super-inflammatory immune response caused by the virus, thereby reducing the damage of alveolar epithelial cells and capillary endothelial cells, and then repairing the structure and function of lung tissue.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most studied and important adult stem cells. A large amount of evidence shows that MSCs can migrate to and return to damaged tissues, exert strong anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory functions, promote the regeneration and repair of damaged tissues, resist apoptosis and inhibit tissue fibrosis, and reduce tissue damage. Many studies have shown that the anti-inflammatory effects of MSCs can significantly reduce virus-induced lung injury and mortality in mice. Studies have shown that MSCs can significantly reduce acute lung injury in mice caused by H9N2 and H5N1 viruses by reducing the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines and reducing the recruitment of inflammatory cells into the lungs. Compared with MSCs from other sources, human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (umbilical cord MSCs, UC-MSCs) have been widely used because of their convenient collection, no ethical controversy, low immunogenicity, fast self-renewal and strong proliferation ability Research on the treatment of various diseases. Early research in this laboratory used UC-MSCs to intervene in endotoxin (LPS) -induced acute lung injury in mice, and confirmed that UC-MSCs can significantly reduce inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissue, reduce inflammation in lung tissue, and significantly improve lung The structure and function of tissues protect mouse lung tissue from endotoxin-induced damage.

The purpose of this study is to investigate efficiency and safety of UC-MSCs in treating severe pneumonia patients infected with 2019-nCoV. This trial will recruit 48 patients. 24 patients received i.v. transfusion one round (4 times) of 5.0*10E6 cells/kg of UC-MSCs as the treated group, all of them received the conventional treatment. In addition, the equal 24 patients received conventional treatment were used as control group. The respiratory function, pulmonary inflammation, clinical symptoms, pulmonary imaging, side effects, 28-days mortality, immunological characteristics (immune cells, inflammatory factors, etc.) will be evaluated during the 90 days to 96 weeks follow up.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Study of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Severe Pneumonia
Estimated Study Start Date : February 16, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 15, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: UC-MSCs Treatment Group

Conventional treatment plus UC-MSCs:

Participants will receive conventional treatment plus 4 times of UC-MSCs(0.5*10E6 UC-MSCs/kg body weight intravenously at Day 1,Day 3,Day 5,Day7).

Biological: UC-MSCs
4 times of UC-MSCs(0.5*10E6 UC-MSCs/kg body weight intravenously at Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, Day 7).

Placebo Comparator: Conventional Control Group

Conventional treatment plus Placebo:

Without UC-MSCs Therapy but conventional treatment should be received. Participants will receive conventional treatment plus 4 times of Placebo intravenously at Day 1,Day 3,Day 5,Day7).

Drug: Placebo
4 times of cell-free stem cell suspension (saline containing 1% human albumin) intravenously at Day 1, Day 3, Day 5, Day 7).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pneumonia severity index [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Evaluation of Pneumonia Improvement

  2. Oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Evaluation of Pneumonia Improvement


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Side effects in the UC-MSCs treatment group [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 96 week after treatment ]
    Incidence of acute and chronic treatment-related adverse events in patients with novel coronavirus severe pneumonia receiving UC-MSCs infusion as assessed.

  2. 28-days survival [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Marker for efficacy of treatment

  3. Sequential organ failure assessment [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Markers of organ function(Score each criterion on a scale of 0 to 4, and the higher the score, the worse the prognosis.)

  4. C-reactive protein [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Markers of Infection

  5. Procalcitonin [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Markers of Infection

  6. Lymphocyte count [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Marker of Immunological function

  7. CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T celll count [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Marker of Immunological function

  8. CD4+/CD8+ratio [ Time Frame: From Baseline (0W) to 12 week after treatment ]
    Marker of Immunological function



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. CT image is characteristic of viral pneumonia;
  2. 2019-ncov infection (positive nucleic acid test) is confirmed by pathogenic test;
  3. In compliance with the 2019-nCoV infection severe pneumonia diagnosis standard (according to the novel coronavirus infection pneumonia diagnosis and treatment program (Trial Implementation Version 5) issued by the National Health and Medical Commission, and WHO 2019 new coronavirus guidelines standards). It is severe if it meets any of the following: (A) Increased breathing rate (≥30 beats / min), difficulty breathing, cyanosis of the lips; (B) When inhaling, means oxygen saturation ≤93%; (C) Partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) / Fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≤300 mmHg (1mmHg = 0.133kPa);
  4. 18 years old ≤ age ≤ 65 years old, regardless of gender;
  5. The patient or legal donor agrees to participate in the study and signs the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with severe allergies or allergies to stem cell preparations and their components;
  2. Patients with serious basic diseases that affect survival, including: blood diseases, cachexia, active bleeding, severe malnutrition, etc .;
  3. Patients with pulmonary obstructive pneumonia, severe pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, alveolar proteinosis, allergic alveolitis, and other known viral pneumonia or bacterial pneumonia;
  4. Continuous use of immunosuppressive agents or organ transplants in the past 6 months;
  5. In vitro life support (ECMO, ECCO2R, RRT);
  6. Expected deaths within 48 hours, uncontrolled infections;
  7. Patients with malignant blood-borne diseases such as HIV or syphilis;
  8. Patient with pregnancy, are planning to become pregnant or breastfeeding;
  9. Patients with poor compliance and unable to complete the full study;
  10. The investigator determines that there may be increased risk of the subject or other conditions that interfere with the clinical trial and the judgment of the results (such as excessive stress, sensitivity or cognitive impairment, etc.);
  11. There are other situations that the researchers think are not suitable to participate in this clinical study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04273646


Contacts
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Contact: Yang Jin, MD +8613554361146 whuhjy@sina.com
Contact: Yang Jin, MD +86027-85726114 whuhjy@126.com

Locations
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China, Hubei
Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Wuhan, Hubei, China, 430000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wuhan Union Hospital, China
Wuhan Hamilton Bio-technology Co., Ltd, China.

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Responsible Party: Yang Jin, Principle Investigator, Clinical Professor of Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,, Wuhan Union Hospital, China
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04273646    
Other Study ID Numbers: 202001
First Posted: February 18, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 21, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Yang Jin, Wuhan Union Hospital, China:
2019 Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia
Safety
Efficiency
Cell Therapy
UC-MSCs
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronavirus Infections
Pneumonia
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases