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Potential Role of AGEs in Paediatric Allergies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04273152
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roberto Berni Canani, Federico II University

Brief Summary:
Food allergy (FA) is "an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly" according to the 2010 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (NIAID/NIH)-supported Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States (Boyce et al. 2010). Studies have suggested that the natural history of FA has changed during the last two decades, with a dramatic rise in the prevalence, severity of clinical manifestations, and risk of persistence into later ages, leading to an increase in hospital admissions, medical visits, treatments, and burden of care on families and to an important economic impact, with significant direct costs for the families and healthcare system (Skripak et al. 2007; McBride et al. 2012; Gupta et al. 2013). The development of FA might be influenced by genetics, environment, and genome-environment interactions, leading to immune system dysfunction, mediated at least in part by epigenetic mechanisms (Berni Canani et al. 2015; Paparo et al. 2018). Many factors have been postulated to contribute to the onset of FA. Among dietary factors, it has been hypothesized that advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), present at high level in junk food, could be involved in FA pathogenesis. AGEs are a heterogeneous group of compounds deriving from a non-enzymatic reaction between reducing sugars and free amino groups of proteins, lipids, or nucleic acids. This reaction is also known as the Maillard or browning reaction. The formation of AGEs is a part of normal metabolism, but if excessively high levels of AGEs are reached in tissues and the circulation they can become pathogenic. AGEs are naturally present in uncooked animal-derived foods, and cooking results in the formation of new AGEs within these foods. Consumption of AGE-rich diets is associated with elevated circulating and tissue AGEs and an increase of their pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant effects. On the other hand, restriction of AGEs prevents inflammation. AGEs not only exert their deleterious actions due to their biological properties, but also through their interaction with specific receptors (RAGE). AGEs are able to activate mast cells and induces a chronic inflammatory state that promotes a Th2 type response. The aim of this study is to evaluate the AGEs levels in FA children compared with healthy controls and subjects with other allergic diseases.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Allergy Diagnostic Test: advanced glycation endproducts reader

Detailed Description:
The study is designed to evaluate the AGEs concentration in allergic children compared with healthy controls and to investigate the potential role of AGEs in FA pathogenesis. First, the investigators will define subcutaneous AGEs levels in children affected by allergy, comparing to non-allergy children AGEs levels. Subsequently, the investigators will investigate the possible correlation with dietary habits and the potential effects of AGEs on gut barrier components and on non-immune and immune mechanisms in experimental models.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 200 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Potential Role of Advanced Glycation End-products in the Pathogenesis of Paediatric Allergies
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 30, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : March 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Allergy

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
children with allergy
children with allergies
Diagnostic Test: advanced glycation endproducts reader
advanced glycation endproducts reader

healthy control
healthy control (non allergic children)
Diagnostic Test: advanced glycation endproducts reader
advanced glycation endproducts reader

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The advanced glycation endproducts subcutaneous levels [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
    the advanced glycation endproductssubcutaneous levels in allergic children compared with healthy controls.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. the correlation between advanced glycation endproducts subcutaneous levels and dietary habits [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
    the correlation between advanced glycation endproducts subcutaneous levels and dietary habits

  2. the investigation of the potential pathogenetic role elicited by AGEs in allergy [ Time Frame: at baseline ]
    • Intestinal permeability (using transepithelial eletrical resistence), tight junction proteins expression (measured as fold change), the epithelial cell-derived danger signal mediators IL-33 and TSLP (pg/ml), RAGE pathway expression (measured as fold change), ROS production (expressed as optical density) analysis on human enterocytes cell line
    • IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-10, IFN-g, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a determination (pg/ml) on culture supernatants from peripheral blood mononuclear cells
    • Immunohistochemistry analysis of small intestinal biopsies (measured as number of CD25+ mononuclear cells)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Children with confirmed diagnosis of allergy and healthy controls consecutively observed at our tertiary center for pediatric allergy will be evaluated for inclusion in the study. Only subjects who will meet the inclusion criteria will be invited to participate in the study. Anamnestic, demographic, anthropometric, and clinical data, as well as information on use of drugs, pre-, pro- or symbiotic products will be collected. Also dietary habits will be evaluated, particularly number, place and time of meals, special diets or elimination diets, frequency of consumption of cereals and derivatives, meat products, fish, eggs, dairy products, fruit and vegetables, legumes, sweets, sweetened beverages and possibly alcoholic drinks and the corresponding cooking methods.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Caucasian ethnicity
  • Both sexes
  • Age ≥ 5 and ≤15 years with confirmed diagnosis of allergy (food and/or respiratory), and healthy controls age- and sex-matched.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non caucasian ethnicity
  • Age <5 or >15 years
  • Concomitant presence of other chronic diseases not related to allergy (i.e., malignancy, immunodeficiency, cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, autoimmune diseases, neuropsychiatric diseases, diabetes mellitus type 1, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, malformations of the urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract and/or respiratory tract, genetic-metabolic disorders, nervous system diseases, delayed psychomotor development, chronic lung diseases, hematological diseases)
  • Presence of tattoos, scars, moles or lesions on both forearms

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04273152

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Pediatric Office
Naples, Italy, 80100
Sponsors and Collaborators
Federico II University
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Responsible Party: Roberto Berni Canani, Professor, Federico II University Identifier: NCT04273152    
Other Study ID Numbers: 176/19
First Posted: February 17, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Immune System Diseases