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Ibrutinib + Venetoclax in Untreated WM

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04273139
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 17, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AbbVie
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jorge J. Castillo, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of Ibrutinib combined with Venetoclax (IVEN) in the treatment of adults diagnosed with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) cancer with a specific MYD88 gene mutation.

This research study involves an experimental drug combination of targeted therapies.

The names of the study drugs involved in this study are:

  • Venetoclax
  • ibrutinib

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia MYD88 Gene Mutation Drug: IBRUTINIB Drug: Venetoclax Phase 2

Detailed Description:
  • This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.
  • The names of the study drugs involved in this study are:

    • Venetoclax
    • ibrutinib
  • The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

    • Participants will be on the research study for up to 2 years on combined venetoclax and ibrutinib and 4 years of follow-up .
    • It is expected that about 50 people will take part in this research study.
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved venetoclax for your specific disease but it has been approved for other uses.

    -- Venetoclax is a targeted therapy that blocks BCL-2, a protein that is important for the survival of WM cells. Laboratory studies and early clinical data have shown that the investigational new agent, venetoclax, may kill cancer cells and may cause tumors to shrink.

  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ibrutinib as a treatment option for this disease.

    --Ibrutinib is a targeted therapy that blocks BTK. It has been FDA approved in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), chronic graft vs. host disease (cGVHD), and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM). It is also used in research studies in participants with recurrent B-cell lymphoma), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and prolymphocytic leukemia. In a study of ibrutinib in relapsed/refractory WM patients, response rates were high and the treatment was well tolerated.

  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax as a treatment for any disease.
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the MYD88 test. This test is investigational.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The first 12 participants will be assigned to Arm 1. All subsequent participants will be assigned to Arm 2.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study on the Combination of Ibrutinib and Venetoclax in Treatment naïve Patients With Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
Actual Study Start Date : June 24, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 1, 2029


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ibrutinib and Venetoclax (3 dose ramp up)

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

First 12 participants

  • Ibrutinib will be administered at a predetermined dose, once daily for 28 days
  • TLS Prophylaxis (Treatment to reduce risk of tumor lysis syndrome) prior to first dose of venetoclax (and for at least the first 2 weeks of treatment)
  • Venetoclax Cycle 2-24. PO daily, predetermined dosage ramp up during cycle 2.
Drug: IBRUTINIB
Ibrutinib Cycle 1-24 will be administered at a predetermined dose, once daily for 28 days
Other Name: Imbruvica

Drug: Venetoclax
Venetoclax Cycle 2-24 will be administered daily for 28 days. Predetermined dosage ramp up schedule during cycle 2.
Other Name: Venclexta

Experimental: Ibrutinib and Venetoclax (2 dose ramp up)

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

  • Ibrutinib will be administered at a predetermined dose, once daily for 28 days
  • TLS Prophylaxis (Treatment to reduce risk of tumor lysis syndrome) prior to first dose of venetoclax (and for at least the first 2 weeks of treatment)
  • Venetoclax Cycle 2-24. PO daily, predetermined dosage ramp up schedule during cycle 2.
Drug: IBRUTINIB
Ibrutinib Cycle 1-24 will be administered at a predetermined dose, once daily for 28 days
Other Name: Imbruvica

Drug: Venetoclax
Venetoclax Cycle 2-24 will be administered daily for 28 days. Predetermined dosage ramp up schedule during cycle 2.
Other Name: Venclexta




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    Proportion of patients with VGPR to therapy. (VGPR is >90% reduction in serum IgM from baseline)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Complete Response (CR) 6 Cycles [ Time Frame: 6 Cycles (28 day cycle) ]
    Proportion of patients with a complete response after 6 cycles of therapy

  2. Rate of Complete Response (CR) 12 Cycles [ Time Frame: 12 Cycles (28 day cycle) ]
    Proportion of patients with a complete response after 12 cycles of therapy

  3. Rate of Complete Response (CR) 24 Cycles [ Time Frame: 24 Cycles (28 day cycle) ]
    Proportion of patients with a complete response after 24 cycles of therapy

  4. Overall Response 24 Cycles [ Time Frame: 24 Cycles (28 day cycle) ]
    Proportion of patients with minor response (MR) , partial response (PR), very good partial response (VGPR), or complete response (CR) to therapy.

  5. Rate of VGPR at 30 months [ Time Frame: 30 Months ]
    Proportion of patients with a VGPR at 30 months from beginning therapy.

  6. Median time to response [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Time from treatment initiation until first response

  7. Median time to major response [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Time from treatment initiation until partial response or better (>50% reduction in serum IgM)

  8. median time to VGPR [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Time from treatment initiation until very good partial response (>90% reduction in serum IgM)

  9. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    Time from initiation of therapy until disease progression (>25% increase in serum IgM and 500 mg/dL absolute increase).

  10. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 36 Months ]
    Time from initiation of therapy until disease progression (>25% increase in serum IgM and 500 mg/dL absolute increase).

  11. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 48 Months ]
    Time from initiation of therapy until disease progression (>25% increase in serum IgM and 500 mg/dL absolute increase).

  12. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 60 Months ]
    Time from initiation of therapy until disease progression (>25% increase in serum IgM and 500 mg/dL absolute increase).

  13. Overall survival [ Time Frame: duration of time from start of treatment to time of death or last follow-up up to 72 months ]
    Time from initiation of therapy until death

  14. Time to next treatment [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    Time from initiation of IVEN protocol therapy until initiation of new line of therapy.

  15. Impact of IVEN in the participants' quality of life [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    Quality of life questionnaire European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer. Scores range from 0-100 with high scores indicating a better outcome.

  16. Number of participants with Treatment Related Adverse Events as Assessed (CTCAE) version 5.0 [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    CTCAE version 5.0

  17. Impact ofCXCR4 mutations on overall response [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Comparison of response rates between participants with CXCR4 mutations and without CXCR4 mutations



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must meet the following criteria on screening examination to be eligible to participate. Screening evaluations including consent, physical exam, and laboratory assessments will be done within 30 days prior to Cycle 1 Day 1. Bone marrow biopsy & aspirate, and CT C/A/P will be done within 90 days prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
  • Clinicopathological diagnosis of Waldenström macroglobulinemia [28].
  • Known tumor expression of mutated MYD88 performed by a CLIA certified laboratory.
  • Symptomatic disease meeting criteria for treatment using consensus panel criteria from the Second International Workshop on Waldenström macroglobulinemia [29].
  • Participants with symptomatic hyperviscosity (e.g. nosebleeds, headaches, blurred vision) must undergo plasmapheresis prior to treatment initiation.
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • ECOG performance status ≤2 (see Appendix A)
  • Measurable disease, defined as presence of serum immunoglobin M (IgM) with a minimum IgM level of >2 times the upper limit of normal of each institution is required
  • At the time of screening, participants must have acceptable organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥500/uL (no growth factor permitted)
    • Platelets ≥50,000/uL (no platelet transfusions permitted)
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 7 g/dL (transfusions permitted)
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional ULN
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional ULN
    • Estimated GFR ≥30 mL/min
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must use one reliable form of contraception or have complete abstinence from heterosexual intercourse during the following time periods related to this study: 1) while participating in the study; and 2) for at least 90 days after discontinuation from the study. FCBP must be referred to a qualified provider of contraceptive methods if needed. FCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening.
  • Men must agree to use a latex condom during treatment and for up to 90 days after the last dose of ibrutinib or venetoclax during sexual contact with a FCBP
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Exclusion Criteria
  • Participants who exhibit any of the following conditions at screening will not be eligible for admission into the study:
  • Participants who have one or more prior systemic therapies for WM.
  • Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Participants with known CNS lymphoma.
  • Participants with known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) requiring active treatment. Note: Participants with serologic evidence of prior vaccination to HBV (i.e., HBs Ag-, and anti-HBs+ and anti-HBC-) and positive anti-HBc from IVIG may participate.
  • Concurrent administration of medications or foods that are moderate or strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A within 7 days prior to first dose of study drug.
  • Participants with chronic liver disease and hepatic impairment meeting Child-Pugh class C (Appendix B).
  • Concurrent administration of warfarin.
  • Concurrent systemic immunosuppressant therapy within 21 days of the first dose of study drug.
  • Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug.
  • Recent infection requiring systemic treatment that was completed ≤ 14 days before the first dose of the study drug.
  • Known bleeding disorders (e.g., congenital von Willebrand's disease or hemophilia)
  • History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment.
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug.
  • Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration.
  • Female participants who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant while enrolled in this study or within 90 days of last dose of study drug.
  • Male participants who plan to father a child while enrolled in this study or within 90 days after the last dose of study drug
  • Participants with known history of alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Participants with inability to swallow pills.
  • On any active therapy for other malignancies with the exception of topical therapies for basal cell or squamous cell cancers of the skin.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Participants with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens.
  • Participants who are unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04273139


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02214
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
AbbVie
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jorge J Castillo, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Jorge J. Castillo, MD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04273139    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-651
First Posted: February 17, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to Sponsor Investigator or designee. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Belfer Office for Dana-Farber Innovations (BODFI) at innovation@dfci.harvard.edu

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Jorge J. Castillo, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
ibrutinib
venetoclax
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Venetoclax
Antineoplastic Agents