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A Study of Pevonedistat and Venetoclax Combined With Azacitidine to Treat Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in Adults Unable to Receive Intensive Chemotherapy (PEVENAZA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04266795
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 31, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Brief Summary:

The main aim is to see how the combination of pevonedistat + venetoclax + azacitidine compares to venetoclax + azacitidine in adults recently diagnosed with AML who are unable to be treated with intensive chemotherapy.

Participants will receive either pevonedistat + venetoclax + azacitidine or venetoclax + azacitidine in 28-day treatment cycles. Bone marrow samples (biopsy) will be collected throughout the study. Pevonedistat will be given as an intravenous (IV) infusion and Azacitidine will be given through IV or subcutaneous (under the skin).

Study treatments may continue as long as the participant is receiving benefit from it. Participants may choose to stop treatment at any time.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Drug: Pevonedistat Drug: Venetoclax Drug: Azacitidine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called Pevonedistat. Pevonedistat is being tested to treat people who have AML. This study will compare the improvement in EFS in Arm A: Pevonedistat + Venetoclax + Azacitidine combination arm group when compared with Arm B: Venetoclax + Azacitidine.

The study will enroll approximately 164 patients. Participants will be randomly assigned in 1:1 ratio to one of the two treatment groups in 28-day treatment cycles and which will remain disclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study:

  • Pevonedistat 20 mg/m^2 + Venetoclax 400 mg (ramp-up dose, Cycle 1 only: 100-400mg) + Azacitidine 75 mg/m^2
  • Venetoclax 400 mg (ramp-up dose, Cycle 1 only: 100-400 mg) + Azacitidine 75 mg/m^2

This multi-center trial will be conducted worldwide. The overall time to participate in this study is approximately 3 years. Participants will attend the end-of-treatment visit 30 days after the last dose of study drug or before the start of subsequent anti-neoplastic therapy if that occurs sooner.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 164 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-label, Controlled, Phase 2 Study of Pevonedistat, Venetoclax, and Azacitidine Versus Venetoclax Plus Azacitidine in Adults With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Are Unfit for Intensive Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : October 13, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 16, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 18, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A: Pevonedistat + Venetoclax + Azacitidine
Pevonedistat 20 mg/m^2 as a 60-minute intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1, 3, and 5 in each 28-day cycle plus venetoclax 100 mg tablet orally on Day 1; 200 mg on Day 2; thereafter, at 400 mg on Day 3 through Day 28 in Cycle 1 (cycle length= 28 days) and 400 mg on Days 1 through 28 in Cycle 2 and beyond if tolerated. If remission is confirmed in Cycle 1 or thereafter, venetoclax 400 mg can be administered on Day 1 through 21 or 28 as per Investigator's discretion, plus azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 IV or subcutaneous (SC) dosing on Day 1 through 7 or Days 1 through 5, Days 8, and 9 in each cycle.
Drug: Pevonedistat
Pevonedistat IV infusion.
Other Names:
  • TAK-924
  • MLN4924

Drug: Venetoclax
Venetoclax tablets.

Drug: Azacitidine
Azacitidine IV or SC injection.

Active Comparator: Arm B: Venetoclax + Azacitidine
Venetoclax 100 mg tablet orally on Day 1; 200 mg on Day 2; thereafter, at 400 mg on Day 3 through Day 28 in Cycle 1 (cycle length= 28 days) and 400 mg on Days 1 through 28 in Cycle 2 and beyond if tolerated. If remission is confirmed in Cycle 1 or thereafter, venetoclax 400 mg can be administered on Day 1 through 21 or 28 as per Investigator's discretion, plus azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 IV or SC dosing on Days 1 through 7 or Days 1 through 5, Days 8, and 9 in each cycle.
Drug: Venetoclax
Venetoclax tablets.

Drug: Azacitidine
Azacitidine IV or SC injection.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-Free Survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    EFS is defined as time from study randomization to date of failure to achieve complete remission (CR)/CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), relapse from CR/CRi, or death. Assessments of disease response based on criteria: European Leukemia Net (ELN) 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; absolute neutrophil count (ANC)≥1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]). For participants who achieved CR/CRi, if relapse is not observed by time of analysis, will be censored at the date of last disease assessment. If fail to achieve CR/CRi, date of treatment failure will be set on day of randomization.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    OS is defined as time from randomization to death from any cause. Participants without documentation of death at the time of analysis will be censored at the date last known to be alive.

  2. Thirty-day Mortality Rate [ Time Frame: Day 30 ]
    Mortality rate is defined as percentage of participants who survive at most 30 days from the first dose of study drug.

  3. Sixty-day Mortality Rate [ Time Frame: Day 60 ]
    Mortality rate is defined as percentage of participants who survive at most 60 days from the first dose of study drug.

  4. Percentage of Participants with Complete Remission (CR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    CR rate is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve the CR as evaluated by the investigator. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL).

  5. Percentage of Participants with Composite Complete Remission (CCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    CCR rate is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve the CR + CRi as evaluated by the investigator. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]).

  6. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve the CR + CRi + Partial Remission (PR) as evaluated by the investigator. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]). PR is defined as all hematologic criteria of CR; decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.

  7. Percentage of Participants with CR + CRh [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    CR + CRh rate is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve the CR + CRh as evaluated by the investigator. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRh is defined as bone marrow with <5% blasts, peripheral blood neutrophil count >0.5×10^3/µL and peripheral blood platelet count >0.5×10^5/µL.

  8. Percentage of Participants with Leukemia Response [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Leukemia response rate is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve the CR + CRi + PR + morphological leukemia-free state [MLFS, marrow CR (mCR)]) as evaluated by the investigator. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥ 1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]). PR is defined as all hematologic criteria of CR; decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%. MLFS is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; no hematologic recovery required.

  9. Duration of CR and CRi [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Duration of CR and CRi is defined as the time from first documentation of CR or CRi to the date of first documentation of PD or relapse from CR or CRi, and will be summarized descriptively using the K-M method based on the responders. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥ 1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]).

  10. Time to First CR, CRi and PR [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Time to first CR, CRi, and PR is defined as the time from randomization until the first documented CR, CRi or PR, whichever occurs first, and will be analyzed using the K-M method. Assessments of disease response are based on the criteria outlined in the ELN 2017 guidelines. CR is defined as bone marrow blasts <5%; absence of circulating blasts and blasts with Auer rods; absence of extramedullary disease; ANC≥ 1.0×10^9/L (1000/µL); platelet count≥100×10^9/L (100,000/µL). CRi is defined as all CR criteria except for residual neutropenia (<1.0×10^9/L [1000/µL]) or thrombocytopenia (<100×10^9/L [100,000/µL]). PR is defined as all hematologic criteria of CR; decrease of bone marrow blast percentage to 5% to 25%; and decrease of pretreatment bone marrow blast percentage by at least 50%.

  11. Plasma Concentration of Pevonedistat [ Time Frame: At multiple time points pre-dose and post-dose on Days 1, 3 and 5 in Cycle 1 and post-dose on Day 1 in Cycles 2 and 4 (cycle length= 28 days) ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has morphologically confirmed diagnosis of AML (World Health Organization [WHO] criteria 2008). Participants may have newly diagnosed primary de novo AML or secondary AML (sAML), defined as AML after myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), or therapy-related AML (t-AML) following cytotoxic therapy, and/or radiotherapy for a malignant or nonmalignant disease.
  • Is unfit for treatment with a standard arabinosylcytosine (Ara-C) and anthracycline induction regimen due to age or co-morbidities defined by 1 of the following:

    • ≥75 years of age. OR
    • ≥18 to <75 years of age with at least one of the following:
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or 3.
  • Severe cardiac disorder (e.g., congestive heart failure requiring treatment, ejection fraction ≤50%, or chronic stable angina).
  • Severe pulmonary disorder (e.g., carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity ≤65% or forced expiratory volume in 1 second ≤65%).
  • Creatinine clearance (CrCl) <45 mL/min (but ≥30 mL/min as part of general eligibility criteria).
  • Hepatic disorder with total bilirubin >1.5 times the upper limit of the normal range (ULN).
  • Has clinical laboratory values within the following parameters (repeat within 3 days before the first dose of study drug if laboratory values used for randomization were obtained more than 3 days before the first dose of study drug):

    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times the ULN except in participants with Gilbert's syndrome. Participants with Gilbert's syndrome may enroll with direct bilirubin ≤3 times the ULN of the direct bilirubin. Elevated indirect bilirubin due to posttransfusion hemolysis is allowed.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3.0 times the ULN.
    • Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥30 mL/min (calculated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] Study equation).
    • Albumin >2.7 g/dL.
  • White blood cell (WBC) count <25 × 10^9/L. Participants who are cytoreduced with leukapheresis or with hydroxyurea may be enrolled if they meet the eligibility criteria before starting therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has history of MPN with BCR-ABL1 translocation or AML with BCR-ABL1 translocation.
  • Has genetic diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • Is eligible for intensive chemotherapy and/or allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • Has extramedullary AML without evidence of bone marrow involvement.
  • Had prior treatment with hypomethylating agents for AML (hypomethylating agent treatment for prior MDS is not exclusionary).
  • Has clinical evidence of or history of central nervous system involvement by AML.
  • Had diagnosed or treated for another malignancy (except for adequately treated carcinoma in situ of any organ or nonmelanoma skin cancer) within 1 year before randomization or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease that may compromise the administration of pevonedistat, venetoclax or azacitidine. Prior MDS is also allowed, but the participant cannot have received treatment for MDS within 14 days before first dose of any study drug.
  • Has a WBC count ≥25 × 10^9/L
  • Has uncontrolled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Note: Known HIV positive participants who meet the following criteria will be considered eligible:

    • Cluster difference 4 (CD4) count >350 cells/mm^3.
    • Undetectable viral load.
    • Maintained on modern therapeutic regimens utilizing non-cytochrome P (CYP)-interactive agents.
    • No history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections.
  • Participant is known to be positive for hepatitis B or C infection, with the exception of those with an undetectable viral load within 3 months (hepatitis B or C testing is not required for eligibility assessment).
  • Has hepatic cirrhosis.
  • Has uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder.
  • Has high blood pressure which cannot be controlled by standard treatments.
  • Has prolonged rate QTc interval ≥500 msec, calculated according to institutional guidelines.
  • Has left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%, based on echocardiogram or multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan at screening (data to be available within last 3 months of screening).
  • As infection is a common feature of AML, participants with active infection are permitted to enroll provided that the infection is under control and no signs of systemic inflammatory response beyond low grade fever that makes participant clinically unstable in the opinion of the investigator. Participants with uncontrolled infection shall not be enrolled until infection is treated and brought under control.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04266795


Locations
Show Show 57 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Study Director Takeda
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Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04266795    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pevonedistat-2002
2019-003117-33 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1239-7581 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
First Posted: February 12, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 31, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda provides access to the de-identified individual participant data (IPD) for eligible studies to aid qualified researchers in addressing legitimate scientific objectives (Takeda's data sharing commitment is available on https://clinicaltrials.takeda.com/takedas-commitment?commitment=5). These IPDs will be provided in a secure research environment following approval of a data sharing request, and under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Access Criteria: IPD from eligible studies will be shared with qualified researchers according to the criteria and process described on https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/. For approved requests, the researchers will be provided access to anonymized data (to respect patient privacy in line with applicable laws and regulations) and with information necessary to address the research objectives under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Venetoclax
Pevonedistat
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors