Electromagnetic Tracking and Optical Imaging With ICG for Hepatic Biopsies
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04258566|
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : February 6, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2020
Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Diagnosing liver cancer usually requires a liver sample. Getting the best sample helps determine whether cancer is present and what kind of cancer it is. But sampling can be difficult. This study will look at combining two devices to provide better liver samples.
To see if combining fusion imaging and optical imaging can better sample areas of concern in the liver and determine the presence of disease.
People ages 18 and older who need a liver biopsy as part of diagnosis or treatment.
Participants will be screened with:
Review of imaging
Blood test results
Participants will have a dye injected into a vein 24 hours before their biopsy. They will be monitored for 30 minutes for any side effects.
For the biopsy, participants skin will be numbed. They may have stickers placed on their belly to help guide the needle. They will have a CT scan to plan the needle s pathway. For the scan, they will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. A small camera will be placed near the needle to take pictures of the liver. A medical GPS tracking system will be used. This will guide the needle into the area of the participant s liver where the biopsy will be taken.
After the biopsy, participants will recover in the hospital for 4 6 hours.
After the procedure, researchers will take the participants biopsy tissue and look at it to try to compare new ways to picture the sample.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Device: Optical Molecular Imaging Radiation: Indocyanine Green||Phase 1|
- Pilot study to evaluate the combination of optical molecular imaging (OMI) and EM tracking in localizing intrahepatic lesions and assess the concordance between fluorescence ICG and histopathology for the diagnosis of liver cancer.
- Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is the 3rd most common cause of cancer globally with an increasing incidence worldwide. Percutaneous sampling of focal hepatic lesions is a cornerstone in management of patients with hepatic pathology. In a retrospective study of patients with small hepatic lesions, up to 45% of the lesions biopsied were insufficiently visualized and resulted to a false negative rate (defined as patients with benign biopsies who were subsequently found to have malignant lesions at the attempted site of biopsy). Thirty seven percent of those were for HCC.
- EM navigation and fusion of real-time images with pre-acquired scans has been used in hepatic biopsies at the NIH for more than 15 years. NIH / NCI clinical trials have performed fusion biopsies with EM tracking in > 2000 patients, > 40,000 biopsies over the past 12 years.
- Indocyanine green (ICG) is an FDA approved optical molecular imaging fluorescent dye used for visualization of cells and tissues. ICG has been used for decades in ophthalmology for imaging retinal blood vessels. ICG was FDA cleared in 1959 and has been widely used to assess liver function perioperatively. ICG is administered as an injection. Adverse effects are rare and most often minor.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||77 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Feasibility Study to Evaluate the Combination of Electromagnetic Tracking and Optical Imaging With Indocyanine Green (ICG) for Hepatic Biopsies|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||February 26, 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2030|
Experimental: Suspected hepatic malignancy
Malignancy determination of new onset hepatic lesion
Device: Optical Molecular Imaging
Tracks and localizes intrahepatic lesions
Radiation: Indocyanine Green
Fluorescent dye used for visualization of cells and tissue
- ICG Fluorescene [ Time Frame: Liver Parenchyma, Target Lesion, Ex Vivo ]Measurements will be obtained during hepatic biopsy procedure
- In vivo fluorescence [ Time Frame: At time of biopsy ]Assess concordance of ICG fluorescence at invivo site of biopsy with presence or absence of malignancy as defined by pathology
- Exvivo fluorescence [ Time Frame: Post biopsy ]Assess concordance of ICG fluorescence at exvivo site of biopsy with presence or absence of malignancy as defined by pathology
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04258566
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Bradford J Wood, M.D.||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|