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Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy With or Without Fulvestrant for the Treatment of HR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer With an ERS1 Activating Mutation, the INTERACT Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04256941
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 5, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant work when given together with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib in treating patients with hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and has an ERS1 activating mutation. Letrozole, anastrozole, ribociclib, palbociclib, and abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. It is not yet known if giving letrozole, anastrozole, or fulvestrant with ribociclib, palbociclib, and/or abemaciclib will work better in treating patients with breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Drug: Abemaciclib Drug: Anastrozole Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Letrozole Drug: Palbociclib Drug: Ribociclib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess progression free survival (PFS) with transition to fulvestrant compared with continuing aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy in patients with emergence of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) mutations in plasma.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) ESR1 mutant allele fraction (MAF) and kinetics with fulvestrant compared with AI.

II. To assess the prevalence of ESR1 mutations in patients with secondary resistance to endocrine therapy.

III. To correlate ctDNA with cancer antigens (CA) 15-3 tumor marker changes. IV. To assess overall survival (OS) with transition to fulvestrant compared with continuing AI therapy in patients with emergence of ESR1 mutations.

V. To assess PFS and time to next treatment (TTNT) on next line of therapy after progression on fulvestrant versus (vs.) AI in combination with CDKI.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Characterize other co-existing actionable genomic alterations of interest in relation to ESR1 and clinical outcomes.

II. To determine frequency of other actionable genomic alterations and frequency of enrollment on genotype-matched therapy.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive ribociclib orally (PO) once daily (QD), palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Patients also receive fulvestrant intramuscularly (IM) for 2 injections over 1-2 minutes each on days 1 and 15 of cycle 1 and day 2 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive ribociclib orally PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD or anastrozole PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 124 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: INTERACT- Integrated Evaluation of Resistance and Actionability Using Circulating Tumor DNA in HR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancers
Actual Study Start Date : May 31, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 26, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 26, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Fulvestrant

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, fulvestrant)
Patients receive ribociclib PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive fulvestrant IM for 2 injections over 1-2 minutes each on days 1 and 15 of cycle 1 and day 2 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • LY-2835219
  • LY2835219
  • Verzenio

Drug: Fulvestrant
Given IM
Other Names:
  • Faslodex
  • Faslodex(ICI 182,780)
  • ICI 182,780
  • ICI 182780
  • ZD9238

Drug: Palbociclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 6-Acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)-8h-pyrido(2,3-d)pyrimidin-7-one
  • Ibrance
  • PD 0332991
  • PD 332991
  • PD 991
  • PD-0332991

Drug: Ribociclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Kisqali
  • LEE-011
  • LEE011

Active Comparator: Arm II (ribociclib, palbociclib, abemaciclib, letrozole)
Patients receive ribociclib orally PO QD, palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21, and/or abemaciclib PO BID on days 1-28. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD or anastrozole PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • LY-2835219
  • LY2835219
  • Verzenio

Drug: Anastrozole
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Anastrazole
  • Arimidex
  • ICI D1033
  • ICI-D1033
  • ZD-1033

Drug: Letrozole
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CGS 20267
  • Femara

Drug: Palbociclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 6-Acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)-8h-pyrido(2,3-d)pyrimidin-7-one
  • Ibrance
  • PD 0332991
  • PD 332991
  • PD 991
  • PD-0332991

Drug: Ribociclib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Kisqali
  • LEE-011
  • LEE011




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Survival curves for PFS will be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival difference across groups will be examined by log rank test. Will estimate the treatment comparison with 95% confidence intervals and p-value using Cox proportional hazards regression and we will assess the proportional hazard assumption using graphs of rescaled Schoenfeld residuals and related tests.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) ESR1 mutant allele fraction (MAF) and kinetics [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Graphical analysis, such as scatter plots with Lowess smoothers, will be used to assess the correlative structure of outcomes and compare MAF between fulvestrant and aromatase inhibitor-treated groups. The Pearson correlation, or its non-parametric analogue, the Spearman correlation, will be used to estimate the linear correlation among variables.

  2. Prevalence of Emergence of Estrogen Receptor 1 (ESR1) mutations [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Will be assessed by the secondary resistance of endocrine therapy.

  3. Changes in cancer antigens (CA) 15-3 tumor marker [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Will correlate ctDNA with CA 15-3 tumor marker changes.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Survival curves for OS will be analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival difference across groups will be examined by log rank test. Will estimate the treatment comparison with 95% confidence intervals and p-value using Cox proportional hazards regression and we will assess the proportional hazard assumption using graphs of rescaled Schoenfeld residuals and related tests.

  5. Time to next treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Will be assessed on next line of therapy after progression.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets >= 50 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin (Hb) >= 9 g/dL
  • Total serum bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 x ULN in patients with liver metastases)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Activating ESR1 mutation (e.g. D538G, Y537S/N, S463P) identified on ctDNA. Novel ESR1 alterations allowed as per discretion of principal investigator (PI)
  • On AI with CDK4/6 inhibitor (palbociclib, ribociclib, or abemaciclib) as first line therapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) for at least 12 months without evidence of clinical progression
  • Patients with histologically confirmed HR positive (estrogen receptor [ER] positive [+] and/or progesterone receptor [PR]+ [> 10%]), MBC

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Received prior therapy for MBC (except for AI use for up to 4 weeks prior to initiation of CDK4/6 inhibitor)
  • Prior therapy with fulvestrant in the metastatic setting
  • Corrected QT (QTc) interval > 480 msec, Brugada syndrome or known history of QTc prolongation or Torsade de Pointes
  • Psychiatric illness which would limit informed consent
  • Patients with de novo metastatic disease
  • Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as: unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to enrollment, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease, active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and active and chronic hepatitis (i.e. quantifiable hepatitis B virus [HBV]-DNA and/or positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HbsAg], quantifiable hepatitis C virus [HCV]-ribonucleic acid [RNA]), severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy
  • Expected survival < 6 months
  • Any serious medical illness, other than that treated by this study, which would limit survival to less than 1 month
  • Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study
  • Patients who are currently part of or have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational drug within 1 month prior to dosing
  • Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must use highly effective methods of contraception during the study and 8 weeks after the end of treatment. Highly effective contraception methods include combination of any two of the following: placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS); barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository; total abstinence or; male/female sterilization
  • Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are WOCBP who are not willing to use adequate contraception, during the study and for 8 weeks after the end of treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04256941


Contacts
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Contact: Senthilkumar Damodaran 713-792-2817 sdamodaran@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Senthilkumar Damodaran    713-792-2817      
Principal Investigator: Senthilkumar Damodaran         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Senthilkumar Damodaran M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04256941    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0287
NCI-2019-08825 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0287 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: February 5, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 17, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Letrozole
Fulvestrant
Palbociclib
Anastrozole
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Protein Kinase Inhibitors