We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Immunotherapy Combined With Y-90 SIRT Therapy in Advanced Stage Intrahepatic Biliary Tract Cancer (BTC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04238637
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest

Brief Summary:
A multicenter Phase II, randomized, prospective, open-label Trial investigating the clinical impact on combining Specific Internal Radiotherapy (SIRT) with the PD1-L Inhibitor Durvalumab and the CTLA-4 Inhibitor Tremelimumab in patients with intrahepatic Biliary Tract Cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Drug: Durvalumab Drug: Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
IMMUWHY Phase II Clinical Trial will test the Addition of the immunotherapeutic agents Durvalumab and Tremelimumab after an initial Standard of Care SIRT in patients suffering from non-resectable intrahepatic Biliary Tract Cancer. Patients will be randomized into two experimental arms, one receiving Durvalumab only, the other one receiving Durvalumab + Tremelimumab. Clinical Outcomes will be compared vs. historical datasets.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Two randomized Treatment arms
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Immunotherapy With Durvalumab (MEDI4736) or Durvalumab and Tremelimumab, Both Combined With Y-90 SIRT Therapy in Advanced Stage Intrahepatic Biliary Tract Cancer (BTC)
Actual Study Start Date : November 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
Drug: Durvalumab
Durvalumab IV (intravenous Infusion)
Other Name: Other Name: MEDI4736

Experimental: Arm 2
Durvalumab in combination with Tremelimumab
Drug: Durvalumab
Durvalumab IV (intravenous Infusion)
Other Name: Other Name: MEDI4736

Drug: Tremelimumab
Tremelimumab IV (intravenous Infusion)
Other Name: Study treatment

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response rate (ORR) according to RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: 20 months ]
    Proportion of allocated subjects with best response of complete or partial response

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety (rate of adverse events) [ Time Frame: From first patient included until study closure (approx. 43 months after First Patient Included) ]
    Type, incidence and severity of AEs and SAEs graded according to NCI CTCAE v5.0

  2. Duration of response (DoR) [ Time Frame: From first measurement of CR or PR per RECIST 1.1 until disease progression occurs (up to 43 months until Study Closure) ]
    Time from that the measurement criteria are first met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that the PD is objectively documented or death

  3. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until disease progression occurs (up to 43 months until Study Closure) ]
    Time from the date of randomization to the date of first observed disease progression (investigator assessment according to RECIST 1.1) or death from any cause

  4. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Date of enrollment until date of death if applicable (up to 43 months until Study Closure) ]
    time from the date of treatment allocation to the date of death.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Translational research [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Exploratory: Predictive biomarkers that with a potential effect on Objective Response Rate, Duration of Response, Progression Free Survival and Overall Survival via blood sample collection + genetic subset analysis. The following translational research is currently planned, but may be adapted taking into account new research data: Tumors will be tested for mRNA expression of PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression, Immune cell infiltrates (IGHM, CD3, CD8, FOXP3, CD68, CD205), Chemokines (CXCL9. CXCL10, CXCL13) and invasion markers (MMP7, MMP9)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Fully-informed written consent and locally required authorization (European Union [EU]: General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR)) obtained from the patient prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years.
  3. Histologically documented diagnosis of locally-advanced OR limited metasized intrahepatic BTC not amenable to curative treatment (tumor resection or ablation), specified as

    • Tumor being confined to the liver or
    • In case of presence of extrahepatic lesions, metastasis must be stable AND of limited extent* AND patient must have a potential benefit from study participation in comparison to standard of care systemic therapy per local tumor board evaluation.

      *Limited extent is defined in this protocol as presence of

      • EITHER ≤3 malignant extrahepatic lymph nodes (short axis diameter ≥3cm)
      • OR metastatic lesions in one organ other than liver (if only single lesion is present diameter MUST be < 3cm; if up to 3 lesions in one organ each lesion MUST be ≤ 1cm).
      • Presence of peritoneal or brain metastatsis excludes patients from study participation (see exclusion criterion #4)
    • Tumor tissue (block or at least 4 slides) is available for translational research.
  4. Patients with prior chemotherapy can be enrolled if ONE of the following criteria is met:

    • Capecitabin or gemcitabine+cisplatin in the adjuvant setting
    • Experienced progressive disease under gemcitabine+cisplatin therapy in the advanced setting
    • Stable disease after 3 months of gemcitabine+cisplatin treatment
  5. Has been considered candidate for standard-of-care Y-90 SIRT therapy per Investigator decision and after prior consultation with the tumor board if available at site and does not display contraindications against SIRT.

    Contraindications against SIRT would be

    • hepatic tumor load > 50%
    • any Gastrointestinal deposition that cannot be corrected via angiographic techniques
    • irreversibly elevated serum bilirubin
    • renal insufficiency
    • increased pulmonary shunt fraction being able to deliver > 16.5 mCi to the lungs
    • gastrointestinal ulceration
    • hepatic dysfunction
    • biliary complications
    • portal hypertension
    • vascular injury and lymphopenia.
  6. Performance status (PS) ≤ 1 (ECOG scale).
  7. Body weight >30 kg
  8. At least one measurable site of disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  9. Adequate bone marrow and renal function
  10. Adequate hepatic function (with stenting for any obstruction, if required)
  11. Female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of trial.
  12. Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause.
  13. The patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study, including hospital visits for treatment and scheduled follow-up visits and examinations.
  14. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  15. If patient has concurrent Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, meets the following criteria:

    • Patients with HBV or HCV infection should be monitored for viral levels during study participation.
    • Patients with detectable hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or detectable HBV DNA should have HBV DNA < 100 IU/ml and should be managed per local treatment guidelines.

Controlled (treated) hepatitis B subjects will be allowed if they started treatment at the time point of enrollment into the study by the latest and treatment is continued during study participation and for ≥ 6 months after end of study treatment.

- HCV patients with advanced BTC are mostly not treated for their HCV infection. However, patients treated for HCV are considered suitable for inclusion if antiviral therapy has been completed ≥ 30 days prior to first administration of study drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Concurrent enrolment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study, or during the follow-up period of an interventional study.
  2. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product within 21 days prior to the first dose of the study treatment.
  3. Prior immunotherapy or use of other investigational agents, including prior treatment with an anti-Programmed Death receptor-1 (PD-1), anti-Programmed Death-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1), anti-PD-L2, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (anti-CTLA-4) antibody, therapeutic cancer vaccines.
  4. Presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis or brain metastases.
  5. Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥ 2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria
  6. Any concurrent chemotherapy, investigational product (IP), biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer related conditions (eg, hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
  7. Prior radiotherapy treatment before the first dose of any study drug.
  8. Major surgery (as defined by the Investigator) within 4 weeks prior to enrollment into the study; patients must have recovered from effects of any major surgery. Note: Local non-major surgery for palliative intent (e.g. surgery of isolated lesions, per-cutaneous biliary drainage or biliary stenting) is acceptable.
  9. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g. colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], celiac disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis].
  10. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, , serious active, uncontrolled, gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
  11. History of non-infectious pneumonitis requiring steroids, or patients with Grade ≥ 2 pneumonitis.
  12. History of another primary malignancy except for:

    • Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥ 5 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence
    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  13. History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  14. Brain metastases or spinal cord compression. Patients with suspected brain metastases at screening should have a CT/ MRI of the brain prior to study entry.
  15. History of active primary immunodeficiency
  16. History of allogenic organ transplantation.
  17. Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and TB testing in line with local practice), or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) or active hepatitis B/hepatitis C co-infection.
  18. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab or tremelimumab.
  19. Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ highly effective birth control from screening to 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab.
  20. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the IMPs or any of the constituents of the product.
  21. Any co-existing medical condition that in the investigator's judgement will substantially increase the risk associated with the patient's participation in the study.
  22. Patient who has been incarcerated or involuntarily institutionalized by court order or by the authorities § 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 4 AMG.
  23. Patients who are unable to consent because they do not understand the nature, significance and implications of the clinical trial and therefore cannot form a rational intention in the light of the facts [§ 40 Abs. 1 S. 3 Nr. 3a AMG].
  24. Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first administration of any of the IMPs and without need to receive any live attenuated vaccines during study conduct and for up to 30 days after end of Durvalumab treatment or 90 days after end of Tremelimumab treatment respectively.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04238637

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Arndt Vogel, Professor +49 511 5326 ext 760 Vogel.Arndt@mh-hannover.de
Contact: Doerthe Vortmeyer, Doctor +49 069 7601 ext 4196 vortmeyer.doerthe@ikf-khnw.de

Layout table for location information
University Hospital Dresden Not yet recruiting
Dresden, Germany
Contact: Gunnar Folprecht         
Clinic Essen Center Completed
Essen, Germany
University Hospital Essen Not yet recruiting
Essen, Germany
Contact: Ken Herrmann         
University Hospital Halle Recruiting
Halle, Germany
Contact: Petra Buechner-Steudel         
Hannover Medical School Recruiting
Hannover, Germany
Contact: Arndt Vogel         
University Hospital Jena Recruiting
Jena, Germany
Contact: Udo Lindig         
Munich Clinic Bogenhausen Not yet recruiting
Munich, Germany
Contact: Martin Fuchs         
University Hospital Munich Grosshadern Not yet recruiting
Munich, Germany
Contact: Jens Ricke         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Professor IKF Klinische Krebsforschung GmbH
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04238637    
Other Study ID Numbers: IMMUWHY
First Posted: January 23, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No IPD will be shared.

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest:
Intrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
Intrahepatic Biliary Tract Carcinoma
Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents