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Comparing Clinical Outcomes of the One-step Cartilage Transplantation in Cartilage Defects of the Knee With Conservative Treatment (IMPACT2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04236739
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 22, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
R.J.H. Custers, UMC Utrecht

Brief Summary:

Articular cartilage defects in the knee have poor intrinsic healing capacity and may lead to functional disability and osteoarthritis. Cartilage cell therapy using autologous chondrocyte implantation has been established as the first advanced treatment therapy medicinal product. Although this technique has achieved good mid-term results, it is a costly and extensive two-stage procedure. 'Instant MSC Product accompanying Autologous Chondron Transplantation' (IMPACT) combines autologous recycled chondrons (chondrocytes surrounded by pericellular matrix) with MSCs for one-stage treatment of cartilage defects. IMPACT was successfully executed in a first-in-man phase I/II clinical trial in which 35 participants with cartilage defects were treated. The results showed a good safety profile, proper feasibility and good initial clinical efficacy at 18 months follow-up. Also good outcome at 24 and 36 months was shown in ongoing post study surveying of the participants. Consequently a new study with IMPACT was designed; IMPACT2. The objective of IMPACT2 is to compare clinical outcomes of 30 individual participants with cartilage defects treated with IMPACT to 30 participants treated with standard care for 9 months (consisting of optional physical therapy and pain medication). Participants should be aged 18-45 years with a symptomatic Modified Outerbridge Grade III or IV cartilage lesion of the knee ranging in size 2-8 cm^2.

After enrolment, participants will be allocated (randomized) to either group A in which case they receive IMPACT-treatment, or group B that will receive standard care. Standard care consists of optional physical therapy and pain medication. After 9 months, participants in group B can receive the IMPACT-procedure as well.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cartilage Damage Drug: Instant MSC Product accompanying Autologous Chondron Transplantation Phase 3

Detailed Description:

IMPACT is designed as a one-stage cell-based regenerative therapy for isolated articular cartilage lesions. The investigational product consists of two cell types. Firstly, allogeneic MSCs, which are an "off-the-shelf" ATMP and also being used in a clinical trial for the treatment of steroid-resistant Graft versus Host Disease. Secondly, defect derived autologous chondrons that are reinserted into the defect in combination with MSCs within one procedure. During surgery, the autologous defect derived chondrons will be combined with allogeneic cryopreserved and thawed MSCs to enhance cartilage formation. Cells will be combined at a ratio of 10% chondrons and 90% MSCs and mixed in Tisseel® which will act as a cell carrier scaffold. In the phase I-II trial we showed no significant differences in clinical outcome between these dosages. Tisseel® is a registered widely used two-component adhesive containing fibrinogen and thrombin concentrate. When mixed, these components mimic the final steps of blood coagulation and form a stable physiological fibrin clot. The ATMP will be applied to the cartilage defect in a concentration of approximately 2 million cells per ml of fibrin glue, 0,5 to 0,7 ml per cm^2 will be administered. The amount of MSCs and chondrons is thus dependant of the size of the lesion. The cells will be applied in a ratio of 10:90 autologous chondrons: allogeneic MSCs.

To evaluate the clinical status/ improvement of the participants treated with the IMPACT therapy, the included participants will be asked to complete the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scoring (KOOS) and the EuroQoL 5-Dimension Health Questionnaire (EQ5D) at baseline (before IMPACT therapy) and at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months follow-up.

To evaluate work leave and medical consumption a modified version iMTA Productivity cost questionnaire and iMTA Medical Consumption Questionnaire will be used.

A cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed to evaluate the extent to which IMPACT therapy affects costs compared to current treatment techniques. The costs of the procedures that are performed (i.e. IMPACT or current practice), as well as the costs of the product that is used (materials, operation theatre etc.), and the duration of the accompanying hospitalization episode, will be determined using the UMC Utrecht administrative data and study budget. In addition, the results of the iMTA Medical Consumption Questionnaire and the iMTA Productivity cost questionnaire will be used to collect data on respectively resource use and productivity loss during the rehabilitation period. All resource use will be multiplied with cost prizes, which will be obtained from the Dutch Healthcare Authority or from the Dutch manual for performing health economic evaluations, to calculate total societal costs. These costs will be combined with the QoL outcome measures (as described previously), to obtain an estimate of the cost-effectiveness of IMPACT as compared to current practice.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a randomized controlled trial. At baseline, participants will be randomized with variable block randomisation method to either group A in which case they receive IMPACT-treatment, or group B that will receive standard care. Standard care consists of optional physical therapy and pain medication. After 9 months, participants in group B can receive the intervention as well.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Clinical Outcomes of Instant MSC Product Accompanying Autologous Chondron Transplantation (IMPACT) for Focal Articular Cartilage Lesions of the Knee to Conservative Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : July 23, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: IMPACT
Application of a mixture of allogenic MSC's and autologous chondrons with a fibrin cell carrier (Tisseel®) during one surgical procedure.
Drug: Instant MSC Product accompanying Autologous Chondron Transplantation
Application of a mixture of allogenic MSC's and autologous chondrons with a fibrin cell carrier (Tisseel®) in the cartilage defect of the knee during one surgical procedure.

No Intervention: Control
Optional physical therapy or pain medication, according to participants' desire for 9 months.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical change on scale of 0-100 [ Time Frame: At baseline, 3, 6 and 9 months ]
    KOOS-questionnaire (Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, 100 indicating no symptoms and 0 indicating extreme symptoms)

  2. Quality of life change on scale of 0-100 [ Time Frame: At baseline, 3, 6 and 9 months ]
    EQ-5d-questionnaire (The EQ-5D-5L has 5 dimensions, each dimension has 5 levels: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems and extreme problems. The EQ VAS records the patient's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale, where the endpoints are labelled 'The best health you can imagine' and 'The worst health you can imagine'. The VAS can be used as a quantitative measure of health outcome that reflect the patient's own judgement.)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Structural change of the cartilage tissue [ Time Frame: At baseline, 6 and 18 months ]
    MRI-scan


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in healtcare use and costs [ Time Frame: At baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months ]
    iMTA-questionnaire (Medical Consumption and Productivity Cost Questionnaire)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants must meet the following criteria to be eligible for the study:

  • Provides written informed consent, is able to understand the content of the study, understands the requirements for follow-up visits and is willing to provide the required information at follow-up visits and in the questionnaires.
  • Symptomatic articular cartilage lesion of the knee (femoral condyles or trochlea).
  • Age >18 and <45 years old

Inclusion criteria during surgery

  • Participants must meet the following secondary criteria to be eligible for the study:
  • Modified Outerbridge Grade III or IV isolated cartilage lesion of the knee.
  • A post-debridement size of the cartilage lesion > 2cm2 and ≤ 8 cm2
  • At least 50% of functional meniscus remaining. Meniscal repair or resection is allowed during the IMPACT surgery provided that the surgeon is able to confirm that at least 50% of functional meniscus remains.
  • Stable knee ligaments (i.e. anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Malalignment of >5 degrees
  • (History of) osteoarthritis, defined as Kellgren-Lawrence grade >3 as determined from appropriate X-ray.
  • Concomitant inflammatory disease that affects the joint (rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic bone disease, psoriasis, gout, symptomatic chondrocalcinosis)
  • (History of) Septic arthritis.
  • (History of) Total meniscectomy in the target knee joint.
  • Any surgery in the knee joint 6 months prior to study inclusion.
  • Risk groups for MRI scanning due to the magnetic field like participants with pacemakers, nerve stimulators, metal particles, stents, clips or implants, (possible) pregnancy or breast feeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04236739


Contacts
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Contact: Esmee Kester, MSc 088 75 58215 ext +31 e.c.kester@umcutrecht.nl
Contact: Roel Custers, Dr 088 75 58327 r.j.h.custers@umcutrecht.nl

Locations
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Netherlands
University Medical Center Utrecht Recruiting
Utrecht, Netherlands, 3584 CX
Contact: Esmee Kester, MSc    0887558215 ext +31    e.c.kester@umcutrecht.nl   
Contact: Roel Custers, Dr    0887558327 ext +31    r.j.h.custers@umcutrecht.nl   
Sub-Investigator: Jasmijn Korpershoek, Drs         
Sponsors and Collaborators
R.J.H. Custers
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development

Publications:
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Responsible Party: R.J.H. Custers, Principal Investigator, UMC Utrecht
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04236739    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-455
NL67161.000.18 ( Registry Identifier: CCMO )
2018‐003470‐27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 22, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by R.J.H. Custers, UMC Utrecht:
Cartilage
Cartilage damage
Cell therapy
MSC
ATMP
Knee
IMPACT
ACI
Chondrons