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Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Antiviral Activity of the Monoclonal Antibody PGT121.414.LS Administered Alone and in Combination With VRC07-523LS Via Intravenous or Subcutaneous Infusions in Healthy, HIV-uninfected Adult Participants

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04212091
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 26, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
HIV Prevention Trials Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of the monoclonal antibody PGT121.414.LS administered alone and in combination with VRC07-523LS via intravenous or subcutaneous infusions in healthy, HIV-uninfected adult participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Biological: PGT121.414.LS Biological: VRC07-523LS Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of the monoclonal antibody PGT121.414.LS administered alone and in combination with VRC07-523LS via intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous (SC) infusions in healthy, HIV-uninfected adult participants.

The study will be conducted in two parts (Part A and B). Part A will include four groups (Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4) and Part B will include two groups (Groups 5 and 6).

In Part A of the study, PGT121.414.LS will be administered via IV infusion at 3, 10, or 30 mg/kg (Groups 1-3) or via SC infusion at 5 mg/kg (Group 4). Participants in Part B will receive consecutive administration of PGT121.414.LS followed by VRC07-523LS, at 20 mg/kg IV each per dose (Group 5) or 5 mg/kg SC each per dose (Group 6). Participants will be followed for 32 weeks after the last study product administration via IV infusion and 24 weeks after the last study product administration via SC infusion.

Participants in Groups 1, 2, and 3 will attend 8 months of study visits. Participants in Group 4 will attend 6 months of study visits. Part B participants will attend 16 months of study visits. Study visits may include physical examinations, blood and urine collection, and questionnaires.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1 Dose-escalation Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, and Antiviral Activity of the Monoclonal Antibody PGT121.414.LS Administered Alone and in Combination With VRC07-523LS Via Intravenous or Subcutaneous Infusions in Healthy, HIV-uninfected Adult Participants
Actual Study Start Date : August 24, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 10, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 10, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part A (Group 1): PGT121.414.LS (3 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 3 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS by intravenous (IV) infusion at Month 0.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Experimental: Part A (Group 2): PGT121.414.LS (10 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 10 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS by IV infusion at Month 0.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Experimental: Part A (Group 3): PGT121.414.LS (30 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 30 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS by IV infusion at Month 0.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Experimental: Part A (Group 4): PGT121.414.LS (5 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 5 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS by subcutaneous (SC) infusion at Month 0.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Experimental: Part B (Group 5): PGT121.414.LS + VRC07-523LS (20 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 20 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS and 20 mg/kg of VRC07-523LS by IV infusion sequentially in this order at Months 0, 4, and 8.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Biological: VRC07-523LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Experimental: Part B (Group 6): PGT121.414.LS + VRC07-523LS (5 mg/kg)
Participants will receive 5 mg/kg of PGT121.414.LS and 5 mg/kg of VRC07-523LS by SC infusion sequentially in this order at Months 0, 4, and 8.
Biological: PGT121.414.LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm

Biological: VRC07-523LS
Administered via IV infusion or SC infusion, depending on the arm




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of participants who experience local solicited adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Graded according to the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, except as noted in the study protocol.

  2. Percentage of participants who experience systemic solicited AEs [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Graded according to the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, except as noted in the study protocol.

  3. Percentage of participants who experience unsolicited AEs [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Graded according to the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, except as noted in the study protocol.

  4. Percentage of participants who experience unsolicited severe adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Graded according to the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, July 2017, except as noted in the study protocol.

  5. Percentage of participants who discontinue study product administration early [ Time Frame: Measured through Month 8 ]
  6. Percentage of participants who terminate the study early [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
  7. Serum concentrations of PGT121.414.LS [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at prespecified timepoints among participants who received all scheduled product administrations

  8. Serum concentrations of VRC07-523LS [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at prespecified timepoints among participants who received all scheduled product administrations

  9. Magnitude of serum neutralizing activity measured with monoclonal antibody (mAb)-specific Env-pseudotyped viruses in TZM-bl cells [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured from samples obtained at prespecified timepoints among participants who received all scheduled product administrations


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Serum concentrations of PGT121.414.LS [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at prespecified timepoints for all participants in all groups regardless of how many product administrations and how much product they received

  2. Serum concentrations of VRC07-523LS [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at prespecified timepoints for all participants in all groups regardless of how many product administrations and how much product they received

  3. Magnitude of neutralizing activity against a panel of Env-pseudotyped reference viruses in TZM-bl cells [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at selected timepoints for all participants in all groups regardless of how many product administrations and how much product they received

  4. Magnitude of neutralizing activity against a panel of Env pseudotyped reference viruses in TZM-bl cells [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at selected timepoints for all participants in all groups regardless of how many product administrations and how much product they received, and for the clinical product assayed at the same time.

  5. Anti-drug antibodies (ADA) titers [ Time Frame: Measured through participant's last study visit at Month 6-16, depending on which arm they are in ]
    Measured at prespecified timepoints for all participants in all groups regardless of how many product administrations and how much product they received



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

General and Demographic Criteria

  • Age of 18 to 50 years
  • Access to a participating Clinical Research Site (CRS) and willingness to be followed for the planned duration of the study
  • Ability and willingness to provide informed consent
  • Assessment of understanding: volunteer demonstrates understanding of this study and completes a questionnaire prior to first study product administration with verbal demonstration of understanding of all questionnaire items answered incorrectly
  • Agrees not to enroll in another study of an investigational research agent until completion of the last required protocol clinic visit
  • Good general health as shown by medical history, physical exam, and screening laboratory tests

HIV-Related Criteria:

  • Willingness to receive HIV test results
  • Willingness to discuss HIV infection risks and amenable to HIV risk reduction counseling.
  • Assessed by the clinic staff as being at "low risk" for HIV infection and committed to maintaining behavior consistent with low risk of HIV exposure through the last required protocol clinic visit (see study protocol).

Laboratory Inclusion Values:

Hemogram/Complete Blood Count

  • Hemoglobin ≥11.0 g/dL for participants who were assigned female sex at birth, ≥13.0 g/dL for participants who were assigned male sex at birth. For transgender participants who have been on feminizing hormone therapy for more than 6 consecutive months, determine hemoglobin eligibility based on the gender with which they identify (ie, a transgender female who has been on hormone therapy for more than 6 consecutive months should be assessed for eligibility using the hemoglobin parameters for persons assigned female sex at birth).
  • White blood cell (WBC) count = 2,500 to 12,000 cells/mm^3
  • WBC differential either within institutional normal range or with site clinician approval
  • Platelets = 125,000 to 550,000 cells/mm^3

Chemistry

  • Chemistry panel: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <1.25 times the institutional upper limit of normal; creatinine ≤ institutional upper limit of normal

Virology

  • Negative HIV-1 and -2 blood test: US volunteers must have a negative Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved enzyme immunoassay (EIA) or chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA).
  • Negative Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Negative anti-Hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV), or negative HCV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) if the anti-HCV is positive

Urine

  • Negative or trace urine protein

Reproductive Status

  • Volunteers who were assigned female sex at birth: negative serum or urine beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) pregnancy test performed prior to study product administration on the day of initial study product administration. Persons who are NOT of reproductive potential due to having undergone total hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy (verified by medical records), are not required to undergo pregnancy testing
  • Reproductive status: A volunteer who was assigned female sex at birth must:

    • Agree to use effective contraception for sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy from at least 21 days prior to enrollment through the last required protocol clinic visit. Effective contraception is defined as using the following methods:
    • Condoms (male or female) with or without a spermicide,
    • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide,
    • Intrauterine device (IUD),
    • Hormonal contraception,
    • Tubal ligation, or
    • Any other contraceptive method approved by the HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) 136/HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 092 Protocol Safety Review Team (PSRT)
    • Successful vasectomy in any partner assigned male sex at birth (considered successful if a volunteer reports that a male partner has [1] documentation of azoospermia by microscopy, or [2] a vasectomy more than 2 years ago with no resultant pregnancy despite sexual activity postvasectomy);
    • Or not be of reproductive potential, such as having reached menopause (no menses for 1 year) or having undergone hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy;
    • Or be sexually abstinent.
  • Volunteers who were assigned female sex at birth must also agree not to seek pregnancy through alternative methods, such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization until after the last required protocol clinic visit

Exclusion Criteria:

General

  • Weight >115 kg
  • Blood products received within 120 days before first study product administration, unless eligibility for earlier enrollment is determined by the HVTN 136/HPTN 092 PSRT
  • Investigational research agents received within 30 days before first study product administration
  • Intent to participate in another study of an investigational research agent or any other study that requires non-Network HIV antibody testing during the planned duration of the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

Vaccines and other Injections

  • HIV vaccine(s) received in a prior HIV vaccine trial. For volunteers who have received control/placebo in an HIV vaccine trial, the HVTN 136/HPTN 092 PSRT will determine eligibility on a case-by-case basis.
  • Previous receipt of humanized or human mAbs, whether licensed or investigational; the HVTN 136/HPTN 092 PSRT will determine eligibility on a case-by-case basis.
  • Previous receipt of monoclonal antibodies VRC01, VRC01LS, VRC07-523LS, or PGT121

Immune System

  • Immunosuppressive medications received within 30 days before first study product administration (Not exclusionary: [1] corticosteroid nasal spray; [2] inhaled corticosteroids; [3] topical corticosteroids for mild, uncomplicated dermatological condition; or [4] a single course of oral/parenteral prednisone or equivalent at doses <20 mg/day and length of therapy <14 days.)
  • Serious adverse reactions to VRC07-523LS or PGT121.414.LS formulation components (acetate, sucrose, polysorbate 80, histidine, and sorbitol; see study protocol), including history of anaphylaxis and related symptoms such as hives, respiratory difficulty, angioedema, and/or abdominal pain
  • Immunoglobulin received within 90 days before first study product administration, unless eligibility for earlier enrollment is determined by the HVTN 136/HPTN 092 PSRT (for mAb see criterion above)
  • Autoimmune disease (Not excluded from participation: Participant with mild, stable and uncomplicated autoimmune disease that does not require immunosuppressive medication and that, in the judgment of the site investigator, is likely not subject to exacerbation and likely not to complicate Solicited and Unsolicited AE assessments)
  • Immunodeficiency

Clinically significant medical conditions

  • Clinically significant medical condition, physical examination findings, clinically significant abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history with clinically significant implications for current health. A clinically significant condition or process includes but is not limited to:

    • A process that would affect the immune response,
    • A process that would require medication that affects the immune response,
    • Any contraindication to repeated infusions, or blood draws, including inability to establish venous or subcutaneous access,
    • A condition that requires active medical intervention or monitoring to avert grave danger to the volunteer's health or well-being during the study period,
    • A condition or process (eg, chronic urticaria or recent injection or infusion with evidence of residual inflammation) for which signs or symptoms could be confused with reactions to the study product, or
    • Any condition specifically listed among the exclusion criteria.
  • Any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or skin condition (eg, tattoos) that, in the judgment of the investigator, would interfere with, or serve as a contraindication to, protocol adherence, assessment of safety, Solicited AEs, or a participant's ability to give informed consent
  • Psychiatric condition that precludes compliance with the protocol. Specifically excluded are persons with psychoses within the past 3 years, ongoing risk for suicide, or history of suicide attempt or gesture within the past 3 years.
  • Current anti-tuberculosis (TB) therapy
  • Asthma other than mild, well-controlled asthma. (Symptoms of asthma severity as defined in the most recent National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) Expert Panel report).
  • Exclude a volunteer who:

    • Uses a short-acting rescue inhaler (typically a beta 2 agonist) daily, or
    • Uses moderate/high-dose, inhaled corticosteroids, or
  • In the past year has either of the following:

    • Greater than 1 exacerbation of symptoms treated with oral/parenteral corticosteroids;
    • Needed emergency care, urgent care, hospitalization, or intubation for asthma.
  • Diabetes mellitus type 1 or type 2 (Not excluded: type 2 cases controlled with diet alone or a history of isolated gestational diabetes.)
  • Hypertension:

    • If a person has been found to have elevated blood pressure or hypertension during screening or previously, exclude for blood pressure that is not well controlled. Well-controlled blood pressure is defined as consistently ≤140 mm Hg systolic and ≤90 mm Hg diastolic, with or without medication, with only isolated, brief instances of higher readings, which must be ≤150 mm Hg systolic and ≤100 mm Hg diastolic. For these volunteers, blood pressure must be ≤140 mm Hg systolic and ≤90 mm Hg diastolic at enrollment.
    • If a person has NOT been found to have elevated blood pressure or hypertension during screening or previously, exclude for systolic blood pressure ≥150 mm Hg at enrollment or diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mm Hg at enrollment.
  • Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a clinician (eg, factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions)
  • Malignancy (Not excluded from participation: Volunteer who has had malignancy excised surgically and who, in the investigator's estimation, has a reasonable assurance of sustained cure, or who is unlikely to experience recurrence of malignancy during the period of the study)
  • Seizure disorder: History of seizure(s) within past 3 years. Also exclude if volunteer has used medications in order to prevent or treat seizure(s) at any time within the past 3 years.
  • Asplenia: any condition resulting in the absence of a functional spleen
  • History of generalized urticaria, angioedema, or anaphylaxis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04212091


Locations
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United States, California
UCLA CARE Center CRS Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90035
Contact: Aleen Khodabakhshian    310-557-9027    akhodabakhshian@mednet.ucla.edu   
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington Univ. CRS Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037-1894
Contact: Hannah Yellin, MPH    202-480-2344    hlyellin@gwu.edu   
United States, Georgia
The Hope Clinic of the Emory Vaccine Center CRS Recruiting
Decatur, Georgia, United States, 30030
Contact: Shashikala Nagar, B.Sc., M.P.H.    404-712-1370    shashi.nagar@emory.edu   
United States, New York
Columbia P&S CRS Not yet recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Contact: Steven Palmer, P.A.-C    212-342-2958    mes52@cumc.columbia.edu   
University of Rochester Vaccines to Prevent HIV Infection CRS Recruiting
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Contact: Catherine A. Bunce    585-275-5871    catherine_bunce@urmc.rochester.edu   
United States, North Carolina
Chapel Hill CRS Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Becky Straub, B.S.N., M.P.H., R.N.    919-843-9975    bstraub@med.unc.edu   
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn Prevention CRS Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Debora Dunbar, M.S.N., C.R.N.P.    215-746-3713    ddunbar@pennmedicine.upenn.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
HIV Prevention Trials Network
Investigators
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Study Chair: Christopher Hurt University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Study Chair: Kathryn Stephenson Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard University
Study Chair: Srilatha Edupuganti Emory University
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04212091    
Other Study ID Numbers: HVTN 136/HPTN 092
38634 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS-ES Registry Number )
First Posted: December 26, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2021
Last Verified: August 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases