Assessment of Transcultural Psychotherapy in Child Major Depressive Disorder (EDPT-ADOS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04206969|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 20, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2020
The symptomatic and clinical expression of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents is strongly influenced by the cultural setting they are growing up in. These cultural variations complicate psychiatric care, especially for migrant children, for whom appropriate care must be designed.
Transcultural psychotherapy is an original psychotherapeutic technique developed to meet these specific requirements in France and in different European and American countries. Its theoretical and methodological foundations rest on the works of George Devereux in ethnopsychiatry (1970). A psychotherapeutic technique intended for first-generation migrants was developed by Tobie Nathan and coll (1986). Marie-Rose Moro and colleagues (1990) have adapted this technique to second-generation migrants.
Indicated as a second-line treatment after the failure of standard management, this technique is fully formalized today. It comprises group consultations for the child and the family as a one-hour session each month, directed by a principal therapist, assisted by a group of co-therapists (of diverse cultural origins and occupations) and an interpreter in the family's mother tongue. The concept of culture is used to establish the therapeutic alliance, decode the symptoms, and propose treatment.
The children and adolescents receiving this treatment have varied psychopathological profiles, mostly involving depressive and/or anxiety disorders. Specifically, migrants' children are especially vulnerable to depression, their psychiatric care is generally longer and less effective than in the general population, and their rate of treatment failure higher.
Transcultural psychotherapy has demonstrated its value in these situations in numerous qualitative studies, but its efficacy has not yet been assessed by a method providing a high level of evidence, such as randomized controlled trials.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Major Depressive Disorder||Behavioral: Transcultural psychotherapy||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Assessment of Transcultural Psychotherapy to Treat Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents From Migrant Families: a Bayesian Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||April 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2023|
Experimental: Transcultural psychotherapy
In addition to usual care, the participants in the treatment group receive transcultural psychotherapy in the inclusion centers, which consists of 5 sessions every 7 weeks (W6, W13, W20, W27, and W34). During all the research process, participants from both groups continue their usual care provided by the referent medical team outside the inclusion center.
Behavioral: Transcultural psychotherapy
In addition to usual care, the participants receive transcultural psychotherapy
No Intervention: standard care
usual care provided by the referent medical team
- Severity Score on the Improved Global Impression Scale (iCGI) to assess remission [ Time Frame: at week 34 visit (v5) ]
.iCGI score is a scale ranging from 1 to 7, 1 being Normal, not at all ill, and 7 - Among the most extremely ill patients.
- - Normal, not at all ill
- - Borderline mentally ill
- - Mildly ill
- - Moderately ill
- - Markedly ill
- - Severely ill
- - Among the most extremely ill patients
Remission is defined as a mean iCGI score over the 3 experts <4 at 28 weeks of treatment (W34).
- Severity score on the iCGI [ Time Frame: at baseline and weeks 6, 13, 20, 27 and 34 and 52 ]To compare the course of the severity of depression in each group over the first 34 weeks after inclusion
- Score on the French version of the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) [ Time Frame: at baseline and weeks 6, 13, 20, 27 and 34 and 52 ]
It's a 17-item scale with answers on 5 or 7-point Likert scale (total score ranges from 17 to 113). A score ≥ 40 is indicative of depression, whereas a score ≤28 is often used to define remission.
To compare the course of the level of depressive symptoms in each group over the first 34 weeks after inclusion
- Score on the French version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for children (STAI-C) [ Time Frame: at baseline and weeks 6, 13, 20, 27 and 34 and 52 ]To compare the course of the level of anxiety symptoms in each group over the first 34 weeks after inclusion
- Score changes in Depression and anxiety Scores between Week 34 and week 52 [ Time Frame: at 34 and 52 weeks ]To evaluate the persistence of the efficacy of transcultural psychiatry over time by describing the course of the severity of the depression and of the depressive and anxiety symptoms from 34 to 52 weeks after inclusion in the group of patients treated by transcultural psychotherapy during the first 34 weeks
- analysis of the content of the clinical data collected during the visits [ Time Frame: between 34 and 44 weeks ]To describe the therapeutic processes that enabled the improvement of patients treated by transcultural psychotherapy
- analysis of the content of the interview with the families and therapists at the end of the treatment [ Time Frame: between 34 and 44 weeks ]For this secondary objective concerning the group of patients treated by transcultural psychotherapy, a qualitative design will be used to explore the perceived efficacity and acceptability of the therapy. Investigators will organize two semi-structured interviews after the fifth therapy session. These semi-structured interviews will be conducted by a psychologist trained in transcultural care. One interview will concern the family and will explore, with the help of an interpreter speaking the native language of the family, the acceptability of the care as well as success factors identified by the family. The other interview will concern the therapists and will explore the success factors identified by the professionals. The interviews guides have been constructed by specialists of transcultural care in childhood and adolescence To describe the perceived efficacy and acceptability of the transcultural psychotherapy for the patient and the family
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04206969
|Contact: Jonathan LACHAL, PhD||00331 58 41 28 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Marie-Rose MORO, PhD||00331 58 41 28 email@example.com|
|Service de Psychopathologie de l'enfant, de l'adolescent, CHU Avicenne|
|Contact: Thierry Baubet, Pr firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Service de médecine interne, unité de consultation transculturelle, CHRU Saint-André (CHU Bordeaux)|
|Contact: Claire Mestre, Dr email@example.com|
|Service de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, CHRU Gabriel Montpied|
|Contact: Hélène Asensi, Dr firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Maison de Solenn, Cochin Hospital|
|Paris, France, 75000|
|Contact: Jonathan Lachal, PhD 00331 58 41 28 14 email@example.com|
|Contact: Marie-Rose MORO, PhD 00331 58 41 28 01 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Secteur 75G23, Centre Médico-psychologique (CMP), GHU PARIS, Maison blanche|
|Contact: Annie Msellati, Dr email@example.com|
|Centre Médico-psychologique, Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital La Grave, CHU Toulouse|
|Contact: Katia JOURNOT-REVERBEL, Dr firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Jonathan LACHAL, PhD||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris|