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Safety, Immunogenicity and Efficacy of the Blood-stage Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Vaccine Candidate PvDBPII in Matrix M1

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04201431
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
This is an Open label, first-in-human, Phase I/IIa, blood-stage P. vivax malaria vaccine trial to assess the safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of the blood-stage Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine candidate PvDBPII in Matrix M1 in healthy adults living in the UK.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria, Vivax Biological: PvDBPII/Matrix-M1 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This Phase I/IIa clinical trial is designed to primarily assess the safety of the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine in healthy volunteers and to establish whether the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine can demonstrate a reduced parasite multiplication rate in vaccinated subjects compared to infectivity controls in a blood-stage controlled human malaria infection model.

Up to 24 healthy volunteers aged 18-45 will be recruited in England at the Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Oxford.

All volunteers will receive three doses of the PvDBPII 50ug/Matrix M1 50ug candidate vaccine prior to blood-stage CHMI 2-4 weeks after the third vaccination

Volunteers will undergo blood stage CHMI with Plasmodium vivax.

Volunteers in a parallel study (VAC069), who will undergo the same CHMI without prior vaccination, will be used as infectivity controls.

Participants in Group 1 will be followed for approximately 9 months after the third vaccination, approximately 2 years in total from enrolment. Participants in Group 2 will be followed for 1 year from enrolment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Group 2 is optional to be added only if fewer than 8 volunteers complete in Group 1
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Clinical Trial to Assess the Safety, Immunogenicity and Efficacy of the Blood-stage Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Vaccine Candidate PvDBPII in Matrix M1 in Healthy Adults Living in the UK
Actual Study Start Date : January 24, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Up to 12 volunteers in Group 1 will receive three doses of the PvDBPII 50ug/Matrix M1 50ug candidate vaccine at 1, 2 and 12-18 months prior to blood-stage CHMI 2-4 weeks after the third vaccination.
Biological: PvDBPII/Matrix-M1
3 doses of 50ug PvDBPII in 50ug Matrix M1 on days 0, 28 and 56 or 365.

Experimental: Group 2
If fewer than 8 volunteers complete the study in Group 1, then new volunteers will be recruited into Group 2, to make up a total of 10 to 12 volunteers who complete 3 vaccinations and CHMI between Groups 1 and 2. Group 2 volunteers will receive three doses of the PvDBPII 50ug/Matrix M1 50ug candidate vaccine at monthly intervals, prior to blood-stage CHMI 2-4 weeks after the third vaccination.
Biological: PvDBPII/Matrix-M1
3 doses of 50ug PvDBPII in 50ug Matrix M1 on days 0, 28 and 56 or 365.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety of the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine candidate, assessed through collection of data on the frequency, duration and severity of solicited and unsolicited adverse events. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The specific endpoints for safety and reactogenicity will be actively and passively collected data on adverse events.

  2. Establish whether the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine can demonstrate a reduced parasite multiplication rate in vaccinated subjects compared to infectivity controls in a blood-stage controlled human malaria infection model [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Assessed by quantitative PCR-derived parasite multiplication rate (PMR). The PMR of the volunteers vaccinated with PvDBPII-Matrix M1 will be compared to the PMR of the malaria-naïve controls partaking in parallel CHMI.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of the humoral immunogenicity of the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine candidate. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Antibody responses to the P. vivax Duffy-binding protein (PvDBPII) will be assessed through total IgG, isotypes, in vitro functional PvDBPII inhibitory binding assays and avidity.

  2. Assessment of the cellular immunogenicity of the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine candidate. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    T cell responses to PvDBPII will be assessed by flow cytometry assays

  3. Immunological readouts for association with a reduced parasite multiplication rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Correlation between anti-PvDBP responses induced by the PvDBPII-Matrix M1 vaccine candidate and PMR.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adult aged 18 to 45 years.
  • Red blood cells positive for the Duffy antigen/chemokine receptor (DARC).
  • Normal serum levels of Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD).
  • Negative haemoglobinopathy screen
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Willing to allow the Investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner.
  • Women only: Must practice continuous highly effective contraception* for the duration of the study
  • Agreement to permanently refrain from blood donation
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Reachable (24/7) by mobile phone during the period between CHMI and completion of all antimalarial treatment.
  • Willing to take a curative anti-malarial regimen following CHMI.
  • Willing to reside in Oxford for the post-challenge period, until antimalarials have been completed.
  • Answer all questions on the informed consent quiz correctly at first or second attempt

    • Female volunteers are required to use a highly effective form of contraception during the course of the study as malaria challenge could pose a serious risk to both maternal health and the unborn foetus.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of clinical malaria (any species).
  • Travel to a clearly malaria endemic locality during the study period or within the preceding six months.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days of CHMI (e.g.

trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, fluoroquinolones and azithromycin).

  • Use of anti-malarials within 30 days of CHMI
  • Weight less than 50kg, as measured at the screening visit
  • Receipt of immunoglobulins within the three months prior to planned administration of the vaccine candidate.
  • Receipt of blood products (e.g., blood transfusion) at any time in the past.
  • Peripheral venous access unlikely to allow twice daily blood testing (as determined by the Investigator).
  • Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period.
  • Receipt of any vaccine in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt of any other vaccine within 30 days preceding or following each study vaccination, with the exception of licensed COVID-19 vaccines, which should not be received within 14 days before or after any study vaccination.
  • Concurrent involvement in another clinical trial or planned involvement during the study period
  • Prior receipt of an investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data or the P. vivax parasite as assessed by the Investigator.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine e.g. egg products, Kathon
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by malaria infection.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis
  • Any history of anaphylaxis in reaction to vaccinations
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study.
  • Use of medications known to cause prolongation of the QT interval and existing contraindication to the use of Malarone.
  • Use of medications known to have a potentially clinically significant interaction with Riamet and Malarone.
  • Any clinical condition known to prolong the QT interval.
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia, including clinically relevant bradycardia.
  • Disturbances of electrolyte balance, e.g. hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia.
  • Family history of congenital QT prolongation or sudden death.
  • Contraindications to the use of both of the proposed anti-malarial medications; Riamet Malarone.
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study.
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision.
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 25 standard UK units every week.
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) detected in serum.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV) at screening or (unless has taken part in a prior hepatitis C vaccine study with confirmed negative HCV antibodies prior to participation in that study, and negative HCV RNA PCR at screening for this study).
  • Positive family history in both 1st AND 2nd degree relatives < 50 years old for cardiac disease.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons.
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination. In the event of abnormal test results, confirmatory repeat tests will be requested. Procedures for identifying laboratory values meeting exclusion criteria are shown in SOP VC027.
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.
  • Inability of the study team to contact the volunteer's GP to confirm medical history and safety to participate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04201431


Contacts
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Contact: Volunteer Coordinator 01865 857406 vaccinetrials@ndm.ox.ac.uk
Contact: Angela Minassian

Locations
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United Kingdom
CCVTM, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital Recruiting
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LE
Contact: Volunteer Coordinator       vaccinetrials@ndm.ox.ac.uk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Angela M Minassian, Dr Jenner Institute
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04201431    
Other Study ID Numbers: VAC079
First Posted: December 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
PvDBPII
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Malaria
Malaria, Vivax
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases