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Efficacy of Montelukast in Reducing the Incidence and Severity of Monoclonal Antibodies Associated Infusion Reactions

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04198623
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 9, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mohammed Bukari, MD, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:

The use of monoclonal antibodies (MA) either alone or as part of chemoimmunotherapy in oncology, benign and malignant hematology is expanding. Of the 17 therapeutic MAs approved in 2017 by FDA, 50% of them are indicated for hematologic and oncologic condition. With increasing number of approved agents, therapeutic MAs have become one of the fastest growing areas in the management of benign and malignant hematologic condition. Advancement of recombinant technology allows development of partially or fully humanized new agents. Despite this, they still carry significant risk of immune and non-immune mediated adverse events. Most of the therapeutic monoclonal antibody related adverse events (MCAAE) The severity of reaction is variable, ranging from mild involvement of single organ to severe and life-threatening reactions requiring hospitalization or even resulting in death.

Even for mild infusion reactions, where re-initiation of infusion is possible, there is resultant delay in delivery of infusions, distress to patients, and additional utilization of health care resources.

Due to unpredictability of standard infusion reaction (SIR), efforts have been focused on premedication to decreasing the incidence and severity of infusion reaction. Most institutions have protocols using corticosteroid, acetaminophen and antihistamine as part of their premedication protocols. This has reduced but not eliminated standard infusion reactions. Most recently, mast cell stabilizers are being added to standard protocols to further reduce the incidence and severity of standard infusion reactions with variable anecdotal success without formal study. Of all the monoclonal antibodies, only Daratumumab has been evaluated using this strategy.

This study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of mast cell stabilizer Montelukast (SINGULAIR) 10 mg in decreasing the SIR in patients receiving therapeutic MAs either alone or as part of chemoimmunotherapy in hematologic condition. The MAs being studied includes: Blinatumomab (BLINCYTO, Amgen Inc.), Daratumumab (DARZALEX, Janssen Biotech, Inc.), Elotuzumab (EMPLICIT, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company), Gemtuzumab (MYLOTARG, Pfizer Inc.), Obinutuzumab (GAZYVA, Genentech USA, Inc.), and Rituximab (RITUXAN, Genentech US); The investigators postulate that 10 mg of Montelukast, when given in addition to standard premedication, will lead to decrease in incidence of MA associated SIR, shorter infusion time and decrease use of additional health care resources


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Infusion Reaction Monoclonal Antibody Drug: Montelukast 10 Mg Oral Tablet Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study design:

This is a Phase II single arm open label study evaluating 10 mg Montelukast given at least 2 hours prior to infusion of monoclonal antibody in addition to standard premedication. Monoclonal antibodies being evaluated include those commonly used to treat hematologic and oncologic malignancies like (Blinatumomab, Daratumumab, Elotuzumab, Gemtuzumab, Obinutuzumab, and Rituximab).

Arms/Intervention; Study subjects will be given 10 mg of Montelukast to be orally self-administered at least 2 hours prior to beginning of chemotherapy section Standard premedication will be administered according to institution protocol

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Phase II Study, Evaluating the Efficacy of Montelukast in Reducing the Incidence and Severity of Monoclonal Antibodies Associated Infusion Reactions
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 20, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 20, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Montelukast (Singulair)
Montelukast(Singulair) 10mg to be taken in addition to standard institutional premedication
Drug: Montelukast 10 Mg Oral Tablet
Montelukast(Singulair) 10mg to be taken at least 2 hours prior to initiation of monoclonal antibody infusion addition to institutional protocol premedication regiment
Other Name: Singulair




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The incidence rates of standard infusion reaction(SIR) at cycle 1 and during subsequent cycles of monoclonal antibody infusion in the study subjects [ Time Frame: Through study completion (average 6 months) ]
    The incidence rate of infusion reaction includes all clinical sign and symptoms of reaction graded by CTCAE v5.0 in patients receiving each cycle monoclonal antibody infusions. The grade and rate of each grade will be measured and or calculated for each cycle of infusion up to 6 cycles or treatment discontinuation which ever comes first


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average infusion duration of each cycle the monoclonal antibody infusion in the study subject [ Time Frame: Through study completion (average 6 months) ]
    The time from start to end of each cycle of infusion of monoclonal antibody will be measured in the study subject up to 6 cycles or treatment discontinuation which ever comes first. Average infusion time will then be calculated.

  2. Incidence rate of Grade 3 or more monoclonal antibody infusion with each cycle of infusion and through out the entire duration of infusion (up to 6 cycles or till discontinuation which ever comes first [ Time Frame: Through study completion (average 6 months) ]
    The incidence rate of Grade 3 infusion reaction includes all clinical sign and symptoms of reaction graded by CTCAE v5.0 as grade 3 in patients receiving each cycle monoclonal antibody infusions and the entire duration of treatment(up to 6 cycles or till treatment is discontinue which ever comes first

  3. Discontinuation rate of monoclonal antibody infusion due to SIRs [ Time Frame: Through study completion (average 6 months) ]
    Rate at which monoclonal antibody treatment is stopped and changed to new treatment due to adverse drug reaction attributed to monoclonal antibody infusion



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be at least 18 years.
  2. Able to provide consent for study participation (English and Spanish).
  3. Patients with hematologic disorders or malignancies starting on any of the following monoclonal antibodies alone or in combination with chemotherapy (Blinatumomab, Daratumumab, Elotuzumab, Gemtuzumab, Obinutuzumab, and Rituximab).
  4. Able to tolerate leukotriene antagonist including Montelukast.
  5. Able to tolerate oral intake.
  6. Available for follow up by phone and on site.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients undergoing treatment with above monoclonal antibodies for indications other than stated in above eligibility criteria.
  2. Patients who cannot provide informed consent in English or Spanish.
  3. Patients taking Montelukast or other leukotriene antagonists for other indications at the time of screening.
  4. Known allergic reactions to Montelukast or other leukotriene inhibitors.
  5. On monoclonal antibodies other than the ones being studied (Blinatumomab, Daratumumab, Elotuzumab, Gemtuzumab, Obinutuzumab, and Rituximab).
  6. History of uncontrolled depression or suicidal ideation or psychiatric illness.
  7. Known Severe Hepatic Impairment (AST>10x ULN; ALT>10x ULN; ALP>10x ULN; and/or Bilirubin >5x ULN).
  8. Patient with eosinophilic vasculitis.
  9. Unable to comply with phone or in person follow-up.
  10. Patients participating in another clinical trial.
  11. Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04198623


Contacts
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Contact: Richard Ward 559.387.1828 ext 41828 rward@fresno.ucsf.edu

Locations
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United States, California
Community Cancer Institute Recruiting
Clovis, California, United States, 93611
Contact: RICHARD WARD    559-387-1828 ext 41828    RWARD5@communitymedical.org   
Contact: CYTHIA HO    559.387.1850    CHo@fresno.ucsf.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: MOHAMMED BUKARI, MD UCSF - Fresno
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Responsible Party: Mohammed Bukari, MD, Principal Investigator, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04198623    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB2019105
IND146287 ( Other Identifier: US FDA )
First Posted: December 13, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Incidence rate of Infusion reaction Tolerability of infusion reaction
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Sept, 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Montelukast
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Leukotriene Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action