Working…
Help guide our efforts to modernize ClinicalTrials.gov.
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Personalized CAPTEM Radiopeptide Therapy of Advanced, Non-resectable Neuroendocrine Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04194125
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center
The Medical University of Warsaw; Poland
The Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center Gammed; Poland
National Center for Research and Development, Poland
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jaroslaw B. Cwikla, MD, PhD, Professor UWM, University of Warmia and Mazury

Brief Summary:

This is a non-randomized, phase II, open label study. The purpose of this study is to estimate Progression Free Survival (PFS) after treatment with Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) 177Lu-DOTATOC standard dose (up to 4x7,4GBq 177Lu DOTATOC) in combination with capecitabine (750mg/m2) and temozolomide (75mg/m2) (CAPTEM).

Patients with advanced, non-resectable and/or progressive gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, GEP-NET, (G1, G2), in selected cases with high proliferation index (Ki-67> 20%, usually below 55%), NETG3, with overexpression of somatostatin receptor (SSTR positive) will be enrolled in the study.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Tumors Drug: 177Lu-DOTATOC Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a non-randomized, phase II, open label study.

The purpose of this study is to:

• estimate Progression Free Survival (PFS) after treatment with Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) 177Lu-DOTATOC standard dose (up to 4x7,4GBq 177Lu DOTATOC) in combination with capecitabine (750mg/m2) and temozolomide (75mg/m2) (CAPTEM).

Patients with advanced, non-resectable and/or progressive gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, GEP-NET according to WHO 2017 classification, (histological grade G1, G2), in selected cases patients with high proliferation index (Ki-67> 20%, usually below 55%), NETG3 - pancreatic, midgut neuroendocrine tumors and carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). All with overexpression of somatostatin receptor (SSTR positive) based on somatostin receptor scintigraphy (SRS), will be enrolled in this study.

  • evaluate the safety and tolerability of combination therapy using 177Lu-DOTATOC and CAPTEM.
  • evaluate the health related quality of life (QoL) as measured by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-G.I.NET21 questionnaire.
  • evaluate internal dosimetry, in a subset up to 20 patients, but at least 10 patients.
  • explore the correlation of clinical efficacy outcomes with Somatostatin Receptor Scintigraphy (SRS) using 99mTc HYNICTOC (Tektordyt®) tumour uptake score.
  • explore the correlation of clinical efficacy outcomes with the levels of some specific and non-specific biomarkers and gene transcripts analysis.
  • compare the Time to Tumour Progression (TTP).

The schedule of treatment will include 4 courses; capecitabine (750mg/m2), which will be administrated for 14 days (twice a day) with 8-week breaks, combined at 10th day with 177Lu-DOTATOC (PRRT - Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy) in doses from 5,55GBq up to 7,4 GBq administered i.v. up to four times in every patient.

In selected patients, in those with only liver involvement or dominant liver bulky disease third and fourth administration of PRRT will be used intraarterial administration (i.a.) via hepatic artery. The administered dose will be from 2.85 GBq up to 3.7GBq, up to two times per whole therapy, followed by Temozolomide p.o. administration (75mg/m2), which will be given during 10-14th days in each therapy sessions.

Doses of PRRT could be modified due to clinical stage and laboratory parameters. Treatment will be discontinued in the case of a cumulative dose 29,6 GBq, corresponding to the radiation dose on the bone marrow below 2 Gy and cumulative dose on kidney below 23 Gy. In case of radiation dose on kidney above 23 Gy treatment will be interrupted.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Study of Radiopeptide 177Lu-DOTATOC in Combination With Capecitabine and Temozolomide in Advanced, Non-resectable and Progressive Neuroendocrine Tumors With Somatostatin Receptor Overexpression
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 177Lu-DOTATOC combined with CAPTEM
  • The therapy will include 4 courses (14 days per one) with 8-week intervals;
  • 177Lu-DOTATOC in doses from 5,55GBq up to 7,4 GBq will be administered i.v. up to four times at 10th day;
  • Concomitant amino acids will be given with each administration;
  • Capecitabine (750mg/m2) will be administrated for 14 days (twice a day) followed by Temozolomide (75mg/m2) at 10-14th days in each therapy sessions.
Drug: 177Lu-DOTATOC
Four administrations of 5,55GBq up to 7,4 GBq 177Lu-DOTATOC will be administered at 8-week intervals.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PFS - Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    the time from the start of treatment date to the date of first observation of documented local recurrence, metastases or disease progression. Patients without progression at the time of analysis will be censored. The median PFS will be estimated.

    Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

    CT or MRI tumour assessment will be used to response evaluation. CT/MRI tumour assessment will be performed before start of PRRT and then after 6+2 weeks after last PRRT session followed by 6 months intervals during first 3 years of follow-up, after that annually. The measurement of PFS will be calculated in months.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. OS - Overall Survival (time months) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from the date of the start therapy to the date of death due to any cause or the date of last contact (censored observation) at the date of data cut-off. The measurement of OS will be calculated in months.

  2. Performance Status (PS) - evaluation criteria [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Clinical response based on physical performance status (PS) using standard evaluation based on WHO/ECOG criteria. It will be assessed before each treatment cycle and then followed by 6 weeks after completion of therapy and then at three-month intervals. The measurement will be in the scale as follows: 0-asymptomatic, 1=symptomatic but completely ambulatory, 2=Symptomatic <50% in bed during the day, 3= Symptomatic >50% in bed during the day; 4=Bedbound; 5=Death.

  3. Cancer Related Symptoms - assessment of clinical criteria [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Clinical response based on potential relief in the initial phase before PRRT during and after PRRT. Items will be assessed, including: appetite, malaise, pain associated with the disease, nausea, vomiting, fever, wheezing and abdominal pain or any other symptoms of advanced cancer. All of the above will be assessed as yes / no. Intensity will be recorded in the quality assessment. It will be evaluated before treatment, before each treatment cycle, and then 6 weeks after the end of therapy, and then at three-month intervals. The measurement will be made in the qualitative data set and categorized as improvement, stabilization or disease progression.

  4. Hormonal overproduction symptoms - assessment of clinical criteria [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Hormonal response based on relief of symptoms of hormonal overproduction, which will be compare to clinical symptoms before PRRT, during and after PRRT during clinical follow-up. The presence of specific symptoms with hormone overproduction including: 1. Carcinoid syndrome (CS) - initial intensity of diarrhea and potential relief after PRRT (number per day), initial intensity of flushing and potential relief after PRRT (number per day). 2. Presence of heartburn in case of NET with ZES (Zollinger-Elisson syndrome) initial intensity and potential relief during PRRT and after finished PRRT during clinical follow-up. 3. Presence of hypoglycemia in case of NET with insulin overproduction (insulinoma), initial intensity of hypoglycemia before PRRT and potential relief after PRRT during clinical follow-up. The measurement will be made in a set of the qualitative data as improvement, stabilization or disease progression.

  5. ORR - Objective Response Rate - evaluation criteria [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    The evaluation of objective response will be utilized by multiphase structural imaging before and after i.v. contrast enhancement (CT or MRI). The radiological response will be based on RECIST 1.0 using standard terminology of objective response, performed before start of PRRT and then after 6+2 weeks after last PRRT therapy followed by 6 months intervals during first 3 years of follow-up, after that annually. The measurement will be made in a set of quantitative data as partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) or disease progression (DP).

  6. Safety Assessments - Laboratory Parameters - evaluation criteria: CTCAEs ver. 4.0 [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Changes from Baseline in Hematology (WBC, RBC, platelets, haemoglobin), Blood chemistry (BUN, serum creatinine and creatinine clearance, uric acid, albumin, total bilirubin, AP, aspartate aminotransferase [AST/ASAT], alanine aminotransferase [ALT/ALAT], gamma-glutamyl transferase [γ-GT], [Na], [K], lactic dehydrogenase [LDH], glycosylated hemoglobin/hemoglobin A1c [glycoHb] and specific biomarkers Chromogranin-A (CgA) in the serum and 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the urine. The measurement will be made in a set of quantitative data, based on CTCAEs ver. 4.0. https://www.eortc.be/services/ doc/ctc/CTCAE_4.03_2010-06-14_QuickReference_5x7.pdf

  7. Vital Signs - heart rate - physiological parameter [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    heart rate (beats per minute)

  8. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure - physiological parameter [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    mmHg

  9. BMI - Body Mass Index - physiological parameter [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    weight (kg), height (m) Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2). The measurement will be made in a set of quantitative data

  10. ECG - physiological parameter [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    ECG analysis during each therapy session and clinical follow-up, including: P Wave, QRS Complex, QT Interval. The measurement will be made in a set of quantitative data



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults ≥18 years old, male or female;
  • All patients with histologically proven, well/moderate-differentiated G1/2 GEP-NET (according to WHO 2017 classification), with Ki-67 ≤20%, in selected cases patients with NETG3 will be included if there will be reported well/moderate morphological appearance but Ki-67>20% but less then Ki<30% (pancreatic, midgut NET and cancer with unknown primary (CUP)); and there will be high expression of somatostatin receptor seen in functional imaging utilized functional imaging 99mTc HYNICTOC or 68Ga DOTATATE or 68Ga DOTATOC;
  • The presence of high expression of somatostatin receptors demonstrated on Somatostatin Receptor Imaging using 99mTc HYNICTOC (SPECT) or 68Ga DOTATATE or 68Ga DOTATOC (PET) scans, et least as uptake in not involved liver, Krenning >2;
  • Non-resectable, advanced determined by an appropriately specialized surgeon or deemed not suitable for liver directed therapies where liver is the only site of disease;
  • Performance status (PS) based on ECOG 0-2;
  • Unresectable, advanced/metastatic progressive disease evaluated as clinical, biochemical, bad control symptoms of tumour hypersecretion or disease progression seen in imaging structural or functional;
  • Parameteres of laboratory test:

    1. Morphology: Hb>10g/dl, PLT>75x103/ml, WBC> 2x103 /ml with ACN> 1.5x103/ml
    2. Adequate renal function (GFR>30 ml/min)*, creatinine <1.5 mg/dl
    3. Adequate liver function (Bilirubin <1.8 mg/dl, ALAT and ASPAT, AP <5 ULN (ULN - upper limit of normal) * The patient may be qualificated to supportive treatment if the patient's condition is stable.
  • Life expectancy of at least 6 months;
  • The tumor parameters that can be measured objectively as the size to be assessed in radiological studies on the basis of the RECIST 1.0 and RECIST 1.1;
  • In the absence of the ability to measure tumor size based on RECIST criteria, they have tumor parameters that can be measured objectively as tumor markers determined in the blood or urine CgA, 5HIAA;
  • Study treatment both planned and able to start within 28 days of inclusion;
  • Willing and able to comply with all study requirements, including treatment, timing and/or nature of required assessments;
  • Signed, written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients <18 years old;
  • Coexistence of another cancer during recent 5 years, except cancers treated with curative intention and confirmed cured in follow-up with no or low risk of relapse;
  • Allergy on somatostatin receptor analogues or capecitabine and temozolomide;
  • Previous cytotoxic chemotherapy e.g. CAPTEM, and/or radiopeptide therapy PRRT;
  • Pre-existing locoregional treatment such as radiomebolization (SIRspheres) or HDR brachytherapy under CT control, performed in the last 6 months;
  • Uncontrolled metastases to the central nervous system, in the case of surgical and/or radiotherapeutic treatment, patients should remain on a stable dose of steroids for at least 2 weeks before enrollment, without deterioration of the general state associated with the presence of metastatic disease in the CNS;
  • Poorly controlled concurrent medical illness. E.g. unstable diabetes with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c> 9.0), the optimal glycaemic control should be achieved before starting trial therapy);
  • Major surgery/surgical therapy for any cause within three months before starting trial therapy;
  • Symptomatic heart failure NYHA class III or IV, congestive cardiac failure, myocardial infarction in the last 6 months, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, unstable angina, or other serious cardiac problems;
  • Patients with malabsorption or other gastrointestinal disorders that may interfere with the oral absorption of capecitabine and temozolomide (e.g. colitis ulcerosa, persistent nausea, vomiting, persistent diarrhea) not suitable for conservative treatment and no reaction to SST receptor analogs (Sandostatin LAR or Somatulina Autogel), malabsorption syndrome, short bowel syndrome after resection
  • Active uncontrolled infection, including Hepatitis and Hepatitis, HIV, in the case of HCV and HBV infection, the patient can be included in the study confirming the suppression of viral replication and the patient remains on the correct therapeutic dose of antiviral drugs;
  • Pregnant patients (a negative pregnancy test is required);
  • Women of childbearing age must present a negative pregnancy test at the beginning of the study and must use double barrier to contraception. Women of childbearing age are defined as menopausal if they remain not menstrual for at least 1 year, or surgical sterilization or removal of the uterus before the start of the study;
  • Breast-feeding female patients;
  • Patients in a mental state who can't understand the nature, extent and possible consequences of participating in the study associated with radioisotope treatment, or there is evidence of a lack of cooperation by the patient;
  • Exclusive clinical and laboratory findings that may compromise the patient's safety or reduce the chances of obtaining satisfactory data to achieve the goal (s) of the study;
  • Presence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule, including alcohol dependence or drug abuse;
  • The patient may be included in the maintenance treatment if the patient's clinical condition is stable.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04194125


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Jarosław B Ćwikła, MD, PhD +48602112599 jbcwikla@interia.pl

Locations
Layout table for location information
Poland
Centrum Diagnostyczno-Lecznicze Gammed Recruiting
Warszawa, Poland, 02-351
Contact: Jarosław B Ćwikła, M.D.    +48602112599    jbcwikla@interia.pl   
Contact: Alina Czepukojć, M.Sc.    +48228223001 ext Ćwikła    jbcwikla@interia.pl   
Principal Investigator: Jarosław B Ćwikła, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Nina Sekelcka         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Warmia and Mazury
Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center
The Medical University of Warsaw; Poland
The Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center Gammed; Poland
National Center for Research and Development, Poland

Publications:

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jaroslaw B. Cwikla, MD, PhD, Professor UWM, Head of Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04194125    
Other Study ID Numbers: POLNETS_2018
First Posted: December 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Jaroslaw B. Cwikla, MD, PhD, Professor UWM, University of Warmia and Mazury:
PRRT - Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy
CAPTEM - Capecitabine-temozolomide
GET-NET - Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours
PFS - progression free survival
OS - overall survival
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Capecitabine
Temozolomide
Octreotide
Edotreotide
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Radiopharmaceuticals
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal