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LMN-101 in a Campylobacter Human Challenge Model

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04182490
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 2, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2022
Naval Medical Research Center
University of Maryland
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lumen Bioscience, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single dose regimen study of LMN-101 followed by Campylobacter jejuni challenge. Subjects will initially, after documentation of informed consent, begin taking their assigned LMN-101 or placebo regimen three times daily. After two days, subjects will receive the C. jejuni challenge inoculum. Subjects will begin an appropriate antibiotic course upon meeting early treatment criteria or 144 hours following C. jejuni challenge, whichever is earlier. Subjects will be allowed to leave the clinical research facility 3 days after antibiotics, when all symptoms have resolved or are resolving, and have had ≥ 2 consecutive stool cultures ≥ 12 hours apart negative for C. jejuni and are afebrile > 24 hours prior to release and off antipyretics within 24 hours of discharge. Subjects will continue taking their LMN-101 or placebo regimen three times daily for a total of 14 days. Subjects will be provided a diary card/memory aid and thermometer for at-home monitoring of solicited adverse events through Day 24. Subjects will be seen at research facility for protocol-specified evaluations and will also be contacted by telephone 6 months after challenge.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Campylobacter Infections Biological: LMN-101 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Healthy adults are treated with LMN-101 or placebo followed by an oral challenge of campylobacter to measure protective efficacy against campylobacteriosis.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Identical-appearing placebo capsules, pharmacy blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Single Dose Regimen Study of LMN-101 in Healthy Volunteers Challenged With Campylobacter Jejuni
Actual Study Start Date : February 21, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 3000-mg cohort
LMN-101, six 500-mg capsules orally three times daily for 14 days (n=21)
Biological: LMN-101
VHH-derived binding protein designed to bind and inhibit FlaA, flagellin filament protein of Campylobacter jejuni, delivered in whole spray-dried, spirulina biomass
Other Name: Variable heavy chain (VHH) binding protein against flagellin

Placebo Comparator: Placebo cohort
Placebo, six 500-mg capsules orally three times daily for 14 days (n=21)
Drug: Placebo
Identical appearing placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of solicited or unsolicited adverse events [ Time Frame: 14 days ]
    Frequency of solicited or unsolicited adverse events in subjects that received LMN-101 compared to placebo for the protocol-specified duration of collection for each type of adverse event

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects with campylobacteriosis [ Time Frame: 14 days ]
    Proportion of subjects with campylobacteriosis after challenge with Campylobacter jejuni strain CG8421

  2. Proportion of subjects with specific solicited adverse events [ Time Frame: 14 days ]
    Proportion of subjects with specific solicited adverse events after challenge with Campylobacter jejuni strain CG8421

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or non-pregnant female between 18 and 50 years of age, inclusive, at time of informed consent
  2. Willingness to participate after written informed consent obtained
  3. Available for all planned clinical visits (for physical examinations, blood draws, and stool collections) and follow-up monitoring (9 or 10 clinic visits and 1 phone interview 6 months post-challenge)
  4. Agreement to follow the restrictions of the study. Willing and able to follow the study directions and procedures, including the rules and procedures of the clinical research unit.
  5. Demonstrated comprehension of the protocol procedures including knowledge of Campylobacter illness by passing a written examination (passing grade ≥ 70%).
  6. General good health, without significant medical illness or abnormal physical examination findings as determined by the PI.
  7. Laboratory values are Grade 1 or lower using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 as defined below:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/μL
    2. Lymphocyte count ≥ 800/μL
    3. Platelet count ≥ 125,000/μL
    4. Hemoglobin ≥ 13.0 g/dL in males (≥ 11.0 g/dL in females)
    5. Serum creatinine ≤1.5x ULN
    6. ALT and/or AST ≤ 1.5x ULN
    7. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x ULN
  8. Females of childbearing potential must commit to use one of the following highly effective methods of birth control consistently for at least 1 month prior to screening through study completion:

    1. Stable hormonal contraception with inhibition of ovulation; or
    2. Intrauterine device (IUD); or
    3. Bilateral tubal occlusion; or
    4. Surgical sterilization (vasectomy) of male partner at least 6 months prior to study; or
    5. Sexual abstinence (inactivity).
  9. To be considered of non-childbearing potential, females should be surgically sterilized (bilateral tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy at least 2 months prior to study) or be post-menopausal and at least 1 year since menses with follicle-stimulating hormone ≥ 40 units.
  10. Males should use condoms for contraception and refrain from donating sperm through Day 64.
  11. BMI between 18.5 and 33.5 inclusive
  12. Complies with current Pharmaron Covid-19 policies and procedures

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Significant medical condition or laboratory abnormalities that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator preclude participation in the study.
  2. History of Covid symptoms or positive Covid test within 2 weeks prior to admission date.
  3. Alcohol or illicit drug abuse/dependency
  4. Positive serology results for HIV, HBsAg, or HCV with confirmatory assays.
  5. Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  6. Personal or documented family history of Guillain-Barr syndrome or neuromuscular disease; or an inflammatory arthritis such as reactive arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or rheumatoid arthritis; inflammatory bowel disease; autoimmune disease; malignancy (not including basal cell carcinoma); any immunocompromising condition; or history of major gastrointestinal surgery.
  7. Evidence of neurological abnormalities.
  8. History of reactive arthritis or evidence of inflammatory arthritis on exam.
  9. Fever within the 2 weeks prior to time of enrollment.
  10. Evidence of IgA deficiency (serum IgA < 7 mg/mL or below the limit of detection of assay).
  11. HLA-B27 positive
  12. Allergy or prior intolerance to two or more of the following antibiotics: azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, erythromycin, ampicillin, or amoxicillin/clavulanate.
  13. Allergy or prior intolerance to spirulina or spirulina products.
  14. Fewer than 3 stools per week or more than 3 stools per day as the usual frequency.
  15. History of moderate to serious diarrhea while traveling in a developing country within the last 3 years.
  16. History of myocarditis or pericarditis.
  17. History of major abdominal surgery or unexplained abdominal scar. Ok if appendectomy or cholecystectomy (one year post)
  18. Regular use of antidiarrheal, antacids, loperamide, bismuth subsalicylate diphenoxylate, or similar medication affecting bowel motility (regular defined as at least weekly).
  19. Use of proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers, or other antacids within 48 hours preceding initiation of LMN-101 or placebo.
  20. Use of antibiotics during the 7 days preceding initiation of LMN-101 or placebo.
  21. Use of spirulina, or spirulina containing products, other than the study drug in the 30 days preceding initiation of LMN-101 or placebo.
  22. Use of any investigational product within 30 days preceding initiation of LMN-101 or placebo or planned use during the active study period.
  23. Use of any medication known to affect the immune system (e.g., systemic corticosteroids, chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody biologic response modifiers) within 12 months preceding initiation of LMN-101 or placebo or planned use during the active study period (excluding inhaled steroids with spacer).
  24. History of prior exposure to Campylobacter including by vaccination or infection in previous trials, or serum immunoglobulin A (IgA) titer to C. jejuni glycine extract >1:4000.
  25. Other dietary or environmental exposures that may place the subject at high risk for prior Campylobacter exposure (to be determined on a case-by-case basis by the PI).
  26. Employment as a food handler; childcare worker; or caregiver for elderly, immunocompromised individuals, or other at-risk population.
  27. History of major mental illness such as schizophrenia, major depression or suicidal ideation
  28. Any other criteria which, in the Principal Investigator's opinion, would compromise the ability of the subject to participate in the study, the safety of the study or the results of the study.
  29. Potential participant's 12 - lead electrocardiogram demonstrating pathologic abnormalities including non-sinus rhythm, pathologic Q waves, significant ST-T wave changes, corrected QT interval (QTc) using Fridericia correction (QTcF) at screening and Day -1 (admission) >450 msec.
  30. At screening, systolic blood pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04182490

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United States, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lumen Bioscience, Inc.
Naval Medical Research Center
University of Maryland
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Principal Investigator: Mohamed Al-Ibrahim, MB,ChB, FACP Pharmaron
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Responsible Party: Lumen Bioscience, Inc. Identifier: NCT04182490    
Other Study ID Numbers: CAM02
First Posted: December 2, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Campylobacter Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses