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A Study in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04156100
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Agenus Inc.

Brief Summary:
This study is an open-label, Phase 1 study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, PK, and pharmacodynamic profiles of AGEN1223 as a single-agent and in combination with balstilimab, as well as to assess the maximum tolerated dose and determine the RP2D of AGEN1223 as a single-agent and in combination with balstilimab in subjects with advanced solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Solid Tumor Drug: AGEN1223 Drug: AGEN1223 and balstilimab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This study is an open-label, Phase 1 study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, PK, and pharmacodynamic profiles of AGEN1223 as a single-agent and in combination with balstilimab, as well as to assess the maximum tolerated dose and determine the RP2D of AGEN1223 as a single-agent and in combination with balstilimab in subjects with advanced solid tumors. This Phase 1 study will be conducted in an accelerated titration (for the first 2 single agent AGEN1223 dosing cohorts) and standard 3+3 dose escalation format. Study drug treatment will be administered on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 2 years or until any progressive disease (PD) or unacceptable toxicity is reported. The timing of the administration of doses may be adjusted for management of adverse events (AEs). The safe starting dose of AGEN1223 single-agent will be at the estimated minimally anticipated biological effect level.

The treatment phase is divided into 3-week cycles with associated evaluations and procedures that must be performed at specific time points. Tumor assessments will be conducted every 6 weeks (±7 days) from first dose until treatment discontinuation or disease progression. In subjects that discontinue treatment for reasons other than PD, imaging will continue until PD or initiation of a new therapy. If the subject discontinues treatment because of PD, imaging may be performed if clinically beneficial or if deemed necessary by the investigator until the initiation of new antineoplastic therapy. This must be approved by the Sponsor.

A Safety Monitoring Committee (SMC) will be established to assess safety and determine dose escalation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of AGEN1223, a Bispecific Fc-Engineered Antibody as a Single Agent and in Combination With Balstilimab, an Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody, in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : December 10, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 23, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 23, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: AGEN1223
AGEN1223 is a bispecific antibody.
Drug: AGEN1223
AGEN1223 is a bispecific antibody.

Experimental: AGEN1223 and balstilimab
AGEN1223 is a bispecific antibody and balstilimab an anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody
Drug: AGEN1223 and balstilimab
AGEN1223 is a bispecific antibody and balstilimab an anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: First 28 days of treatment ]
    In subjects in dose escalation

  2. Frequency, severity, and duration of treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Screening through 90 days after last dose ]
    For all dose groups according to NCI-CTCAE Version 5.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum observed concentration at steady state (Cmax-ss) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  2. Minimum observed concentration at steady state (Cmin-ss) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  3. Area under the plasma/serum concentration-time curve within time span t1 to t2 at steady-state (AUC(t1-t2)-ss) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  4. Area under the plasma/serum concentration-time curve from time zero to time t (AUC(0-t)) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  5. Area under the plasma/serum concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity (AUC(0-∞)) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  6. Time to maximum observed concentration (tmax) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  7. terminal disposition rate constant (λz) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  8. Terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  9. Systemic clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  10. Volume of distribution (Vd). [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    PK Profile of AGEN1223 and balstilimab

  11. Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: From first dose through 2 year of treatment ]
    Incidence of anti-AGEN1223 antibodies and anti-Balstilimab antibodies

  12. Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Screening up to 2 years of treatment ]
    Per RECIST 1.1 based on Investigator assessment

  13. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Screening up to 2 years of treatment ]
    Per RECIST 1.1 based on Investigator assessment

  14. Disease Control Rate [ Time Frame: Screening up to 2 years of treatment ]
    Including complete and partial responders and stable disease (SD) for at least 12 weeks, per RECIST 1.1 based on Investigator assessment.

  15. Progression-free Survival median and/or rate [ Time Frame: Screening up to 2 years of treatment ]
    As defined in the Statistical Analysis Plan


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. PK parameter correlation to pharmacodynamic assessments [ Time Frame: Screening up to 1 year of treatment ]
    Immune cell subpopulations in blood

  2. Characterization of genetic polymorphism of FcyR [ Time Frame: Screening up to 2 years of treatment ]
    In subjects treated with AGEN1223 as single-agent and in combination with balstilimab

  3. Biomarkers of pharmacologic activity [ Time Frame: Screening up to 1 year of treatment ]
    Correlation with tumor responses to AGEN1223 and balstilimab treatment

  4. Biomarkers in tumor tissue and blood [ Time Frame: Screening up to 1 year of treatment ]
    Correlation with tumor responses to AGEN1223 and balstilimab treatment

  5. Median and/or rate of Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months after last dose ]
    As defined in the Statistical Analysis Plan



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Voluntarily agree to participate by giving signed, dated, and written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures (participation in genetic testing is optional).
  2. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of an advanced solid tumor for which no standard therapy is available or standard therapy has failed.
  4. Measurable disease on baseline imaging based on RECIST 1.1.
  5. Life expectancy of at least 3 months and an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 (Appendix A).
  6. Adequate organ function as indicated by the following laboratory values:

    • Adequate hematological function, defined as ANC ≥1.5 × 109/L, platelet count ≥100 × 109/L, and hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL without recent transfusion (defined as a transfusion that has occurred within 2 weeks of the hemoglobin measurement).
    • Adequate hepatic function based by a total bilirubin level ≤1.5 × the institutional upper limit of normal (IULN), AST level ≤2.5 × IULN, ALT level ≤2.5 × IULN.
    • Adequate renal function defined as creatinine ≤1.5 × IULN or measured or calculated creatinine clearance >40 mL/min per institutional standard. Assessment methods should be recorded.
    • Adequate coagulation defined by international normalized ratio or prothrombin time ≤1.5 × IULN and activated partial thromboplastin time ≤1.5 × IULN (unless the subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy).
  7. No history of prior or concomitant malignancy that requires other active treatment.
  8. Subjects must provide a sufficient and adequate FFPE tumor tissue sample (fresh biopsy) collected within 28 days before the first dose from a site not previously irradiated and to agree to a mandatory on-treatment biopsy if clinically feasible.
  9. Female subjects of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening (within 72 hours of first dose of study medication). Subjects with tumors producing human chorionic gonadotropin and gestational trophoblastic tumor do not need a serum pregnancy test, and absence of pregnancy should be documented by the Principal Investigator (PI) based on clinical and radiological assessments as needed. Non-childbearing potential is defined as:

    • ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for greater than 1 year,
    • Amenorrheic for ≥2 years without a hysterectomy and oophorectomy and a follicle-stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon prestudy (screening) evaluation,
    • Status is post-hysterectomy, oophorectomy, or tubal ligation.
  10. Female subjects of child-bearing potential must be willing to use highly effective contraceptive measures starting with the screening visit through 90 days after the last dose of study treatment.

    Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the subject.

  11. Male subjects with a female partner(s) of child-bearing potential must agree to use highly effective contraceptive measures throughout the study starting with the screening visit through 90 days after the last dose of study treatment is received. Males with pregnant partners must agree to use a condom; no additional method of contraception is required for the pregnant partner.

    Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception method for the subject.

  12. Willing and able to comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigation device within 3 weeks of the first dose of current study drug.
  2. Any relevant bispecific antibody, and/or anti-PD-1/PDL1 agents. For selected indication cohorts, prior treatment may be permitted after discussion with the Sponsor. Prior therapy with PD-1/PDL1 inhibitor may be allowed in agreement with the Sponsor.
  3. Received prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiotherapy, or major surgery within 3 weeks prior to first dose of study drug; a 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation to non-central nervous system (CNS) disease with Sponsor approval.
  4. Persisting toxicity with Grade >1 severity related to prior therapy based on NCI-CTCAE Version 5.0.

    Note: Sensory neuropathy and alopecia of Grade ≤2 are acceptable.

  5. Expected to require any other form of systemic or localized antineoplastic therapy while on study (including maintenance therapy with another agent, radiation therapy, and/or surgical resection).
  6. Known severe hypersensitivity reactions (NCI-CTCAE Grade ≥3) to fully human monoclonal antibodies, or severe reaction to immuno-oncology agents, such as colitis or pneumonitis, requiring treatment with steroids, or has a history of interstitial lung disease (ILD), any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma.
  7. Receiving systemic corticosteroid therapy 1 week prior to the first dose of study drug or receiving any other form of systemic immunosuppressive medication.

    Note: Corticosteroid use as a premedication for IV contrast allergies/reactions is allowed. Subjects who are receiving daily corticosteroid replacement therapy are an exception to this rule. Daily prednisone at doses of up to 7.5 mg or equivalent hydrocortisone doses are examples of permitted replacement therapy. Use of inhaled or topical corticosteroids is permitted.

  8. CNS tumor, metastasis, and/or carcinomatous meningitis identified either on the baseline brain imaging obtained during the screening period or identified prior to consent.

    Note: Subjects with history of brain metastases that have been treated may participate provided they show evidence of stable supra-tentorial lesions at screening (defined as 2 brain images, both of which are obtained after treatment to the brain metastases; these imaging scans should both be obtained ≥4 weeks apart). In addition, any neurologic symptoms that developed either as a result of the brain metastases or their treatment must have returned to baseline or resolved. Any steroids administered as part of this therapy must be completed ≥3 days prior to the first dose of study medication.

  9. Active or history of autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment within 2 years of the start of study treatment (i.e., with use of disease-modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs).

    Note: Subjects with diabetes type 1, vitiligo, psoriasis, and hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible.

  10. Allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant, except those not requiring immuno-suppressive treatment.
  11. Active infection requiring treatment.
  12. History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 or 2 antibodies.
  13. Known active hepatitis B whose virus load is greater than 500 IU/mL.
  14. Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke or myocardial infarction within 6 months of enrollment, unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class ≥II), or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
  15. History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, active infections, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  16. Psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study.
  17. Legally incapacitated or has limited legal capacity.
  18. Pregnant or breastfeeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04156100


Locations
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United States, Arizona
HonorHealth Research Institute
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85258
United States, California
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
United States, Florida
University of Miami/Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Agenus Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Agenus Inc.
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Responsible Party: Agenus Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04156100    
Other Study ID Numbers: C-900-01
First Posted: November 7, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Agenus Inc.:
Cancer, Solid Tumor, PD-L1
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms