Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Informational Needs Questionnaire (ODIN-Q)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04153266|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2020
Background: Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is a condition with an increased risk of oral cancer. Due to the current changes in the factors associated with these diseases (because of human papillomavirus), it is expected that those who have no history of smoking or alcohol, young (<50 years old), and white male would be commonly affected. Those individuals require a higher need for information, preferred a more active role in decision-making, and have a longer lifespan than older individuals. There remain no detailed studies of whether the informational needs delivered to patients with OED met their needs or indeed what information such patient may wish. A few tools are available to evaluate the IN of patients with head and neck disorders. However, the items of these instruments were dedicated to a particular disease (e.g. cancer) and hence are not applicable to be used for OED.
Project aims: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Informational Needs Questionnaire (ODIN-Q), developed and revised in the preliminary work for the proposed study, in a cohort of patients with OED.
Timescale: 19 months.
Clinical significance: This questionnaire can be useful in clinical practice. It could help to meet the patient's information needs and plan educational interventions for those showing unmet needs.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Precancerous Conditions Precancerous Lesions Oral Lichen Planus Oral Leukoplakia Oral Leukoplakia of Tongue Oral Leukoplakia of Lips Oral Leukoplakia of Gingiva Oral Erythroplakia Chronic Hyperplastic Candidosis Oral Submucous Fibrosis Oral Submucosal Fibrosis, Including of Tongue Oral Disease Dental Diseases Dysplasia Information Seeking Behavior Patient Preference Information Needs Health Behavior Quality of Life Preference, Patient Patient Satisfaction Patient Engagement Patient Participation||Other: No intervention is planned for this study|
Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is a disease associated with an increased risk of oral cancer between 6% and 36% compared to disease-free individuals. In the United Kingdom, oral cancer is among the 15 most common cancers, with approximately 6,000 new cases per year and these numbers are expected to rise in the few coming years.
Research showed the importance of patient education and the provision of information in shared-decision making and management of chronic and cancer-linked disease such as perhaps OED. However, patients may not be satisfied with the information provided by healthcare professionals, despite the extensive nature of the information provided. Having unmet informational needs may associate with higher anxiety levels which in turn could affect the patient's well-being and cooperation with the treatment provided.
Avoiding these undesirable health outcomes requires the delivery of tailored and patient-centred care that provides information based on what patients truly need and prefer. One increasingly common method to do so is to obtain this information by informational needs questionnaires. These questionnaires have been developed for other medical conditions including chronic diseases and some cancers, but none of these is known to be appropriate to use for OED specifically. Hence, a specific tool to determine the informational needs and preferences of patients with OED may help to achieve these objectives effectively. The data collected by this tool may help to acknowledge the impact of the illness on physical and psychological well-being. Furthermore, this data could be used to produce a source of OED information (such as a patient information leaflet) that reflects the IN of this patient population.
In the preliminary work for this study, the Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Informational Needs Questionnaire (ODIN-Q) was developed by adopting existing valid and reliable instruments that explore the information need of patients with potentially malignant disease elsewhere in the body, using experts input. The questions were then formulated and tested for content validity by clinicians (n=12) and patients (n=5), with unclear, irrelevant, redundant, and unacceptable items omitted. The final 35-item ODIN-Q includes two scales: (1) amount of information already received (too much, enough, not enough and none) and (2) degree of importance of the information (very, yes, not very, not at all).
Thus, the objectives of this study are to (1) test the newly developed ODIN-Q in a cohort of patients with OED; (2) to investigate the correlations between patients' informational needs and both of psychological variables (e.g. anxiety and depression) and quality of life; and (3) to develop and a Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) for OED based on patients' needs and preferences.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||128 participants|
|Official Title:||Development of an Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Informational Needs Questionnaire|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 31, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 21, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 21, 2019|
Patients with oral epithelial dysplasia
Other: No intervention is planned for this study
No intervention was/is planned for this study. The study is questionnaire-based (observational).
- ODIN-Q validation [ Time Frame: 14 months ]To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Oral Epithelial Dysplasia Informational Needs Questionnaire (ODIN-Q), developed and revised in the preliminary work for the proposed study, in a cohort of patients with OED (Phase 1).
- Correlations between information needs and other variables measured in the study [ Time Frame: 14 months ]To investigate the correlation between psychological variables (e.g. anxiety and depression), quality of life (QoL) and information needs by analysis of the data collected by ODIN-Q, Krantz Health Opinion Survey, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Modified Dental Anxiety Scale and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (phase 1).
- Develop a patient information leaflet about oral epithelial dysplasia [ Time Frame: 14 months ]To develop and assess the satisfaction with a patient information leaflet [PIL] about OED (phase 2).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04153266
|University college london hospitals|
|London, United Kingdom, Wc1x 8ld|