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A Phase 2 Trial of Anakinra for the Prevention of CAR-T Cell Mediated Neurotoxicity

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04150913
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Kite, A Gilead Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is studying the combination of anakinra and axicabtagene ciloleucel to reduce the occurrence of the side effects Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS) and neurologic toxicities with relapsed or refractory Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

  • Relapsed NHL is the condition of returned Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Refractory NHL is the condition of previous treatment resistant Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS) is a group of side effect symptoms that can include nausea, headache, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, kidney damage, and rash.
  • Neurologic toxicity is nervous system disorder characterized by confusion

This research study involves two drugs:

  • Anakinra
  • Axicabtagene Ciloleucel.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Relapsed Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Neurotoxicity Neurotoxicity Syndromes Cytokine Release Syndrome Drug: Anakinra Drug: Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This Phase 2, single center, open-label research study is studying the combination of Anakinra and Axicabtagene Ciloleucel to reduce the occurrence of the side effects Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS) and neurologic toxicities in people with relapsed or refractory Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

  • This research study involves two drugs:

    • Anakinra
    • Axicabtagene Ciloleucel
  • A total of 20 participants will be enrolled to this trial
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved anakinra for use in treatment of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Trial of Anakinra for the Prevention of CAR-T Cell Mediated Neurotoxicity
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Anakinra and Axicabtagene Ciloleucel

Patients who meet eligibility criteria for the study will subsequently be enrolled for treatment.

  • Screening
  • Enrollment/Leukapheresis period
  • Bridging therapy (if applicable)
  • Lymphodepleting chemotherapy period
  • Investigational Product (IP) treatment period

    • Anakinra
    • Axicabtagene Ciloleucel
  • Post treatment assessment period
  • Long term follow-up period
Drug: Anakinra
Subcutaneous, dosage per protocol. Day 0 through Day 6.
Other Name: Kineret®

Drug: Axicabtagene Ciloleucel
Once, intravenous infusion, dosage per protocol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of neurotoxicity as per CTCAE v4.03 criteria [ Time Frame: 30 Days ]
    The incidence of grade 2+ neurotoxicity will be assessed in comparison to a historical rate of 45% via a two-sized exact binomial test with significant level of 0.05.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    The incidence of objective response and exact 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be generated

  2. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: first objective response to disease progression death regardless of cause up 100 Months ]
    Cumulative incidence of relapse.

  3. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: infusion date to the date of disease progression or death from any cause up 100 Months ]
    Kaplan-Meier estimates and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be generated for progression-free survival time

  4. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: time from axicabtagene ciloleucel infusion to the date of death or analysis data cutoff date will be censored at last contact date up to 100 months. ]
    Kaplan-Meier estimates and 2-sided 95% confidence intervals will be generated for OS.

  5. Number of Participants with Adverse Events CTCAE version 4.03 Grade 3 or higher [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]
    Subject incidence rates of adverse events including all, serious, fatal, CTCAE version 4.03 Grade 3 or higher and treatment related AEs reported throughout the conduct of the study will be tabulated by preferred term and system organ class



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma after two or more lines of systemic therapy, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, high grade B-cell lymphoma, and DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma.
  • At least 1 measurable lesion according to the revised IWG Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma 1. Lesions that have been previously irradiated will be considered measurable only if progression has been documented following completion of radiation therapy
  • At least 2 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the subject is planned for leukapheresis, except for systemic inhibitory/stimulatory immune checkpoint therapy however steroids only require a 7-day washout. At least 3 half-lives must have elapsed from any prior systemic inhibitory/stimulatory immune checkpoint molecule therapy at the time the subject is planned for leukapheresis (e.g. ipilimumab, nivolumab, pembrolizumab, atezolizumab, OX40 agonists, 4-1BB agonists, etc).
  • Toxicities due to prior therapy must be stable and recovered to ≤ Grade 1 (except for clinically non-significant toxicities such as alopecia)
  • Age 18 or older
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • ANC ≥1000/uL
  • Platelet count ≥75,000/uL
  • Absolute lymphocyte count ≥100/uL
  • Adequate renal, hepatic, pulmonary and cardiac function defined as:

    • Creatinine clearance (as estimated by Cockcroft Gault) ≥ 60 mL/min
    • Serum ALT/AST ≤2.5 ULN
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 mg/dl, except in subjects with Gilbert's syndrome.
    • Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50%, no clinically significant pericardial effusion, and no clinically significant ECG findings
    • No clinically significant pleural effusion
    • Baseline oxygen saturation >92% on room air
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (females who have undergone surgical sterilization or who have been postmenopausal for at least 2 years are not considered to be of childbearing potential) Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of malignancy other than nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ (e.g. cervix, bladder, breast) or follicular lymphoma unless disease free for at least 3 years
  • History of Richter's transformation of CLL
  • Autologous stem cell transplant within 6 weeks of planned axicabtagene ciloleucel infusion
  • History of allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • Prior CD19 targeted therapy with the exception of subjects who received axicabtagene ciloleucel in this study and are eligible for re-treatment
  • Prior chimeric antigen receptor therapy or other genetically modified T cell therapy
  • History of severe, immediate hypersensitivity reaction attributed to aminoglycosides
  • Presence or suspicion of fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection that is uncontrolled or requiring IV antimicrobials for management.
  • History of HIV infection or acute or chronic active hepatitis B or C infection. Subjects with history of hepatitis infection must have cleared their infection as determined by standard serological and genetic testing per current Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines.
  • Presence of any indwelling line or drain (e.g., percutaneous nephrostomy tube, indwelling Foley catheter, biliary drain, or pleural/peritoneal/pericardial catheter). Dedicated central venous access catheters such as a Port-a-Cath or Hickman catheter are permitted
  • Subjects with detectable cerebrospinal fluid malignant cells, or brain metastases, or with a history of CNS lymphoma or primary CNS lymphoma, cerebrospinal fluid malignant cells or brain metastases
  • History or presence of CNS disorder such as seizure disorder, cerebrovascular ischemia/hemorrhage, dementia, cerebellar disease, or any autoimmune disease with CNS involvement
  • Subjects with cardiac atrial or cardiac ventricular lymphoma involvement
  • History of myocardial infarction, cardiac angioplasty or stenting, unstable angina, or other clinically significant cardiac disease within 12 months of enrollment
  • Expected or possible requirement for urgent therapy within 6 weeks due to ongoing or impending oncologic emergency (eg, tumor mass effect, tumor lysis syndrome)
  • Primary immunodeficiency
  • History of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 months of enrollment
  • Any medical condition likely to interfere with assessment of safety or efficacy of study treatment
  • History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study
  • Live vaccine ≤ 6 weeks prior to planned start of conditioning regimen
  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus or infant. Females who have undergone surgical sterilization or who have been postmenopausal for at least 2 years are not considered to be of childbearing potential
  • Subjects of both genders who are not willing to practice birth control from the time of consent through 6 months after the completion of axicabtagene ciloleucel
  • In the investigators judgment, the subject is unlikely to complete all protocol-required study visits or procedures, including follow-up visits, or comply with the study requirements for participation
  • History of autoimmune disease (e.g. Crohn's, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus) resulting in end organ injury or requiring systemic immunosuppression/systemic disease modifying agents within the last 2 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04150913


Contacts
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Contact: Matt J Frigault, MD (617) 643-6175 mfrigault@mgh.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Matt Frigault, MD    617-643-6175      
Principal Investigator: Matt Frigault, MD         
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Caron Jacobson, MD    617-632-5847    cajacobson@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Caron Jacobson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D.
Kite, A Gilead Company
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matt J Frigault, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Sponsor-Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04150913    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-348
First Posted: November 5, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to Sponsor Investigator or designee. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Marcela V. Maus, M.D.,Ph.D., Massachusetts General Hospital:
Non Hodgkin Lymphoma
Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Relapsed Non Hodgkin Lymphoma
Neurotoxicity
Neurotoxicity Syndromes
Cytokine Release Syndrome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neurotoxicity Syndromes
Syndrome
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Nervous System Diseases
Poisoning
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents