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A Study of Anakinra to Prevent or Treat Severe Side Effects for Patients Receiving CAR-T Cell Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04148430
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This study is being done to see if the investigational drug, anakinra, prevent or reverse the severe side effects caused by CAR-T cell therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
B Cell ALL B-Cell Lymphoma B-cell Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Drug: Anakinra Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 62 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of IL-1 Receptor Antagonist Anakinra to Prevent Severe Neurotoxicity and Cytokine Release Syndrome in Patients Receiving CD19-Specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T Cells
Actual Study Start Date : October 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Anakinra

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1 (CART Cell Group)

Cohort 1 Patients will receive anakinra 100mg s.c. every 12 hours starting on day 2 post CAR T cell infusion, or after 2 documented fevers of ≥38.5° C prior to day 2, whichever time point is earlier. Anakinra will be continued for 10 days.

Cohort 2 Patients will receive anakinra 100mg s.c. daily on day 0 of T cell infusion, and continue anakinra daily for 7 days

Drug: Anakinra
100mg subcutaneous

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Arm 1 (CAR T Cell Group) Rate of Severe Neurotoxicities [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Determine the rate of severe neurotoxicities, >/= Grade 3 or any grade seizure, within the first 4 weeks of treatment with prophylactic use of anakinra in participants receiving CD19-specific CAR T cells

  2. Arm 2 (COVID-19 Group) proportion of patients able to avoid death or mechanical ventilation [ Time Frame: 28 days from the start of treatment ]
    proportion of patients able to avoid death or mechanical ventilation within 28 days from the start of the treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients (age >/= 18) with a diagnosis of relapsed CD19+ B-cell ALL, MCL, or NHL receiving commercially approved CD19-specific CAR T cells (e.g. tisagenleuleucel, axicabtagene, brexucabtagene autoleucel, etc) are eligible for the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with uncontrolled systemic fungal and bacterial infections
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived proteins
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (women who have undergone surgical sterilization or who have been postmenopausal for at least 2 years are not considered to be of childbearing potential)
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04148430

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United States, New Jersey
Hackensack Meridian Health (Data collection only)
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Jae Park, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04148430    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-168
First Posted: November 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: • Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center supports the international committee of medical journal editors (ICMJE) and the ethical obligation of responsible sharing of data from clinical trials. The protocol summary, a statistical summary, and informed consent form will be made available on clinicaltrials.gov when required as a condition of Federal awards, other agreements supporting the research and/or as otherwise required. Requests for deidentified individual participant data can be made beginning 12 months after publication and for up to 36 months post publication. Deidentified individual participant data reported in the manuscript will be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement and may only be used for approved proposals. Requests may be made to: crdatashare@mskcc.org.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents