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The Impact of Oral Health Literacy on Dental Anxiety and Utilization of Oral Health Services

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04148300
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Due to COVID-19 and lock-down of the university)
First Posted : November 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Misr International University

Brief Summary:
Oral Health Literacy is an integral part that should be taken into measures when evaluating the oral health status of any population. It has been stated that adults with low oral health literacy are more prone to miss their dental appointments and that low levels of oral health literacy, and being anxious and fearful of the dentist is a common barrier to the utilization of dental services. Unfortunately no previous studies assessed the oral health literacy level, dental anxiety and utilization of dental services among the Egyptian population. So the aim of the current study is to detect the impact of oral health literacy on level of dental anxiety and utilization of dental services among Misr International University (MIU) dental patients.

Condition or disease
Oral Health

Detailed Description:
The current study is a cross sectional study that includes an interview lead questionnaire that will be carried out by second year dental students of the academic years (2018-2019, 2019- 2020). The questionnaire consists of four sections; a demographic section, a modified Arabic Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy (ARELAD-30) Tool, Arabic Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (AMDAS), and Utilization of oral health services questionnaire. Before conducting the study, orientation sessions and thorough training of the students will be performed to ensure that the students can conduct the interview consistently and efficiently. Students will be asked to design educational materials (brochures, leaflets and posters) that aim at improving patients' knowledge and awareness regarding oral health and the utilization of oral health services. The aim of this study is to detect the impact of oral health literacy on the level of dental anxiety and utilization of dental services among dental patients.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 550 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: The Impact of Oral Health Literacy on Dental Anxiety and Utilization of Oral Health Services Among Dental Patients: A Cross Sectional Study
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of Oral Health Literacy [ Time Frame: 14 months from the first enrollment ]
    modified version of the Arabic Version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (AREALD-30): grades 0 (Complete illiteracy)-30 (Complete literacy)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of Dental Anxiety [ Time Frame: 14 months from the first enrollment ]
    Arabic Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (AMDAS): Likert scale 1(Extreme anxiety) -5 (Not anxious at all)

  2. Level of utilization of oral health services [ Time Frame: 14 months from the first enrollment ]
    Questionnaire: Nominal outcome (%)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Dental patients of both gender, aged from 18-60 years old, who can read.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Both genders.
  • Age: 18 - 60 years old.
  • Dentate or partially edentulous patients with or without fixed or removable appliances.
  • Healthy adults as well as adults with any chronic condition and/or under regular use of medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with mental or psychological problems.
  • Subjects who cannot read or write.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04148300


Locations
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Egypt
Faculty of Oral & Dental Medicine
Cairo, Egypt
Sponsors and Collaborators
Misr International University
Investigators
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Study Director: Mahassen M. Farghaly, Professor Vice President for Community Services & Environmental Affairs
Publications:

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Responsible Party: Misr International University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04148300    
Other Study ID Numbers: PUB2121002
First Posted: November 1, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2020
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Misr International University:
Oral health literacy
Dental anxiety
Utilization of oral health services
Dental patients
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders