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Evaluation of [18F]APN-1607 PET Uptake in Alzheimer's Disease Patients Compared With Healthy Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04141150
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
APRINOIA Therapeutics ( APRINOIA Therapeutics, LLC )

Brief Summary:
The overall objective of this study is to compare the overall pattern of [18F]APN-1607 uptake in subjects with MDAD, subjects with AD dementia, and healthy subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer's Disease Healthy Volunteers Drug: [18F]APN-1607 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The overall objective of this study is to compare the overall pattern of [18F]APN-1607 uptake in subjects with MDAD, subjects with AD dementia, and healthy subjects.

The specific objectives are:

  • To expand the safety and tolerability profile for the administration of [18F]APN-1607 and PET scanning.
  • To assess regional patterns of [18F]APN-1607 uptake.
  • To determine the Braak stage equivalent reflected by [18F]APN-1607 uptake patterns.
  • To evaluate the relationship between regional measures of [18F]APN-1607 uptake and demographic characteristics, eg, age and gender; biological characteristics, eg, apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 (APOE4) carrier status and measures of Aβ burden; and clinical characteristics, eg, measurements of AD disease severity, such as National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) diagnosis, Mini-mental Status Exam (MMSE) score, and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAScog).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Phase 2, Multicenter Study of [18F]APN-1607 Positron Emission Tomography in Subjects With Alzheimer's Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : August 19, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: [18F]APN-1607
Subjects will undergo PET imaging using [18F]APN-1607.
Drug: [18F]APN-1607
In this study, all patients will receive one injection of [18F]APN-1607, a PET radiopharmaceutical selective for fibrillar tau. For the injection, subjects will receive a target dose of 7 mCi IV as a bolus injection. [18F]APN-1607 injection will be followed by a 10 ml saline flush.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of [18F]APN-1607 Uptake Patterns by Regional SUVR Values [ Time Frame: 22 months ]
    Regional [18F]APN-1607 uptake patterns will be assessed in regions of interest (ROIs) and an iROI that are relevant to AD pathology. [18F]APN-1607 uptake patterns identified by regional analysis will be compared among healthy subjects, subjects with MDAD, and subjects with AD dementia. Standard uptake value (SUV) will be calculated for each ROI, and SUVRs will be calculated by normalizing SUV of ROIs to the SUV of relevant reference region. Mean and standard deviation of [18F]APN-1607 uptake (ie, SUVR) will be calculated across healthy, MDAD and AD dementia cohorts. Differences between groups will be tested at a P-value of 0.05 using statistical analyses methods (eg, unpaired t-test, ANOVA).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and Tolerability Profile Measured by Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 22 months ]
    Safety and tolerability profile for the administration of [18F]APN-1607 and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning are measured by number of participants with adverse events (AEs).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria for All Subjects:

  1. Males or females aged 50 to 85 years, inclusive.
  2. Female subjects must be documented by medical records or physician's note to be either surgically sterile (by means of hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) or post-menopausal for at least 1 year (ie, 12 consecutive months with no menses without an alternative medical cause) or, if they are of childbearing potential, must commit to using a barrier contraception method or to abstinence for the duration of the study and must have a negative pregnancy test.
  3. Male subjects and their partners of childbearing potential must commit to the use of two methods of contraception, one of which is a barrier method (ie, condom), or to abstinence for the study duration.
  4. Male subjects must not donate sperm for the study duration.
  5. Willing and able to participate in all study procedures.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Healthy Subjects:

  1. Written informed consent must be obtained before any assessment is performed.
  2. Medically healthy with no clinically relevant finding on physical examination, laboratory profiles, VS, or ECG at screening and upon reporting for the [18F]APN-1607 Imaging Visit.
  3. No cognitive impairment based on neuropsychological battery and as judged by the Investigator.
  4. No first-degree family history of early-onset AD or other neurodegenerative disease associated with dementia (prior to age 65).
  5. Has a clinical dementia rating (CDR) score of 0.
  6. Has an MMSE score ≥ 27.
  7. The subject has an appropriate informant to accompany the subject to screening to provide information for the CDR testing. In the event that the informant cannot accompany the subject to screening, the interview may be performed via phone, at the discretion of the site Investigator.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Subjects with MDAD:

  1. Written informed consent must be obtained before any assessment is performed.
  2. Must meet all of the clinical criteria for MCI according to NIA-AA criteria, including lack of functional impairment sufficient to warrant a diagnosis of dementia.
  3. Has a CDR score = 0.5.
  4. Has an MMSE score between 24 and 30, inclusive.
  5. Has a positive amyloid PET scan obtained during screening or in the past 1 year.
  6. Medications taken for symptomatic treatment of AD must have been stable for at least 30 days prior to screening and throughout the completion of the neuropsychological battery.
  7. The subject has an appropriate informant to provide information for the CDR and accompany the subject for any visits, if required for subject or staff comfort or safety.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Subjects with AD Dementia:

  1. Written informed consent must be obtained before any assessment is performed. If in the Investigator's opinion the subject lacks capacity to consent, participation is only possible if the subject has a legally authorized representative (LAR) or responsible next-of-kin and that individual provides written informed consent in accordance with local regulations and guidelines and the rules of the applicable independent ethics committee (IEC)/institutional review board (IRB). When written informed consent is provided by a LAR or responsible next of kin, the subject's assent must also be obtained and documented. For subjects judged lacking capacity to consent, next-of-kin consent in lieu of LAR consent is only allowed where permitted by local laws and regulations.
  2. Has a diagnosis of AD dementia according to NIA-AA criteria, including significant impairment of activities of daily living.
  3. Has a CDR score ≥ 0.5 at screening.
  4. Has an MMSE score between 10 and 26, inclusive.
  5. Has a positive amyloid PET scan obtained during screening or in the past 1 year.
  6. Medications taken for symptomatic treatment of AD must have been stable for 30 days prior to screening and throughout the completion of the neuropsychological battery.
  7. The subject has an appropriate informant to accompany the subject on all visits and provide information for the CDR.

Exclusion Criteria for All Subjects:

  1. Current or prior history (within the last 10 years) of alcohol or drug abuse.
  2. Known hypersensitivity to [18F]APN-1607 or its excipients
  3. Clinically significant active or unstable medical illness or planned surgical procedures during the study period. History of cancer (other than non-melanoma skin cancers or stable, local prostate cancer), unless without evidence of active disease within the last 3 years and without ongoing medical or surgical therapy.
  4. Laboratory tests with clinically significant abnormalities or a history or evidence of clinically significant unstable medical illness.
  5. Has received any investigational drug or device for any purpose within 30 days of screening (or 5 halflives of the drug, whichever is longer), has received a non-biologic investigational treatment (ie, small molecule) for AD or other cause of dementia within the last 3 months (or 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer), or received a non-vaccine treatment (ie, monoclonal antibody) for the treatment of AD or other cause of dementia within the last 6 months, or has ever received a vaccine for the treatment of AD or other cause of dementia.
  6. Prior participation in other research protocols or clinical care in the last year in which the additional radiation exposure expected from participation in this clinical study will together exceed local guidelines, eg, above an effective dose of 50 mSv in the US.
  7. Pregnant, lactating or breastfeeding.
  8. Evidence of clinically significant gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, hematological, neoplastic, endocrine, alternative neurological, immunodeficiency, pulmonary, or other disorder or disease.
  9. Unsuitable veins for repeated venipuncture.
  10. MRI exclusion criteria include: Findings that may be responsible for the neurologic status of the patient such as significant evidence of cerebrovascular disease (more than two lacunar infarcts, any territorial infarct >1cm3, or deep white matter abnormality corresponding to an overall Fazekas scale of 3 with at least one confluent hyperintense lesion on the fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence that is ≥20 mm in any dimension), infectious disease, space-occupying lesions, normal pressure hydrocephalus or any other abnormalities associated with central nervous system (CNS) disease. For subjects with MDAD or AD dementia, there may be evidence of atrophy compatible with AD.
  11. Implants, such as implanted cardiac pacemakers or defibrillators, insulin pumps, cochlear implants, metallic ocular foreign body, implanted neural stimulators, CNS aneurysm clips and other medical implants that have not been certified for MRI, or history of claustrophobia in MRI unless an acceptable MRI obtained in the 1 year prior to participation in the study is used.
  12. Signs or symptoms suggestive of active Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and/or confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, or positive COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test in the previous 2 weeks. These subjects should not be enrolled until 4 weeks after full recovery and further assessment by the Investigator per institutional guidelines. A subject with a known history of being exposed to someone who was diagnosed of COVID-19, during the prior 4 weeks, should not be enrolled unless the infection is excluded by local practice or institution.

Exclusion Criteria for Healthy Subjects:

  1. Meets criteria for a diagnosis of MDAD or dementia or has ever had such a diagnosis.
  2. Has ever received treatment with a drug for cognitive impairment or dementia.

Exclusion Criteria for Subjects with MDAD:

1. Meets criteria for a diagnosis of dementia due to AD.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04141150


Contacts
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Contact: Brad Navia 617-225-4415 bnavia@aprinoia.com

Locations
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United States, Connecticut
Invicro Recruiting
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510
Contact: Rhea Martin    203-401-4300    rmartin@invicro.com   
Principal Investigator: David Russell, M.D., Ph.D         
Sub-Investigator: Joyce Gibbons, PA-C         
Sponsors and Collaborators
APRINOIA Therapeutics, LLC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David Russell, M.D., Ph.D Invicro
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: APRINOIA Therapeutics, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04141150    
Other Study ID Numbers: APN-1607-201
First Posted: October 28, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by APRINOIA Therapeutics ( APRINOIA Therapeutics, LLC ):
AD
MDAD
HV
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Dysfunction
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Cognition Disorders