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Adaptive Strategy in Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma With Upfront Daratumumab-based Therapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04140162
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 25, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

This phase 2 trial will test whether the combination of DaraRd (daratumumab + lenalidomide + dexamethasone) as induction therapy, followed by DRVd (daratumumab + lenalidomide + bortezomib + dexamethasone) consolidation therapy, if needed, will result in more patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative status, relative to the standard of care. Consolidation therapy will be administered only to those patients with MRD-positive status after induction therapy.

This is a study based on adaptive design for decision making of treatment options. Duration of therapy (daratumumab cycles) will depend on individual approach, response, evidence of disease progression and tolerance.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Daratumumab Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Study With Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Driven Adaptive Strategy in Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (MM) With Upfront Daratumumab-based Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : October 5, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma
Drug Information available for: Daratumumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dara-Rd followed by Dara-RVd
  • Induction regimen with Daratumumab, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Dara-Rd) in all study subjects, weeks 1-24
  • Consolidation regimen with Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, Bortezomib and Dexamethasone (Dara-RVd) in post-induction MRD+ population, weeks 25-36
  • Maintenance regimen with Daratumumab and Lenalidomide (Dara-R) in all study subjects, weeks 37-88
  • Maintenance regimen with lenalidomide (R) until progression or intolerance
Drug: Daratumumab

Induction: 16 mg/kg actual body weight IV weekly (weeks 1-8; total of 8 doses) then every 2 weeks (weeks 9-24; total of 8 doses).

Consolidation: 16 mg/kg actual body weight IV every four weeks (weeks 25-36)

Maintenance: 16 mg/kg actual body weight IV every eight weeks (weeks 37-88)


Drug: Lenalidomide

Induction: 25 mg PO once daily, on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle (weeks 1-24)

Consolidation: 25 mg PO once daily, on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle (weeks 25-36)

Maintenance: 10 mg PO once daily, on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle until progression or intolerance

Maintenance: 10 mg PO once daily, on days 1-21, weeks 37+ until progression


Drug: Bortezomib
Consolidation: 1.5 mg/m2 SQ on day 1, 8, 15 and 22 of each 28-day cycle (weeks 25-36)

Drug: Dexamethasone
Induction and Consolidation: 40 mg (or reduced dose of 20 mg) PO or IV weekly




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of participants who achieve MRD negativity either after induction or, if still MRD-positive after induction, after consolidation. [ Time Frame: At the end of week 36 (post-consolidation therapy) ]
    Of participants who complete at least one cycle of induction therapy, proportion that achieve MRD-negativity after completion of induction + those who achieve MRD-negativity after completion of consolidation (if still MRD-positive after induction). MRD status determined by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) Response Criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after start of study treatment ]
    Time from initiation of daratumumab-based combination regimen until death or last follow-up date (whichever occurs first).

  2. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after start of study treatment ]
    Time from initiation of daratumumab-based combination regimen to disease progression, where disease progression is according to the IMWG criteria, death, or last disease evaluation before the start of any subsequent anti-myeloma therapy (whichever occurs first).

  3. Proportion of participants who were MRD-positive after induction and subsequently achieve MRD-negative after consolidation. [ Time Frame: At the end of week 36 (post-consolidation therapy) ]
    Of participants who are still MRD-positive after induction, proportion that achieve MRD-negative after consolidation. Per IMWG Response Criteria

  4. Proportion of participants who maintain post-induction MRD-negativity to post-consolidation [ Time Frame: At the end of week 36 (post-consolidation therapy) ]
    Of participants who achieve post-induction MRD-negativity, proportion that maintain MRD-negativity through completion of consolidation therapy.

  5. Proportion of participants who maintain post-induction MRD-negativity to post-consolidation. [ Time Frame: At the end of week 88 (post 1 year of maintenance therapy) ]
    Of participants who achieve post-induction MRD-negativity, proportion that maintain MRD-negativity through completion of 1 year of maintenance therapy.

  6. Proportion of participants who maintain post-induction MRD-negativity to last follow-up visit. [ Time Frame: After week 88, up to 3 years after start of study treatment ]
    Of participants who achieve post-induction MRD-negativity, proportion that maintain MRD-negativity until last follow-up visit (if after week 88).

  7. Health-related quality of life assessment changes from baseline using EuroQol survey "EQ-5D." [ Time Frame: Baseline to 16 weeks post-last-dose of study treatment (Dara, R, V or d) ]
    EQ-5D is a standardized participant-reported outcome measure developed by the EuroQol Group and used in this trial to assess health-related quality of life.

  8. Neurotoxicity assessment changes from baseline using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy/Gynecologic Oncology Group-Neurotoxicity (FACT/GOG-Ntx) questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 16 weeks post-last-dose of study treatment (Dara, R, V or d) ]
    The FACT/GOG-Ntx is a patient-reported outcome measure used to assess health-related quality of life in patients undergoing cancer therapy, plus an eleven-item subscale (Ntx subscale) that evaluates symptoms and concerns associated specifically with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy.

  9. Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment (Dara-Rd) up to 30 days post last dose of study treatment (Dara, R, V or d) ]
    Toxicity will be assessed according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 5.0.

  10. Proportion of participants with a successful stem cell mobilization after receiving Dara-based induction therapy. [ Time Frame: At the end of week 24 (post-induction therapy) ]
    Of participants who have stem cells collected, proportion who have enough CD34+ cells after mobilization to be able to proceed with an autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) if needed. Successful mobilization for each participant will be based on standard criteria at the institution where the transplant will be administered.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION

  1. Participants ≥18 years of age or legal age of consent per local regulations (whichever is greater).
  2. Voluntary written consent must be given before performance of any study-related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the participant at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  3. ECOG status (Appendix A) of ≤2 and able to tolerate all applicable treatments per investigator's evaluation and standard institutional criteria.
  4. Both transplant eligible and ineligible myeloma patients can be included in this study. If applicable, participant should be able to tolerate all treatments per investigator's evaluation, including high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) based on standard criteria at the institution where this treatment will be administered.
  5. Participant must have a diagnosis of active MM according to International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) diagnostic criteria.
  6. Participant must also have measurable disease per protocol.
  7. Participant agrees to refrain from blood donations during therapy on study and for 12 weeks after therapy is completed.
  8. Participant must be registered in and must comply with all requirements of REMSTM program for lenalidomide.
  9. Female participant who:

    • Is post-menopausal for at least one year prior to study enrollment, OR
    • Is surgically sterile, OR
    • If of childbearing potential, must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide. They must also be willing to use TWO effective forms of contraception simultaneously from the time of signing the study consent until 90 days following the administration of the last dose of study medication, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence if that is aligned with their lifestyle, which does not include periodic abstinence or withdrawal.
  10. Male participant, even if surgically sterilized, must agree to one of the following:

    • Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
    • Agree to practice true abstinence if that is aligned with their lifestyle, which does not include periodic abstinence or withdrawal.

EXCLUSION:

  1. Diagnoses of smoldering MM (SMM), monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), non-secretory MM, plasma cell leukemia, AL amyloidosis, Waldenstrom's. macroglobulinemia, POEMS syndrome. History of SMM and/or MGUS is not excluded.
  2. Known disease involvement of the CNS.
  3. History of prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant of any type.
  4. Received more than one cycle of anti-myeloma therapy prior to enrollment. Up to one cycle of myeloma therapy is allowed. Concomitant treatment is allowed with low-dose corticosteroids and bisphosphonates. The dose of corticosteroids for myeloma treatment should not exceed the equivalent of 160 mg of dexamethasone over a two-week period before initiation of protocol. Prednisone up to but no more than 10 mg po daily or its equivalent is allowed, for symptom management and comorbid conditions.
  5. Significant renal insufficiency, defined as creatinine clearance <30ml/min per Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  6. Hepatic impairment, defined as bilirubin >1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) or AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), or alkaline phosphatase > 3x institutional ULN.
  7. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1000 cells/mm3 within 14 days of enrollment. Growth factor may not be used to meet ANC eligibility criteria.
  8. Hemoglobin (Hgb) < 8g/dL within 14 days of enrollment. Transfusion may not be used to meet Hgb eligibility criteria.
  9. Platelet count < 75,000 cells/mm3 within 14 days of enrollment. Transfusion may not be used to meet platelet eligibility criteria.
  10. Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if subject were to participate in the study.
  11. Major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from complications of the surgery.
  12. Clinically significant peripheral neuropathy not well controlled with treatment, defined as ≥grade 2 on clinical examination.
  13. Symptomatic uncontrolled cardiac disease including congestive heart failure with New York Heart Association class III-IV symptoms, arrhythmia, unstable angina or myocardial infarction within the past six months, or any other uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular condition.
  14. Known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <50% of predicted normal.
  15. Clinically uncontrolled asthma of any classification or known moderate or severe persistent asthma within the past two years (see asthma guidelines. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/files/docs/guidelines/asthma_qrg.pdf).
  16. Serious intercurrent illness including but not limited to clinically relevant cerebrovascular disease, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis, pulmonary disease.
  17. Active autoimmune process or other disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive, monoclonal antibody, small molecule, or radiation therapy.
  18. Participant is:

    • Seropositive for HIV
    • Seropositive for Hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]
    • Subjects with resolved infection (i.e., subjects who are HBsAg negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded.
    • Participants with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (anti-HBs positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior HBV vaccination, do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR.
    • Seropositive for Hepatitis C (except in the setting of a sustained virologic response [SVR], defined as aviremia at least 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy).
  19. History of additional active malignancy in the past five years (not including squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical cancer). However, malignancy treated with curative intent with <5% chance of disease relapse / recurrence in the next two years is allowed.
  20. Known drug allergy or intolerance to study medications (including steroids) or appropriate prophylactic medications (e.g. acyclovir, aspirin, warfarin or low-molecular weight heparin).
  21. Women with a positive pregnancy test during the screening period prior to study initiation or who are lactating.
  22. Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents not included in this trial, within 30 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial.
  23. Any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or unwilling or unable to comply with the instructions given.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04140162


Contacts
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Contact: Jing Christine Ye, M.D. 734-647-8901 jchrisye@med.umich.edu

Locations
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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center Recruiting
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Principal Investigator: Jing Christine Ye, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jing Christine Ye, M.D. University of Michigan
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Responsible Party: University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04140162    
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCC 2018.056
HUM00147751 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan )
First Posted: October 25, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center:
Dara-R
DaraRd
Dara-RVd
MRD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Bortezomib
Daratumumab
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors