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Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab Combined With Omalizumab in Patients With Bullous Pemphigoid

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04128176
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : October 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Emanual Maverakis, MD, University of California, Davis

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the efficacy of rituximab combined with omalizumab in achieving sustained complete remission, evaluated by Bullous Pemphigoid Disease Area Index (BPDAI) in patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) at Week 24 in patients with active moderate-to-severe BP refractory to rituximab therapy alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bullous Pemphigoid Drug: Rituximab combined with Omalizumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, noncontrolled, single center prospective study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab combined with omalizumab in patients with active moderate-to-severe BP refractory to rituximab treatment alone. Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of BP and evidence of refractory disease after initiation of rituximab treatment at least 8 weeks prior.

Refractory disease will be defined as a failure of therapy (development of new non-transient lesions or continued extension of old lesions, or failure of established lesions to begin to heal or continued pruritus) or evidence of a relapse/flare (Appearance of ≥3 new lesions/month (blisters, eczematous lesions, or urticarial plaques) or at least one large (>10 cm diameter) eczematous lesion or urticarial plaques that do not heal within 1 week, or extension of established lesions or daily pruritus in patient who have achieved disease control) based on the outcome measures defined for BP from an international panel of experts.41

This study will be conducted at the University of California, Davis Department of Dermatology's investigational site.

The study will consist of 3 periods: a screening period, 24-week treatment period, and a 28-week follow-up period. During the treatment period, patient visits will be monthly. After the primary endpoint at Week 24, follow up assessments will be scheduled every 3 months.

Rituximab 1000 mg will be administered by IV infusion 6 months after the patient's initial cycle of rituximab (received in the screening period). In order to reduce the frequency and severity of infusion-related reactions, all patients will be pre-medicated per the infusion center's therapy beacon protocol. Omalizumab (300 mg) will be administered subcutaneously every 2 weeks starting on Day 1.

All patients will be provided topical clobetasol 0.05% ointment or equivalent strength potency topical corticosteroid. Topical steroid application will be used 40 grams twice daily as needed for itch.

Patients can be discontinued from study treatment at any time during the study. Patients who withdraw from the treatment period will return to the clinic for an early withdrawal visit. After the withdrawal visit, the patient will be asked to enter the follow up period of the study.

From Week 1 through Week 52, patients who do not experience 50% improvement in their BPDAI at week 16 are eligible to receive rescue therapy with prednisone, another immunosuppressive medication (e.g. cellcept), IV Ig, or another treatment or procedure as per the investigator's best medical judgment. Patients who receive rescue therapy will be withdrawn from the study.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab Combined With Omalizumab in Patients With Bullous Pemphigoid
Estimated Study Start Date : November 25, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 25, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 25, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pemphigus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rituximab combined with Omalizumab
All patients will receive daily doxycycline, nicotinamide, and high-potency topical steroids. Additionally, all patients will receive rituximab combined with omalizumab.
Drug: Rituximab combined with Omalizumab
Rituximab 1000 mg will be administered by IV infusion 6 months after the patient's initial cycle of rituximab (received in the screening period).Omalizumab (300 mg) will be administered subcutaneously every 2 weeks starting on Day 1 until week 24 (primary endpoint) and again until week 52 (secondary endpoint).
Other Name: Xolair




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Remission [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Complete remission is defined as achieving wound healing with no new active lesions (i.e. Bullous Pemphigoid Disease Area Index (BPDAI) score of 0) for at least 2 consecutive weeks during the 24-week treatment period. BPDAI scores can range from 0 to 360, with lower scores indicating less disease activity and better outcomes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Remission [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Proportion of patients achieving a sustained complete remission with rituximab combined with omalizumab at week 52

  2. Number of Disease Flares [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Total number of disease flares during the treatment period, as defined by appearance of three or more new lesions a month or at least one large (>10 cm diameter) eczematous lesion or urticarial plaques that do not heal within 1 week or by the extension of established lesions.

  3. Time to Remission [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Time to sustained complete remission

  4. Time to Flares [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Time to disease flare

  5. Duration of Remission [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Duration of sustained complete remission

  6. Clinical Impression [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Clinician impression of change in patients' BP symptoms, as measured by the Clinician Global Impression of Change (CGIC) score during the treatment period. The CGIC is a seven point scale to rate the severity of a patient's illness at the time of the assessment, with higher scores indicating better outcomes.

  7. Patient Impression [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Patients' impression of change in BP symptoms, as measured by the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) score during the treatment period. The CGIC is a seven point scale to rate the severity of a patient's illness at the time of the assessment, with higher scores indicating better outcomes.

  8. Improvement in Itch [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Change in patients' scores in improvement of Itch Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) during the treatment period. The NRS is on a scale of 0 to 10 with 0 representing "no itch" and better outcomes.

  9. Health-Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Change in health-related quality of life, as measured by the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score from baseline to Week 24. The DLQI is a ten item questionnaire with a sum total of 30 points. The higher the score, the more quality of life is impaired, indicating worse outcomes.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Adverse Events That Are Related to Treatment [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    To evaluate the safety of rituximab combined with omalizumab by monitoring adverse events related to treatment, such as number of abnormal laboratory values.

  2. Gene Expression [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    To evaluate gene expression profiling of skin biopsies taken (1) before omalizumab therapy and (2) after omalizumab therapy.

  3. Cumulative Corticosteroid Application [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    To evaluate total cumulative dose of topical corticosteroid applied during treatment and follow up periods



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be 18-90 years of age
  • All individuals must have the ability to provide inform consent
  • Patients diagnosed with bullous pemphigoid by biopsy, serum ELISA, direct immunofluorescence, indirect immunofluorescence
  • Presence of moderate-to-severe active disease refractory to at least one cycle of rituximab therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of mucous membrane pemphigoid or evidence of other non-BP autoimmune blistering disease
  • Individuals with allergic reaction or adverse reaction to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies, or known hypersensitivity to any component of rituximab or omalizumab
  • Evidence of acute infection or history of a chronic infection including viral hepatitis, recurrent HSV, AIDS, etc
  • Women who are pregnant or actively nursing
  • Evidence of any new or uncontrolled concomitant disease that, in the investigator's judgment, would preclude patient participation, including but not limited to cardiovascular, pulmonary, nervous system, renal, hepatic, endocrine, malignant, or gastrointestinal disorders
  • Treatment with a live or attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to first rituximab infusion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04128176


Contacts
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Contact: Stephanie T Le, MD 9167341512 stvle@ucdavis.edu
Contact: Atrin Toussi, BS 9167341512 amtoussi@ucdavis.edu

Locations
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United States, California
University of California, Davis, Department of Dermatology
Sacramento, California, United States, 95816
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Emanual Maverakis, MD UC Davis

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Emanual Maverakis, MD, Professor, University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04128176     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1510820-1
First Posted: October 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 16, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Emanual Maverakis, MD, University of California, Davis:
Omalizumab
Rituximab
Bullous Pemphigoid
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pemphigoid, Bullous
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Omalizumab
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Anti-Allergic Agents
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents