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A Trial for Relapsed and Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients (DPd)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04124497
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus

Brief Summary:

Multiple myeloma (MM) with chromosome 17 deletion (del(17p) represents one of the most dangerous genetic variant of this disease, since it is associated with a high level of genomic instability. Del(17p) is present in approximately 10% of patients at diagnosis, and its frequency increases with disease evolution. The adverse prognosis of del(17p) has been observed in patients treated with conventional chemotherapy and new drugs. Only very few studies have suggested an advantage in treating del(17p) MM patients with specific therapies. In particular, several recent trials combining lenalidomide plus dexamethasone with a new agent, suggested that high risk cytogenetics patients may benefit from newest generation drugs. Yet, in all studies, outcome of patients with high risk genetic features have been derived from subgroup analyses, with all the limitations of this approach. To date no trial has been designed with the specific aim to test genotype-adapted therapies.

The objective of the present study is to evaluate the combination of daratumumab-pomalidomide-dexamethasone (DPd) in relapsed or relapsed/refractory MM patients harboring del(17p).

Treatment of relapsed or relapsed/refractory MM patients harbouring del(17p) is a relevant unmet medical need. A clinical trial designed to test a tailored treatment for this patient population would be a major improvement. In this perspective the combination DPd seems attractive since:

  • both daratumumab and pomalidomide are therapies not interfering with DNA replication, thus not increasing the intrinsic genomic instability of del(17p) plasma cells.
  • the POLLUX study has shown that daratumumab in combination with lenalidomide is highly effective in relapsed and relapsed/refractory MM patients.10
  • the IFM 2010-02 trial has suggested that pomalidomide may be effective in del(17p) patients.
  • the DPd combination has been successfully tested in MM patients with advanced disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Deletion 17P Syndrome Drug: Daratumumab Drug: Pomalidomide Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients will undergo screening for protocol eligibility within 28 days (4 weeks) of enrolment.

After providing written informed consent to participate in the study, patients will be evaluated for study eligibility. It is to note that patients can be enrolled based on the presence of del(17p), as per center evaluation. However, the presence of del(17p) should be confirmed by the central laboratory (University of Torino laboratory), which will perform the test in 5 working days.

After registration, subjects who meet all the inclusion criteria will be treated according to the protocol, only after the presence of del(17p) has been confirmed by the central laboratory.

Treatment period includes administration of 28-day cycles of treatment with DPd until any sign of progression or intolerance.

The response will be assessed after each cycle. The LTFU period will start after development of confirmed progressive disease (PD) or treatment interruption due to toxicity. All patients are to be followed for survival during the LTFU period every 3 months via telephone or office visit.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Daratumumab, Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for Del(17p) Positive Relapsed and Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients [DEDALO]
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DPd

Therapy consists in cycles of the DPd combination as follows:

  • Pomalidomide 4 mg once daily on days 1-21;
  • Oral or intravenous dexamethasone 40 mg/day (≤ 75 years old) or 20 mg/ day (>75 years old) on days 1, 8, 15 and 22;
  • Daratumumab 16 mg/kg intravenously at following schedule:
  • cycle 1 and 2: days 1, 8, 15, and 22
  • cycle 3 through 6: days 1, and 15
  • from cycle 7 until disease progression: day 1.
Drug: Daratumumab
  • Daratumumab 16 mg/kg intravenously at following schedule:
  • cycle 1 and 2: days 1, 8, 15, and 22
  • cycle 3 through 6: days 1, and 15
  • from cycle 7 until disease progression: day 1.

Drug: Pomalidomide
4 mg once daily on days 1-21

Drug: Dexamethasone
Oral or intravenous dexamethasone 40 mg/day (≤ 75 years old) or 20 mg/ day (>75 years old) on days 1, 8, 15 and 22




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimal residual disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) 10-5 negativity rate assessed by means of next-generation sequencing (ClonoSEQ assay) in patients attaining a complete remission in the first year of treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Number of months from the date of randomization to the date of first observation of PD, or death from any cause as an event.

  2. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Overall response rate will include complete response (CR), very good partial response (VGPR) and partial response (PR) using the International Response Criteria. Responders are defined as subjects with at least a PR.

  3. Progression-free survival 2 (PFS2) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time from randomization to objective tumor progression on next-line treatment or death from any cause.

  4. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time between first documentation of response and PD. Responders without disease progression will be censored either at the time of lost to FU, at the time of death due to other cause than PD, or at the end of the study.

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time between randomization and death. Subjects who die will be censored at time of death as an event, regardless cause of death.

  6. Safety as incidence of toxicities [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Severity of the toxicities will be graded according to the NCI CTC v.5 whenever possible. Laboratory data will be graded according to NCI CTC v.5 severity grade.

  7. Time to next therapy (TNT) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Time to next therapy will be measured from the date of randomization to the date of next anti-myeloma therapy. Death due to any cause before starting therapy will be considered an event.

  8. Percentage of patients with negative MRD and survival indices [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    MRD negativity rate and survival might significantly change in particular subgroups of patients, that are defined on prognostic factors [ISS stage, additional cytogenetic abnormalities, previous treatment, presence of del(17p)]. Hence, subgroup analyses will be conducted.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has given voluntary written informed consent
  • Subject must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Subject must have documented MM.
  • Subject must have del(17p) observed by FISH in at least 10% of bone marrow plasma cells at any time of MM history.
  • Subject must have serum monoclonal paraprotein (M-protein) level >=0.5 g/dL or urine M-protein, level >=200 mg/24 hours, or light chain MM, or serum immunoglobulin free light chain ≥10 mg/dL and abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa lambda free light chain ratio.
  • Subject must have received at least 1 and no more than 3 prior lines of therapy for MM.
  • Subject must have received at least 2 consecutive cycles of lenalidomide in a previous line of therapy.
  • Subject must have achieved a response (PR or better) to at least one prior regimen.
  • Subjects must have either refractory or relapsed and refractory disease defined as documented disease progression during or within 60 days of completing their last myeloma therapy.
  • Subject must have an ECOG Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2.
  • Subject must have the following laboratory values:

    • Platelet count >=50 x 109/L (≥30 x 109 /L if myeloma involvement in the bone marrow is > 50%) within 14 days prior to drug administration).
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1 x 109/L without the use of growth factors.
    • Corrected serum calcium <=14 mg/dL (3.5 mmol/L)
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT): <= 3 x the upper limit normal (ULN).
    • Total bilirubin: <= 2 x the ULN.
    • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance: >= 15 mL/minute
  • Females of childbearing potential (FBCP) must follow the Pregnancy Prevention Plan and use a highly effective and an additional barrier contraception method simultaneously for 28 days before starting pomalidomide, during treatment and dose interruptions, for at least 28 days after the last dose of pomalidomide and 3 months after the last dose of daratumumab Males must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with FCBP for at least 28 days before starting pomalidomide, during the treatment and dose interruptions, for at least 28 days after the last dose of pomalidomide and 3 months after the last dose of daratumumab. Male subjects must agree to refrain from sperm donation for at least 3 months after the last dose of daratumumab.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has received daratumumab or other anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody previously.
  • Subject's disease shows evidence of refractoriness or intolerance to pomalidomide. If previously treated with a pomalidomide-containing regimen, the subject is excluded if he or she:

    • Discontinued due to any adverse event related to prior pomalidomide treatment, or
    • If, at any time point, the subject was refractory to any dose of pomalidomide.

Refractory to pomalidomide is defined either:

  • Subjects whose disease progresses within 60 days of pomalidomide; or
  • Subjects whose disease is nonresponsive while on lenalidomide. Nonresponsive disease is defined as either failure to achieve at least an MR or development of PD while on pomalidomide.

    • Subject has received anti-myeloma treatment within 2 weeks or 5 pharmacokinetic half-lives of the treatment, whichever is longer, before the date of randomization.
    • Subjects who received an allogeneic bone marrow or allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant less than 12 months prior to initiation of study treatment and who have not discontinued immunosuppressive treatment for at least 16 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment and are currently dependent on such treatment.
    • Subjects unable or unwilling to undergo antithrombotic prophylactic treatment.
    • Subject has a history of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) within 3 years before the date of randomization (exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator, in agreement with the medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years).
    • Subject has known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (defined as a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <60% of predicted normal), asthma, or a history of asthma within the last 2 years. Subjects with known or suspected COPD must have a forced expiratory volume (FEV) test during Screening.
    • Subject is known to be seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] or antibodies to hepatitis B surface and core antigens [anti-HBs and anti-HBc, respectively]) or hepatitis C (anti-HCV antibody positive or HCV-RNA quantitation positive).
    • Subject has any concurrent medical condition or disease (eg, active systemic infection) that is likely to interfere with study procedures or results, or that in the opinion of the investigator would constitute a hazard for participating in this study.
    • Subject has clinically significant cardiac disease, including:
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months before Cycle 1, Day 1, or unstable or
  • uncontrolled disease/condition related to or affecting cardiac function (eg, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Class III-IV)
  • Cardiac arrhythmia (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Version 4 Grade 2 or higher) or clinically significant ECG abnormalities.
  • Screening 12-lead ECG showing a baseline QT interval as corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >500 msec.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04124497


Locations
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Italy
FO.NE.SA.Onlus
Torino, Italy, 10125
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus

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Responsible Party: Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04124497     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DEDALO
First Posted: October 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Fondazione Neoplasie Sangue Onlus:
Multiple Myeloma
Monoclonal antibody
Immunomodulating agents
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Thalidomide
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Daratumumab
Pomalidomide
BB 1101
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists