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Nivolumab, Ixazomib, Cyclophosphamide, and Dexamethasone in Relapsed/Refractory Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04119336
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2021
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andrew Yee, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This research is being done to assess the effectiveness and safety of the combination of nivolumab with ixazomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Refractory Multiple Myeloma Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ixazomib Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Cyclophosphamide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.

  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved nivolumab for relapsed and refractory Multiple Myeloma but it has been approved for other uses.
  • The FDA has approved ixazomib and cyclophosphamide as treatment options for your disease.
  • Nivolumab is a type of antibody (a protein that attaches to other cells to fight off infection and disease) that attaches to and inhibits a protein called PD-1.

    -- PD-1 is a checkpoint protein on immune cells called T cells. It normally acts as a type of "off switch" that helps keep the T cells from attacking other cells in the body. Some cancer cells have large amounts of PD-L1 which binds to PD-1 and turns off the immune system. Nivolumab inhibits PD-1 and helps take the "brake" off the immune system. The investigators' hope that nivolumab will inhibit the PD-1 protein, thus allowing your immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells.

  • Ixazomib is a type of inhibitor that blocks a protein in your cells called a proteasome. This protein is responsible for breaking down other proteins in your cells when they need to be disposed of. By blocking the proteasome from working, a buildup of proteins will be created in the cancer cells, which may lead to cell death.
  • The investigators hope that the combination of ixazomib and nivolumab with standard of care chemotherapy cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone will work together with ixazomib and nivolumab to treat multiple myeloma.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Nivolumab in Combination With Ixazomib, Cyclophosphamide, and Dexamethasone in Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : January 14, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 12, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab and Ixazomib

- Participants will receive Nivolumab, Ixazomib, Cyclophosphamide, and Dexamethasone on a 28-day cycle.

  • Oral:

    • Ixazomib given weekly on days 1, 8, 15
    • Dexamethasone given weekly during cycle
  • Infused:

    • Nivolumab given once per cycle
    • Cyclophosphamide given on days 1, 8, 15 during cycle
Drug: Nivolumab
Given intravenously once per cycle
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: Ixazomib
Given orally on days 1, 8, 15.
Other Name: Ninlaro

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given orally on days 1, 8, 15, 22
Other Name: Decadron

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given intravenously on days 1, 8, 15.
Other Name: Cytoxan

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Objective response rate per International Myeloma Working Group criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: The time from starting treatment to disease progression or death from any cause, for up to 10 years. Patients who have not progressed or died are censored at the date of last known progression-free. ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Previously treated relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma per International Myeloma Working Group consensus criteria (Rajkumar et al., 2011).
  • Patients must have received at least three prior lines of therapy, including an immunomodulatory drug (e.g. lenalidomide, pomalidomide), a proteasome inhibitor (e.g. bortezomib, carfilzomib), and anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (e.g. daratumumab)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2 (see Appendix A).
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • All laboratory assessments for eligibility should be performed within 21 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified.
  • Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least one of the following (IgD and IgA with monoclonal protein < 0.5 g/dL may be permitted after discussion with PI):

    • Serum monoclonal protein ≥ 0.5 g/dL (or quantitative IgA ≥ 1000 mg/dL), or
    • ≥ 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24-hour urine protein electrophoresis, and/or
    • Serum free light chain ≥ 100 mg/L (10 mg/dL) and abnormal serum free kappa to serum free kappa light chain ratio
  • ANC ≥ 1000/μL. G-CSF is not permitted within 14 days of screening.
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/µL. Platelet transfusions are not permitted within 7 days of screening.
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL. Red blood cell transfusions are permitted to meet eligibility criteria.
  • Calculated creatinine clearance of ≥ 30 mL/min according to Cockroft-Gault equation.
  • Adequate hepatic function, as evidenced by each of the following:

    • Serum aspartate transaminase (ALT) and/or aspartate transaminase (AST) values < 3 × the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Serum bilirubin values < 1.5 mg/dL. Patients with elevated bilirubin due to Gilbert's syndrome may be permitted with PI approval.
  • Able to swallow capsules whole (ixazomib capsules should not be crushed, dissolved or broken).
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP)* must agree to follow instructions for methods of contraception for the duration of study treatment with nivolumab and for five months after the last dose of study treatment. If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through five months after the last dose of study drug OR agree to practice true abstinence when it in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

    -- Women of child bearing potential are women who are not postmenopausal for at least one year and who are not surgically sterile.

  • Males who are sexually active (even if surgically sterilized, i.e. vasectomy) with WOBCP must agree to follow instructions for methods of contraception for the duration of study treatment with nivolumab and 7 months after the last dose of study treatment. Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 7 months after the last dose of study drug, or agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Patient has given voluntary, signed written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure that is not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to their future medical care

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with ixazomib
  • Prior therapy with any anti-PD1 antibody (e.g. nivolumab, pembrolizumab) or anti-PDL1 antibody (e.g. atezolizumab, avelumab, durvalumab)
  • Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) or with monoclonal antibodies 3 weeks of C1D1 or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier. Patients may have received dexamethasone within 2 weeks prior to C1D1.
  • Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents, within five half-lives prior to C1D1and throughout the duration of this trial. Prior treatment with an investigational agent within five half lives prior to C1D1 may be permitted after discussion with the PI.
  • Concomitant high-dose corticosteroid use except chronic steroids (maximum dose 10 mg/day prednisone equivalent) if they are being given for disorders other than myeloma, e.g. adrenal insufficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
  • Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period (within 21 days of C1D1).
  • Prior history of malignancies, other than MM, unless the patient has been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years. Exceptions include the following if the patient has undergone complete resection:

    • Basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • Ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast
    • Incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer (T1a or T1b)
  • Patients with another malignancy undergoing active treatment with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer or in situ cervical cancer.
  • Patients with plasma cell leukemia, POEMS syndrome, or amyloidosis are excluded from this trial.
  • HIV infection.
  • Active hepatitis B infection or active hepatitis C infection. Participants who have prior hepatitis C infection and who have received an antiviral treatment and show no detectable viral RNA for 6 months prior to screening are eligible.
  • Peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2 despite supportive therapy.
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant within five years prior to study registration. Patients who have had an allogeneic stem cell transplant within five years prior to study registration may participate as long as there are no symptoms of graft versus host disease.
  • Patient has a history of significant cardiovascular, neurological, endocrine, gastrointestinal, respiratory, or inflammatory illness that could preclude study participation, pose an undue medical hazard, or interfere with the interpretation of the study results, including, but not limited to, patients with congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class 3 or 4); unstable angina; cardiac arrhythmia; recent (within the preceding 6 months) myocardial infarction or stroke; hypertension requiring > 2 medications for adequate control; diabetes mellitus with > 2 episodes of ketoacidosis in the preceding 12 months; or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring > 2 hospitalizations in the preceding 12 months.

3.2.15 Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune pneumonitis, autoimmune vasculitis (e.g., Wegener's granulomatosis) and motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barré syndrome and myasthenia gravis). Patients with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.

  • Patients with history of interstitial lung disease and/or pneumonitis, or pulmonary hypertension.
  • Major surgery within 14 days prior to study registration.
  • Central nervous system involvement.
  • Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days prior to study registration
  • Systemic treatment with strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of St. John's wort within 14 days prior to C1D1.
  • Receipt of a live or attenuated vaccine within 30 days of C1D1.
  • Any serious medical of psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol.
  • Known allergy to any study medications, their analogs, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04119336

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Mass General/North Shore Cancer Center
Danvers, Massachusetts, United States, 01923
Massachusett General Hopsital at Newton Wellsley Hospital
Newton, Massachusetts, United States, 02462
Sponsors and Collaborators
Andrew Yee, MD
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Andrew Yee, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Andrew Yee, MD, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04119336    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-283
First Posted: October 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation
URL: http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Andrew Yee, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents