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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    A021703
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Vitamin D3 With Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (SOLARIS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04094688
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Brief Summary:
This phase III trial studies how well vitamin D3 given with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Vitamin D3 helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving vitamin D3 with chemotherapy and bevacizumab may work better in shrinking or stabilizing colorectal cancer. It is not yet known whether giving high-dose vitamin D3 in addition to chemotherapy and bevacizumab would extend patients' time without disease compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy and bevacizumab).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Drug: Bevacizumab Drug: Oxaliplatin Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Drug: Fluorouracil Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Drug: Irinotecan Dietary Supplement: Cholecalciferol Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 3

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients receiving high-dose cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) in combination with standard chemotherapy (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin [FOLFOX] or leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan hydrochloride [FOLFIRI]) and bevacizumab versus those receiving standard-dose vitamin D3 in combination with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the objective response rate (ORR) of patients receiving high-dose vitamin D3 in combination with standard chemotherapy + bevacizumab versus those receiving standard-dose vitamin D3 in combination with standard chemotherapy + bevacizumab.

II. To compare the overall survival (OS) of patients receiving high-dose vitamin D3 in combination with standard chemotherapy + bevacizumab versus those receiving standard-dose vitamin D3 in combination with standard chemotherapy + bevacizumab.

III. To evaluate and compare the toxicity of adding high-dose vitamin D3 versus standard-dose vitamin D3 to chemotherapy + bevacizumab.

IV. To assess the influence of diet, body mass index, physical activity, and other lifestyle habits on PFS among patients with locally advanced/metastatic colorectal cancer.

V. To evaluate the incidence of vitamin D3 deficiency in participants with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer.

VI. To compare the efficacy of high-dose vitamin D3 versus standard-dose vitamin D3 in subgroups of patients defined by baseline plasma calcifediol (25[OH]D) levels.

VII. To evaluate the prognostic effect of highest-achieved 25(OH)D levels with PFS.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive bevacizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1, and fluorouracil IV on days 1-3 or irinotecan hydrochloride IV on day 1, leucovorin calcium IV over 90 minutes on day 1, and fluorouracil IV on days 1-3. Patients also receive high-dose cholecalciferol orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-14. Cycles repeat every 14 days for 5 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive bevacizumab and chemotherapy as in Arm I. Patients also receive standard-dose cholecalciferol PO QD on days 1-14. Cycles repeat every 14 days for 5 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 400 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Double-Blind Phase III Trial of Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (SOLARIS)
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (bevacizumab, chemotherapy, high-dose vitamin D3)
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1, and fluorouracil IV on days 1-3 or irinotecan hydrochloride IV on day 1, leucovorin calcium IV over 90 minutes on day 1, and fluorouracil IV on days 1-3. Patients also receive high-dose cholecalciferol PO QD on days 1-14. Cycles repeat every 14 days for 5 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Bevacizumab
Given IV

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Given IV

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV

Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV

Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV

Drug: Irinotecan
Given IV

Dietary Supplement: Cholecalciferol
Given PO
Other Name: Vitamin D3

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Active Comparator: Arm II (bevacizumab, chemotherapy, standard-dose vitamin D3)
Patients receive bevacizumab and chemotherapy as in Arm I. Patients also receive standard-dose cholecalciferol PO QD on days 1-14. Cycles repeat every 14 days for 5 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Bevacizumab
Given IV

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Given IV

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV

Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV

Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given IV

Drug: Irinotecan
Given IV

Dietary Supplement: Cholecalciferol
Given PO
Other Name: Vitamin D3

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to the first documentation of disease progression or death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1. Progression-free survival (PFS) will be compared between treatment arms using the un-stratified log-rank test at one-sided level of 0.05 and the p-value will be used for decision making. The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS will be estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model and the 95% confidence interval (CI) for the HR will be provided. Results from a stratified analysis will also be provided. Kaplan-Meier methodology will be used to estimate the median PFS for each treatment arm, and Kaplan-Meier curves will be produced. Brookmeyer-Crowley methodology will be used to construct the 95% CI for the median PFS for each treatment arm. All randomized patients regardless of any treatment received will be included in the analysis. Patients will be assigned to the treatment group they were randomized to regardless of actual treatment received.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1. Will be estimated using objective response rate (ORR) where ORR is defined as the number of evaluable patients achieving a response (partial response or complete response per RECIST v1.1) during treatment with study therapy divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Rates of response will be compared across arms using a Chi-Square test for proportion. Point estimates will be generated for objective response rates within each arm along with 95% binomial confidence intervals. All randomized patients regardless of any treatment received will be included in the analysis. Patients will be assigned to the treatment group they were randomized to regardless of actual treatment received.

  2. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. Overall survival (OS) will be compared between treatment arms using the log-rank test. OS medians, survival rates at 3 years, and hazard ratio (HR) will be estimated along with 95% confidence intervals.

  3. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    As per National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. Toxicity is defined as adverse events that are classified as possibly, probably, or definitely related to study treatment. Toxicities will be evaluated via the ordinal CTCAE standard toxicity grading. Overall toxicity incidence as well as toxicity profiles by treatment arm will be explored and summarized. Frequency distributions, graphical techniques, and other descriptive measures will form the basis of the analysis.

  4. Physical activity (PA) and progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) of patients receiving high-dose vitamin D3 versus (vs.) patients receiving standard-dose vitamin D3 will be compared in subgroups of physical activity (PA) levels. The levels will be defined as low PA (< 9 metabolic-equivalent task [MET]-hours/week) vs. high PA (>= 9 MET-hours/week). The distribution of PFS time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier within each subgroup and arm combination. PFS will be compared between treatment arms using the non-stratified log-rank test in each subgroup of PA levels. PFS medians, survival rates at 3 years, and hazard ratio (HR) will be estimated along with 95% confidence intervals within each subgroup and arm combination. Interaction between PA subgroups and treatment arms will be tested using likelihood ratio test.

  5. Incidence of vitamin D3 deficiency [ Time Frame: At baseline ]
    The baseline incidence of vitamin D3 deficiency will be defined as the number of evaluable vitamin D3 deficient patients divided by the total number of evaluable patients. The population of evaluable patients for this analysis will be all patients whose calcifediol (25(OH)D) level was successfully measured at baseline. Vitamin D3 deficiency is defined as 25(OH)D level < 20 ng/mL. Incidence rates of vitamin D3 deficiency will be compared across arms using a Chi-Square test for proportion. Point estimates will be generated for vitamin D3 deficiency rates within each arm along with 95% confidence intervals.

  6. 25(OH)D levels [ Time Frame: At baseline ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) of patients receiving high-dose vitamin D3 vs. patients receiving standard-dose vitamin D3 will be compared in subgroups of baseline 25(OH)D levels. The levels will be defined as deficient (< 20 ng/mL) vs. other (>= 20 ng/mL). The distribution of PFS time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier within each subgroup and arm combination. PFS will be compared between treatment arms using the non-stratified log-rank test in each subgroup of baseline 25(OH)D levels. PFS medians, survival rates at 3 years, and hazard ratio (HR) will be estimated along with 95% confidence intervals within each subgroup and arm combination. Interaction between baseline 25(OH)D level subgroups and treatment arms will be tested using likelihood ratio test.

  7. Prognostic effect of highest achieved 25(OH)D [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) of patients will be compared in subgroups of highest achieved 25(OH)D levels. The levels will be defined by quartile of highest-achieved level among patients who have both baseline and at least one on-treatment 25(OH)D sample result. The distribution of PFS time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier within each subgroup. PFS will be compared across quartiles using the non-stratified log-rank test. PFS medians, survival rates at 3 years, and hazard ratio (HR) will be estimated along with 95% confidence intervals. Baseline 25(OH)D will be entered into the Cox model as a covariate.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed advanced/metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma for which metastasectomy is not planned.
  • No mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) or high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) disease.
  • Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v) 1.1.
  • No prior systemic treatment for metastatic disease.
  • Patients may have received prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and/or chemoradiation. The last course of adjuvant therapy must have been completed > 12 months prior to colorectal cancer recurrence.
  • Patients may have received prior standard rectal cancer chemoradiation so long as prior radiotherapy was to =< 25% of bone marrow. Previous radiation therapy must have been completed >= 4 weeks prior to registration.
  • No continuous daily use of vitamin D supplements >= 2,000 IU per day for the 12 months prior to registration. Patients may have had continuous daily use of vitamin D supplements >= 2,000 IU per day if total duration < 12 months in the 12 months prior to registration. Patients may have had continuous daily use of vitamin D supplements < 2,000 IU per day for any duration prior to registration.
  • Patients must have completed any major surgery or open biopsy >= 4 weeks prior to registration and must have completed any minor surgery or core biopsy >= 1 week prior to registration. (Note: insertion of a vascular access device is not considered major or minor surgery.) Patients must have recovered from the effects of any surgery (e.g. wound is healed, no active infection, no drains, etc.) prior to registration.
  • Not pregnant and not nursing. This study involves an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative serum or urine pregnancy test done =< 14 days prior to registration is required.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-1.
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3.
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3.
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL.
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR calculated (Calc.) creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 30 mL/min.
  • Calcium =< 1.0 x ULN.

    * Corrected for albumin level if albumin not within institutional limits of normal.

  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN.

    * If Gilbert's disease, use direct bilirubin instead of total bilirubin; direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN if patient to receive FOLFIRI; direct bilirubin =< 3.0 x ULN if patient to receive leucovorin, infusional fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin (modified [m]FOLFOX6).

  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN.

    * AST/ALT < 5 x ULN if clearly attributable to liver metastases.

  • Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1 OR urine protein =< 1.
  • No resectable metastatic disease for which potentially curative metastasectomy is planned.
  • No "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers or cervical carcinoma in situ. Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and have been free of disease for >= 3 years.
  • No significant history of bleeding events or bleeding diathesis =< 6 months of registration unless the source of bleeding has been resected.
  • No history of arterial thrombotic events, including, but not limited to, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, unstable angina, angina requiring surgical or medical intervention, or myocardial infarction =< 6 months of registration.
  • No history of clinically significant peripheral artery disease =< 6 months of registration.
  • No history of uncontrolled congestive heart failure defined as New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or greater.
  • No history of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation =< 12 months of registration except for GI perforation related to a primary colorectal tumor that has since been fully resected.
  • No history of malabsorption, uncontrolled vomiting or diarrhea, or any other disease significantly affecting GI function that could interfere with the absorption of oral agents.
  • No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to the study agents.
  • No uncontrolled hypertension (defined as blood pressure [BP] > 160/90).
  • No serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including, but not limited to, psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of the treating physician, may increase the risks associated with participation or treatment on the study or may interfere with the conduct of the study or interpretation of the study results.
  • Patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are eligible only if they meet all of the following:

    • On effective anti-retroviral therapy
    • Undetectable HIV viral load by standard clinical assay =< 6 months of registration.
  • No known pre-existing hypercalcemia =< 6 months of registration.
  • No known active hyperparathyroid disease or other serious disturbance of calcium metabolism =< 5 years of registration.
  • No predisposing colonic or small bowel disorders in which symptoms are uncontrolled as indicated by > 3 watery or soft stools daily in patients without a colostomy or ileostomy. Patients with a colostomy or ileostomy are allowed per treating physician discretion.
  • No symptomatic genitourinary stones =< 12 months of registration.
  • Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression >= 28 days prior to registration.
  • Patients with new or progressive brain metastases (active brain metastases) or leptomeningeal disease are eligible if the treating physician determines that immediate CNS-specific treatment is not required and is unlikely to be required during the first cycle of protocol-specified therapy after registration.
  • No uncontrolled seizure disorders.
  • No grade >=2 peripheral neuropathy, neurosensory toxicity, or neuromotor toxicity per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0 regardless of causality.
  • Patients must be able to swallow oral formulations of the agent.
  • Concurrent use of supplemental calcium and/or vitamin D is not permitted. Patients must discontinue the supplement(s) at least 7 days prior to registration.
  • Concurrent use of thiazide diuretics (e.g. hydrochlorothiazide) is not permitted. Patients must discontinue the drug(s) or switch to an alternative anti-hypertensive agent at least 7 days prior to registration.
  • Chronic concomitant treatment with oral corticosteroids, lithium, phenytoin, quinidine, isoniazid, and/or rifampin are not permitted. Patients must discontinue the agent(s) at least 7 days prior to registration. Short-term use of corticosteroids as antiemetic therapy is acceptable.
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer therapy including chemotherapy, targeted, and/or biological agents is not permitted.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04094688


Contacts
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Contact: Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH 617-632-4150 kimmie_ng@dfci.harvard.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

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Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04094688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A021703
NCI-2019-01034 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferols
Cholecalciferol
Vitamins
Bevacizumab
Oxaliplatin
Irinotecan
Fluorouracil
Calcium
Levoleucovorin
Micronutrients
Nutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological