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Effect of Parenting Style on Child Behavior

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04092218
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Cairo University

Brief Summary:
To assess child behavior and caries experience in relation to parenting style during first dental visit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Child Behavior Parenting Parent-Child Relations Other: Questionnaire

Detailed Description:

The success of dental visit depends on the child's behavior and cooperation which can be recognized from the child's first visit. Child's behavior can be affected by the parenting style. There are four types of parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglecting, each affects the child in different ways.

Recently parenting styles became very interesting since parents are the primary caregivers and they have a great impact on the child's psychological and emotional development.

However, every parent seeks for a rapid and easy treatment for their children, but if the child is uncooperative that will require multiple dental visits , more expenses or he/she might undergo general anesthesia which is more expensive.

Also, the parent-child relationship is very important ,bad relationship can cause insecurities, lack of self confidence and trust, resulting in the future a fearful and irresponsible man / woman.


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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Assessment of Child Behavior and Caries Experience in Relation to Parenting Style During Children's First Dental Visit - A Cross Sectional Study
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Parenting


Intervention Details:
  • Other: Questionnaire

    Data will be obtained through a written questionnaire to determine the type of parenting style of parents or caregivers.

    The collected data will be saved and tabulated on computer and finally statistically analysed.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parenting style [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    There are four types of parenting styles :authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglecting. Each parent or caregiver will be asked to fill a questionnaire which includes multiple behavior and actions exhibited by the parents and they will do rating for each item how often they exhibit this behavior and accordingly will determine which parenting style they belong to.

    There are five scales or ratings :

    1. Never
    2. Once in a While
    3. About Half the Time
    4. Very Often
    5. Always


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. behavior of child [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    behavior of child will be videotaped and monitored according to Frankl scale. Frankl scale is a way to assess the child's behavior during his dental visits.There are four scales either definitely negative, or negative, or positive, or definitely positive.

    1. -/- Definitely Negative. Refusal of treatment, forceful crying, fearfulness, or any other evidence of extreme negatism.
    2. - Negative. Reluctance to accept treatment, uncooperative, some evidence of negative attitude but not pronounced (sullen, withdrawn).
    3. + Positive. Acceptance of treatment; cautious behavior at times; willingness to comply with the dentist, at times with reservation, but patient follows the dentist's directions cooperatively
    4. +/+ Definitely positive. Good rapport with the dentist, interest in the dental procedures, laughter and enjoyment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 6 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Children with primary dentition during their first dental visit and their parents or caregiver
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • children with Primary teeth
  • Before the eruption of permanent molar
  • First dental visit
  • Both genders

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children with systemic diseases or congenital problems
  • Parents refuse to participate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04092218


Contacts
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Contact: Rouane Alaa El-Mahdy, Bachelor +20127455269 dr.rouanelmahdy@gmail.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Cairo University

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Principal investigator, Cairo University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04092218     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Parenting style child behavior
First Posted: September 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Cairo University:
parenting style
child behavior
first dental visit
caries experience