Working… Menu

Effect of Parenting Style on Child Behavior

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04092218
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Cairo University

Brief Summary:
To assess child behavior and caries experience in relation to parenting style during first dental visit.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Child Behavior Parenting Parent-Child Relations Other: Questionnaire

Detailed Description:

The success of dental visit depends on the child's behavior and cooperation which can be recognized from the child's first visit. Child's behavior can be affected by the parenting style. There are four types of parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglecting, each affects the child in different ways.

Recently parenting styles became very interesting since parents are the primary caregivers and they have a great impact on the child's psychological and emotional development.

However, every parent seeks for a rapid and easy treatment for their children, but if the child is uncooperative that will require multiple dental visits , more expenses or he/she might undergo general anesthesia which is more expensive.

Also, the parent-child relationship is very important ,bad relationship can cause insecurities, lack of self confidence and trust, resulting in the future a fearful and irresponsible man / woman.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Assessment of Child Behavior and Caries Experience in Relation to Parenting Style During Children's First Dental Visit - A Cross Sectional Study
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Parenting

Intervention Details:
  • Other: Questionnaire

    Data will be obtained through a written questionnaire to determine the type of parenting style of parents or caregivers.

    The collected data will be saved and tabulated on computer and finally statistically analysed.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parenting style [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    There are four types of parenting styles :authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and neglecting. Each parent or caregiver will be asked to fill a questionnaire which includes multiple behavior and actions exhibited by the parents and they will do rating for each item how often they exhibit this behavior and accordingly will determine which parenting style they belong to.

    There are five scales or ratings :

    1. Never
    2. Once in a While
    3. About Half the Time
    4. Very Often
    5. Always

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. behavior of child [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

    behavior of child will be videotaped and monitored according to Frankl scale. Frankl scale is a way to assess the child's behavior during his dental visits.There are four scales either definitely negative, or negative, or positive, or definitely positive.

    1. -/- Definitely Negative. Refusal of treatment, forceful crying, fearfulness, or any other evidence of extreme negatism.
    2. - Negative. Reluctance to accept treatment, uncooperative, some evidence of negative attitude but not pronounced (sullen, withdrawn).
    3. + Positive. Acceptance of treatment; cautious behavior at times; willingness to comply with the dentist, at times with reservation, but patient follows the dentist's directions cooperatively
    4. +/+ Definitely positive. Good rapport with the dentist, interest in the dental procedures, laughter and enjoyment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 6 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Children with primary dentition during their first dental visit and their parents or caregiver

Inclusion Criteria:

  • children with Primary teeth
  • Before the eruption of permanent molar
  • First dental visit
  • Both genders

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children with systemic diseases or congenital problems
  • Parents refuse to participate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04092218

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Rouane Alaa El-Mahdy, Bachelor +20127455269

Sponsors and Collaborators
Cairo University

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Principal investigator, Cairo University Identifier: NCT04092218     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Parenting style child behavior
First Posted: September 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rouane Alaa El-Din Mohamed El-Mahdy, Cairo University:
parenting style
child behavior
first dental visit
caries experience