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Study of Safety and Tolerability of Nivolumab Treatment Alone or in Combination With Relatlimab or Ipilimumab in Head and Neck Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04080804
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 4, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert Ferris, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
The aim of this study is to potentiate adaptive immunity to enhance the anti-tumor activity of anti-PD1 antibody by the addition of anti-CTLA4 antibody or anti-LAG3 antibody (relatlimab) given in subjects with resectable locally advanced HNSCC prior to surgical resection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Relatlimab Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Immunotherapeutic agents have been well tolerated in the recurrent/metastatic patient population. Studies have shown that delay of surgical resection for 3-4 weeks after diagnosis is acceptable. Overall survival for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma are poor with the current treatment modalities available. Previously untreated, locally advanced (AJCC 8th edition stage III-IVa) HPV+ and HPV- head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients who are candidates for surgical resection, as deemed by the multidisciplinary team will be included in this trial. Patients with histories of autoimmune disease or with current or previous histories of immune modulating agents will be excluded from participation.

Relatlimab will be given IV at a dose of 160 mg IV on D1 (and on D28 if surgery is postponed at the discretion of the investigator). Nivolumab will be given IV at a dose of 480 mg on D1 (and on D28 if surgery is postponed at the discretion of the investigator) when given alone or with relatlimab. Nivolumab will be given at dose of 3 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks on D1 and D14 (and on D28 if the operating room time is not yet available, and the 4-week CT scan demonstrates at least stable disease ) when given with Ipilimumab. Ipilimumab will be given at a dose of 1 mg/kg IV once only on D1. Patients will undergo biopsy and CT scan prior to treatment initiation. 4 weeks (± 1 week) after, patient will undergo surgical resection. CT scan will be repeated prior to surgery (from 1-72 hours prior to surgery).The patients will be monitored from time of biopsy until 6 months postoperatively.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Stage II-IVa locally advanced (LA) resectable HNSCC; stratified by HPV, LAG-3 and PD-L1 status
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Neoadjuvant Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Anti-PD1 (Nivolumab) Administered Alone or in Combination With Anti-LAG3 (Relatlimab) or Anti-CTLA4 (Ipilimumab) in Resectable Head and Neck Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : October 22, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab + Relatlimab
Nivolumab 480mg IV + Relatlimab 160mg IV D1 - optional Nivolumab 480 mg IV + Relatlimab 160mg IV D28 (D28 at clinician discretion i.e. surgery postponed)
Drug: Nivolumab
A fully human anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody checkpoint inhibitor, that blocks a signal that prevents activated T cells from attacking the cancer cells.
Other Names:
  • anti-PD-1 antibody
  • OPDIVO®

Drug: Relatlimab
A monoclonal antibody with anti-Lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG-3) (immune checkpoint receptor protein found on the cell surface) activity.
Other Names:
  • anti-LAG3 antibody
  • BMS-986016

Experimental: Nivolumab + Ipilimumab
Nivolumab 3 mg/kg IV + Ipilimumab 1 mg/kg D1 then Nivolumab 3 mg /kg D14 and then optional Nivolumab 3 mg/kg D28 (D28 at clinician discretion i.e., surgery postponed)
Drug: Nivolumab
A fully human anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody checkpoint inhibitor, that blocks a signal that prevents activated T cells from attacking the cancer cells.
Other Names:
  • anti-PD-1 antibody
  • OPDIVO®

Drug: Ipilimumab
A monoclonal anitibody that targets CTLA-4, a protein receptor, that down regulates the immune system.
Other Names:
  • anti-CTLA4 antibody
  • Yervoy ®

Experimental: Nivolumab
Nivolumab 480 mg IV D1 and then optional Nivo 480 mg IV D28 (D28 clinician discretion i.e. surgery postponed)
Drug: Nivolumab
A fully human anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody checkpoint inhibitor, that blocks a signal that prevents activated T cells from attacking the cancer cells.
Other Names:
  • anti-PD-1 antibody
  • OPDIVO®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events related to treatment of nivolumab in combination with relatlimab [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    Number of participants experiencing adverse events related to treatment with nivolumab in combination with relatlimab per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.

  2. Adverse Events related to treatment of nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    Number of participants experiencing adverse events related to treatment with nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.

  3. Adverse Events related to treatment of nivolumab [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    Number of participants experiencing adverse events related to treatment with nivolumab per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 months (prior to treatment and day of surgery) ]
    Change in tumor volume of target lesion. Difference in tumor volume (using imaging measurements) will be calculated per milometer of size to indicate either growth or shrinkage of the target lesion. A decrease in tumor volume is associated with a positive response to study treatment.

  2. Levels of tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) subsets [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months (prior to the first day of treatment, on Days 1 and 28 of treatment, day of surgery, 1, 3, 6 months post surgery) ]
    Levels of tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) subsets in peripheral blood. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes are white blood cells that have left the bloodstream and migrated towards a tumor. The presence of lymphocytes in tumors is often associated with better post-surgical clinical outcomes and after immunotherapy.

  3. Levels of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months (prior to the first day of treatment, on Days 1 and 28 of treatment, day of surgery, 1, 3, 6 months post surgery) ]
    Levels of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in blood. PBL levels may be useful in predicting response to chemotherapy.

  4. Effector CD4+ cells [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months (prior to the first day of treatment, on Days 1 and 28 of treatment, day of surgery, 1, 3, 6 months post surgery) ]
    Presence of CD4+ cells in tumor tissue at the time of biopsy and resection specimen collection. CD4 T-cell can play a role in the development of tumor immunity.

  5. Effector CD8+ cells [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months (prior to the first day of treatment, on Days 1 and 28 of treatment, day of surgery, 1, 3, 6 months post surgery) ]
    Presence and level of CD8+ T cells in peripheral blood. CD8-positive T cells are a critical subpopulation of MHC class I-restricted T cell and are mediators of adaptive immunity. They include cytotoxic T cells, which are important for killing cancerous cells.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Tumor mutational burden [ Time Frame: Up to 2 months (prior to treatment and day of surgery) ]
    A measurement of mutations carried by tumor cells. It is a predictive biomarker being studied to evaluate its association with response to the study therapy, which may help to plan the best treatment. Tumors that have a high number of mutations appear to be more likely to respond to certain types of immunotherapy.

  2. Gene expression signature [ Time Frame: Up to 2 months (prior to treatment and day of surgery) ]
    A single or combined group of genes in a cell with a uniquely characteristic pattern of gene expression that occurs as a result of cancer or other altered or unaltered pathogenic. Gene signature can serve as a prognostic biomarker for the associated disease.

  3. Single cell RNAseq pathways [ Time Frame: Up to 2 months (prior to treatment and day of surgery) ]
    Cellular pathways that examine the sequence information from individual cells with optimized next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, providing a higher resolution of cellular differences and a better understanding of the function of an individual cell in the context of its microenvironment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males and females, ages ≥18 years
  2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed Squamous Cell Carcinoma, previously untreated stage III, or IVA HNC by AJCC 8th edition staging system. Newly diagnosed, never treated HNC cancer but could have had a surgically treated primary > 5 years previous without radiotherapy or chemotherapy. For HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer, patients with T3 or T4 primary and/or one ipsilateral lymph node greater than 3 cm, multiple ipsilateral lymph nodes, bilateral lymph nodes, or contralateral lymph node will be included. Patients must undergo CT or MRI to rule out the presence of distant metastases.
  3. Accessible tumor for pretreatment (baseline) open/incisional biopsy to provide adequate correlative specimen.
  4. Have LAG-3 and PD-L1 results for stratification.
  5. LVEF assessment with documented LVEF ≥50% by either TTE or MUGA (TTE preferred test) within 28 days prior to first study drug administration
  6. Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during trial participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy. All WOCBP MUST have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days prior to first receiving investigational product. If the pregnancy test is positive, the patient must not receive investigational product and must not be enrolled in the study. All WOCBP must agree to use appropriate contraception to prevent pregnancy for the duration of treatment with study treatments, plus 24 weeks after the last dose of study treatment (i.e., 30 days [duration of ovulatory cycle] plus approximately 5 half-lives).
  7. All males must agree to use appropriate contraception for the duration of treatment with study treatments plus 33 weeks after the last dose of study treatment (i.e., 90 days [duration of sperm turnover] plus approximately 5 half-lives). In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time. In addition, men enrolled on this study must be informed of the risks to any sexual partner of childbearing potential and should practice an effective method of birth control
  8. Azoospermic males are exempt from contraceptive requirements unless the potential exists for fetal toxicity due to study drug being present in seminal fluid, even if the participant has undergone a successful vasectomy or if the partner is pregnant. WOCBP who are continuously not heterosexually active are also exempt from contraceptive requirements, and still must undergo pregnancy testing as described in this section.
  9. Primary tumors of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx will be included.
  10. Eligible for surgical resection.
  11. Age ≥ 18 years
  12. ECOG performance status 0-1.
  13. Have signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior radiation, chemotherapy, oncology vaccine or immunotherapy.
  2. Prior severe infusion reaction to a monoclonal antibody.
  3. Troponin T (TnT) or I (TnI) > 2 × institutional ULN. Subjects with TnT or TnI levels between > 1 to 2 × ULN will be permitted if repeat levels within 24 hours are less than or equal to 1 x ULN. If TnT or TnI levels are > 1 to 2 × ULN within 24 hours, the subject may undergo a cardiac evaluation and be considered for treatment, following a discussion with the BMS Medical Monitor or designee. When repeat levels within 24 hours are not available, a repeat test should be conducted as soon as possible. If TnT or TnI repeat levels beyond 24 hours are < 2 x ULN, the subject may undergo a cardiac evaluation and be considered for treatment.
  4. Evidence of distant metastasis.
  5. Prior history of HNC treated < 5 years previously.
  6. Prior history of myocarditis, regardless of etiology
  7. Prior treatment with LAG-3 targeted agents.
  8. A known history of Hepatitis B or C
  9. Patients with active/history of autoimmune disease. "Active" refers to any condition currently requiring therapy. Examples of autoimmune disease include systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis
  10. Psychiatric illness or other social issues limiting compliance
  11. If second primary tumor is found at the time of EUA, the subject will be excluded from study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04080804


Contacts
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Contact: Jennifer Ruth, RN, BSN 412-623-8963 ruthj2@upmc.edu
Contact: Rosemarie Angelo, RN, BSN 412-623-7039 angelor3@upmc.edu

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Jennifer Ruth, RN, BSN    412-623-8963    ruthj2@upmc.edu   
Contact: Rosemarie Angelo, RN, BSN    412-623-7039    angelor3@upmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert L Ferris, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Robert Ferris
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robert Ferris, MD, PhD UPMC Hillman Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Robert Ferris, Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, of Immunology, and of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04080804    
Other Study ID Numbers: HCC 18-139
CA224-056 ( Other Identifier: BMS )
First Posted: September 6, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 4, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Robert Ferris, University of Pittsburgh:
anti-PD1 antibody
anti-CTLA4 antibody
anti-LAG3 antibody
tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Head and Neck Neoplasms
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action