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Binimetinib Encorafenib Pembrolizumab +/- Stereotactic Radiosurgery in BRAFV600 Melanoma With Brain Metastasis (BEPCOME-MB)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04074096
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
European Association of Dermato Oncology
Pierre Fabre Medicament
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNICANCER

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the addition of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to the combination of binimetinib + encorafenib + pembrolizumab in the treatment of BRAFⱽ⁶⁰⁰ mutation-positive melanoma with brain metastases (MBM).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Melanoma BRAF V600 Mutation Brain Metastases Radiation: Stereotaxic radiosurgery (SRS) Drug: Binimetinib Oral Tablet Drug: Encorafenib Oral Capsule Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 2, randomised, controlled, open-label, multicentric, parallel trial with a safety lead-in phase, to assess the efficacy and safety of adding upfront SRS to binimetinib-encorafenib-pembrolizumab combination therapy in the treatment of BRAFⱽ⁶⁰⁰ mutation-positive MBM.

The study will incorporate a safety lead-in (SLI) phase to assess the tolerability of binimetinib-encorafenib-pembrolizumab combination therapy +/- SRS in the first six patients enrolled. Safety will be assessed by the occurrence of predefined dose limiting toxicity (DLT) events. The safety data will be reviewed by an independent data monitoring committee (IDMC).

The trial plans to enrol 150 patients who will be randomly assigned (1:1) to receive treatment with either:

  • Arm A: Encorafenib + binimetinib + pembrolizumab
  • Arm B: Upfront stereotactic radiosurgery of all lesions ≥5 mm in diameter (or ≥3 mm if other cerebral metastases >5 mm); followed by encorafenib + binimetinib + pembrolizumab . The treatment should be started more than 24 hours and less than 8 days (excluded) after the SRS.

Patients will be treated until disease progression. Pembrolizumab will be discontinued after a maximum of 35 administrations. Treatment may also be terminated early at the initiative of either the patient or the investigator for any reason that would be beneficial to the patient

All patients will be followed for a total of 5 years post-randomisation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomised Phase 2 Trial Testing the Addition of Upfront Stereotactic Radiosurgery to Binimetinib Encorafenib Pembrolizumab Compared to Binimetinib Encorafenib Pembrolizumab Alone in BRAFV600 Mutation-positive Melanoma With Brain Metastasis
Estimated Study Start Date : February 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 15, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 15, 2029


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Encorafenib + binimetinib + pembrolizumab
Encorafenib 450 mg oral route (PO) once daily (QD) + binimetinib 45 mg PO twice daily (BID) + pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks (Q3W).
Drug: Binimetinib Oral Tablet
All patients: binimetinib 45 mg PO BID.
Other Name: Mektovi

Drug: Encorafenib Oral Capsule
All patients: encorafenib 450 mg PO QD
Other Name: Braftovi

Drug: Pembrolizumab
All patients: pembrolizumab 200 mg IV Q3W
Other Name: Keytruda

Experimental: SRS followed by encorafenib + binimetinib + pembrolizumab
Upfront SRS of all lesions ≥5 mm in diameter (or ≥3 mm if other cerebral metastases >5 mm); followed by encorafenib 450 mg PO QD + binimetinib 45 mg PO BID + pembrolizumab 200 mg IV Q3W. The treatment should be started more than 24 hours and less than 8 days (excluded) after the SRS
Radiation: Stereotaxic radiosurgery (SRS)
For patients randomised to arm B only: Upfront SRS of all lesions ≥5 mm in diameter (or ≥3 mm if other cerebral metastases >5 mm).

Drug: Binimetinib Oral Tablet
All patients: binimetinib 45 mg PO BID.
Other Name: Mektovi

Drug: Encorafenib Oral Capsule
All patients: encorafenib 450 mg PO QD
Other Name: Braftovi

Drug: Pembrolizumab
All patients: pembrolizumab 200 mg IV Q3W
Other Name: Keytruda




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intracranial (IC) progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until IC-PD, or death, whichever occurs first, up to 12 months. ]
    Time from randomisation until IC-progressive disease (PD) as evaluated by centralized assessment using modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumours version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1), or death, whichever occurs first.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intracranial-response rate (RR) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until IC-CR or IC-PR, up to 60 months. ]
    Percentage of patients with a confirmed IC-complete response (CR) or IC-partial response (PR) as assessed by the investigator using modified RECIST v1.1.

  2. Intracranial disease control (DC) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until IC-CR or IC-PR or stable intracranial disease, up to 60 months. ]
    Percentage of patients with an IC-CR or IC-PR or stable intracranial disease as assessed by the investigator using modified RECIST v1.1.

  3. Extracranial (EC) response rate [ Time Frame: From randomisation until confirmed EC-CR or EC-PR, up to 60 months. ]
    Percentage of patients with a confirmed EC-CR or EC-PR as assessed by the investigator using modified RECIST v1.1.

  4. Overall response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until confirmed CR or PR, up to 60 months. ]
    Percentage of patients with a confirmed CR or PR as assessed by the investigator using modified RECIST v1.1 to assess IC-response and RECIST v1.1 for EC-response.

  5. Duration of intracranial, extracranial, and overall response [ Time Frame: Time from first observation of, IC-, EC-, or overall response respectively (i.e. CR or PR), until disease progression (PD), up to 60 months. ]
    Time from first observation of, IC-, EC-, or overall response respectively (i.e. CR or PR), until disease progression (PD) according to modified RECIST v1.1 (intracranial disease) or RECIST v1.1 (extracranial disease) or death, whichever occurs first.

  6. Duration of response of treated target lesions [ Time Frame: From first documented response (i.e. CR or PR) until PD of treated target lesions or death, whichever occurs first, up to 60 months. ]
    Time from first documented response (i.e. CR or PR) until PD of treated target lesions or death, whichever occurs first.

  7. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until IC-PD, EC-PD or death, whichever occurs first, up to 60 months. ]
    Time from randomisation until IC-PD according to modified RECIST v1.1, EC-PD according to RECIST v1.1, or death, whichever occurs first.

  8. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomisation until death due to any cause, up to 60 months. ]
    Time from randomisation until death due to any cause.

  9. Global Quality of Life (HRQOL) - QLQ-C30 [ Time Frame: From randomisation until end of treatment, up to 60 months. ]

    This self-reported questionnaire assesses the health-related quality of life of cancer patients in clinical trials.

    The questionnaire includes five functional scales (physical, everyday activity, cognitive, emotional, and social), three symptom scales (fatigue, pain, nausea and vomiting), a health/quality of life overall scale, and a number of additional elements assessing common symptoms (including dyspnea, loss of appetite, insomnia, constipation, and diarrhea), as well as, the perceived financial impact of the disease.

    All of the scales and single-item measures range in score from 0 to 100. A high scale score represents a higher response level.


  10. Quality of Life (HRQOL) in patients with brain metastases - QLQ-BN20 [ Time Frame: From randomisation until end of treatment, up to 60 months. ]

    This EORTC brain cancer specific questionnaire is intended to supplement the QLQ-C30 questionaire.

    The QLQ-BN20 contains 20 items organized into four scales (three items each: future uncertainty, visual disorder, motor dysfunction, and communication deficit), and seven single items (headaches, seizures, drowsiness, hair loss, itchy skin, weakness of legs, and bladder control). All items are rated on a four-point Likert-type scale (1 = "not at all," 2 = "a little," 3 = "quite a bit," and 4 = "very much"), and are linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms.


  11. Cognitive performance [ Time Frame: From randomisation until end of treatment, up to 60 months. ]
    Assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).

  12. Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities [ Time Frame: From randomisation until completion of 2 cycles of treatment ]
    Occurrence of adverse events predefined as dose-limiting toxicities in any patient during the safety lead-in phase of the trial

  13. Frequency and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: From randomisation until end of treatment, up to 60 months. ]
    Assessed according to National Cancer Institute - Common terminology criteria for adverse events version 5.0 (NCI-CTCAE v5.0).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Provided written informed consent prior to any trial specific procedures.
  2. Aged ≥18 years old.
  3. An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-1.
  4. Histologically confirmed Stage IV M1d cutaneous melanoma or unknown primary melanoma that is metastatic to the brain.
  5. Presence of BRAFV600E/K/D/R mutation according to a locally validated BRAF Assay.
  6. Candidacy for SRS therapy validated by the radiation oncologist and/or neurosurgeon at the investigative centre. This should be documented in the patient file.
  7. Absence of previous systemic treatment with BRAF inhibitors, MEK inhibitors or anti-PD-1 for distant metastatic melanoma. Patients having received such treatments as adjuvant therapy are allowed provided adjuvant treatment has been stopped for 6 months or more.
  8. No more than one previous local intracranial therapy for one lesion (e.g. craniotomy, SRS).

    Note: Treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery must have been completed ≥14 days prior to randomisation and this lesion cannot be target lesion for radiosurgery.

  9. Able to undergo gadolinium-enhanced MRI.
  10. At least one measurable intracranial lesion for which all of the following criteria have to be met:

    1. Previously untreated (no local therapy including local radiotherapy, resection, radiosurgery) or progressive after previous local therapy.
    2. Longest diameter ≥5 mm as determined by contrast-enhanced MRI. Longest diameter ≥3 mm is acceptable for other IC lesions provided there is at least one lesion ≥5 mm.
    3. Cumulative Intracranial Target Volume ≤12 cmᵌ as determined by contrast-enhanced MRI.
  11. All prior anti-cancer treatment-related toxicities (except alopecia and laboratory values) must be resolved or Grade 1 according to NCI-CTCAE v5.0.
  12. Able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption (malabsorption syndrome, major resection of the stomach or bowels).
  13. Adequate bone marrow, organ function, and laboratory parameters defined as the following (all criteria must be met):

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 10⁹/L;
    2. Haemoglobin ≥9 g/dL without transfusions;
    3. Platelets ≥100 x 10⁹/L without transfusions;
    4. Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); ≤5 x ULN is acceptable for patient with liver metastases;
    5. Total bilirubin ≤2 x ULN;
    6. Creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL, or calculated creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min (as determined using the MDRD method).
  14. Adequate cardiac function, defined as the following (all criteria must be met):

    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ local lower normal limit (LLN) as determined by a multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram;
    • Baseline QT interval corrected for heart rate QTc ≤ 480 ms according to local standard formula.
  15. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) or men must agree to refrain from sexual activity or use adequate contraception for the duration of study treatment and for 120 days after completing treatment. Male participants must agree to refrain from donating sperm during this period.
  16. Patient affiliated to or a beneficiary of the local social security system or equivalent.
  17. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the trial including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits, and examinations including follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. More than 10 intracranial metastases.
  2. Presence of neurological symptoms related to intracranial metastases which induce alteration of the ECOG performance status to 2 or more or require immediate radiation treatment.
  3. Ocular melanoma.
  4. Brain metastases which necessitate immediate neurosurgery.
  5. Any previous treatment with whole-brain radiation.
  6. Presence of leptomeningeal disease or any parenchymal brain metastasis >30 mm in longest diameter.

    Note: On MRI, the most common finding of leptomeningeal disease is pial enhancement and nodularity, typically over the cerebral convexities, in the basal cisterns, on the tentorium, or in the ventricular ependymal surfaces.

  7. Current or expected use of a strong inhibitor of CYP3A4.
  8. History of malignancy other than disease under study occurring within 3 years of study enrolment with the exception of: completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer or indolent second malignancies.
  9. Any serious or unstable pre-existing medical conditions (aside from malignancy exceptions specified above), psychiatric disorders, or other conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, could interfere with the patient's safety, obtaining informed consent, or compliance with study procedures.
  10. Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (patients with laboratory evidence of cured HBV and/or HCV will be permitted).
  11. A history or evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:

    1. Left ventricular ejection fraction < local LLN as determined by a MUGA scan or echocardiogram;
    2. A QT interval corrected for heart rate QTc > 480 ms according to local standard formula;
    3. A history or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias.

      Note: Patients with atrial fibrillation controlled for >30 days prior to randomisation are eligible.

    4. A history or evidence of current >Class II congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association guidelines;
    5. Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a systolic blood pressure of >140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg, which cannot be controlled by antihypertensive therapy;
    6. Patients with intra-cardiac defibrillators;
    7. A history of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting less than 6 months prior to enrolment.
  12. A history or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion.
  13. Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to the study treatments, and their excipients.
  14. Hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, total lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
  15. Participation in another therapeutic trial within the 30 days prior to randomization
  16. Pregnant or breastfeeding female. Note: WOCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to enrolment.
  17. History of, or active interstitial lung disease or (non-infectious) pneumonitis.
  18. Active, known or suspected autoimmune disease or a documented history of autoimmune disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll).
  19. Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or systemic chronic steroid therapy (≥ 10mg/day prednisone or equivalent) or any immunosuppressive therapy 7 days prior to planned date for first dose of study treatment. Topical, inhaled, nasal and ophthalmic steroids are allowed.
  20. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  21. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  22. Known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
  23. Allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  24. Person deprived of their liberty or under protective custody or guardianship.
  25. Patient unwilling or unable to comply with the medical follow-up required by the trial because of geographic, social or psychological reasons

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04074096


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Daniel Couch +33180501296 d-couch@unicancer.fr

Locations
Show Show 26 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNICANCER
European Association of Dermato Oncology
Pierre Fabre Medicament
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Philippe Saiag, Prof APHP - CHU Ambroise Paré
Principal Investigator: Marie Charissoux, MD Institut Régional du Cancer
Principal Investigator: Jean Regis, Prof APHM - Hôpital de la Timone
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Responsible Party: UNICANCER
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04074096    
Other Study ID Numbers: RAD06 - UC-0107/1810
2021-006331-26 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Unicancer will share de-identified individual data that underlie the results reported. A decision concerning the sharing of other study documents, including protocol and statistical analysis plan will be examined upon request.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: The data shared will be limit to that required for independent mandated verification of the published results, the applicant will need authorization from Unicancer for personal access, and data will only be transferred after signing of a data access agreement.
Access Criteria: Unicancer will consider access to study data upon written detailed request sent to Unicancer, from 6 months until 5 years after publication of summary data.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by UNICANCER:
Melanoma
BRAF V600
Brain metastases
Encorafenib
Binimetinib
Pembrolizumab
Stereotaxic
SRS
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Brain Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents