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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    MDT17074SD1706
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Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) (TLIF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04073563
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medtronic Spinal and Biologics

Brief Summary:

This is a global, multi-center, prospective, randomized, blinded, controlled pivotal study. Clinical and radiological evaluation will be performed preoperatively and postoperatively up to 24 months; and endpoint success will be determined at 24 months postoperatively.

Overall a maximum of 1017 subjects will be enrolled and treated. The purpose of the study is to provide safety and effectiveness data of Infuse™ in A Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) procedures and to obtain indication expansion for Infuse™ use in one and two level TLIF procedures.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Degenerative Disease of the Lumbosacral Spine Device: Infuse™ Bone Graft (Infuse™) Device: Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior Fixation Systems Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1017 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Blinded Pivotal Study In Subjects Undergoing A Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) At One Or Two Levels Using Infuse™ Bone Graft and The Capstone™ Spinal System With Posterior Supplemental Fixation For The Treatment Of Symptomatic Degenerative Disease Of The Lumbosacral Spine
Actual Study Start Date : December 19, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group #1
Investigational Infuse™ 2.1 mg/level with available local bone autograft and supplemented with cancellous allograft as needed
Device: Infuse™ Bone Graft (Infuse™)
(Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)/absorbable collagen sponge (ACS))

Device: Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior Fixation Systems
Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior fixation systems

Experimental: Group #2
Investigational Infuse™ 4.2 mg/level with available local bone autograft and supplemented with cancellous allograft as needed
Device: Infuse™ Bone Graft (Infuse™)
(Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)/absorbable collagen sponge (ACS))

Device: Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior Fixation Systems
Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior fixation systems

Active Comparator: Control
Local bone autograft and supplemented with cancellous allograft as needed.
Device: Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior Fixation Systems
Capstone™ Spinal System and Medtronic posterior fixation systems




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall success at 24 months [ Time Frame: 24 months ]

    Overall success is defined as the participant who meet the following five criteria:

    • Pain/disability (ODI) success, defined as at least a 15-point improvement from baseline;
    • Fusion success as defined in primary outcome 2.
    • Neurological success, defined as maintenance or improvement in neurological status;
    • No SAE related to the TLIF grafting material or interbody device; and
    • No secondary surgeries at index level that are related to the TLIF grafting material or interbody device

  2. Fusion success at 24 months [ Time Frame: 24 Months ]

    Fusion success at each treatment level must demonstrate:

    • Evidence of bridging bone via CT. Solid fusion is based on evidence of continuous bone bridging from the superior to the inferior vertebral body at the target level(s) in at least 1 of the following locations: right lateral, left lateral, anterior, posterior, or through the PEEK implant.
    • No evidence of motion as defined by less than 3mm translational motion and less than 5o in angular motion at each treated level


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to fusion [ Time Frame: From surgery to 24 Months ]
    The first time point when a subject's fusion status has been determined to be a success per the fusion success criteria

  2. ODI success [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    The self-administered Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) will be used. The ODI scale ranges from 0-100. The best score is 0 (no disability) and worst is 100 (maximum disability). Success will be defined as pain/disability improvement postoperatively according to the following definition: Preoperative Score - Postoperative Score ≥ 15 points

  3. Leg pain success [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Numerical rating scales (NRS 0-10) will be used to measure leg pain, with a score of 0 representing "no pain" and a score of 10 representing "pain as bad as it could be. Success for leg pain is defined as at least 20% improvement from pre-operative score: (Preoperative Score - Postoperative Score) / Preoperative Score ≥ 20%

  4. Back pain success [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Numerical rating scales (NRS 0-10) will be used to measure back pain, with a score of 0 representing "no pain" and a score of 10 representing "pain as bad as it could be". Success for back pain is defined as at least 20% improvement from pre-operative score: (Preoperative Score - Postoperative Score) / Preoperative Score ≥ 20%

  5. Neurological success [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Overall neurological success is defined as maintenance or improvement in four key neurological assessments: motor function, sensory function, reflexes, and straight leg raise. In order to be considered a success, each element in the motor, sensory, reflexes, and straight leg raise examinations must remain the same or improve from the time of the preoperative evaluation to the time period evaluated. Therefore, if any one motor, sensory, or reflexes element does not stay the same or improve, then a subject will not be considered a success for neurological status.

  6. Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Serious Adverse Events related to TLIF grafting material or interbody device up to 24 months

  7. Secondary Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    Secondary surgeries that are classified as a "failure", defined as any secondary surgeries at index level(s) "related" to TLIF grafting material or interbody device.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

A subject must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to participate in this study:

  • I.1. Has degenerative disease of the lumbosacral spine in one or two adjacent levels (L2 to S1) that results in radiculopathy secondary to nerve root compression, manifested by:

    1. History of radiating leg or buttock pain, paresthesia, numbness or weakness, or
    2. History of neurogenic claudication.
  • I.2. Has a history of low back pain.
  • I.3. Has radiographic evidence (e.g. CT, MRI, x-ray, etc.) of degenerative lumbosacral disease including at least one of the following:

    1. Instability up to and including Grade 2 spondylolisthesis/retrolisthesis based on the Meyerding classification (Meyerding, HW, 1932), or lateral listhesis demonstrated by coronal plane translation (slippage) of the superior (cranial) vertebral body lateral to the inferior (caudal) vertebral body less than or equal to 3mm, or
    2. Stenosis, or narrowing, of the lumbar spinal canal and/or intervertebral foramen requiring significant decompression leading to segmental instability, or
    3. Recurrent disc herniation
  • I.4. Has preoperative Oswestry Disability Index score ≥ 35.

Has to meet either inclusion criteria 5 or 6 to qualify for the study:

  • I.5. Has preoperative back and leg pain scores of (back pain ≥ 4 and leg pain ≥ 1) based on the Preoperative Back and Leg Pain Questionnaire.
  • I.6. Has preoperative back and leg pain scores of (back pain ≥ 1 and leg pain ≥ 4) based on the Preoperative Back and Leg Pain Questionnaire.
  • I.7. Is at least 18 years of age and skeletally mature at the time of surgery.
  • I.8. Has not responded to non-operative treatment (e.g., bed rest, physical therapy, medications, spinal injections, manipulation, and/or TENS) for a period of six months.
  • I.9. Is willing and able to comply with the study plan and able to understand and sign the subject Informed Consent Form.

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject will be excluded from participating in this study for any of the following reasons:

  • E.1 Prior surgical procedure at the involved or adjacent spinal levels (e.g. bony decompression, fusion, arthroplasty, and/or other non-fusion procedures). Prior discectomy and/or laminectomy at the target or adjacent levels is allowed.
  • E.2 Significant lumbar instability defined as sagittal listhesis greater than Grade 2 at any involved level using the Meyerding Classification or lateral listhesis greater than 3 mm at any involved level.
  • E.3 Planned use of an internal or external bone growth stimulator.
  • E.4 Lumbar scoliosis >30 degrees.
  • E.5 Patients who had a previous diagnosis of osteoporosis with a T-score of -2.5 or below in the last 12 months existing together with a prevalent fragility fracture. (If subject has a prevalent fragility fracture and a T-score hasn't been assessed in the last 12 months, a DEXA will need to be obtained.)
  • E.6 Morbidly obese, as defined by a Body Mass Index (BMI) >40.
  • E.7 Presence of active malignancy or prior history of malignancy (non-invasive basal cell carcinoma of the skin and non-invasive squamous cell carcinoma localized only to the skin is allowed).
  • E.8 Overt or active bacterial infection, either local to surgical space or systemic.
  • E.9 Has undergone administration of any type of corticosteroid, anti-neoplastic, immunostimulating, or immunosuppressive agents, or medications known to inhibit with the healing of bone or soft tissue within 30 days prior to implantation of the assigned treatment

    • This includes patients ≥ 65 years of age taking warfarin with documented diagnosed osteoporosis. All other patients taking warfarin should washout for at least 5 days prior to treatment
    • Use of steroidal inhalers, short-term NSAID use, and short-term steroidal use (e.g. Medrol Dosepak) is allowed pre and postoperatively. For this clinical study, short-term use is defined as ≤ two weeks.
    • Use of NSAIDs and/or steroids for longer than two weeks postoperatively through the 24 Month Follow-Up Visit is prohibited.
  • E.10 Co-morbidities, which in the investigator's opinion, precludes the subject from being a surgical candidate.
  • E.11 Autoimmune disease, which in the investigator's opinion, is known to affect bone metabolism or the spine (e.g., spondyloarthropathies, juvenile arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis).
  • E.12 Any endocrine or metabolic disorder, which in the investigator's opinion, is known to affect osteogenesis (e.g., Paget's disease, renal osteodystrophy, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, or osteogenesis imperfecta).
  • E.13 Known exposure to any recombinant proteins used for bone formation (e.g., Infuse™ Bone Graft, OP-1 Putty, OP-1 Implant, AUGMENT Bone Graft, GEM21S, i-FACTOR Peptide Enhanced Bone Graft, or PepGen P-15 Synthetic Bone Graft).
  • E.14 Known hypersensitivity or allergy to any components of the study treatments including, but not limited to bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs); injectable collagen; protein pharmaceuticals (e.g.,monoclonal antibodies or gamma globulins); bovine collagen products; and/or instrumentation materials (e.g., titanium, titanium alloy, cobalt chrome, cobalt chrome alloy, or PEEK).
  • E.15 History of any allergy resulting in anaphylaxis.
  • E.16 Is a prisoner.
  • E.17 Is mentally incompetent. If questionable, obtain psychiatric consult.
  • E.18 Treatment with an investigational therapy (drug, device, and/or biologic) targeting spinal conditions within 3 months prior to implantation surgery, treatment with any other investigational therapies within 30 days prior to implantation surgery, or such treatment is planned during the 24-month period following implantation of the study treatment.
  • E.19 Pregnant or nursing. Females of child-bearing potential must agree not to become pregnant for 24 months following surgery.
  • E.20 A documented diagnosis of substance use disorder as defined by the DSM-5.22 (Nicotine use is allowed.)
  • E.21 Pursuing worker's compensation or active litigation for spinal fusion procedure.
  • E.22 Any condition, which in the investigator's opinion, would interfere with the subject's ability to comply with study instructions, which might confound data interpretation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04073563


Contacts
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Contact: Lindsey Mitchell, MS 763-505-0264 Lindsey.Mitchell@medtronic.com

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Medtronic Spinal and Biologics
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Responsible Party: Medtronic Spinal and Biologics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04073563    
Other Study ID Numbers: MDT17074SD1706
First Posted: August 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes